Bombay Samachar, now Mumbai Samachar (Gujarati:મુંબઈ
સમાચાર), is the oldest continuously published newspaper in
India. Established in 1822 by Fardunjee Marzban, it is published in
Gujarati and English.
Bombay Samachar Building
Mumbai Samachar Headquarters in Mumbai
Bombay Samachar, Asia's oldest newspaper, was first published on
the first of July 1822 and comprised three small quarto sheets.
10 inches by 8 inches, and a half sheet supplement in all
containing 14 pages of printed matter.
A brief description of the contents of this first issue will give an
idea of what an Indian journal was in those days. The first sheet
consists of advertisements, two of these being about things lost, and
one about the sale of some property, all relating to Parsis. Then
follows what may be called an article on "Ourselves". Then there are
four columns of short paragraphs about Government and Court
appointments and changes, and powers of attorney taken from the court;
about the arrival and departure of ships and of Europeans from Mumbai;
and a list of European deaths; as well as of ships loading in the
harbour. Six columns are given to
Calcutta (now Kolkata) news taken
from the Indian Gazette and the
Calcutta Chronicle; one column to
Madras (now Chennai) news from the Government Gazette of that city;
two columns to London news, whilst a short paragraph of ten lines is
devoted to news from Canton in China, given the prices of opium. Of
Bombay news there is very little, except the short paragraph
about appointments above.
A weekly till 1832, a bi-weekly till 1855 and a daily since then, it
continued to grow and has gone on to become one of Western India's
premier newspapers, well read by a large segment of Gujarati-speaking
people both in
India and abroad. The founder, a Parsi scholar and
priest by the name of Fardoonji Murazban, was a pioneer not only of
journalism in Western
India but of all Gujarati printed literature. He
founded the first native press in 1812 and in 1814 brought out a
Gujarati Calendar, fully 6 years before the first Bengali calendar was
printed and published in Calcutta. He then went on to bring out his
Bombay Samachar, in 1822.
He must have started all his concerns in auspicious moments, for all,
his press, his calendar and his paper exist to the present day in very
good and flourishing condition. Respected by both the British and
Indian Government for its fair, frank, objective and critical analysis
of events, the Mumbai Samachar played a very important role during
India's struggle for independence being often quoted by freedom
fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru,
Vallabhbhai Patel and
others. From its inception the editorial policy was to objectively
report events in a fair and honest manner and not to sensationalize
news, sobriety and independence of views being a characteristic which
still stands. Another notable feature of this paper which holds good
to this day is the policy to allow numerous small advertisers to
advertise their products on the front page rather than allow only one
advertiser to occupy what is commonly referred to as solus position.
The paper passed through various hands before coming into the hands of
the Cama Family, its present publishers in 1933, and Hormusji N Cama,
the present director of the publication. It has since grown and
expanded and today can proudly lay claim to having the most modern
technology available in the publishing field. Its daily print run in
four colour is effortlessly carried out on full colour high speed
offset presses incorporating state of the art features.
Newspaper readers in Mumbai prefer sports to business: MRUC
survey". agencyfaqs!. December 4, 2003. Retrieved Mar 22, 2013.
^ "Leisure: Vintage journey". Pune Mirror. March 22, 2013. Archived
from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
Bombay Samachar Website in Gujarati
Mumbai Samachar, enewsp