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(i) (i)

MULA SANGHA (Sanskrit मूलसंघ) is an ancient Jain
Jain
monastic order. Mula literally means the "root" or the original order.

Mula-Sangha has been the main Digambara
Digambara
Jain
Jain
order. Today the Digambar Jain
Jain
tradition is synonymous with Mula Sangha. The great Acharya
Acharya
Kundakunda
Kundakunda
is associated with Mula Sangha. The oldest known mention of Mula Sangha is from AD 430.

Mula Sangha was divided into a few branches. According to Shrutavatara of Acharya
Acharya
Indranandi and Nitisar of Bhattaraka Indranandi, Acharya
Acharya
Arhadbali had organized a council of Jain
Jain
monks, and had given names (gana or sangha) to different groups. The four major groups were:

* Nandi Gana, which had two major lineages:

* Balatkara Gana , Saraswati Gachchha (oldest known mention 1071 AD) * Deshiya Gana, Pustaka Gachchha (oldest known mention 860 AD)

* Sena Gana, the lineage of Jinasena
Jinasena
it was formerly called Panchastupa or Surastha (oldest known mention 821 AD) * Deva Gana, the lineage of Akalanka
Akalanka
deva * Simha Gana

The Bhattarakas of Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
and Mudabidri belong to Deshiya Gana, the Bhattaraka of Humbaj belongs to the Balatkara Gana.

Several Digambara
Digambara
orders in North India belonged to Kashtha Sangha which was an offshoot of Mula Sangha. There were some minor differences in practices between the Mula Sangha and the Kashtha Sangha.

CONTENTS

* 1 See also

* 2 References

* 2.1 Citations * 2.2 Sources

SEE ALSO

* Jain
Jain
monasticism

REFERENCES

CITATIONS

* ^ जैन शिलालेख संग्रह, , भाग ४, विद्याधर जोहरापुरकर, भारतीय ज्ञानपीठ, १९६१ * ^ A B Carrithers Humphrey, Caroline , eds. (1991), The Assembly of Listeners: Jains in Society, Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press
, ISBN 0-521-365-05-8

* v * t * e

Jain
Jain
monks and nuns

* Pattavali
Pattavali

* Ganadhara

* Indrabhuti Gautama
Indrabhuti Gautama
* Sudharmaswami
Sudharmaswami

* Bhadrabahu
Bhadrabahu
* Umaswati
Umaswati

* Digambara
Digambara
monks

BRANCHES

* Mula Sangha

* Balatkara Gana * Kashtha Sangha

* Taran Panth
Taran Panth
* Bispanthi * Digambara
Digambara
Terapanth * Yapaniya * Kanji Panth

ANCIENT

* Dharasena * Kundakunda
Kundakunda
* Samantabhadra * Pushpadanta * Bhutabali
Bhutabali
* Vattakera

MEDIEVAL

* Bhadrabahu
Bhadrabahu
II * Gunabhadra * Pujyapada * Nemichandra
Nemichandra
* Virasena * Jinasena
Jinasena
* Jayasena
Jayasena
* Akalanka
Akalanka
* Manatunga * Siddhasena
Siddhasena
* Ravisena * Kumudendu * Harisena * Aparajita * Yativṛṣabha
Yativṛṣabha
* Prabhācandra * Vidyananda * Taran Svami

MODERN

* Acharya
Acharya

* Shantisagar * Deshbhushan * Vidyasagar * Vidyananda * Guptinandi
Guptinandi
* Aryanandi * Saubhagyasagar

* Muni

* Guptisagar
Guptisagar
* Kshamasagar * Prabalsagar * Pragyasagar * Pramansagar * Pranamsagar * Pulaksagar * Sudhasagar * Tarun Sagar

* Kshullak
Kshullak

* Ganeshprasad Varni * Jinendra Varni

* Aryika
Aryika

* Gyanmati
Gyanmati

Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
ascetics

ANCIENT

* Sthulabhadra

MEDIEVAL

* Haribhadra
Haribhadra
* Hemachandra
Hemachandra
* Yashovijaya
Yashovijaya
* Jinadattasuri * Jinabhadra * Jinaharsha * Anandghan * Hiravijaya

MODERN

* Buddhisagarsuri * Chandrashekhar Vijay * Jambuvijaya * Mahāprajña * Mahashraman * Prem Suri * Ramchandrasuri * Rajendrasuri * Ratnasundarsuri * Tulsi * Vijayanandsuri
Vijayanandsuri
* Vallabhsuri

* v * t * e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

GODS

* Tirthankara
Tirthankara
* Ganadhara * Arihant

PHILOSOPHY

* Ethics

* Ahimsa

* Epistemology

* Kevala Jñāna

* Jaina logic

* Anekāntavāda
Anekāntavāda

* Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology

* Siddhashila * Naraka * Heavenly beings

* Karma

* Types * Causes

* Gunasthana

* Dravya
Dravya

* Jīva

* Ajiva

* Pudgala * Dharma

* Tattva

* Asrava * Bandha * Samvara
Samvara
* Nirjara * Mokṣa

* Death * Saṃsāra * Ratnatraya * Kashaya

BRANCHES

DIGAMBARA

* Mula Sangha

* Balatkara Gana * Kashtha Sangha

* Taran Panth
Taran Panth
* Bispanthi * Terapanth * Yapaniya * Kanji Panth

ŚVēTāMBARA

* Murtipujaka

* Gaccha

* Kharatara * Tapa * Tristutik

* Sthānakavāsī
Sthānakavāsī
* Terapanth

PRACTICES

* Sallekhana

* Meditation

* Sāmāyika

* Monasticism * Vegetarianism * Fasting * Rituals

* Festivals

* Paryushana * Kshamavani
Kshamavani
* Mahamastakabhisheka

* Upadhan * Tapas * Pratikramana

LITERATURE

* Agama

* Shatkhandagama
Shatkhandagama
* Kasayapahuda
Kasayapahuda

* Mantra

* Namokar Mantra * Bhaktamara Stotra
Bhaktamara Stotra

* Tattvartha Sutra * Samayasāra * Aptamimamsa
Aptamimamsa
* Kalpa Sūtra

SYMBOLS

* Jain flag
Jain flag
* Siddhachakra

* Ashtamangala

* Shrivatsa
Shrivatsa
* Nandavarta

* Auspicious dreams * Swastika
Swastika

ASCETICS

* Digambara
Digambara
monk * Aryika
Aryika
* Kshullak
Kshullak
* Pattavali
Pattavali
* Acharya
Acharya

SCHOLARS

* Nalini Balbir * Colette Caillat * Chandabai * John E. Cort * Paul Dundas * Virchand Gandhi * Hermann Jacobi * Champat Rai Jain
Jain
* Padmanabh Jaini
Padmanabh Jaini
* Jeffery D