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2 extant genera; 5 fossil genera; 2 tribes[1]

Myrmeciinae
Myrmeciinae
is a subfamily of the Formicidae, ants once found worldwide but now restricted to Australia
Australia
and New Caledonia. This subfamily is one of several ant subfamilies which possess gamergates, female worker ants which are able to mate and reproduce, thus sustaining the colony after the loss of the queen.[2] The Myrmeciinae subfamily was formerly composed of only one genus, Myrmecia, but the subfamily was redescribed by Ward & Brady in 2003 to include two tribes and four genera:[3] An additional three genera, one form genus, and 9 species were described in 2006 from the Early Eocene of Denmark, Canada, and Washington.[4]

Contents

1 Tribes and genera 2 Classification 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Tribes and genera[edit]

Tribe Myrmeciini
Myrmeciini
Emery, 1877

Myrmecia Fabricius, 1804

Tribe Prionomyrmecini
Prionomyrmecini
Wheeler, 1915

Nothomyrmecia
Nothomyrmecia
Clark, 1934 † Prionomyrmex
Prionomyrmex
Mayr, 1868

Tribe incertae sedis

Archimyrmex
Archimyrmex
Cockerell, 1923 † Avitomyrmex
Avitomyrmex
Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006 † Macabeemyrma
Macabeemyrma
Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006 † Ypresiomyrma
Ypresiomyrma
Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006

Form genus (for species belonging to the subfamily but not identifiable to current genera)

Myrmeciites
Myrmeciites
Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006

Classification[edit] The subfamily Myrmeciinae
Myrmeciinae
was established by Italian entomologist Carlo Emery
Carlo Emery
in 1877 under the original name Myrmeciidae.[5] It was named after the genus Myrmecia, the type genus of the subfamily.[6] In 1882, the subfamily was treated as a tribe by French entomologist Ernest André within the former ant family Myrmicidae, but it would later be moved to the family Poneridae in 1905.[7][8] See also[edit]

List of Myrmecia species

References[edit]

^ Bolton, B. (2013), "An online catalog of the ants of the world.", AntCat, retrieved 22 September 2013  ^ Dietemann, Vincent; Peeters, Christian; Hölldobler, Bert (2004). "Gamergates in the Australian ant subfamily Myrmeciinae". Naturwissenschaften. 91 (9): 432–435. Bibcode:2004NW.....91..432D. doi:10.1007/s00114-004-0549-1. PMID 15278223.  ^ Ward, Philip S.; Brady, Seán G. (2003). "Phylogeny and biogeography of the ant subfamily Myrmeciinae
Myrmeciinae
(Hymenoptera : Formicidae)" (PDF). Invertebrate Systematics. 17 (3): 361–386. doi:10.1071/IS02046.  ^ Archibald, S.B.; Cover, S. P.; Moreau, C. S. (2006). "Bulldog Ants of the Eocene Okanagan Highlands and History of the Subfamily (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae)" (PDF). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 99 (3): 487–523. doi:10.1603/0013-8746(2006)99[487:BAOTEO]2.0.CO;2.  ^ Emery, Carlo (1877). "Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche" (PDF). Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana. 9: 67–83. doi:10.5281/zenodo.25408.  ^ Reiskind, Jonathan (1983). "Request for a ruling to correct homonymy in names of the family-groups based on Myrmecia (Insecta) and Myrmecium (Arachnida)". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 40: 43–44.  ^ André, Ernest (1882). "Les fourmis (continuation)" (PDF). Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. 2: 233–280. doi:10.5281/zenodo.27099.  ^ Ashmead, William H. (1905). "A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea" (PDF). The Canadian Entomologist. 37 (11): 381–384. doi:10.4039/Ent37381-11. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Myrmeciinae
Myrmeciinae
at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Myrmeciinae
Myrmeciinae
at Wikispecies

v t e

Ant
Ant
taxonomy

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Family Formicidae

Subfamilies

Extant

Agroecomyrmecinae Amblyoponinae Aneuretinae Apomyrminae Dolichoderinae Dorylinae Ectatomminae Formicinae Heteroponerinae Leptanillinae Martialinae Myrmeciinae Myrmicinae Paraponerinae Ponerinae Proceratiinae Pseudomyrmecinae

Fossil

†Armaniinae †Brownimeciinae †Formiciinae †Sphecomyrminae

Genera

List of ant genera

incertae sedis

Insects portal Arthropods portal Animals portal Biology portal

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1004255 ADW: Myrmeciinae BugGuide: 329395 EoL: 2729717 Fossilworks: 204816 ITIS: 573827 NCBI: 36669

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