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The Info List - Myrmeciinae



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(i)

2 extant genera; 5 fossil genera; 2 tribes

MYRMECIINAE is a subfamily of the Formicidae
Formicidae
, ants once found worldwide but now restricted to Australia
Australia
and New Caledonia
New Caledonia
. This subfamily is one of several ant subfamilies which possess gamergates , female worker ants which are able to mate and reproduce, thus sustaining the colony after the loss of the queen. The Myrmeciinae subfamily was formerly composed of only one genus, Myrmecia , but the subfamily was redescribed by Ward & Brady in 2003 to include two tribes and four genera: An additional three genera, one form genus, and 9 species were described in 2006 from the Early Eocene of Denmark, Canada, and Washington.

CONTENTS

* 1 Tribes and genera * 2 Classification * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

TRIBES AND GENERA

* Tribe Myrmeciini Emery, 1877

* Myrmecia Fabricius, 1804

* Tribe Prionomyrmecini Wheeler, 1915

* Nothomyrmecia Clark, 1934 * † Prionomyrmex Mayr, 1868

* Tribe incertae sedis

* † Archimyrmex Cockerell, 1923 * † Avitomyrmex Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006 * † Macabeemyrma Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006 * † Ypresiomyrma Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006

* Form genus (for species belonging to the subfamily but not identifiable to current genera)

* † Myrmeciites Archibald, Cover ">

* ^ Bolton, B. (2013), "An online catalog of the ants of the world.", AntCat, retrieved 22 September 2013 * ^ Dietemann, Vincent; Peeters, Christian; Hölldobler, Bert (2004). "Gamergates in the Australian ant subfamily Myrmeciinae". Naturwissenschaften. 91 (9): 432–435. Bibcode :2004NW.....91..432D. PMID 15278223 . doi :10.1007/s00114-004-0549-1 . * ^ Ward, Philip S.; Brady, Seán G. (2003). "Phylogeny and biogeography of the ant subfamily Myrmeciinae
Myrmeciinae
( Hymenoptera : Formicidae)" (PDF). Invertebrate Systematics. 17 (3): 361–386. doi :10.1071/IS02046 . * ^ Archibald, S.B.; Cover, S. P.; Moreau, C. S. (2006). "Bulldog Ants
Ants
of the Eocene Okanagan Highlands and History of the Subfamily (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciin