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Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary (Malayalam: വയനാട് വന്യജീവി സങ്കേതം) is an animal sanctuary in Wayanad, Kerala, India. It has an extent of 344.44 km2 with four ranges namely Sulthan Bathery, Muthanga, Kurichiat and Tholpetty. A variety of large wild animals such as Indian bison, elephant, deer and tiger are found there. There are also quite a few unusual birds in the sanctuary. In particular, peafowl tend to be very common in the area. Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala. It is bestowed with lush green forests and rich wildlife.This wildlife area houses some of the rare and endangered species of both flora and fauna. Established in 1973, the sanctuary is now an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. It is bounded by protected area network of Nagarhole
Nagarhole
and Bandipur of Karnataka
Karnataka
in the northeast, and on the southeast by Mudumalai
Mudumalai
of Tamil Nadu. It is part of the Wayanad
Wayanad
Plateau and the vegetation is predominantly of the south Indian moist deciduous teak forests. Also, the sanctuary has pastures of the west-coast semi-evergreen trees. The wildlife sanctuary comes under Protect Elephant
Elephant
and one can spot herd of elephants roaming in the area. Elephant
Elephant
rides are arranged by the Kerala
Kerala
Forest Department. Wayanad district
Wayanad district
has the largest population of Adivasi
Adivasi
in Kerala. Scheduled tribes here include Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis and Kattunaikkans. Comprising an area of 2126 km2, Wayanad
Wayanad
has a powerful history. Relicts and edicts found in various parts of Wayanad
Wayanad
speak of an important prehistoric era. Historians are of the view that organised human life existed in these parts, at least ten centuries before Christ. The sanctuary is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Western Ghats, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000+ km²), including all of the sanctuary, is under consideration by the World Heritage Committee
World Heritage Committee
for selection as a World Heritage Site.[2]

Welcome to Muthanga

Contents

1 History 2 Flora and fauna 3 Climate 4 Threatened Status of Vultures 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Map of Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, showing Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary in relation to multiple contiguous protected areas

Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary was formed in 1973 and was brought under the Project Elephant
Elephant
in 1991–92. This sanctuary occupies an area of 345 km2. It is the second largest one in the state of Kerala. The sanctuary is separated into two disconnected parts known as the North Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary and South Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary. The area in between the two parts was originally a forest region, though it is now occupied majorly by plantations. In 2012, a tiger was shot dead by the Kerala
Kerala
Forest Department on a coffee plantation on the fringes of the Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary. Many local political leaders applauded the killing of the tiger. Chief Wildlife Warden of Kerala
Kerala
ordered the hunt for the animal after mass protests erupted as the tiger had been carrying away domestic animals. Flora and fauna[edit]

Indian peafowl
Indian peafowl
in Tholpetty area.

Flora: Moist deciduous forest consists of maruthi, karimaruthi, rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboos, more, while the semi-evergreen patches comprises veteria indica., lagerstroemia, lanceolata, termianalia paniculata. Fauna: Elephants, tigers, panthers, jungle cats, civet cats, monkeys, wild dogs, bisons, deer, bears, monitor lizards and a variety of snakes are seen. Avian-Fauna: Peacocks, babblers, cuckoos, owls, woodpeckers, jungle fowls are a few of the various types of birds seen here. Climate[edit] Wayanad
Wayanad
climate is salubrious. Average rain fall in this district is 2322 m.m. Annual rain fall in these high rain fall areas ranges from 3,000 to 4,000 mm. High velocity winds are common during the south west monsoon and dry winds blow in March–April. High altitude regions experience severe cold. This place experiences a high relative humidity which goes even up to 95 per cent during the south west monsoon period. Generally, the year is classified into four seasons, namely, cold weather, hot weather, south west monsoon and north east monsoon. The dale, 'Lakkidi', nestled among the hills of Vythiri
Vythiri
taluk has the highest average rainfall in Kerala. Location: The south Wayanad
Wayanad
division is located 16 km east of Sulthan Bathery and north wayanad division 20 km from Mananthavady
Mananthavady
in the state of Kerala. Threatened Status of Vultures[edit] Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the safest havens for different species of vultures like the White-rumped Vultures and the Red-headed Vultures. The collective population of these vultures numbered around 150 in February 2016 dropped to about 70 in March 2016. A survey last year counted as many as 17 vulture nests, however, this number reduced to about 11 vulture nests in March 2016. The banned drug Diclofenac
Diclofenac
is believed to be the reason for this fall in the vulture count.[3] References[edit]

^ " Wayanad
Wayanad
Sanctuary". protectedplanet.net.  ^ UNESCO, World Heritage sites, Tentative lists, Western Ghats
Western Ghats
sub cluster, Niligiris. retrieved 20 April 2007 World Heritage sites, Tentative lists ^ "Vulture nests in WWS decline". The Hindu. 2016-03-10. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary.

Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary

Reference Link : https://www.gotirupati.com/wayanad-wildlife-sanctuary

v t e

Protected areas of Kerala

Biosphere reserves

Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

National parks

Anamudi
Anamudi
Shola National Park Eravikulam National Park Karimpuzha National Park Mathikettan Shola National Park Pampadum Shola National Park Periyar National Park Silent Valley National Park

Wildlife sanctuaries

Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary Kurinjimala Sanctuary Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary

Bird sanctuaries

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary Pathiramanal Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Protected areas of India

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Tourism in Kerala

Organizations

Kerala
Kerala
Tourism Development Corporation Department of Tourism (Kerala) Gandhi Seva Sadan

Informative articles

Chinese fishing nets God's Own Country Chundan Vallam Kerala
Kerala
backwaters Pooram Puli Kali Temple Festivals of Kerala Tourist Resorts (Kerala) Vallam Kali Wildlife of Kerala

Airports

Aranmula International Airport Sabarigiri International Airport Calicut International Airport Cochin Duty Free Cochin International Airport Kannur International Airport Kollam Airport(Defunct) Trivandrum International Airport

Amusement parks

Fantasy Park Kottakkunnu Vismaya Wonderla

Archaeological sites

Anchuthengu Ariyannur Umbrellas Cheraman Parambu Kadavallur Kandanissery Kudakkallu Parambu Pattanam Tangasseri Thovarimala Ezhuthupara

Beaches

Alappuzha Beach Azheekal beach Chavakkad Beach Cherai Beach Fort Kochi beach Kappad Kappil, Thiruvananthapuram Kappkadavu Kollam Beach Kovalam Mappila Bay Marari Beach Meenkunnu Beach Munakkal Beach Mundakkal Beach Muzhappilangad Beach Muziris beach Payyambalam Beach Poovar Shankumugham Beach Snehatheeram Beach Paravur Thekkumbhagam Thirumullavaram Beach Thottada Beach Varkala Beach

Boat races

Aranmula Boat Race Champakulam Moolam Boat Race Indira Gandhi Boat Race Kallada Boat Race Kandassankadavu Boat Race Nehru Trophy Boat Race Payippadu Vallam Kali President's Trophy Boat Race Sree Narayana Jayanthi Boat Race Triprayar Boat Race

Caves

Chovvanur burial cave Edakkal Caves Kottukal cave temple Nedumala caves, Piralimattam Vizhinjam rock caves

Dams

Banasura Sagar Dam Bhoothathankettu Cheruthoni Dam Chimmony Dam Idamalayar Dam Idukki Dam Kakki Reservoir Karapuzha Dam Malampuzha Dam Mangalam Dam (dam) Mattupetty Dam Mullaperiyar Dam Neyyar Dam Parambikulam Dam Pazhassi Dam Peechi Dam Peringalkuthu Dam Peruvaripallam Dam Ponmudi
Ponmudi
Dam Poomala
Poomala
Dam Pothundi Dam Sholayar Dam Siruvani Dam Thanneermukkom Bund Thenmala Dam Thunakkadavu Dam Vazhani Dam Walayar Dam

Festivals

Aanayoottu Aaraattu Aluva Sivarathri festival Arattupuzha Pooram Edakkunni Uthram Vilakku Feast of Saint Raphael, Ollur Gandharvanpattu Ilanjithara Melam India
India
International Boat Show International Film Festival of Kerala Kadavallur
Kadavallur
Anyonyam Kanyarkali Karivela Kerala
Kerala
Adventure Carnival Keralotsavam Kollam Pooram Kottakkal pooram Kottankulangara Festival Machad Mamangam Nalukulangara Pooram Kalpathi Ratholsavam Nenmara Vallanghy Vela Onam Onathallu or Avittathallu Peruvanam Pooram Tattamangalam Kuthira Vela Thirumandhamkunnu Pooram Thrissur Pooram Uthralikavu Pooram

Forts

Anchuthengu
Anchuthengu
Fort Bekal Fort Chandragiri Fort, Kerala Cranganore Fort East Fort Fort Emmanuel Hosdurg Fort Nedumkotta Overbury's Folly Palakkad Fort Pallipuram Fort St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri St. Angelo Fort Tellicherry Fort William Fort

Islands

Dharmadam Island Ezhumanthuruthu Gundu Island Islands of Kollam Kavvayi Kuruvadweep Munroe Island Parumala Pizhala Pulinkunnoo Ramanthuruthu Valiyaparamba Vallarpadam Vypin Willingdon Island

Lakes

Ashtamudi Lake Enamakkal Lake Mananchira Oranju Poika Padinjarechira Paravur Lake Pookode
Pookode
Lake Sasthamcotta Lake Veeranpuzha Vellayani Lake Vadakkechira Vanchikulam Vembanad

Lighthouses

Vizhinjam Tangasseri Kovilthottam Alappuzha Manakkodam Vypin Azhikode Chetwai Ponnani Beypore Kozhikode Kannur

Mountains

Aathanad Agastya Mala Ambanad Hills Ambukuthi mala Anamudi Anginda peak Banasura Hill Chembra Peak Elivai Malai Ilaveezha Poonchira Illickal Kallu Kunnathoor Padi Marayur Meenuliyan Para Nelliampathi Paithalmala Ponmudi Poomala Urakam Hill Vagamon Vagavurrai Vellarimala

Museums

8 Point Gallery Cafe, Kollam Arakkal Museum Archaeological Museum, Thrissur Indian Business Museum Indo-Portuguese Museum Kerala
Kerala
Science and Technology Museum Kerala
Kerala
Soil Museum Munnar Tea Museum Napier Museum Pazhassi Raja
Pazhassi Raja
Archaeological Museum Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Museum, Kollam Teak Museum Wayanad
Wayanad
Heritage Museum

Palaces

Aranmula Kottaram Bolgatty Palace British Residency Cheena Kottaram Halcyon Castle Hill Palace, Tripunithura Kanakakkunnu Palace Kilimanoor Palace Kodungallur Kovilakam Kollengode Palace Kowdiar Palace Koyikkal Palace Krishnapuram Palace Kuthira Malika Laxmipuram Palace Mattancherry Palace Merry Lodge Palace Pandalam Palace Punnathurkotta Puthen Kovilakam Shakthan Thampuran Palace Sri Moolam Thirunal Palace Thevally Palace

Waterfalls

Adyanpara Falls Aripara Falls Aruvikkuzhi Waterfalls Athirappilly Falls Charpa Falls Cheeyappara Kumbhavurutty Waterfalls Lakkom Water Falls Manalar Waterfalls Marmala waterfall Meenmutty Falls, Thiruvananthapuram Meenmutty Falls, Wayanad Oliyarik Waterfalls Palaruvi Falls Panieli Poru waterfalls Pattathippara Falls Perunthenaruvi Perunthenaruvi
Perunthenaruvi
Falls Soochipara Falls Thommankuthu Thusharagiri Falls Thuvanam Waterfalls Vazhachal Falls Vazhvanthol waterfalls

Wildlife sanctuaries

Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Kurinjimala Sanctuary Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Pathiramanal Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary Periyar Tiger
Tiger
Reserve Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary Thattekad Bird Sanctuary Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary

Zoos

Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre Parassinikkadavu Snake Park Thiruvananthapuram Zoo Thrissur Zoo Thrissur Zoological Park Wildlife Conversation & Research Centre

Templates Portal Category WikiProject

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Wayanad

History of Wayanad

British rule in India North Malabar Malabar Coast Western Ganga dynasty Mysorean invasion of Kerala Political Divisions of Wayanad

Cities

Kalpetta Meenangadi Mananthavady Pulpally Sultan Bathery Padinjarathara Panamaram Ambalavayal Meppadi Vythiri Nadavayal Kayakkunn

Transport

Road

National Highway 766 State Highway 29 (Kerala) Hill Highway (Kerala) State Highway 54 (Kerala)

Education in Wayanad

University & Collages

Kerala
Kerala
Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Government Engineering College, Mananthavady Mary Matha Arts & Science College CM College of Arts and Science Nadavayal Pazhassi Raja
Pazhassi Raja
College, Pulpally, Bathery

Schools

Meenangadi
Meenangadi
Government Higher Secondary School WMO English Academy, Karunyapuram

Visitor attractions

Edakkal Caves Pookode Banasura Sagar Dam Meenmutty Falls, Wayanad Karalad Lake Soochipara Falls Chembra Peak Kurumbalakotta Wayanad
Wayanad
Wildlife Sanctuary Kuruvadweep Wayanad
Wayanad
Heritage Museum

Places of worship

Thirunelli Temple Valliyoorkkavu Pallikkunnu Church St. Mary's Church, Meenangadi

Other topics

Kadamba dynasty Pazhassi Ra

.