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Muroidea Dipodoidea

The suborder Myomorpha
Myomorpha
contains 1,137 species of mouse-like rodents, nearly a quarter of all mammal species. Included are mice, rats, gerbils, hamsters, lemmings, and voles. They are grouped according to the structure of their jaws and molar teeth. Both their medial and lateral masseter muscles are displaced forward, making them adept at gnawing. The medial masseter muscle goes through the eye socket, a feature unique among mammals. Myomorphs are found worldwide (apart from Antarctica) in almost all land habitats. They are usually nocturnal seed-eaters. Most myomorph species belong to the superfamily Muroidea: (hamsters, voles, lemmings, true mice, true rats, and gerbils).

Superfamily Muroidea

Family Platacanthomyidae
Platacanthomyidae
(spiny dormice and Chinese pygmy dormice) Family Spalacidae
Spalacidae
(blind mole-rats and bamboo rats) Family Calomyscidae
Calomyscidae
(mouse-like hamsters) Family Nesomyidae
Nesomyidae
(Malagasy mice and rats and African climbing mice) Family Cricetidae
Cricetidae
(true hamsters, voles and lemmings) Family Muridae
Muridae
(true rats, true mice and gerbils)

Superfamily Dipodoidea
Dipodoidea
(jerboas and jumping mice)

Family Dipodidae

Historically, the definition of the suborder Myomorpha
Myomorpha
has included one or both of:

Superfamily Geomyoidea
Geomyoidea
(gophers and kangaroo rats)

Family Heteromyidae
Heteromyidae
(kangaroo rats) Family Geomyidae
Geomyidae
(gophers)

Superfamily Gliroidea (true dormice)

Family Gliridae

References[edit]

Carleton, M. D. and G. G. Musser. 2005. Order Rodentia. Pp745–752 in Mammal
Mammal
Species of the World A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds.). Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press. Clutton-Brock, Juliet (ed.). 2004. Mouse-like Rodents. Pp150–159 in Animal
Animal
(David Burnley ed.). London, Dorling Kindersley.

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Extant families in order Rodentia

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Eutheria Superorder: Euarchontoglires

Sciuromorpha ("Squirrel-like")

Aplodontiidae (Mountain beaver) Gliridae
Gliridae
(Dormice) Sciuridae (Squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, susliks and prairie dogs)

Castorimorpha ("Beaver-like")

Castoroidea Castoridae
Castoridae
(Beavers)

Geomyoidea Geomyidae
Geomyidae
(Pocket gophers) Heteromyidae
Heteromyidae
(Kangaroo rats and mice, pocket mice)

Myomorpha ("Mouse-like")

Dipodoidea Dipodidae
Dipodidae
(Jerboas, jumping mice and birch mice)

Muroidea Platacanthomyidae
Platacanthomyidae
(Oriental dormice) Spalacidae
Spalacidae
(Zokors, bamboo rats, mole rats, blind mole rats) Calomyscidae
Calomyscidae
(Mouse-like hamsters) Nesomyidae
Nesomyidae
(Malagasy rats and relatives) Cricetidae
Cricetidae
(Hamsters and relatives) Muridae
Muridae
(House mouse and relatives)

Anomaluromorpha ("Anomalure-like")

Anomaluridae (Anomalures) Pedetidae
Pedetidae
(Springhares)

Hystricomorpha ("Porcupine-like")

Ctenodactylidae (Gundis) Diatomyidae
Diatomyidae
(Laotian rock rat) Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)

Phiomorpha Bathyergidae (Blesmols) Petromuridae (Dassie rat) Thryonomyidae (Cane rats)

Caviomorpha
Caviomorpha
(New World hystricognaths) Erethizontidae (New World porcupines) Caviidae
Caviidae
(Cavies) Cuniculidae (Pacas) Dasyproctidae
Dasyproctidae
(Agoutis and acouchis) Dinomyidae
Dinomyidae
(Pacarana) Capromyidae (Hutias) Ctenomyidae (Tuco-tucos) Echimyidae
Echimyidae
(Spiny rats and coypus) Octodontidae
Octodontidae
(Degus and relatives) Abrocomidae (Chinchilla rats) Chinchillidae
Chinchillidae
(Chinchillas and viscachas)

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Prehistoric families in order Rodentia

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Eutheria Superorder: Euarchontoglires

Sciuromorpha

Allomyidae Mylagaulidae Reithroparamyidae

Castorimorpha

Eutypomyidae Rhizospalacidae Eomyidae Florentiamyidae Heliscomyidae

Myomorpha

Armintomyidae Anomalomyidae Simimyidae

Anomaluromorpha

Parapedetidae

Hystricomorpha

Tamquammyidae Gobiomyidae Yuomyidae Chapattimyidae Tsaganomyidae "Baluchimyinae" Bathyergoididae Myophiomyidae Diamantomyidae Phiomyidae Kenyamyidae Cephalomyidae Eocardiidae Neoepiblemidae Heptaxodontidae

incertae sedis

Eurymylidae Alagomyidae Archetypomyidae Cocomyidae Ivanantoniidae Laredomyidae Ischyromyidae Theridomyidae Protoptychidae Zegdoumyidae Sciuravidae Cylindrodontidae Zelomyidae

See also: Category

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q212242 ADW: Myomorpha EoL: 2847038 Fossilworks: 41610 ITIS: 180273 MSW: 12900001 NCBI: 1963758

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