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Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(born Myrna Adele Williams; August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American film, television and stage actress. Trained as a dancer, Loy devoted herself fully to an acting career following a few minor roles in silent films. She was originally typecast in exotic roles, often as a vamp or a woman of Asian descent, but her career prospects improved greatly following her portrayal of Nora Charles in The Thin Man (1934).[1] Although Loy was never nominated for a competitive Academy Award, in March 1991 she was presented with an Honorary Academy Award
Academy Award
in recognition of her life's work both onscreen and off, including serving as assistant to the director of military and naval welfare for the Red Cross
Red Cross
during World War II, and a member-at-large of the U.S. Commission to UNESCO. While the height of her popularity was during the 1930s and '40s, she continued to actively pursue stage, television and film roles in subsequent decades.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Early years 2.2 Rise to stardom 2.3 Later career

3 Later years 4 Death and legacy 5 Personal life 6 Filmography 7 Radio appearances 8 See also 9 References

9.1 Notes 9.2 Bibliography

10 External links

Early life[edit] Loy was born in Helena, Montana,[3][4] the daughter of Adelle Mae (née Johnson) and rancher David Franklin Williams, and raised in Radersburg.[5][6] She had a younger brother, David Williams (died 1982). Loy's paternal grandparents were Welsh, and her maternal grandparents were Scottish and Swedish.[7][8] Her first name was derived from a whistle stop near Broken Bow, Nebraska, whose name her father liked. Her father was also a banker and real estate developer and the youngest man ever elected to the Montana state legislature. Her mother studied music at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago.

Fountain of Education by Harry Fielding Winebrenner, 1922

During the winter of 1912, Loy's mother nearly died from pneumonia, and her father sent his wife and daughter to La Jolla, California. Loy's mother saw great potential in Southern California, and during one of her husband's visits, she encouraged him to purchase real estate there. Among the properties he bought was land he later sold at a considerable profit to Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
so the filmmaker could construct his studio there. Although her mother tried to persuade her husband to move to California permanently, he preferred ranch life and the three eventually returned to Montana. Soon afterward, Loy's mother needed a hysterectomy and insisted Los Angeles was a safer place to have it done, so she, Loy, and Loy's brother David moved to Ocean Park, where Loy began to take dancing lessons. After the family returned to Montana, Loy continued her dancing lessons, and at the age of 12, Myrna Williams made her stage debut performing a dance she had choreographed based on "The Blue Bird" from the Rose Dream operetta[9] at Helena's Marlow Theater.[10] After the November 1918 death of Loy's father from the 1918 flu pandemic,[11] Loy's mother permanently relocated the family to California, where they settled in Culver City. Loy attended the exclusive Westlake School for Girls in Los Angeles while continuing to study dance in downtown L.A.. When her teachers objected to her extracurricular participation in theatrical arts, her mother enrolled her in Venice High School, and at 15, she began appearing in local stage productions.[12] In 1921, Loy posed for Venice High School sculpture teacher Harry Fielding Winebrenner for the central figure "Inspiration" in his allegorical sculpture group Fountain of Education.[13] Completed in 1922, the sculpture group was erected in front of the campus outdoor pool in May 1923 where it stood for decades.[14] Loy's slender figure with her uplifted face and one arm extending skyward presented a "vision of purity, grace, youthful vigor, and aspiration" that was singled out in a Los Angeles Times story that included a photo of the "Inspiration" figure along with the model's name—the first time her name appeared in a newspaper.[15] A few months later, Loy's "Inspiration" figure was temporarily removed from the sculpture group and transported aboard the battleship Nevada for a Memorial Day pageant in which "Miss Myrna Williams" participated.[15] Fountain of Education can be seen in the opening scenes of the 1978 film Grease. After decades of exposure to the elements and vandalism, the original concrete statue was removed from display in 2002, and replaced in 2010 by a bronze duplicate paid for through an alumni-led fundraising campaign.[15][16] Loy left school at the age of 18 to help with the family's finances. She obtained work at Grauman's Egyptian Theatre, where she performed in elaborate musical sequences that were related to and served as prologues for the feature film. During this period, she saw Eleonora Duse in the play Thy Will Be Done, and the simple acting techniques she employed made such an impact on Loy that she tried to emulate them throughout her career.[17] Career[edit] Early years[edit]

Leslie Howard and Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
publicity photo for The Animal Kingdom, 1932

Portrait photographer Henry Waxman had taken several pictures of Loy, and they were noticed by Rudolph Valentino
Rudolph Valentino
when the actor went to Waxman's studio for a sitting. He was looking for a leading lady for Cobra, the first independent project his wife Natacha Rambova
Natacha Rambova
and he were producing. Loy tested for the role, which went to Gertrude Olmstead instead, but soon after she was hired as an extra for Pretty Ladies (1925), in which she and fellow newcomer Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
were among a bevy of chorus girls dangling from an elaborate chandelier.[18] Rambova recommended Loy for a small but showy role opposite Nita Naldi in What Price Beauty? (1925). Although the film remained unreleased for three years, stills of Loy in her exotic makeup and costume appeared in a fan magazine and led to a contract with Warner Bros., where her surname was changed from Williams to Loy.[19] Loy's silent film roles were mainly as a vamp or femme fatale, and she frequently portrayed characters of Asian or Eurasian background in films such as Across the Pacific (1926), A Girl in Every Port (1928), The Crimson City
The Crimson City
(1928), The Black Watch
The Black Watch
(1929), and The Desert Song (1929), which she later recalled "kind of solidified my exotic non-American image."[20] In 1930 she appeared in The Great Divide. It took years for her to overcome this stereotype, and as late as 1932, she was cast as a villainous Eurasian in Thirteen Women
Thirteen Women
(1932). She also played, opposite Boris Karloff, the depraved sadistic daughter of the title character in The Mask of Fu Manchu
The Mask of Fu Manchu
(1932). Prior to that, Loy appeared in small roles in The Jazz Singer
The Jazz Singer
and a number of early lavish Technicolor
Technicolor
musicals, including The Show of Shows, The Bride of the Regiment, and Under a Texas Moon. As a result, she became associated with musical roles, and when they began to lose favor with the public, her career went into a slump. In 1934, Loy appeared in Manhattan Melodrama
Manhattan Melodrama
with Clark Gable
Clark Gable
and William Powell. When gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
was shot to death after leaving a screening of the film at the Biograph Theater
Biograph Theater
in Chicago, the film received widespread publicity, with some newspapers reporting that Loy had been Dillinger's favorite actress.[21] Rise to stardom[edit]

Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
and Clark Gable
Clark Gable
in Wife vs. Secretary, 1936

After appearing with Ramón Novarro
Ramón Novarro
in The Barbarian (1933), Loy was cast as Nora Charles in the 1934 film The Thin Man. Director W. S. Van Dyke chose Loy after he detected a wit and sense of humor that her previous films had not revealed. At a Hollywood
Hollywood
party, he pushed her into a swimming pool to test her reaction, and felt that her aplomb in handling the situation was exactly what he envisioned for Nora.[22] Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
at first refused to allow Loy to play the part because he felt she was a dramatic actress, but Van Dyke insisted. Mayer finally relented on the condition that filming be completed within three weeks, as Loy was committed to start filming Stamboul Quest.[23] The Thin Man became one of the year's biggest hits, and was nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Film. Loy received excellent reviews and was acclaimed for her comedic skills. Her costar William Powell and she proved to be a popular screen couple and appeared in 14 films together, one of the most prolific pairings in Hollywood
Hollywood
history. Loy later referred to The Thin Man as the film "that finally made me ... after more than 80 films".[24]

Publicity photo for The Thin Man, with Myrna Loy, Skippy, and William Powell, 1936

Her successes in Manhattan Melodrama
Manhattan Melodrama
and The Thin Man marked a turning point in her career, and she was cast in more important pictures. Such films as Wife vs. Secretary
Wife vs. Secretary
(1936) with Clark Gable
Clark Gable
and Jean Harlow, and Petticoat Fever
Petticoat Fever
(1936) with Robert Montgomery gave her opportunity to develop comedic skills. She made four films in close succession with William Powell: Libeled Lady
Libeled Lady
(1936), which also starred Jean Harlow and Spencer Tracy, The Great Ziegfeld
The Great Ziegfeld
(1936), in which she played Billie Burke
Billie Burke
opposite Powell's Florenz Ziegfeld, the second Thin Man film, After the Thin Man
After the Thin Man
with Powell and James Stewart, and the romantic comedy Double Wedding
Double Wedding
(1937). She also made three more films with Gable. Parnell (1937) was a historical drama and one of the most poorly received films of either Loy or Gable's careers, but their other pairings in Test Pilot and Too Hot to Handle (both 1938) were successes. During this period, Loy was one of Hollywood's busiest and highest-paid actresses, and in 1937 and 1938, she was listed in the annual "Quigley Poll of the Top Ten Money Making Stars", which was compiled from the votes of movie exhibitors throughout the United States for the stars who had generated the most revenue in their theaters over the previous year.[25]

Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
in The Best Years of Our Lives, 1946

By this time, Loy was highly regarded for her performances in romantic comedies, and she was anxious to demonstrate her dramatic ability, and was cast in the lead female role in The Rains Came
The Rains Came
(1939) opposite Tyrone Power. She filmed Third Finger, Left Hand
Third Finger, Left Hand
(1940) with Melvyn Douglas and appeared in I Love You Again
I Love You Again
(1940), Love Crazy (1941), and Shadow of the Thin Man
Shadow of the Thin Man
(1941), all with William Powell. With the outbreak of World War II, Loy all but abandoned her acting career to focus on the war effort and work closely with the Red Cross. She was so fiercely outspoken against Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
that her name appeared on his blacklist. She helped run a Naval Auxiliary canteen and toured frequently to raise funds. She returned to films with The Thin Man Goes Home (1945). In 1946, she played the wife of returning serviceman Fredric March
Fredric March
in The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946). Loy was paired with Cary Grant
Cary Grant
in David O. Selznick's The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947). The film co-starred a teenaged Shirley Temple. Following its success, she appeared again with Grant in Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948), and with Clifton Webb
Clifton Webb
in Cheaper by the Dozen (1950). Throughout her career, she championed the rights of black actors and characters to be depicted with dignity on film. Later career[edit]

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After 1950, Loy's film career continued sporadically. In 1952, she starred in the Cheaper by the Dozen sequel, Belles on Their Toes. In 1956, she appeared in The Ambassador's Daughter along with John Forsythe and Olivia de Havilland. She played opposite Montgomery Clift and Robert Ryan
Robert Ryan
in Lonelyhearts
Lonelyhearts
(1958), Dore Schary's adaptation of Nathanael West's classic 1933 novel Miss Lonelyhearts. In 1960, she appeared in Midnight Lace
Midnight Lace
and From the Terrace, but was not in another film until 1969 in The April Fools. In 1965, Loy won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre. In 1967, she appeared in the television series The Virginian in an episode titled "Lady of the House". In 1972, she appeared as the suspect's mother-in-law in the television series Columbo
Columbo
in an episode titled "Etude in Black". In 1974, she was a supporting actress in Airport 1975. Loy played Mrs. Devane, a heavy-drinking woman, imbibing Jim Beam and Olympia Beer mixed together. She played a foil to Sid Caesar. The film also starred Gloria Swanson. In 1978, she appeared in the film The End as the mother of the main character played by Burt Reynolds. Her last motion picture performance was in 1980 in Sidney Lumet's Just Tell Me What You Want. She also returned to the stage, making her Broadway debut in a short-lived 1973 revival of Clare Boothe Luce's The Women. She toured in a 1978 production of Alan Ayckbourn's Relatively Speaking, directed by David Clayton. In 1981, she appeared in the television drama Summer Solstice,[26] which was Henry Fonda's last performance. Her last acting role was a guest spot on the sitcom Love, Sidney, in 1982. Later years[edit] In later life, she assumed an influential role as co-chairman of the Advisory Council of the National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. In 1948, she became a member of the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, the first Hollywood
Hollywood
celebrity to do so. Loy had two mastectomies, in 1975 and 1979, for breast cancer.[27] Her autobiography, Myrna Loy: Being and Becoming, was published in 1987. The following year, she received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Kennedy Center. Although Loy was never nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
for any single performance, after an extensive letter-writing campaign and years of lobbying by screenwriter and then- Writers Guild of America, West
Writers Guild of America, West
board member Michael Russnow, who enlisted the support of Loy's former screen colleagues and friends such as Roddy McDowall, Sidney Sheldon, Harold Russell, and many others, she received a 1991 Academy Honorary Award "for her career achievement". She accepted via camera [28] from her New York City home, simply stating, "You've made me very happy. Thank you very much." It was her last public appearance in any medium. Death and legacy[edit]

Myrna Loy's grave in Forestvale Cemetery, Helena, Montana

Loy died on December 14, 1993, at Lenox Hill Hospital
Lenox Hill Hospital
in Manhattan during unspecified surgery after a long illness.[29] She was 88 years old. She had been frail and in failing health. She was cremated in New York and her ashes interred at Forestvale Cemetery in her native Helena, Montana.[2] For her contribution to the film industry, Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
has a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame at 6685 Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard. A building at Sony Pictures Studios, formerly MGM Studios, in Culver City is named in her honor.[30] A cast of her handprint and her signature are in the sidewalk in front of Theater 80, on St. Mark's Place in New York City.[31] In 1991, the Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
Center for the Performing and Media Arts opened in downtown Helena, not far from Loy's childhood home. Located in the historic Lewis and Clark County Jail, it sponsors live performances and alternative films for underserved audiences.[32] American songwriter Josh Ritter’s 2017 album Gathering features a song about Loy, titled aptly enough, ‘Myrna Loy’. Personal life[edit]

MGM publicity photo

Loy was married and divorced four times:

1936–1942 Arthur Hornblow, Jr., producer 1942–1944 John Hertz, Jr., the son of John D. Hertz, founder of Hertz Rent A Car 1946–1950 Gene Markey, producer and screenwriter 1951–1960 Howland H. Sargeant, UNESCO
UNESCO
delegate

Loy had no children of her own, but was close to her stepchildren by first husband Arthur Hornblow. After her last marriage ended, she moved to 23 East 74th Street
East 74th Street
in Manhattan's Upper East Side. She later lived at 425 East 63rd Street.[33] There were rumors that Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
had affairs with:

Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
during the filming of Whipsaw in 1935 and Libeled Lady in 1936.[34][35] Leslie Howard during the filming of The Animal Kingdom
The Animal Kingdom
in 1932.[36] Gambler Titanic Thompson claimed he had an affair with her.[37][38]

Even before Loy became a staunch Democrat, one of her biggest fans was Franklin D. Roosevelt, who invited her to the White House
White House
early in his administration,[39] and she soon became a personal friend of Eleanor Roosevelt.[40] Loy stated in a 1970 interview that she was a Methodist and that she was very proud of her Welsh roots on her father's side.[41] Filmography[edit] Main article: Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
filmography

What Price Beauty? (1925) The Wanderer (1925) Pretty Ladies
Pretty Ladies
(1925) Sporting Life (1925) Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1925) The Caveman
The Caveman
(1926) The Love Toy (1926) Why Girls Go Back Home
Why Girls Go Back Home
(1926) The Gilded Highway
The Gilded Highway
(1926) The Exquisite Sinner
The Exquisite Sinner
(1926) So This is Paris
So This is Paris
(1926) Don Juan (1926) Across the Pacific (1926) The Third Degree (1926) Finger Prints (1927) When a Man Loves
When a Man Loves
(1927) Bitter Apples
Bitter Apples
(1927) The Climbers (1927) Simple Sis (1927) The Heart of Maryland (1927) A Sailor's Sweetheart (1927) The Jazz Singer
The Jazz Singer
(1927) The Girl from Chicago (1927) If I Were Single (1927) Ham and Eggs at the Front (1927) Beware of Married Men (1928) A Girl in Every Port (1928) Turn Back the Hours (1928) The Crimson City
The Crimson City
(1928) Pay as You Enter
Pay as You Enter
(1928) State Street Sadie
State Street Sadie
(1928) The Midnight Taxi (1928) Noah's Ark (1928) Fancy Baggage
Fancy Baggage
(1929) Hardboiled Rose
Hardboiled Rose
(1929) The Desert Song (1929) The Black Watch
The Black Watch
(1929) The Squall
The Squall
(1929) The Great Divide (1929) Evidence (1929) The Show of Shows
The Show of Shows
(1929) Cameo Kirby (1930) Isle of Escape
Isle of Escape
(1930) Under a Texas Moon (1930) Cock o' the Walk (1930) Bride of the Regiment (1930) The Last of the Duanes (1930) The Jazz Cinderella
The Jazz Cinderella
(1930) The Bad Man (1930) Renegades (1930) The Truth About Youth
The Truth About Youth
(1930) Rogue of the Rio Grande (1930) The Devil to Pay! (1930) The Naughty Flirt
The Naughty Flirt
(1931) Body and Soul (1931) A Connecticut Yankee (1931) Hush Money (1931) Rebound (1931) Transatlantic (1931) Skyline (1931) Consolation Marriage
Consolation Marriage
(1931) Arrowsmith (1931) Emma (1932) Vanity Fair (1932) The Wet Parade
The Wet Parade
(1932) The Woman in Room 13 (1932) New Morals for Old
New Morals for Old
(1932) Love Me Tonight
Love Me Tonight
(1932) Thirteen Women
Thirteen Women
(1932) The Mask of Fu Manchu
The Mask of Fu Manchu
(1932) The Animal Kingdom
The Animal Kingdom
(1932) Topaze (1933) The Barbarian (1933) The Prizefighter and the Lady
The Prizefighter and the Lady
(1933) When Ladies Meet (1933) Penthouse (1933) Night Flight (1933) Men in White (1934) Manhattan Melodrama
Manhattan Melodrama
(1934) The Thin Man (1934) Stamboul Quest
Stamboul Quest
(1934) Evelyn Prentice
Evelyn Prentice
(1934) Broadway Bill
Broadway Bill
(1934) Wings in the Dark
Wings in the Dark
(1935) Whipsaw (1935) Wife vs. Secretary
Wife vs. Secretary
(1936) Petticoat Fever
Petticoat Fever
(1936) The Great Ziegfeld
The Great Ziegfeld
(1936) To Mary - with Love
To Mary - with Love
(1936) Libeled Lady
Libeled Lady
(1936) After the Thin Man
After the Thin Man
(1936) Parnell (1937) Double Wedding
Double Wedding
(1937) Man-Proof
Man-Proof
(1938) Test Pilot (1938) Too Hot to Handle (1938) Another Romance of Celluloid (1938) Lucky Night
Lucky Night
(1939) The Rains Came
The Rains Came
(1939) Another Thin Man
Another Thin Man
(1939) I Love You Again
I Love You Again
(1940) Third Finger, Left Hand
Third Finger, Left Hand
(1940) Love Crazy (1941) Shadow of the Thin Man
Shadow of the Thin Man
(1941) The Thin Man Goes Home
The Thin Man Goes Home
(1945) So Goes My Love
So Goes My Love
(1946) The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946) The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer
(1947) Song of the Thin Man
Song of the Thin Man
(1947) The Senator Was Indiscreet (1947) Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House
Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House
(1948) The Red Pony (1949) That Dangerous Age
That Dangerous Age
(1949) Cheaper by the Dozen (1950) Belles on Their Toes (1952) The Ambassador's Daughter (1956) Lonelyhearts
Lonelyhearts
(1958) From the Terrace
From the Terrace
(1960) Midnight Lace
Midnight Lace
(1960) The April Fools
The April Fools
(1969) Airport 1975
Airport 1975
(1974) Ants! (1977) The End (1978) Just Tell Me What You Want
Just Tell Me What You Want
(1980) Summer Solstice (TV movie) (1981)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source

1936 Lux Radio Theatre The Thin Man

1937 Maxwell House Good News of 1938 Herself[42]

1940 The Gulf Screen Guild Theater Single Crossing

1940 Lux Radio Theatre After The Thin Man

1940 Lux Radio Theatre Manhattan Melodrama[43]

1941 The Gulf Screen Guild Theater Magnificent Obsession

1941 Lux Radio Theatre I Love You Again

1941 Lux Radio Theatre Hired Wife

1942 Lux Radio Theatre Appointment For Love

1945 Suspense Library Book[43]:33

See also[edit]

Biography portal Film portal

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ Curtis 2011, p. 333. ^ a b "About Myrna Loy" Archived October 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., myrnaloycenter.com; retrieved October 3, 2009. ^ Leider 2011, p. 1 ^ Parish 1974, p. 443. ^ "Myrna Loy" Archived July 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., MyrnaLoy.org; retrieved December 24, 2010. ^ "125 Montana Newsmakers: Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
Reynolds", GreatFallsTribune.com, August 23, 2011; retrieved November 17, 2011. ^ "Myrna Loy, Once And Always; Actress, Activist & American Ideal: The Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors
a Star." The Washington Post via HighBeam Research; retrieved December 24, 2010. ^ Reed, Rex. "Myrna's Back – And Boyer's Got Her", nytimes.com, April 13, 1969; retrieved December 24, 2010. ^ Willis, Gertruce Knox and Mrs. R.R. Forman. W. A Rose Dream: A Fairy Operetta for Young People in Two Scenes.[permanent dead link] Philadelphia: Theodore Press Co., 1915. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 17–18 ^ "Loy, Myrna." accuracyproject.org. Retrieved: November 17, 2011. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 25–29 ^ Leider 2011, p. 41 ^ Leider 2011, pp. 41–42 ^ a b c Leider 2011, p. 42 ^ Los Angeles Times, April 11, 2001. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 33–34 ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 37–41 ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 42–43 ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, p. 66 ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, p. 97 ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, p. 88 ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 88–89 ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 88–91 ^ "The 2007 Motion Picture Almanac, Top Ten Money Making Stars" Archived December 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., quigleypublishing.com; retrieved July 11, 2007. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Summer Solstice (1981)", nytimes.com; retrieved December 20, 2011. ^ "Myrna Loy"[permanent dead link], Movietome.com; retrieved December 24, 2010. ^ "The presenting of an Honorary Oscar® to Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
at the 63rd Annual Academy Awards®, March 25, 1991, youtube.com; accessed August 14, 2014. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1993/12/15/obituaries/myrna-loy-model-of-urbanity-in-thin-man-roles-dies-at-88.html ^ "Sony Pictures Studios: Studio Lot Map" Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., sonypicturesstudios.com; retrieved December 24, 2010. ^ "Village Sidewalk", forgotten-ny.com; retrieved December 24, 2010. ^ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
Center for the Performing and Media Arts website; accessed August 14, 2015. ^ Leider 2011, p. 288 ^ Wayne 2005, pp. 209–210 ^ Andersen 1997, p. 86 ^ Alberge, Dayla. "Leslie Howard personal film footage found by documentary-maker." guardian.co.uk, September 12, 2010. Retrieved: December 24, 2010. ^ Dennison, Matthew. "Review: Titanic Thompson: The man who bet on everything." The Express, January 14, 2011. Retrieved: December 20, 2011. ^ "The legendary gambler who inspired 'Guys and Dolls'." buckscattershot.magix.net. Retrieved: December 20, 2011. ^ Brands 2008, p. 318. ^ Shipman, David. "Obituary: Myrna Loy." The Independent, December 16, 1993. ^ Interview. Day at Night, 1970 ^ http://otrrlibrary.org/OTRRLib/Library%20Files/M%20Series/Maxwell%20House%20Good%20News/Maxwell%20House%20Good%20News%2037-12-30%20(09)%20Guest%20-%20Myrna%20Loy.mp3 ^ a b "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 37 (1): 32. Winter 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

Andersen, Christopher (1997). An Affair to Remember: A Remarkable Love Story of Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
and Spencer Tracy. New York: William Morrow and Company Inc. ISBN 0-688-15311-9.  Brands, H.W. Traitor to his Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. New York: Doubleday, 2008. ISBN 978-0-38551-958-8. Carr, Larry. More Fabulous Faces: The Evolution and Metamorphosis of Bette Davis, Katharine Hepburn, Dolores del Rio, Carole Lombard
Carole Lombard
and Myrna Loy. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1979. ISBN 0-385-12819-3. Curtis, James (2011). Spencer Tracy: A Biography. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 978-0-30726-289-9.  Kotsilibas-Davis, James; Loy, Myrna (1987). Myrna Loy: Being and Becoming. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-55593-7.  Leider, Emily W. (2011). Myrna Loy: The Only Good Girl in Hollywood. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-25320-9.  Parish, James Robert and Ronald L. Bowers. The MGM Stock Company: The Golden Era. London: Allan, 1974. ISBN 978-0-7110-0501-3. Wayne, Jane Ellen (2005). The Leading Men of MGM. New York: Carrol and Graf. ISBN 978-0-7867-1768-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Myrna Loy.

Official website Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
on IMDb Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
at the TCM Movie Database Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
at AllMovie Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
at Find a Grave Obituary, nytimes.com Profile, virtual-history.com

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor
Technicolor
Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Honorees (1980s)

1980

Leonard Bernstein James Cagney Agnes de Mille Lynn Fontanne Leontyne Price

1981

Count Basie Cary Grant Helen Hayes Jerome Robbins Rudolf Serkin

1982

George Abbott Lillian Gish Benny Goodman Gene Kelly Eugene Ormandy

1983

Katherine Dunham Elia Kazan Frank Sinatra James Stewart Virgil Thomson

1984

Lena Horne Danny Kaye Gian Carlo Menotti Arthur Miller Isaac Stern

1985

Merce Cunningham Irene Dunne Bob Hope Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
& Frederick Loewe Beverly Sills

1986

Lucille Ball Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
& Jessica Tandy Yehudi Menuhin Antony Tudor Ray Charles

1987

Perry Como Bette Davis Sammy Davis Jr. Nathan Milstein Alwin Nikolais

1988

Alvin Ailey George Burns Myrna Loy Alexander Schneider Roger L. Stevens

1989

Harry Belafonte Claudette Colbert Alexandra Danilova Mary Martin William Schuman

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 12503551 LCCN: n80098354 ISNI: 0000 0003 6840 9622 GND: 119007940 SELIBR: 354400 SUDOC: 07339825X BNF: cb14014014k (data) BNE: XX1064334 SN

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