WAYANAD WILDLIFE SANCTUARY (
Malayalam : വയനാട്
വന്യജീവി സങ്കേതം) is an animal sanctuary
India . It has an extent of 344.44 km2 with four
ranges namely Sulthan Bathery, Muthanga, Kurichiat and Tholpetty. A
variety of large wild animals such as Indian bison , elephant , deer
and tiger are found there. There are also quite a few unusual birds in
the sanctuary. In particular, peafowl tend to be very common in the
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest wildlife
sanctuary in Kerala. It is bestowed with lush green forests and rich
wildlife.This wildlife area houses some of the rare and endangered
species of both flora and fauna.
Established in 1973, the sanctuary is now an integral part of the
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve . It is bounded by protected area network of
Nagarhole and Bandipur of
Karnataka in the northeast, and on the
Tamil Nadu .
It is part of the
Wayanad Plateau and the vegetation is predominantly
of the south Indian moist deciduous teak forests. Also, the sanctuary
has pastures of the west-coast semi-evergreen trees. The wildlife
sanctuary comes under Protect
Elephant and one can spot herd of
elephants roaming in the area.
Elephant rides are arranged by the
Kerala Forest Department .
Wayanad district has the largest population of
Adivasi in Kerala.
Scheduled tribes here include Paniyas , Kurumas , Adiyars , Kurichyas
, Ooralis and Kattunaikkans . Comprising an area of 2126 km2, Wayanad
has a powerful history. Relicts and edicts found in various parts of
Wayanad speak of an important prehistoric era. Historians are of the
view that organised human life existed in these parts, at least ten
centuries before Christ.
The sanctuary is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Western
Ghats , Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000+ km²), including all of the
sanctuary, is under consideration by the
World Heritage Committee for
selection as a
World Heritage Site . Welcome to Muthanga
* 1 History
* 2 Flora and fauna
* 3 Climate
* 4 Threatened Status of Vultures
* 5 References
* 6 External links
Map of Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, showing
Sanctuary in relation to multiple contiguous protected areas
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary was formed in 1973 and was brought under
Elephant in 1991–92. This sanctuary occupies an area of
345 km2. It is the second largest one in the state of
Kerala . The
sanctuary is separated into two disconnected parts known as the North
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary and South
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary. The
area in between the two parts was originally a forest region, though
it is now occupied majorly by plantations.
In 2012, a tiger was shot dead by the
Kerala Forest Department on a
coffee plantation on the fringes of the
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
Many local political leaders applauded the killing of the tiger. Chief
Wildlife Warden of
Kerala ordered the hunt for the animal after mass
protests erupted as the tiger had been carrying away domestic animals.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Indian peafowl in Tholpetty area.
FLORA: Moist deciduous forest consists of maruthi, karimaruthi,
rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboos, more,
while the semi-evergreen patches comprises veteria indica.,
lagerstroemia, lanceolata, termianalia paniculata.
FAUNA: Elephants, tigers, panthers, jungle cats, civet cats, monkeys,
wild dogs, bisons, deer, bears, monitor lizards and a variety of
snakes are seen.
AVIAN-FAUNA: Peacocks, babblers, cuckoos, owls, woodpeckers, jungle
fowls are a few of the various types of birds seen here.
Wayanad climate is salubrious. Average rain fall in this district is
2322 m.m. Annual rain fall in these high rain fall areas ranges from
3,000 to 4,000 mm. High velocity winds are common during the south
west monsoon and dry winds blow in March–April. High altitude
regions experience severe cold. This place experiences a high relative
humidity which goes even up to 95 per cent during the south west
monsoon period. Generally, the year is classified into four seasons,
namely, cold weather, hot weather, south west monsoon and north east
monsoon. The dale, 'Lakkidi', nestled among the hills of Vythiri taluk
has the highest average rainfall in Kerala.
LOCATION: The south
Wayanad division is located 16 km east of Sulthan
Bathery and north wayanad division 20 km from
Mananthavady in the
THREATENED STATUS OF VULTURES
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the safest havens for different
species of vultures like the White-rumped Vultures and the Red-headed
Vultures . The collective population of these vultures numbered around
150 in February 2016 dropped to about 70 in March 2016. A survey last
year counted as many as 17 vulture nests, however, this number reduced
to about 11 vulture nests in March 2016. The banned drug