Muhammad Shah I, born Tatar Khan, was a ruler of the Muzaffarid
dynasty, who reigned over the
Gujarat Sultanate briefly from 1403 to
1404 disposing his father Muzaffar Shah I.
1 Early life
About 1396, Zafar Khan's son Tatar Khan, leaving his baggage in the
fort of Panipat, made an attempt to capture Delhi. But Iqbál Khán
took the fort of Pánipat, captured Tátár Khán’s baggage, and
forced him to withdraw to Gujarát.
On the death of Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III in 1932, his son
Sikandar assumed the throne but he died just after 45 days. He was
succeeded by his brother
Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq
Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq II but his
cousin Nusrat Khan also claimed similar rank in Firuzabad. In
Timur invaded India and marched on
1398. In early 1399, he defeated Mahmud II and looted and destroyed
the much of Delhi. Sultan Mahmud II escaped and after many wanderings,
reached Patan. He hoped to secure Zafar Khan's alliance to march to
Delhi but Zafar Khan declined. He went to Malwa where he was declined
again by local governor. Meanwhile his Wazir Iqbal Khan had expelled
Nusrat Khan from
Delhi so he returned to
Delhi but he had no longer
enough authority over provinces which were ruled independently by his
In 1403, Zafar Khan's son Tatar Khan urged his father to march on
Delhi to take advantage of the situation, which he declined. As a
result, in 1403, Tatar imprisoned him in Ashaval (future Ahmedabad)
and declared himself sultan under the title of Muhammad Shah I. He
humbled the chief of
Nandod in Rajpipla. He marched towards Delhi, but
on the way he was poisoned by his uncle, Shams Khán Dandáni at Sinor
on the north bank of Narmada river. Some sources says he died
naturally due to weather or due to his habit of heavy drinking. After
the death of Muhammad Shah, Zafar was released from the prison in
1404. Zafar Khán asked his own younger brother Shams Khán Dandáni
to carry on the government, but he refused. Zafar took over the
control over administration. In 1407, he declared himself as Sultan
Muzaffar Shah I
Muzaffar Shah I at Birpur or Sherpur, took the insignia of royalty and
issued coins in his name.
^ Campbell 1896, p. 234.
^ a b Taylor 1902, pp. 5.
^ Taylor 1902, pp. 6-7.
^ Nayak, Chhotubhai Ranchhodji (1982).
સલ્તનતનો ઈતિહાસ (ઇ.સ.
૧૩૦૦થી ઇ.સ.૧૫૭૩ સુધી) [History of
Islamic Sultanate in Gujarat] (in Gujarati). Ahmedabad: Gujarat
University. pp. 66–73.
^ Campbell 1896, p. 235.
Taylor, Georg P. (1902). The Coins Of The Gujarat Saltanat. XXI.
Mumbai: Royal Asiatic Society of Bombay. hdl:2015/104269. Archived
from the original on 2017-03-01. This article incorporates text
from this source, which is in the public domain.
Campbell, James Macnabb (1896). "Chapter I. Early Musalmán
Governors.(A.D. 1297–1403.) and II. ÁHMEDÁBÁD KINGS. (A. D.
1403–1573.)". In James Macnabb Campbell. History of Gujarát.
Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. Volume I. Part II. Musalmán
Gujarát. (A.D. 1297–1760.). The Government Central Press.
pp. 230–236. This article incorporates text from this
source, which is in the pu