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MUTHURAJA or MUTHARAIYAR are Tamil -speaking community of landowners.

CONTENTS

* 1 Origin

* 2 Temples

* 2.1 Vijayalaya choleeswaram * 2.2 Keezhathaniyam temple

* 3 Paluvettaraiyar
Paluvettaraiyar
regiment

* 4 Lake

* 4.1 Maruthan Lake

* 5 See also * 6 References

ORIGIN

During the early Chola period, the chiefs of the Muthuraja community ruled over the Tanjore
Tanjore
district in Tamilakkam . They controlled the fertile plains of the Kaveri region. When the Later Cholas came to power, the Muthuraja were turned into feudatories. Muttaraiyar, literally means King of three territories. They built many temples dedicated to Shiva
Shiva
.

One of the most notable Muthuraja people was Peru Mutharaiyar, who was known for his great wealth and grand feasts. Two stanzas (200, 296) of Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
, one of the works of ancient Tamil literature , is dedicated to him. One of their titles was Lord of Tanjore.

During the period of Rajaraja Chola I , we know of at least one high-ranking chief and a feudatory of the Chola from the Muthuraja community: Śēkkizhār Araiyan Sankaranarayanan, also known as Chola-Muttaraiyan. Araiyan, which is the Tamil equivalent of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Raja or King, in this context means a chieftain or a governor.

TEMPLES

VIJAYALAYA CHOLEESWARAM

Vijayala choleeswaram built by llango Mutharaiyar 825AD

Narthamalai
Narthamalai
is 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Trichy
Trichy
on the Pudukkottai - Trichy
Trichy
Highway. There can be seen one of the oldest rock-cut temples built by Ilango Mutharaiyar , which was later rebuilt by Vijayalaya Chola, known as Vijayalaya Choleeswaram
Vijayalaya Choleeswaram
. The temple is dedicated to Shiva. There are also two rock-cut caves, one of which has 12 life-size sculptures of Vishnu . The temple is maintained and administered by the Archaeological Survey of India as a protected monument.

KEEZHATHANIYAM TEMPLE

Uthamadhaneeswarar temple - Keezhathaniyam

Keezhathaniyam is located about 25 kilometres from Pudukkottai (District head quarters). This temple was built by Ko Ilango Mutharaiyar. This temple is dedicated to Shiva
Shiva
known by the name "Uthamadhaneeswarar".

PALUVETTARAIYAR REGIMENT

Paluvettaraiyar
Paluvettaraiyar
temple in Melapalur, Ariyalur dt

The Paluvettaraiyar
Paluvettaraiyar
regiment was a military regiment maintained by the Mutharaja chief Paluvettaraiyar
Paluvettaraiyar
. It comprised both Muthuraja and Sengunthar soldiers in the regiment of Paluvettaraiyar
Paluvettaraiyar
and were involved in the invasion of Lanka by Cholas in the 10th century.

LAKE

Mutharaiyar maintain lake.

MARUTHAN LAKE

RANASINGA MUTHARAIYAR OF KEEZHSENGILINADU Who ruled during the period during the Aditya Chola , installed irrigation knob SLUICE VALVE (KUMIZHI )(TAMIL : குமிழி) to control the Maruthan Lake Water flow in GANDARVAKOTTAI (Tamil : கந்தர்வகோட்டை) is a taluk under Pudukkottai district , Tamil Nadu , India
India
.

SEE ALSO

* Mudiraju * Perumbidugu Mutharaiyar * Kannappa Nayanar * Thirumangai Alvar
Thirumangai Alvar
* List of denotified communities of Tamil Nadu

REFERENCES

* ^ Journal of Indian history, Volume 19, page 40 * ^ Early Chōl̤a art:origin and emergence of style * ^ History of Tamil language and literature:beginning to 1000 A. D., page 89 * ^ Śaṅgam polity:the administration and social life of the Śaṅgam Tamils, page 33 * ^ Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra, ed. (1954). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The Classical Age (PDF). G. Allen & Unwin. p. 266. * ^ Indian archaeological heritage: Shri K.V. Soundara Rajan festschrift, Volume 1, page 32 * ^ "9th century temple gets facelift". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-20. * ^ Ramaswamy, V. (1985). Textiles and weavers in medieval South India. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2015-04-05. * ^ Studies in Indian epigraphy, Volumes 26–27 * ^ Historical perspectives of warfare in India: some morale and ma