Mutton curry (also referred to as kosha mangsho, Goat curry and lamb curry) is an Indian curry dish that is prepared from mutton and vegetables and originated in Bengal. Railway mutton curry is a variation of the dish that originated during the British Raj colonial-era. Primary ingredients of mutton curry include mutton, onion, tomato and spices.
Mutton curry was originally prepared heated by a fire in a large pot. It may now be cooked using pressure cookers and slow cookers. Mutton curry may be served with rice. The dish has been served with raji, a cereal.
Common ingredients used to prepare mutton curry include:
Kosha mangsho is the Bengali version. It traditionally has less juice and more gravy than other mutton curries. This dish is prepared in a kosha style, which involves retaining the mutton's flavor and moisture using slow cooking and sautéeing methods.
Kosha mangsho is traditionally prepared as part of the celebration of Kali Puja, a festival dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali, celebrated on the new moon day of the Hindu month Kartik. Golbari restaurant, a 92-year-old restaurant in Kolkata, India, specializes in the dish. The dish is also referred to as Kosha Mangsho at the restaurant.
Railway mutton curry is a British Raj colonial-era dish that was served on long distance trains. The dish was served with dinner rolls. Tamarind was originally used to extend its shelf life. Some restaurants serve the dish in present-day times, such as Oh! Calcutta! restaurant in Kolkata, India. Railway mutton curry is prepared using a coconut milk base.
- Mutton curry variations
Puri (top) and mutton curry (middle bottom)
In The Midlands, England, trading standards officers working undercover went to twenty restaurants that were randomly chosen and bought 39 lamb curry and kebab dishes. Four of the dishes contained no lamb, instead using a mixture that contained beef, pork or chicken. In the investigation, it was found that only three lamb curries out of the nineteen tested contained only lamb. Most were found to consist of a mixture of lamb with beef or chicken. Additionally, all of the twenty lamb kebabs that were sampled contained meats in addition to lamb that was mixed with it, such as beef, pork or chicken.
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