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Sheikh Mukhtar Robow (Somali: Mukhtaar Rooboow, Arabic: مختار روبوو‎), also known as Abu Mansur, was a deputy leader and former spokesman of the Somali militant group Al-Shabaab.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Islamic Courts Union and Al-Shabaab 3 References 4 External links

Early life[edit] Robow was born on 10 October 1969[1] in Hudur, in the Bakool region in southern Somalia. He studied at a local Qur'anic school, and later continued his religious education in the mosques of Mogadishu as well as those of his home region. A member of the Rahaweyn clan (which is particularly well represented in the Baidoa area), and more specifically of the Leysan sub-clan, Robow also studied Islamic law in the 1990s at the University of Khartoum in Sudan. Islamic Courts Union and Al-Shabaab[edit] Robow subsequently returned to Mogadishu and worked for the Saudi Al-Haramain Foundation, which was later accused by the United States of having links with Islamic terrorists. Robow then taught Islamic education to orphans the foundation was looking after. His Arabic nickname "Abu Mansur" reinforces the theory that he has frequented Middle East radical Islamists. Robow later served as the Deputy Commander of the Islamic Courts Union, which controlled much of the south of Somalia. A hardline and radical Islamist who fought with the Taliban in Afghanistan in the early 2000s, Robow was blacklisted by the United States as a terrorist leader.[2] Robow appeared in videos with deceased American militant Abu Mansoor Al-Amriki. Robow and other leading Al-Shabaab members challenged the leadership of Ahmed Abdi Godane (Moktar Ali Zubeyr) at Barawe in June 2013. Godane killed two of the leading members, and Robow fled to his home district.[3][4] Godane's forces launched an offensive against Robow's supporters, it was reported in August 2013.[5] On 23 June 2017, United States Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) removed him Reward for Justice (RFJ) list following discussions was made with the Somali government after a USD $5 million bounty was placed on him for information leading to his location on June 7, 2012.[6][7] On 13 August 2017, he surrendered to the Somali Government authorities.[8] In a press conference held in Mogadishu shortly after, he denounced Al-Shabaab and called on its members to quit the group.[9] References[edit]

^ "Mukhtar Robow". National Counterterrorism Center. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ "US urged to review Somalia blacklist". Press TV. 12 February 2012. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.  ^ Ugas, Ahmednor (20 September 2013). "Al Shabaab leader speaks out". SomaliCurrent. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ Abukar, Hassan M. (2 July 2013). "Somalia: The Godane coup and the unraveling of Al-Shabaab". African Arguments. Royal African Society. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ "Somalia: Alshabab leader assigns a commander to launch fighting against Mukhtar Robow wing". Qalin News. 4 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ "US drops former Al-Shabab leader from 'RFJ List'". Hiiraan Online. 23 June 2017.  ^ "US withdraws $5m bounty on former Al-Shabaab deputy leader". Africanews. 24 June 2017.  ^ "Former Al-Shabaab deputy leader surrenders". CNN. 13 August 2017.  ^ "Former senior al Shabaab leader says militants should leave group". Reuters. 15 August 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017. 

External links[edit]

Somali Islamist leader vows holy war against 'Christian invaders'. Agence France-Presse, October 9, 2007

v t e

Somali Civil War (2006–2009)

Part of the Somali Civil War Ethiopian–Somali conflict War on Terror

Timeline

2006 2007 2008 2009

Background

History of Somalia (1991–2006) Greater Somalia Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa Somali Civil War

Factions Diplomatic and humanitarian efforts Propaganda Disarmament

Advance of the Islamic Courts Union (2006)

Battle of Mogadishu (2006)

Ethiopian–Somali conflict Insurgency in Ogaden Somali Reconciliation Conferences

1993 2002 2007

Battles

Battle of Baidoa Battle of Bandiradley Battle of Beledweyne (2006) Battle of Jowhar Fall of Mogadishu Battle of Jilib Fall of Kismayo Battle of Ras Kamboni Battle of Mogadishu (March–April 2007) Battle of Bargal (2007) Battle of Mogadishu (November 2007) Battle of Mogadishu (2008) Battle of Beledweyne (2008) Siege of Baidoa Battle of Kismayo (2008)

OEF–HOA

Battle of Ras Kamboni Battle of Bargal (2007) Dobley airstrike Dhusamareb airstrike

Other events

2007 Mogadishu TransAVIAexport Airlines Il-76 crash February 2008 Bosaso bombings Al-Hidaya Mosque massacre 2008 Mogadishu bombings 2008 Hargeisa–Bosaso bombings

Key players

 Ethiopia

Meles Zenawi Gabre Heard

Islamic Courts Union

Hassan Dahir Aweys Sharif Sheikh Ahmed

al-Itihaad al-Islamiya

Hassan Abdullah Hersi al-Turki

Hizbul Shabaab

Mukhtar Robow Aden Hashi Farah

ARPCT

Abdi Hasan Awale Mohamed Omar Habeb

Transitional Federal Parliament

Ali Mohammed Ghedi Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed

 Puntland

Mohamud Muse Hersi

Galmudug

Mohamed Warsame Ali

 United States

Jendayi Frazer

AMISOM

Yoweri Museveni

Next phase: Somali Civil War (2009–present)

v t e

Somali Civil War (2009–present)

Part of the Somali Civil War War on Terror

Timeline

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Background

History of Somalia (1991–2006) Greater Somalia Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa Somali Civil War

Factions Diplomatic and humanitarian efforts Propaganda Disarmament

Advance of the Islamic Courts Union (2006)

Battle of Mogadishu (2006)

Ethiopian–Somali conflict Insurgency in Ogaden Somali Reconciliation Conferences

1993 2002 2007

Operations and battles

Battle of South Mogadishu Battle of Mogadishu (2009) Battle for Central Somalia (2009) Battle of Wabho Battle of Kismayo (2009) Battle of Beledweyne (2010) 2010 Ayn clashes 2010 Kenya–Al-Shabaab border clash Galgala campaign Battle of Mogadishu (2010–11) Battle of Beledweyne (2011) Battle of Gedo Battle of Elwaq Battle of Jubbada Hoose Operation Linda Nchi Battle of Kismayo (2012) Battle of Yurkud (2012) Bulo Marer hostage rescue attempt Operation Indian Ocean Battle of Leego (2015) Battle of Janale (2015) Battle of El Adde Qandala campaign Battle of Kulbiyow 2017 Barii raid Battle of Af Urur Golweyn ambush 2018 African Union base attack in Bulo Marer

Bombings

2009 African Union base bombings in Mogadishu 2009 Beledweyne bombing 2009 Hotel Shamo bombing May 2010 Mogadishu bombings Muna Hotel attack July 2010 Kampala attacks 2011 Mogadishu bombing Battle of Deynile 2014 Villa Somalia attack 2014 Hotel Amalo attack 2015 Central Hotel attack Makka al-Mukarama hotel attack 2015 Garowe attack 2015 Ministry of Higher Education attack Jazeera Palace Hotel bombing January 2016 Mogadishu attack February 2016 Mogadishu attack Baidoa suicide bombing June 2016 Mogadishu attacks November 2016 Mogadishu car bombing December 2016 Mogadishu suicide bombing January 2017 Mogadishu bombings February 2017 Mogadishu bombing 14 October 2017 Mogadishu bombings 28 October 2017 Mogadishu bombings February 2018 Mogadishu attack

OEF–HOA

2009 Baraawe raid Bulo Marer hostage rescue attempt 2013 Barawe raid 2017 Barii raid

Other events

Death of Noramfaizul Mohd Nor London Somalia Conference Abdiaziz Abdinur Ibrahim controversy Daallo Airlines Flight 159 Awdinle massacre

Key players

Al-Shabaab

Mukhtar Robow Ali Dhere Fuad Qalaf

Hizbul Islam

Hassan Dahir Aweys Hassan Abdullah Hersi al-Turki

Federal Government of Somalia

Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke Mohamed Sheikh Hassan Ahlu Suna Wal Jamea Galmudug

Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdiid

 Puntland

Abdiweli Mohamed Ali

AMISOM AFRICOM Islamic State in Somalia

Previous phase: Somali Civil

.