The Army of the
1 Origin 2 Organisation and troop types
2.1 Standing army 2.2 Mansabdars 2.3 Branches
2.4 Infantry 2.5 Artillery 2.6 Navy
3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading
The Mughals originated in Central Asia. Like many Central Asian
armies, the mughal army was horse-oriented. The ranks and pay of the
officers were based on the horses they retained. Babur's army was
somewhat small and looked like an army of Afghan origin. Akbar
restructured the army and introduced a new system called the
mansabdari system. Later emperors followed this system.
Organisation and troop types
Sawar Khan, one of the Royal Guards of the Emperor Shah Jahan
The Mughal Emperors maintained small standing armies. The emperor's
own troops were called Ahadis. They were directly recruited by the
Portrait of a Mughal officer
Man in Armor
The cavalry was the superior branch of the Mughal army. The horsemen normally recruited by mansabdars were high class people, and better paid than foot soldiers and artillery men. They must have at least two of their own horses and good equipment. Normally they used swords, lances, shields, more rarely guns. Their armour was made up of steel or leather, and they wore the traditional dress of their tribes. The regular horseman was called a sowar.
A Mughal Infantryman
Mughal cavalry also included elephants, normally used by generals. They bore well ornamented and good armour. Mainly they were used for transportation to carry heavy goods and heavy guns. Some of rajput mansabdar provided camel cavalry also. They were men from desert areas like Rajastan. Infantry Emperors' Own infantry called as Ahsam. Mansabadars also provided infantrymen. They are normally ill-paid and ill-equipped. They lacked discipline. This group included bandukchi or gun bearers, swordsmen, as well as servants and artisans. They used a wide variety of weapons like swords, shields, lances, clubs, pistols rifles muskets etc. They normally wore no armour. Artillery Main article: Mughal artillery
Mughal Artillery in position
It was an important branch of mughal army. Earlier mughal rulers made
good use of it. It was used by babur to achieve an empire Hindustan.
1565-Battle Scene with Boats on the Ganges-Akbarnama
Light artillery was most useful in battle field. They were mainly made up of bronze and drawn with horses. This also included camel bear swivel guns. They were very effective in battlefield. But time to time the emperors show no interest in development of cannons. They became much out of date when used against European cannons built with iron. Granadiers and raketies also came under this category. Navy It was the weakest and poorest branch of the Mughal military. The Empire did maintain warships, however they were relatively small. The fleet also consisted of transport ships. The Navy's main duty was controlling piracy, but they also were used in war. See also
Mughal weapons Tipu Sultan
^ Roy, Atul Chandra (1972). A History of Mughal Navy and Naval Warfares. World Press.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Military history of the Mughal Empire.
Edwardes, Stephen Meredyth; Garrett, Herbert Leonard Offley. Mughal
Rule In India.
Sharma, S. R.
v t e
Battles and conflicts
Battle of Panipat (1526) Gujarat conquest Battle of Khanwa Battle of Ghaghra Siege of Sambhal Battle of Panipat (1556) Battle of Thanesar Siege of Chittorgarh Siege of Ranthambore Battle of Tukaroi Battle of Raj Mahal Battle of Haldighati Battle of Bhuchar Mori Siege of Kandahar Mughal–Safavid War (1622–23) Siege of Orchha Mughal–Safavid War (1649–53) Battle of Samugarh Battle of Khajwa Suppression of Tilpat rebellion Ahom–Mughal conflicts Siege of Purandhar Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal War Mughal–Maratha Wars
Siege of Bijapur Siege of Jinji
Child's War Siege of Golconda Battle of Karnal Third Battle of Panipat Battle of Buxar Siege of Delhi
Taj Mahal Gardens of Babur Fatehpur Sikri
Tomb of Salim Chishti
Ibrahim Lodi Rana Sanga Sher Shah Suri Hemu Maharana Pratap Malik Ambar Gokula Pratapaditya Shivaji Lachit Borphukan Khushal Khattak Sir Josiah Child Guru Gobind Singh Henry Every Bajirao I Nader Shah Hector Munro
Bengal Subah Gujarat Subah
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