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A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets. The term municipality may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality.[1] A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district. The term is derived from French municipalité and Latin municipalis.[2] The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium (derived from a word meaning "duty holders"), referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenship
Roman citizenship
to the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy). A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality
Principality
of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York. The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass

only one populated place such as a city, town, or village several of such places (e.g., early jurisdictions in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New Jersey
New Jersey
(1798–1899) as townships governing several villages, Municipalities of Mexico) only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile.[3]

Contents

1 Political powers 2 In various countries

2.1 English-speaking 2.2 Chinese-speaking

3 Municipalities by country 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Political powers[edit] Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, and corporate income tax, but may also receive substantial funding from the state. In various countries[edit]

Coat of arms of the town Svätý Jur
Svätý Jur
in Western Slovakia.

In various countries, municipalities are usually referred to as "communes", notably in Romance languages (derived from Latin) such as French commune (France, French-speaking areas of Belgium
Belgium
and Switzerland, French-speaking countries of Africa, e.g. Benin), Italian comune, Romanian comună, and Spanish comuna (Chile), and in Germanic languages such as German Kommune (in political parlance, the official term being Gemeinde), Swedish kommun, Faroese kommuna, and Norwegian, Danish kommune. However, in Moldova
Moldova
and Romania
Romania
exists both municipalities (municipiu; urban administrative units) and communes (comună; rural units), and a commune may be part of a municipality (see more: communes of Moldova, communes of Romania). Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento, also called municipalidad (cognate to "municipality"), Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente
Gemeente
and Luxembourgish Gemeng. English-speaking[edit]

In Australia, the term local government area (LGA) is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the "LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are legally designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility."[4] In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation, usually within general municipal statutes.[5][6] Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, municipalities, parishes, rural municipalities, towns, townships, villages, and villes among others.[6] The Province of Ontario
Ontario
has different tiers of municipalities, including lower, upper, and single tiers.[7] Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario
Ontario
include counties and regional municipalities.[7] Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
also has regional municipalities, which include cities, counties, districts, or towns as municipal units.[8] In India, a Municipality
Municipality
or Nagar Palika is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. However, there are exceptions to that, as previously Municipality
Municipality
were constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000, so all the urban bodies which were previously classified as Municipality
Municipality
were reclassified as Municipality
Municipality
even if their population was under 100,000. Under the Panchayati Raj
Panchayati Raj
system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Generally, smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Municipality. Municipality
Municipality
are also a form of local self-government entrusted with some duties and responsibilities, as enshrined in the Constitutional (74th Amendment) Act,1992. In the United Kingdom, the term was used until 1974 in England
England
and Wales, and until 1975 in Scotland
Scotland
and 1976 in Northern Ireland, "both for a city or town which is organized for self-government under a municipal corporation, and also for the governing body itself. Such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, and of superior members, as aldermen and councillors".[9] Since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and Wales
Wales
is known as a district, and in Scotland
Scotland
as a council area. A district may be awarded borough or city status, or can retain its district title. In Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided. This is the highest level of regional government in this jurisdiction. In the United States, "municipality" is usually understood as a city, town, village, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation.[10] In a state law context, some U.S. state
U.S. state
codes define "municipality" more widely, from the state itself to any political subdivisions given jurisdiction over an area that may include multiple populated places and unpopulated places.[11][12] (See also Political divisions of the United States.)

Chinese-speaking[edit]

In the People's Republic of China, a direct-controlled municipality (直辖市 in pinyin: zhíxiáshì) is a city with equal status to a province: Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing (see Municipality of China). In Taiwan (Republic of China), a special municipality (直轄市 in pinyin: zhíxiáshì) is a city with equal status to a province: Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei
Taipei
and Taoyuan (see Special
Special
municipality of Taiwan).

Municipalities by country[edit]

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Country Term Example Subdivision of Quantity Notes Further reading

Afghanistan shārwāli

Provinces of Afghanistan 154 34 'provincial' municipalities of provincial capitals (shārwāli) and 120 rural or 'district' municipalities (shārwāli uruswāli)

Albania bashki (urban) or komunë (rural)

61

Municipalities of Albania

Algeria baladiyah

daïra (district), which is part of a wilaya (province) 1,541

Municipalities of Algeria

Andorra parròquia Sant Julià de Lòria

7

Argentina municipalidad Puerto Madryn Provinces of Argentina, in some provinces they are a subdivision of departments 2,100 Smallest administrative division; either a city, town, or township Municipalities of Argentina

Austria Gemeinde

district (Bezirk), which is in turn part of a state (Bundesland). 1,725 The entire area of Austria
Austria
is divided into municipalities, with no non-municipal gaps. This leads to some municipalities being very large despite having a small population. Municipalities of Austria

Bangladesh Pouroshabha / Pouroshava

Upazila or subdistrict, which is in turn part of a district 311

Municipalities of Bangladesh

Belgium gemeente/commune Montigny-le-Tilleul a province (provincie/province) or of the Brussels-Capital Region 589 The provinces are themselves subdivisions of the Walloon and Flemish Regions which have the authority over the municipalities Municipalities in Belgium

Bolivia municipio Arani Municipality province, which is part of a departamento. 327 (2005)

Municipalities of Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina općina or opština

in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina : of a canton (kanton). In Republika Srpska, municipality is first order of government after entity government. 144

Municipalities of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil município São Paulo
São Paulo
(most populous), Borá
Borá
(least populous) states (estados) 5,570 Smallest administrative subdivision. Not used in the Federal District or the Fernando de Noronha
Fernando de Noronha
and St. Peter and St. Paul archipelagos, but encompasses all other territories nationwide Municipalities of Brazil

Brunei bandaran Bandar Seri Begawan

4 Independent of subdivisions; nevertheless overlap with mukims and villages Municipalities of Brunei

Bulgaria Bulgarian: община, Bulgarian: obshtina Aksakovo Municipality an oblast 264

Municipalities of Bulgaria

Kingdom of Cambodia (ស឵ល឵ក្រុង) refers to city hall

1446

Chile municipalidad

provinces

Specifically the administrative body, while subdivisions are comunas; most municipalities administer one comuna each, but occasional municipalities administer more

China 直辖市 Beijing

4 Status equal to a province Municipalities of China

Colombia municipio

a department (departamento) 1,102 It is also subdivided into Localities and Neighborhoods
Neighborhoods
in urban municipalities and into Corregimientos and Veredas in rural municipalities Municipalities of Colombia

Costa Rica Municipalidad

Province (Provinces of Costa Rica)

Cantones of Costa Rica

Croatia općina

county (županija) 428

Municipalities of Croatia

Czech Republic obec Karlovy Vary a kraj (kraj) 6250

Denmark kommune Aabenraa Municipality a region 98 Counties (amter) were abandoned in 2007 Municipalities of Denmark

Dominican Republic municipio

province

Municipalities of the Dominican Republic

El Salvador municipio Ahuachapán, Ahuachapán departamentos 262

Municipalities of El Salvador

Estonia omavalitsus Are vald (Are Parish) county (maakond) 215 Can be either towns (linn) or parishes (vald) Municipalities of Estonia

Finland kunta/kommun Helsinki region 311 Can choose whether to call itself a "city" (kaupunki). Municipalities of Finland

France commune

canton, which is part of an arrondissement, which is part of a department (département) which is part of a region (région) 36,600

Germany Gemeinde

district (Kreis, literally "Circle"). Larger entities of the same level are called Stadt, plural Städte (Cities resp. Towns), which can be part of a Kreis (they are kreisangehörig, meaning "belonging to a Circle") or constituting a district on its own (kreisfrei, meaning "free of a Circle"). In less populated regions, small municipalities are often put together into consolidated superior municipalities (Verbandsgemeinde, Samtgemeinde or Amtsgemeinde) 12,013

Municipalities of Germany

Georgia munits'ipaliteti

76 self-governing towns/cities (k'alak'i) and communities (t'emi) Municipalities of Georgia

Greece demos (δήμος, pl. δήμοι) or koinoteta (κοινότητα, pl. κοινότητες)

325 Demoi and koinotetes are both considered municipalities; the latter are less populous Municipalities and communities of Greece

Greenland kommunea Kujalleq

4 First-level administrative division Municipalities of Greenland

Haiti commune

an arrondissement, which is part of a department (département).

Honduras municipio

was in 1895 originally the subdivision of the district (distrito), but as districts have fallen into disuse, it is now the subdivision of the department (departamento). 298

Municipalities of Honduras

Hungary település

a county (megye). 3,168 (in 2005)

Iceland sveitarfélag Reykjavík Regions 74 The country's only self-governing local administrative units Municipalities of Iceland

India

Excludes both villages and large cities; typically has more than twenty thousand residents, but cannot exceed five hundred thousand Municipalities of India

Israel

Includes city councils (large municipalities), local councils (small municipalities), and regional councils (a group of communities; often rural)

Italy comune

a province (provincia) which is part of a region (regione). 7,982 Solely used for subdivisions of larger comuni, especially in Rome; municipio indicates the city hall; in some case, they are joined in mountain communities (comunità montane)[13] List of comuni of Italy

Japan

1,719 Below the prefecture; includes shi (cities), cho (towns), and son (villages) Municipalities of Japan

Kenya

a municipality is one of four types of local authorities. Nearly 50 major towns are given the municipality status.

Latvia singular: novads, plural: novadi Aglonas novads (Aglona Municipality)

110 A municipality normally consists of amalgamated parishes (singular: pagasts, plural: pagasti). Municipalities of Latvia

Lebanon

a district (Arabic: Qadaa‎) which is part of a Governorate (Region or Province, Arabic: Mouhafazah).

Libya

the municipality level is that of the Basic People's Congress. Large cities are subdivided. Municipalities of Libya

Lithuania savivaldybė Kalvarijos savivaldybė (Kalvarija Municipality) a district (apskritis) and is subdivided into elderates (seniūnija).

Municipalities of Lithuania

Luxembourg commune (in French); Gemeng, plur. Gemengen (in Luxembourgish)

part of a canton (Luxembourgish: Kantoun) which itself is part of a district 105 are the lowest divisions

Macedonia opština Aračinovo Municipality the country (top-level) or the City
City
of Skopje 84 (2004) current set established in 2004, reduced from 123 created in 1996. Municipalities of the Republic of Macedonia

Malta Kunsill Lokali (Local Council) Valletta
Valletta
Local Council none 68 established 1993, one new council created since then (Mtarfa) Local councils of Malta

Mauritius

a municipality: The administration of all the main towns in Mauritius is done by the municipality of the respective towns.Most of the towns are found in the district of Plaines Wilhems. The capital city, Port-Louis is managed by the Municipality
Municipality
of Port-Louis, found in the district of Port Louis. The other seven districts are administered by are called district councils.

Mexico municipio / delegación Asientos Municipality a state (estado) or the DF

a borough (delegación) is a subdivision of the Federal District Municipalities of Mexico
Municipalities of Mexico
and boroughs of the Mexican Federal District

Moldova municipiu Municipiul Chișinău

32 is a main city or town and surrounding villages ranked by law at this level. Moldova#Administrative divisions

Montenegro opština Andrijevica Municipality the country (top-level)

Municipalities of Montenegro

Nepal Nagarpalika

58 (after the census in 2001) a municipality is a town not large enough in population or infrastructure to qualify as a sub-metropolitan city.

Netherlands gemeente

a province (provincie) 388 + 3 special municipalities

Municipalities in the Netherlands

New Zealand

a municipality is part of either a "city" (mostly urban) or a "district" (mostly rural). The term "municipality" has become rare in New Zealand
New Zealand
since about 1979 and has no legal status. (See territorial authorities of New Zealand.)

Nicaragua municipio

a department (departamento) or of one of the two Autonomous Regions, North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region
Autonomous Region
and South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region.

Municipalities of Nicaragua

Norway kommune Røyken
Røyken
kommune a county (fylke) 430 (2009)

Municipalities of Norway

Palestinian National Authority

105 municipalities are localities with populations over 4,000 and have 13-15 council members. Municipality
Municipality
(Palestinian Authority)

Pakistan

of a tehsil/taluka or sub-district of a "district". 149

Local government in Pakistan

Paraguay municipalidad

a departament (departamento)

Peru municipio

a province (provincia), which is part of a department (departamento). As of 2002 a department is now called a region (región).

is another term for district (distrito) and is the lower-level administrative subdivision.

Philippines bayan or munisipyo or munisipalidad

a province

is a town with a popularly elected administration including a mayor and is part of a province (lalawigan or probinsya) (except for the independent municipality of Pateros, Metro Manila
Pateros, Metro Manila
in the National Capital Region). Municipalities are not the smallest division of local government and are composed of barangays.

Poland gmina Gmina
Gmina
Annopol county (powiat).

Portugal concelho or município Oeiras District 308 Concelho
Concelho
is a directly elected local area authority generally consisting of a main city or town and surrounding villages, with wide-ranging local administration powers. Apart from the municipality of Corvo, however, municípios are not the smallest administrative unit in Portugal, that being the freguesia (civil parish). For central government purposes, Portuguese municipalities are grouped into districts (distritos). In Portugal, a municipality (município/concelho) is the primary local administrative unit. Although part of a district (distrito) for certain national administrative purposes, the municipality is not subordinate to the district and decentralization is doing away with the districts. A municipality contains one or more freguesias. Municipalities of Portugal

Puerto Rico municipio

municipality consists of an urban area (termed a city or town) plus all of its surrounding barrios comprising the municipality. It has a popularly elected administration and a municipal mayor. The seat of the municipal government is located in such urban area and serves the entire municipal jurisdiction.[14][15] Municipalities of Puerto Rico

Romania municipiu / oraș / comună Deva County
County
(județ) 103 + 217 + 2856 A municipality (municipiu) is a special status given to cities which fulfill certain criteria related to size, influence and development, as defined by Law no. 351/2001 (on the National Territorial Management Plan). Localities which do not meet the criteria are designated "cities" (orașe) or "communes" (comune). Municipalities of Romania Cities of Romania Communes of Romania

Russia

several types of municipalities ("municipal formations") exist; see subdivisions of Russia

San Marino

there are also eight minor municipalities, castelli.

Serbia opština

a district (okrug)

Slovakia obec

district (okres) which is part of a kraj (kraj) 2,891

Slovenia občina

region (regija) 212 a municipality (občina) is the primary local administrative unit. There are 212 of them, 11 of which have a special "Urban" status with additional autonomy. Municipalities of Slovenia

South Africa

district municipalities and metropolitan municipalities are subdivisions of the provinces, and local municipalities are subdivisions of district municipalities.

Spain municipio / municipi / concello / udalerria

8,122 a municipality (municipio) is the primary local administrative unit. It is a part of a province (provincia) for all national administrative purposes. In the Galicia region, the municipalities are called, in Galician language, concellos, and in the Principality
Principality
of Asturias region, a municipality is called a concejo (in Spanish language) or a conceyu (in Asturian language). In these two regions a municipality contains one or more parroquias (parishes). Municipalities of Spain

Sweden kommun Stockholm Municipality Gothenburg Municipality
Gothenburg Municipality
Malmö Municipality
Malmö Municipality
Ale Municipality

County
County
Councils of Sweden
Sweden
(Swedish: landsting) self-governing local authority, covering 21 counties, each comprising one or more of the municipalities. 290 is self-governing according to the Swedish constitution and constitutes local government. Before 1971, a municipality could be called a town (stad), a köping or a rural municipality (landskommun); present municipalities which used to be towns are still commonly called towns. Sweden
Sweden
is also divided in 2 523 districts (Swedish: distrikt) since 1 January 2016.[16] Municipalities of Sweden

Switzerland commune/Gemeinde/comune

a canton (canton/Kanton/cantone) and defined by cantonal law. 2,596

Municipalities in Switzerland

Thailand thesaban

None 1,602 There are three levels of municipalities, and municipalities are not self-governed except for Bangkok
Bangkok
and Pattaya. Municipalities introduced in 1935, Bangkok
Bangkok
became self-governed in 1972, and Pattaya became self-governed in 1978. Thesaban

Turkey belediye Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality il(province) 2,920 is a local government authority and there are two types of municipalities: metropolitan (büyükşehir) municipality, district (alt/ilçe) municipality.

Ukraine

there are two types of municipalities: urban and rural. Both are referred to after their governing body as council (i.e. miskrada, selyshchna rada or silrada). They are considered the lowest administrative division in the country and better known as the local government. Urban municipalities are more complex and divided into city municipalities (miskrada) and town municipalities (selyshchna rada). The most complex municipalities are the cities of regional significance which are referred to simply as cities and create a sort of ambiguity.

United Arab Emirates

an emirate

is defined by the law of the specific emirates.

Uruguay municipio

89

Municipalities of Uruguay

Venezuela municipio Anaco Municipality a state, as well as a subdivision of the Capital District
District
(estado)

Municipalities of Venezuela

Vietnam Direct-controlled municipality Ho Chi Minh City
City
(largest)

5 A direct-controlled municipality (Thành phố trực thuộc trung ương) is a city with equal status to a province Municipalities of Vietnam

In Portuguese language
Portuguese language
usage, there are two words to distinguish the territory and the administrative organ. When referring to the territory, the word concelho is used, when referring to the organ of State, the word município is used. This differentiation is in use in Portugal
Portugal
and some of its former overseas provinces, but it’s no longer in use in Brazil.

See also[edit]

Council of European Municipalities and Regions Council-manager government Creature of statute Lists of municipalities Mayor-council government Municipal corporation Municipal government

References[edit]

^ "Municipality". Merriam-Webster.  ^ "municipality definition". Yourdictionary.com.  ^ " Santiago
Santiago
de Chile
Chile
– Comunas". Mapas de Chile, Castor y Polux Ltda.  ^ "Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC)". Australian Bureau of Statistics.  ^ "Municipal Government". The Canadian Encyclopedia > Government > Government, General > Municipal Government. Historica Foundation of Canada. 2009. Retrieved 2011-07-17.  ^ a b "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names – From January 2, 2010 to January 1, 2011" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-17.  ^ a b "List of Ontario
Ontario
Municipalities". Ontario
Ontario
Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2011-07-04. Retrieved 2011-07-17.  ^ "Municipal Government Act" (PDF). Office of the Legislative Counsel, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
House of Assembly. 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2011-07-17.  ^ Wikisource:1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Municipality ^ "Legal Dictionary: Municipal Law". FindLaw.  ^ "2009 Nevada Code". Justia.  ^ "Kansas Statues". Lesterama.  ^ The law provides for the possibility of overlapping of the office of President of the mountain community with that of mayor of one of the municipalities of the community: Buonomo, Giampiero (2001). "Compatibile il sindaco-dirigente della locale Comunità montana". Diritto&Giustizia edizione online.   – via  Questia (subscription required) ^ Ayuda: Divulgación de Resultados de la Comisión Estatal de Elecciones – Municipio. Comision Estatal de Elecciones. Estado
Estado
Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico. 2004. Retrieved 6 December 2011. ^ Autonomous Municipalities Law. (in Spanish) Archived 2010-12-05 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 24 October 2011. ^ SFS 2015:493, Svensk författningssamling: Förordning om distrikt.

External links[edit]

Look up municipality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

 Elton, Charles Isaac (1884). "Municipality". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (9th ed.). 

v t e

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1

Area

Insular area Local government area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area

Canton

Half-canton

Borough

County
County
borough Metropolitan borough

Capital

Federal capital Imperial capital

City

City
City
state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city

Community

Autonomous community Residential community

County

Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county

Non-metropolitan

Viscountcy

Country

Overseas country

Department

Overseas department

District

Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural
Rural
district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district

Division

Census division Police division Subdivision

Municipality

City
City
municipality County
County
municipality

Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural
Rural
municipality Specialized municipality

Prefecture

Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture

Province

Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province

Region

Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion

Reserve

Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve

State

Federal state Free state Sovereign state

Territory

Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory

Town

Census town Market town

Township

Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township

Unit

Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit

Zone

Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms

Current

Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner

Autonomous

Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor

Royal

Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector

Autonomous

Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer

Ward

Historical

Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords

Current

Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast

Autonomous

Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine

Historical

Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

v t e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

v t e

French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

v t e

Greek terms for country subdivisions

Modern

apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§

Historical

archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

v t e

Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição

Settlements

Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Slavic terms for country subdivisions

Current

dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija

Historical

darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

v t e

Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

Modern

il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

Historical

ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative di

.