The municipalities of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges kommuner) are its lower-level local government entities. There are 290 municipalities which are responsible for a large proportion of local services, including schools, emergency services and physical planning.
1 Foundation 2 History 3 Geographical boundaries
4 Duties 5 See also 6 References 7 External links
The Local Government Act of 1991 specifies several responsibilities
for the municipalities, and provides outlines for local government,
such as the process for electing the municipal assembly. It also
regulates a process (laglighetsprövning, "legality trial") through
which any citizen can appeal the decisions of a local government to a
Municipal government in Sweden is similar to city commission
government and cabinet-style council government. A legislative
municipal assembly (kommunfullmäktige) of between 31 and 101 members
(always an odd number) is elected from party-list proportional
representation at municipal elections, held every four years in
conjunction with the national general elections. The assembly in turn
appoints a municipal executive committee (kommunstyrelse) from its
members. The executive committee is headed by its chairman, (Swedish:
kommunstyrelsens ordförande). The chairman is often referred as
Municipal Commissioner (Swedish: kommunalråd).
The first local government acts were implemented on January 1, 1863.
There were two acts, one for the cities and one for the countryside.
The total number of municipalities was about 2,500. The rural
municipalities were based on the old parishes (socknar) and the then
89 cities/towns (städer) (which is the same in Swedish) were based on
the old chartered cities. There was also a third type, köping or
market town. The status of these was somewhere between the rural
municipalities and the cities. There were only eight of them in 1863,
rising to a peak of 96 in 1959.
Up until 1930, when the total number of municipalities reached its
peak (2,532 entities), there were more partitions than amalgamations.
In 1943 more than 500 of Sweden's municipalities had fewer than 500
inhabitants, and the 1943 års kommunindelningskommitté ("Municipal
subdivision commission of 1943") proposed that the number of rural
municipalities should be drastically reduced.
After years of preparations the first of the two nationwide municipal
reforms of the 20th century was implemented in 1952. The number of
rural municipalities was reduced from 2,281 to 816. The cities (by
then 133) were not affected.
Rather soon it was established that the reform of 1952 was not radical
enough. A new commission, 1959 års indelningssakkunniga ("Subdivision
experts of 1959") concluded that the next municipal reform should
create new larger mixed rural/urban municipalities.
Many municipalities in addition have services like leisure activities for youths and housing services to make them attractive in getting residents. See also
List of municipalities of Sweden List of former municipalities of Sweden List of Swedish municipalities by wealth Local federation
^ "Indelning i kommuner och landsting" (in Swedish). Regeringen.se. Retrieved 2014-07-26. ^ "Levels of local democracy in Sweden". Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Municipalities of Sweden.
Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions The Local Government Act in English translation Swedish Government – Official site
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