Mumbai Port Trust
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Mumbai Port Trust (also known as the Bombay Port Trust) is a port which lies midway on the West coast of
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, second-most populous country, the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest ...

India
, on the natural deep-water
harbour A harbor (American English) or harbour (British English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, -or, see spelling differences) (synonym: haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked. The te ...
of
Mumbai (Bombay)
Mumbai (Bombay)
in
Maharashtra Maharashtra (; , abbr. MH or Maha, is a states and union territories of India, state in the western and central peninsular region of India occupying a substantial portion of the Deccan Plateau. Maharashtra is the List of states and union territo ...

Maharashtra
.The harbour spread over is protected by the mainland of
Konkan Konkan is the rugged section of the mid-western coastline of the Indian Subcontinent, the coastal hinterland of Konkan comprises of numerous riverine islands, river valleys, and the hilly slopes of the Western Ghats, that lead up into the ...

Konkan
to its east and north and by the island city of
Mumbai Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay , List of renamed Indian cities and states#Maharashtra, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian States and union territories of India, state of Maharashtra. According to the United Nat ...

Mumbai
to its west. The harbour opens to the south to the
Arabian Sea The Arabian Sea ( ar, بحر العرب ''Bahr al-Arab'') is a region of the northern Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering or 19.8% of the water Water is an Inorganic co ...
. The port is administered by the Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT, formerly the Bombay Port Trust (BPT)), an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India. The port is primarily used for bulk cargo, while most
container box. File:Railroad car with container loads.jpg, A Flatcar#Spine car, spine car with a tank container and an open-top intermodal container, intermodal shipping container with canvas cover. A container is any receptacle or enclosure for holding ...
traffic is directed to
Nhava Sheva Jawaharlal Nehru Port NPT'' or JLN Port, also known as Nhava Sheva Port, is the largest container port in India. Located east of Mumbai Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay , List of renamed Indian cities and states#Maharashtra, the officia ...
port across the harbour.


History

Mumbai Harbour Mumbai Harbour ( Marathi''Mumba'ī bandar''), or ''Front Bay'' (sometimes referred as Mumbai Harbour), is a natural deep-water harbour A harbor (American English) or harbour (British English; American and British English spelling differenc ...
has been used by ships and boats for centuries. It was used by the
Maratha The Marathi people, also rendered as Marathis or Maharashtrian, are an ethnolinguistic group who speak Marathi language, Marathi, an Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan language, as their native language. They inhabit the state of Maharashtra in mo ...

Maratha
Navy, as well as the British and Portuguese colonial navies. In 1652, the Surat Council of the East India Company, realising the geographical advantage of the Port, urged its purchase from the Portuguese. Their wish was gratified nine years later when, under the Marriage Treaty between Charles II of Great Britain and the Infant Catherine of Portugal, the ‘Port and Island of Bombay’ were transferred to the king of Great Britain The first of the present-day docks of the Port were built in the 1870s. ''Bombay Port Trust'' (BPT) was established as a corporation on 26 June 1873.Mumbai Port Trust is 125
''Indian Express''. 26 June 1997.
BPT's founding chairman was Colonel J.A. Ballard. Port development was undertaken by the civil engineering partnership Sir
John Wolfe-Barry Sir John Wolfe Barry (7 December 1836 – 22 January 1918), the youngest son of famous architect Sir Charles Barry, was an English civil engineer of the late 19th and early 20th century. His most famous project is Tower Bridge Tower Bridg ...
and Lt Col
Arthur John Barry Lieutenant Colonel Arthur John Barry (1859-1943) was an English civil engineer A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering Civil engineering is a Regulation and licensure in engineering, professional engineering discipline ...
as Joint Consulting Engineers to the Bombay Port Trust at the end of the nineteenth century.Frederick Arthur Crisp (1906
''Visitation of England and Wales''
Volume 14, London.
From its establishment, the port has been the gateway to India, and was a primary factor in the emergence of Mumbai as the commercial capital of India. The port and the corporation took their present names in the 1990s. Over the decades, the port underwent tremendous expansion, with the addition of berths and cargo handling capacities. However, Mumbai's expanding growth and population pressure constrained the growth of the port by the 1970s. This led to the establishment of the
Nhava Sheva Jawaharlal Nehru Port NPT'' or JLN Port, also known as Nhava Sheva Port, is the largest container port in India. Located east of Mumbai Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay , List of renamed Indian cities and states#Maharashtra, the officia ...
port across Mumbai Harbour in
Navi Mumbai Navi Mumbai (, is a planned community, planned city situated on the west coast of the Indian subcontinent, lies in Konkan division of Maharashtra state, on the mainland of India. The city is divided into two, North Navi Mumbai and South Navi Mu ...

Navi Mumbai
on the
Konkan Konkan is the rugged section of the mid-western coastline of the Indian Subcontinent, the coastal hinterland of Konkan comprises of numerous riverine islands, river valleys, and the hilly slopes of the Western Ghats, that lead up into the ...

Konkan
mainland. Nhava Sheva began operations in 1989, and most container traffic now flows through Nhava Sheva. With a minimum draft of . Victoria Dock, commissioned in 1891, had 14 berths as of 2008 with a minimum draft of . Indira Dock, commissioned in 1914, had 21 berths, with a minimum draft of . Prince's Dock and Victoria Dock are semi-tidal docks, with vessels docking and departing at high tide. Indira Dock has a
lock Lock may refer to: *Lock and key A lock is a mechanics, mechanical or Electronics, electronic fastening device that is released by a physical object (such as a key, Keycard lock, keycard, fingerprint, Radio-frequency identification, RFID card ...
, enabling vessels to enter or depart at any time. The port has four jetties on ''Jawahar Dweep'', an island in the harbour, for handling Crude and
petroleum Petroleum (), also known as crude oil and oil, is a #Latent heat of vaporization, naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth, Earth's surface. It is commonly refined into various types of fuels. ...

petroleum
products. These jetties have a draft of . Liquid chemicals are handled from a jetty on ''Pirpau''. Ballard Pier Extension has a passenger terminal, including immigration clearance facilities for crews and passengers of cruise liners. The port has a total of 69 anchorage points. A pilot is mandatory for all vessels of over 100 tonnes net weightage.Facilities
mumbaiport.gov.in


See also

*
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (छत्रपती शिवाजी महाराज आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ) is the primary international airport An international airport is a ...

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport
* Nhava Sheva Port


References


External links

* {{Authority control Ports and harbours of Maharashtra Estuaries of Mumbai Transport in Mumbai Companies based in Mumbai Economy of Mumbai Economy of Maharashtra