A MUSIC GENRE is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Recently, academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated.
Among the criteria often used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art, popular, and traditional musics.
Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal, valence, and depth. Arousal reflects the energy level of the music; valence reflects the scale from sad to happy emotions, and depth reflects the level of emotional depth in the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres.
* 1 The art/popular/traditional distinction
* 2 Emergence of new genres and subgenres * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading
THE ART/POPULAR/TRADITIONAL DISTINCTION
Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of 'folk', 'art' and 'popular' musics". He explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria.
The term art music refers primarily to classical traditions,
including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art
music exists in many parts of the world. It emphasizes formal styles
that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, and
demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art
music is considered primarily a written musical tradition, preserved
in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally,
by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music usually
are. Historically, most western art music has been written down
using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe,
beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the
Romantic period. The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is
usually defined by the notated version rather than by a particular
performance, and is primarily associated with the composer rather than
the performer (though composers may leave performers with some
opportunity for interpretation or improvisation). This is so
particularly in the case of western classical music.
The term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media . Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects:
Popular music, unlike art music, is (1) conceived for mass distribution to large and often socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners, (2) stored and distributed in non-written form, (3) only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and (4) in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of 'free' enterprise ... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
The distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies often draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which likewise draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction that is not always precise.
Main article: Traditional music
Traditional music is a modern name for what has been called "folk music ", excluding the expansion of the term folk music to include much non-traditional material. Sometimes "folk" is designated for Western music and non-Western music is considered "world music ". The two are both unified as traditional music due to:
* Oral transmission : The music is handed down and learned through singing, listening, and sometimes dancing; * Cultural basis: The music derives from and is part of the traditions of a particular region or culture.
CRITICS OF THE AXIOMATIC TRIANGLE
Musicologist and popular music specialist Richard Middleton has discussed the blurred nature of these distinctions:
Neat divisions between 'folk' and 'popular', and 'popular' and 'art',
are impossible to find ... arbitrary criteria to define the
complement of 'popular'. 'Art' music, for example, is generally
regarded as by nature complex, difficult, demanding; 'popular' music
then has to be defined as 'simple', 'accessible', 'facile'. But many
pieces commonly thought of as 'art' (Handel's 'Hallelujah Chorus',
many Schubert songs, many Verdi arias) have qualities of simplicity;
conversely, it is by no means obvious that the
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Automatic methods of musical similarity detection, based on data mining and co-occurrence analysis, have been developed in order to classify music titles for electronic music distribution.
EMERGENCE OF NEW GENRES AND SUBGENRES
New genres can arise by the development of new forms and styles of music and also simply by creating a new categorization. Although it is conceivable to create a musical style with no relation to existing genres, new styles usually appear under the influence of preexisting genres. The genealogy of musical genres expresses, often in the form of a written chart, the way in which new genres have developed under the influence of older ones. If two or more existing genres influence the emergence of a new one, a fusion between them can be said to have taken place. The proliferation of popular music in the 20th century has led to over 1,200 definable subgenres of music.
* ^ Samson, Jim. "Genre". In Grove
* Holt, Fabian (2007).
* v * t * e
Lists of music genres and styles
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Genres and movements
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* t * e
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CLASSICAL /ART MUSIC
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