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(i)

Muroidea Dipodoidea
Dipodoidea

The suborder MYOMORPHA contains 1,137 species of mouse-like rodents , nearly a quarter of all mammal species. Included are mice , rats , gerbils , hamsters , lemmings , and voles . They are grouped according to the structure of their jaws and molar teeth . Both their medial and lateral masseter muscles are displaced forward, making them adept at gnawing. The medial masseter muscle goes through the eye socket, a feature unique among mammals. Myomorphs are found worldwide (apart from Antarctica) in almost all land habitats. They are usually nocturnal seed-eaters.

Most myomorph species belong to the superfamily Muroidea : (hamsters , voles , lemmings , true mice , true rats , and gerbils ).

* Superfamily Muroidea

* Family Platacanthomyidae (spiny dormice and Chinese pygmy dormice ) * Family Spalacidae
Spalacidae
(blind mole-rats and bamboo rats ) * Family Calomyscidae (mouse-like hamsters ) * Family Nesomyidae (Malagasy mice and rats and African climbing mice ) * Family Cricetidae
Cricetidae
(true hamsters , voles and lemmings ) * Family Muridae
Muridae
(true rats , true mice and gerbils )

* Superfamily Dipodoidea
Dipodoidea
(jerboas and jumping mice )

* Family Dipodidae
Dipodidae

Historically, the definition of the suborder Myomorpha
Myomorpha
has included one or both of:

* Superfamily Geomyoidea (gophers and kangaroo rats )

* Family Heteromyidae (kangaroo rats) * Family Geomyidae
Geomyidae
(gophers)

* Superfamily Gliroidea (true dormice)

* Family Gliridae
Gliridae

REFERENCES

* Carleton, M. D. and G. G. Musser. 2005. Order Rodentia. Pp745–752 in Mammal Species of the World A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds.). Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press. * Clutton-Brock, Juliet (ed.). 2004. Mouse-like Rodents. Pp150–159 in Animal
Animal
(David Burnley ed.). London, Dorling Kindersley.

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Extant families in order Rodentia

* Kingdom: Animalia * Phylum: Chordata * Class: Mammalia * Infraclass: Eutheria * Superorder: Euarchontoglires
Euarchontoglires

Sciuromorpha
Sciuromorpha
("Squirrel-like")

* Aplodontiidae (Mountain beaver) * Gliridae
Gliridae
(Dormice) * Sciuridae (Squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, susliks and prairie dogs)

Castorimorpha ("Beaver-like") Castoroidea Castoridae (Beavers) Geomyoidea Geomyidae
Geomyidae
(Pocket gophers) Heteromyidae (Kangaroo rats and mice, pocket mice)

Myomorpha ("Mouse-like") Dipodoidea
Dipodoidea
Dipodidae
Dipodidae
(Jerboas, jumping mice and birch mice) Muroidea Platacanthomyidae (Oriental dormice) Spalacidae
Spalacidae
(Zokors, bamboo rats, mole rats, blind mole rats) Calomyscidae (Mouse-like hamsters) Nesomyidae (Malagasy rats and relatives) Cricetidae
Cricetidae
(Hamsters and relatives) Muridae
Muridae
(House mouse and relatives)

Anomaluromorpha ("Anomalure-like")

* Anomaluridae (Anomalures) * Pedetidae
Pedetidae
(Springhares)

Hystricomorpha
Hystricomorpha
("Porcupine-like")

* Ctenodactylidae (Gundis) * Diatomyidae (Laotian rock rat) * Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)

Phiomorpha
Phiomorpha
Bathyergidae (Blesmols) Petromuridae (Dassie rat) Thryonomyidae (Cane rats) Caviomorpha (New World hystricognaths) Erethizontidae (New World porcupines) Caviidae (Cavies) Cuniculidae (Pacas) Dasyproctidae (Agoutis and acouchis) Dinomyidae
Dinomyidae
(Pacarana) Capromyidae (Hutias) Ctenomyidae (Tuco-tucos) Echimyidae
Echimyidae
(Spiny rats) Myocastoridae (Coypu, or nutria) Octodontidae (Degus and relatives) Abrocomidae (Chinchilla rats) Chinchillidae (Chinchillas and viscachas)

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Prehistoric families in order Rodentia

* Kingdom: Animalia * Phylum: Chordata * Class: Mammalia * Infraclass: Eutheria * Superorder: Euarchontoglires
Euarchontoglires

SCIUROMORPHA

* Allomyidae * Mylagaulidae * Reithroparamyidae

CASTORIMORPHA

* Eutypomyidae * Rhizospalacidae * Eomyidae * Florentiamyidae * Heliscomyidae

MYOMORPHA

* Armintomyidae * Anomalomyidae * Simimyidae

ANOMALUROMORPHA

* Parapedetidae

HYSTRICOMORPHA

* Tamquammyidae * Gobiomyidae * Yuomyidae * Chapattimyidae * Tsaganomyidae * "Baluchimyinae " * Bathyergoididae * Myophiomyidae * Diamantomyidae * Phiomyidae * Kenyamyidae * Cephalomyidae * Eocardiidae * Neoepiblemidae * Heptaxodontidae

INCERTAE SEDIS

* Eurymylidae * Alagomyidae * Archetypomyidae * Cocomyidae * Ivanantoniidae * Laredomyidae * Ischyromyidae * Theridomyidae * Protoptychidae * Zegdoumyidae * Sciuravidae * Cylindrodontidae * Zelomyidae

See also: Category

TAXON IDENTIFIERS

* Wd : Q212242 * ADW : Myomorpha * EoL : 2847038 * Fossilworks : 41610 * ITIS : 180273 * MSW : 12900001 * NCBI : 1963758

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Myomorpha
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