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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

65–75% Sunni Islam 10–13% Shia Islam
Shia Islam
15–20% Non-denominational Islam
Islam
~1% Ahmadiyya ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g. Ibadi Islam
Ibadi Islam

SCRIPTURES

Qur\'an

LANGUAGES

* PREDOMINANT SPOKEN LANGUAGES:

* Arabic * Bengali * Hindi
Hindi
* Urdu
Urdu
* Punjabi * Turkish * Javanese * Hausa * Indonesian * Farsi * Sundanese * other vernacular languages of the Muslim world
Muslim world

SACRED LANGUAGES:

* Classical Arabic
Classical Arabic

Part of a series on

ISLAM

Beliefs

* Oneness of God

* Prophets * Revealed books

* Angels * Predestination

* Day of Resurrection

Practices

* Profession of faith * Prayer

* Fasting * Alms-giving * Pilgrimage

Texts and laws

* Quran
Quran
* Sunnah * Hadith

* Sharia
Sharia
(law) * Fiqh (jurisprudence)

* Kalam
Kalam
(dialectic)

History

* Timeline * Muhammad
Muhammad

* Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
* Sahabah

* Rashidun * Imamah (Shia doctrine)
Imamah (Shia doctrine)

* Caliphate * Spread of Islam
Islam

Denominations

* Sunni * Shia * Ibadi

* Sufism * Alevism * Quranism

* Ahmadiyya

* Black Muslim
Muslim
movements

* Nondenominational

Culture and society

* Calendar * Festivals * Academics * Art * Moral teachings * Children * Feminism * Women * Madrasa * Mosque
Mosque
* Philosophy * Politics * Proselytizing * Animals * LGBT * Science * Demographics * Economics * Finance * Social welfare

Related topics

* Criticism of Islam
Islam
* Islam
Islam
and other religions

* Islamism * Islamophobia

* Glossary

* Islam
Islam
portal

* v * t * e

A MUSLIM is someone who follows or practices Islam
Islam
, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion . Muslims consider the Quran
Quran
(Koran), their holy book , to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad
Muhammad
. The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad
Muhammad
(sunnah ) as recorded in traditional accounts (hadith ). "Muslim" is an Arabic word meaning "one who submits (to God)".

The beliefs of Muslims include: that God (Arabic : الله‎‎ Allāh
Allāh
) is eternal, transcendent and absolutely one (tawhid or monotheism); that God is incomparable, self-sustaining and neither begets nor was begotten; that Islam
Islam
is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that has been revealed before through many prophets including Abraham , Moses , Ishmael and Jesus ; that these previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time (tahrif ) and that the Qur'an is the final unaltered revelation from God (The Final Testament).

CONTENTS

* 1 Who counts as a Muslim
Muslim
* 2 Lexicology

* 3 Meaning

* 3.1 Used to describe earlier prophets in the Qur\'an

* 4 Demographics * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links

WHO COUNTS AS A MUSLIM

The religious practices of Muslims are enumerated in the Five Pillars of Islam
Islam
: the declaration of faith (shahadah ), daily prayers (salat ), fasting during the month of Ramadan (sawm ), almsgiving (zakat ), and the pilgrimage to Mecca
Mecca
(hajj ) at least once in a lifetime.

To become a Muslim
Muslim
and to convert to Islam
Islam
is essential to utter the Shahada
Shahada
, one of the Five Pillars of Islam
Islam
, a declaration of faith and trust that professes that there is only one God ( Allah
Allah
) and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is God's messenger. It is a set statement normally recited in Arabic: lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāhu muḥammadun rasūlu-llāh (لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله) "There is no god but God (and) Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God."

In Sunni Islam , the shahada has two parts: la ilaha illa'llah (there is no god but God ), and Muhammadun rasul Allah
Allah
( Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God), which are sometimes referred to as the first shahada and the second shahada. The first statement of the shahada is also known as the tahlīl .

In Shia Islam
Shia Islam
, the shahada also has a third part, a phrase concerning Ali
Ali
, the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam : وعليٌ وليُّ الله (wa ʿalīyyun walīyyu-llāh), which translates to " Ali
Ali
is the wali of God.

There are customs stating that anyone above the age of fifteen who possesses the faculties of rationality, logic or sanity, but misses numerous successive Friday prayers (jumu\'ah ) without a valid excuse, no longer qualifies as a Muslim.

LEXICOLOGY

See also: Islam
Islam
§ Etymology and meaning

The word muslim (Arabic : مسلم‎‎, IPA: ; English: /ˈmʌzlᵻm/ , /ˈmʊzlᵻm/ , /ˈmʊslᵻm/ or moslem /ˈmɒzləm/ , /ˈmɒsləm/ ) is the active participle of the same verb of which islām is a verbal noun , based on the triliteral S-L-M
S-L-M
"to be whole, intact". A female adherent is a muslima (Arabic : مسلمة‎‎) (also transliterated as "Muslimah" ). The plural form in Arabic is muslimūn (مسلمون) or muslimīn (مسلمين), and its feminine equivalent is muslimāt (مسلمات). The Arabic form muslimun is the stem IV participle of the triliteral S-L-M.

The ordinary word in English is "Muslim". It is sometimes transliterated as "Moslem", which is an older spelling. The word Mosalman (Persian : مسلمان‎‎, alternatively Mussalman) is a common equivalent for Muslim
Muslim
used in Central Asia. Until at least the mid-1960s, many English-language writers used the term Mohammedans or Mahometans. Although such terms were not necessarily intended to be pejorative , Muslims argue that the terms are offensive because they allegedly imply that Muslims worship Muhammad
Muhammad
rather than God. Other obsolete terms include Muslimite and Muslimist.

MUSULMáN/MOSALMáN (Persian : مسلمان‎‎) is a synonym for Muslim
Muslim
and is modified from Arabic . It is the origin of the Spanish word musulmán, the (dated) German Muselmann, the French word musulman, the Polish words muzułmanin and muzułmański, the Portuguese word muçulmano, the Italian word mussulmano or musulmano, the Romanian word musulman and the Greek word μουσουλμάνος (all used for a Muslim). In English it was sometimes spelled MUSSULMAN and has become archaic in usage.

Apart from Persian, Spanish, Polish, Portuguese, Italian, and Greek, the term could be found, with obvious local differences, in Armenian , Dari , Pashto , Urdu
Urdu
, Hindi
Hindi
, Bengali , Marathi , Panjabi , Turkish , Kazakh , Uzbek , Kyrgyz , Azeri , Maltese , Hungarian , Czech , Bosnian , Bulgarian , Russian , Serbian , Ukrainian , Romanian , Dutch , and Sanskrit .

MEANING

Afghan Muslims praying inside Gardens of Babur in Kabul
Kabul
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
.

The Muslim
Muslim
philosopher Ibn Arabi said:

A Muslim
Muslim
is a person who has dedicated his worship exclusively to God... Islam
Islam
means making one's religion and faith God's alone.

USED TO DESCRIBE EARLIER PROPHETS IN THE QUR\'AN

The Qur'an describes many prophets and messengers within Judaism and Christianity, and their respective followers, as Muslim: Adam , Noah
Noah
, Abraham , Jacob
Jacob
, Moses , Ishmael , and Jesus and his apostles are all considered to be Muslims in the Qur'an. The Qur'an states that these men were Muslims because they submitted to God, preached His message and upheld His values, which included praying, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. Thus, in Surah 3:52 of the Qur'an, Jesus' disciples tell him, "We believe in God; and you be our witness that we are Muslims (wa-shahad be anna muslimūn)." In Muslim
Muslim
belief, before the Qur'an, God had given the Tawrat ( Torah , Old Testament ) to Moses, the Zabur ( Psalms ) to David
David
and the Injil ( Gospel , New Testament
New Testament
) to Jesus, who are all considered important Muslim
Muslim
prophets .

DEMOGRAPHICS

A map of Muslim
Muslim
populations by numbers, ( Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
, 2009). World Muslim
Muslim
population by percentage (2010 data from Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
). Main article: Islam
Islam
§ Demographics See also: List of countries by Muslim population

The most populous Muslim-majority country is Indonesia, home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan
Pakistan
(11.0%), Bangladesh (9.2%), and Egypt
Egypt
(4.9%). About 20% of the world's Muslims lives in the Middle East and North Africa,

Sizable minorities are also found in India
India
, China
China
, Russia , Ethiopia
Ethiopia
, the Americas , Australia and parts of Europe . The country with the highest proportion of self-described Muslims as a proportion of its total population is Morocco. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.

Over 75–90% of Muslims are Sunni . The second and third largest sects, Shia and Ahmadiyya , make up 10–20%, and 1% respectively.

With about 1.6 billion followers, almost a quarter of earth\'s population , Islam
Islam
is the second-largest and the fastest-growing religion in the world . due primarily to the young age and high fertility rate of Muslims, with Muslim
Muslim
having a rate of (3.1) compared to the world average of (2.5). According to the same study religious switching has no impact on Muslim
Muslim
population, since the number of people who embrace Islam
Islam
and those who leave Islam
Islam
are roughly equal.

A Pew Center study in 2011, found that Muslims have the highest number of adherents under the age of 15 (or- 34% of the total Muslim population) of any major religion, while only 7% are aged 60+ (the smallest percentage of any major religion). According to the same study Muslims have also the highest fertility rates (3.1) than any other major religious group.

SEE ALSO

* Non-denominational Muslim
Non-denominational Muslim
* Islamic schools and branches * Muhammadan * Lists of Muslims * Muslim holidays * Muslim world
Muslim world
* Musulman * Mu\'min

NOTES

* ^ Original source estimated 87–90% of Muslims to adhere to Sunni Islam but counted almost all non-denominational Muslims as Sunni. To get more accurate estimation, percentage of Non-denominational Muslims (15–20%) was subtracted from the original estimation * ^ also known as "infinitive"

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V "The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050". Pew Research Center. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2017. * ^ A B " Muslim
Muslim
Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim
Muslim
Population. Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011. * ^ Alford T. Welch, Ahmad
Ahmad
S. Moussalli, Gordon D. Newby (2009). "Muḥammad". In John L. Esposito. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The Prophet of Islam was a religious, political, and social reformer who gave rise to one of the great civilizations of the world. From a modern, historical perspective, Muḥammad was the founder of Islam. From the perspective of the Islamic faith, he was God 's Messenger (rasūl Allāh), called to be a “warner,” first to the Arabs and then to all humankind. hair space character in quote= at position 259 (help )CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ A B C D E "Mapping the Global Muslim
Muslim
Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim
Muslim
Population" (PDF). Pew Research Center. October 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2017. Of the total Muslim
Muslim
population, 10-13% are Shia Muslims and 87-90% are Sunni Muslims. * ^ A B "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
's Religion & Public Life Project. August 9, 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2013.

* ^ A B See:

* Breach of Faith. Human Rights Watch. June 2005. p. 8. Retrieved 29 March 2014. Estimates of around 20 million would be appropriate * Larry DeVries; Don Baker & Dan Overmyer. Asian Religions in British Columbia. University of Columbia Press. ISBN 978-0-7748-1662-5 . Retrieved 29 March 2014. The community currently numbers around 15 million spread around the world * Juan Eduardo Campo. Encyclopedia of Islam. p. 24. ISBN 0-8160-5454-1 . Retrieved 29 March 2014. The total size of the Ahmadiyya community in 2001 was estimated to be more than 10 million * " Ahmadiyya Muslims". pbs.org. Retrieved 6 October 2013. * A figure of 10-20 million represents approximately 1% of the Muslim
Muslim
population. See also Ahmadiyya by country .

* ^ Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2007). "Qurʼān". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 2007-11-04. * ^ Grim, Brian J.; Johnson, Todd M. (2013). Chapter 1: Global Religious Populations, 1910–2010 (PDF) (Report). John Wiley ">(PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2017. * ^ Al-Jallad, Ahmad. "Polygenesis in the Arabic Dialects". * ^ The Qurʼan and Sayings of Prophet Muhammad: Selections Annotated & Explained. SkyLight Paths Publishing. 2007. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-1-59473-222-5 . Retrieved 31 August 2013. * ^ "Muslim". etymonline.com. * ^ "People of the Book". Islam: Empire of Faith . PBS
PBS
. Retrieved 18 December 2010.

* ^ See:

* Accad (2003): According to Ibn Taymiyya , although only some Muslims accept the textual veracity of the entire Bible, most Muslims will grant the veracity of most of it. * Esposito (1998), pp.6,12 * Esposito (2002b), pp.4–5 * F. E. Peters (2003), p.9 * F. Buhl; A. T. Welch. "Muhammad". Encyclopaedia of Islam
Islam
Online. * Hava Lazarus-Yafeh. "Tahrif". Encyclopaedia of Islam
Islam
Online.

* ^ Submission.org, Quran: The Final Testament, Authorized English Version with Arabic Text, Revised Edition IV,ISBN 0-9729209-2-7 , p. x. * ^ Hooker, Richard (14 July 1999). "arkan ad-din the five pillars of religion". United States: Washington State University . Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2010. * ^ "Religions". The World Factbook
The World Factbook
. United States: Central Intelligence Agency . 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010. * ^ From the article on the Pillars of Islam
Islam
in Oxford Islamic Studies Online }} * ^ Matthew S. Gordon and Martin Palmer, \'\'Islam\'\', Info base Publishing, 2009. Books.Google.fr. p. 87. Retrieved 2012-08-26. * ^ Lindsay, p. 140–141 * ^ Cornell, p. 9 * ^ Michael Anthony Sells (1999). Approaching the Qur\'an: The Early Revelations. White Cloud Press. p. 151. * ^ The Later Mughals by William Irvine p. 130 * ^ Rippin, Andrew (1986). Textual Sources for the Study of Islam. p. 91. * ^ The Five Pillars of Islam, p 101, Musharraf Hussain - 2012 * ^ "Muslim". Random House Webster\'s Unabridged Dictionary : /ˈmʌzlᵻm/ , /ˈmʊzlᵻm/ , /ˈmʊslᵻm/ ; moslem /ˈmɒzləm/ , /ˈmɒsləm/ * ^ Burns & Ralph, World Civilizations, 5th ed., p. 371. * ^ Entry for šlm, p. 2067, Appendix B: Semitic Roots, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed., Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, ISBN 0-618-08230-1 . * ^ Muslimah. Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2016 * ^ See for instance the second edition of A Dictionary of Modern English Usage by H. W. Fowler , revised by Ernest Gowers (Oxford, 1965). * ^ Gibb, Sir Hamilton (1969). Mohammedanism: an historical survey. Oxford University Press. p. 1. Modern Muslims dislike the terms Mohammedan
Mohammedan
and Mohammedanism, which seem to them to carry the implication of worship of Mohammed, as Christian
Christian
and Christianity imply the worship of Christ. * ^ "Muslimite". Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
(3rd ed.). Oxford University Press . September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) * ^ Abbas, Tahir (2005). Muslim
Muslim
Britain: Communities Under Pressure. p. 50. * ^ Musalman Archived 4 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. - Internet Encyclopedia of Religion * ^ Commentary on the Qur'an, Razi, I, p. 432, Cairo, 1318/1900 * ^ "Number of Muslim
Muslim
by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 30 May 2007. * ^ Esposito, John L. (15 October 2002). What everyone needs to know about Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-19-515713-0 . and Esposito, John (2005). Islam
Islam
: the straight path (Rev. 3rd ed., updated with new epilogue. ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 2, 43. ISBN 978-0-19-518266-8 .

* ^ See:

* Eastern Europe Russia and Central Asia "some 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni" * Sue Hellett;U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran
Iran
Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. "Sunnis make up over 75 percent of the world's Muslim
Muslim
population" * Iran, Israel and the United States "Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population" * "Sunnite". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 26 August 2010. They numbered about 900 million in the late 20th century and constituted nine-tenths of all the adherents of Islām. * Islamic Beliefs, Practices, and Cultures. Marshall Cavendish. 2010. p. 352. ISBN 0-7614-7926-0 . Retrieved 19 December 2011. A common compromise figure ranks Sunnis at 90 percent. * "Mapping the Global Muslim
Muslim
Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World\'s Muslim
Muslim
Population". Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2010. Of the total Muslim population, 10-13% are Shia Muslims and 87-90% are Sunni Muslims. * "Quick guide: Sunnis and Shias". BBC News. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011. The great majority of Muslims are Sunnis - estimates suggest the figure is somewhere between 85% and 90%. * " Sunni and Shia Islam". Library of Congress Country Studies . Retrieved 17 December 2011. Sunni constitute 85 percent of the world's Muslims. * "Tension between Sunnis, Shiites emerging in USA". USA Today
USA Today
. 24 September 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2011. Among the world's estimated 1.4 billion Muslims, about 85% are Sunni and about 15% are Shiite. * "Religions". The World Factbook
The World Factbook
. Central Intelligence Agency . Retrieved 25 August 2010. Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim
Muslim
population... Shia Islam
Shia Islam
represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide... * Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide "Sunni Islam
Islam
is the dominant division of the global Muslim
Muslim
community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority (85 to 90 percent) of that community." * Inside Muslim
Muslim
minds "around 80% are Sunni" * Who Gets To Narrate the World "The Sunnis (approximately 80%)" * A world theology N. Ross Reat "80% being the Sunni" * Islam
Islam
and the Ahmadiyya jama\'at "The Sunni segment, accounting for at least 80% of the worlds Muslim
Muslim
population" * A dictionary of modern politics "probably 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni"

* ^ From Sunni Islam : See:

* Eastern Europe Russia and Central Asia "some 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni" * "Religions". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Retrieved 8 December 2011. Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim
Muslim
population * Sue Hellett;U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran
Iran
Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. "Sunnis make up over 75 percent of the world's Muslim
Muslim
population" * Iran, Israel and the United States "Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population" * A dictionary of modern politics "probably 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni" * "Mapping the Global Muslim
Muslim
Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World\'s Muslim
Muslim
Population". Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2010. Of the total Muslim population, 10-13% are Shia Muslims and 87-90% are Sunni Muslims. * "Quick guide: Sunnis and Shias". BBC News
BBC News
. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011. The great majority of Muslims are Sunnis - estimates suggest the figure is somewhere between 85% and 90%. * "Tension between Sunnis, Shiites emerging in USA". USA Today
USA Today
. 24 September 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2011. Among the world's estimated 1.4 billion Muslims, about 85% are Sunni and about 15% are Shiite. * Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide "Sunni Islam
Islam
is the dominant division of the global Muslim
Muslim
community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority (85 to 90 percent) of that community."

* ^ "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 9 August 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim
Muslim
population worldwide. * ^ "Religions". The World Factbook
The World Factbook
. Central Intelligence Agency . Retrieved 25 August 2010. Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim
Muslim
population... Shia Islam
Shia Islam
represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide... * ^ "No God But God". Thomas W. Lippman. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Islam
Islam
is the youngest, the fastest growing, and in many ways the least complicated of the world's great monotheistic faiths. It is a unique religion based on its own holy book, but it is also a direct descendant of Judaism and Christianity, incorporating some of the teachings of those religions—modifying some and rejecting others. * ^ "Nearly 1 in 4 people worldwide is Muslim, report says". CNN. 12 October 2009. * ^ Burke, Daniel. "The fastest growing religion in the world is ...". CNN. Retrieved 6 May 2016. * ^ A B The Future of the Global Muslim
Muslim
Population (PDF) (Report). Pew Research Center. January 27, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2017. * ^ "Religion and Education Around the World" (PDF). Pew Research Center. December 13, 2016. Retrieved December 19, 2016.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Look up مسلمان in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Look up WIKISAURUS:MUSLIM in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to MUSLIMS .

* Ritual Prayer: Its Meaning and Manner – The Islamic

.