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MUHAMMAD QULI QUTB SHAH (Telugu : మహమ్మద్ కులి కుతుబ్ షా, Urdu
Urdu
: محمد قلی قطب شاہ‎; 1565 – 11 January 1612) was the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda
Golkonda
and founded the city of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, in South-central India
India
and built its architectural centerpiece, the Charminar
Charminar
. He was an able administrator and his reign is considered one of the high points of the Qutb Shahi dynasty.He ascended to the throne in 1580 at the age of 15 and ruled for 31 years. Tomb of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
in Hyderabad
Hyderabad

CONTENTS

* 1 Birth, Early Life And Personal Life * 2 City of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* 3 Patronage of literature * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links

BIRTH, EARLY LIFE AND PERSONAL LIFE

Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah was the third son of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali . He was an accomplished poet and wrote his poetry in Persian, Telugu and Urdu. As the first author in the Urdu language
Urdu language
he composed his verses in the Persian diwan style, and his poems consisted of verses relating to a single topic, gazal-i musalsal. Muhammad Quli's Kulliyat comprised 1800 pages, over half were gazals, qasidas on one hundred pages, while the rest contained over 300 pages of matnawi and martiyas. Charminar
Charminar
in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
was built by Quli Qutub Shah

CITY OF HYDERABAD

Muhammad Quli built a city called Hyderabad
Hyderabad
on the southern bank of the Musi River in 1591. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah called architects from all around the world to lay out the city, which was built on a grid plan and named it after caliph Ali Ibn Abi Talib as Hyderabad.

PATRONAGE OF LITERATURE

Quli Qutb Shah was a scholar of Arabic , Persian and Telugu languages. He wrote poetry in Urdu
Urdu
, Persian, and Telugu. His poetry has been compiled into a volume entitled "Kulliyat-e-Quli Qutub Shah." Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah had the distinction of being the first Saheb-e-dewan Urdu
Urdu
poet and is credited with introducing a new sensibility into prevailing genres of Persian/ Urdu
Urdu
poetry.

Preceded by Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah QUTB SHAHI DYNASTY 1580–1611 Succeeded by Sultan
Sultan
Muhammad Qutb Shah

NOTES

* ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 118. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4 . * ^ A B C Annemarie Schimmel, Classical Urdu
Urdu
Literature from the Beginning to Iqbāl, (Otto Harrassowitz, 1975), 143. * ^ "Quli Qutub Shah remembered on his 400th death anniversary". The Siasat Daily. 14 January 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2013.

REFERENCES

* Sangaychay Mala by Gajanan Pole * Prime Ministers of Qutubshhs by Sri Bhopal Rao * Luther, Narendra. Prince, Poet, Lover, Builder: Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, The Founder of Hyderabad * Books on Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah * Chopra, R.M., T