Mukim is a type of administrative division used in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The word "mukim" is loan word in English. However, it was also originally a loan word in Malay from Arabic, probably came from a derivative of the Arabic word Iqama. The closest English translation for mukim is county, ward or parish.
There are 38 mukims in Brunei. Each mukim is an administrative area made up of several kampung (Malay for "village"). A mukim is headed by a penghulu, which is an elected office. The number of mukims in each of the districts in Brunei is as follows:
|District||Number of Mukims|
The smallest mukim by area is Mukim Saba in the Brunei-Muara District. The largest mukim by area is Mukim Sukang in the Belait District. The last change in the mukim boundaries was in the late 1990s when Mukim Kumbang Pasang was merged into Mukim Kianggeh and Mukim Berakas was divided into Mukim Berakas A and Mukim Berakas B. The number of mukims remained at 38.
In Indonesia, mukim means 'a place to stay' or 'the one who stay', Permukiman generally use to refer 'a settlement'. The term mukim used exclusively as a subdivision of a subdistrict in Aceh. A mukim contains some villages.
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