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Benin Benin ( , ; french: Bénin ), officially the Republic of Benin (french: République du Bénin) (formerly known as Republic of Dahomey, Dahomey), is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Fa ...
has played an important role in the African music scene, producing one of the biggest stars to come out of the continent in
Angélique Kidjo
Angélique Kidjo
. Post-independence, the country was home to a vibrant and innovative music scene, where native folk music combined with
Ghana Ghana (), officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. It spans along the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean, sharing borders with the Ivory Coast in Ghana–Ivory Coast border, the west, Burkina Faso in Burkina Faso–Gha ...
ian highlife, French
cabaret Cabaret is a form of theatrical entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure and delight. It can be an idea or a task, but is more likely to be ...
, American rock,
funk Funk is a music genre that originated in African Americans, African American communities in the mid-1960s when musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B). It de-emphasizes ...
and
soul In many religious, philosophical, and myth Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods, or ...
, and Congolese rumba. It also has a rich variety of ethnomusicological traditions.


National music

The
national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship. A country m ...
of
Benin Benin ( , ; french: Bénin ), officially the Republic of Benin (french: République du Bénin) (formerly known as Republic of Dahomey, Dahomey), is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Fa ...
, adopted upon
independence upright=1.0, Pedro I of Brazil, Pedro surrounded by a crowd in São Paulo after breaking the news of Independence of Brazil, Brazil's independence on September 7, 1822. Independence is a condition of a person, nation, country, or Sovereign state ...
in 1960, is "L'Aube Nouvelle" (The New Dawn) by Gilbert Jean Dagnon. The Gangbe brass band is an internationally prominent Beninese ensemble.


Traditional music

The majority of
Benin Benin ( , ; french: Bénin ), officially the Republic of Benin (french: République du Bénin) (formerly known as Republic of Dahomey, Dahomey), is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Fa ...
’s 9.32 million people live in the south. The population includes about 42 ethnic groups overall. These include coastal populations of Yoruba people, Yoruba in the southeast, who migrated from what is now Nigeria in the 12th century, the Fon people, Fon in the south central area around Abomey, Mina people, Mina, Xueda and Aja (people), Aja who came from what is now Togo. Northern peoples include the Dendi people, Dendi in the north-central area, who came from what is now Mali in the 16th century, the Bariba people, Bariba and Fula people in the northeast and the Betammaribe and Somba people, Somba in the Atacora Range.


Popular music

In 1972, the Kérékou government came to power and instituted curfews and other measures that inhibited musical expression. Kérékou encouraged indigenous folk music. Some musicians, like Tohon Stan, adapted folk styles for mainstream audiences at home and abroad, including tchinkoumé, a funeral music played using water percussion which was adapted into tchink-system music. Sagbohan Danialou, a multi-instrumentalist from Porto Novo, is another very influential musician who transformed traditional West African Vodun, Vodou religious rhythms such as kakagbo into popular music. Ignacio Blazio Osho was perhaps the most influential musician of the post-independence period, alongside Gnonnas Pedro, Pedro Gnonnas y sus Panchos, Les Volcans and Picoby Band d'Abomey. Pedro produced the song Feso Jaiye, which became a hit and was performed by many bands at the 2nd All-Africa Games in 1973. Nel Oliver debuted in France in 1976, borrowing elements from all over Africa and the United States to create "Afro-akpala-funk". Orchestre Poly Rythmo de Cotonou, The “Tout Puissant” Orchestre Poly-Rythmo are still a household name in Cotonou and one of Africa's most prolific groups with over 50 LPs, hundreds of 45s and CD re-issues of their work. They have toured both Europe and the United States; according to a concert review in the ''New York Times,'' the band "belongs on the very short list of the world's greatest funk bands." Beninese guitarist Lionel Loueke is one of the most important young musicians in jazz, infusing African influences. Loueke currently lives in New York and is a member of Herbie Hancock's band. Wilfrid Houwanou is a Beninese singer-songwriter who goes by the stage name “Robbi (musician), ROBBI” (formerly Robbi Slo). Zeynab Habib, Zeynab Ouloukèmi Habib, born in Abidjan in 1975, has given concerts around Africa and won a Kora Award for Best Female West African Artist in 2005. She released her first album ''Intori'' in 2001, a second album ''D'un endroit à l'autre'' in 2004, and a third album ''Olukèmi'' in 2011. Gangbé Brass Band, from Cotonou continued the trajectory of transforming traditional West African Vodun, Vodou music, combining it with jazz and brass band traditions. Gangbe has released four albums: Gangbe (1998), Togbe (2001), Whendo (2004) and Assiko (2008), and tours extensively in Europe and North America. The last few decades of the 20th century saw numerous other developments, including the rise of reggae brought from Jamaica by Yaya Yaovi. In Beninese hip hop music, hip hop and R'n'B, popular artists include Swaggeraux and Swaggereuse Republic, Zeynab, King Jerry Bee a.k.a. Kerekou De Showbiz, Yvan, Nila, Secteur Trema, Dibi Dobo, Pépé Oleka, Kuamy Mensah, Afafa, Diamant Noir, Cotonou City Crew, Ardiess, H2O, Dhalai-k, Kaysee Montejàno, LKS-Clan, Kaizah, Esprit Neg, Nasty Nesta, Blaaz, Mister Blaaz, Self Made Men, B-Syd, DAC, K-libr Volkaniq, Méthod X, Enod, Duce, Roccah, Jay Killah, Polo Orisha, Mutant, Adinon, Jupiter, 3K6, Kemtaan, 3 Game, CTN Heroes, Cyano-Gêne, ADN, 3e Monarchie, WP Baba Djèdjè, Orpair, Big C, Young J, Marshall Cyano, Wilf Enighma, Sam, Radama Z, Shinnin, E-ray, Cruiz AG, Sam Seed, Inox, BMG Yari, Fool' Faya, Mamba Noir, Beezy Baby, Eric le blanc, Assane Sas, Vision, All Baxx, Moona, Sakpata Boy, Trust Infinity Crew, Riacemau. Benin is also home to zouk (musical movement), zouk musicians such as Richard Flash, Martin Hode, and Miss Espoir. Kaleta (Leon LIGAN-Majek) is a Beninois guitarist ,singer,percussionist, band leader who have played,recorded and toured with Fela Kuti ,King Sunny ADE and Lauryl Hill .He is the founder of the Afrobeat band Zozo Afrobeat and Co-founder of AKOYA Afrobeat.He is also front man for Afro Funk band Kaleta & Super Yamba band .He is based in New York for 3 decades where he is established as producer and seasoned session musician.Kaleta have released over 50 songs worldwide. He is als. A constant collaborator with Dj Bosq to mention but a few.

See also

*Sub-Saharan African music traditions *Rhythm in Sub-Saharan Africa *West African music *Ewe people *Ewe drumming *Beninese hip hop


References


Bibliography

*Bensignor, François and Eric Audra. "Afro-Funksters". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), ''World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East'', pp 432–436. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books.


External links

*
Audio clip: traditional music of Benin.
Musée d'ethnographie de Genève. Accessed November 25, 2010.
Audio clips - traditional music of Benin.
French National Library. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.

"Alexandre Sènou Adandé" Ethnographic Museum. Accessed November 25, 2010.
"Benin: Transforming Traditions" Radio Show, produced by Morgan Greenstreet for Afropop Worldwide, January 30, 2014
{{DEFAULTSORT:Music Of Benin Beninese music,