MUCH HADHAM, formerly known as GREAT HADHAM, is a village and civil
parish in the district of East
Hertfordshire , Hertfordshire, England.
The parish of
Much Hadham contains the hamlets of Perry Green and
Green Tye, as well as the village of
Much Hadham itself. It covers
4,490 acres (1,820 ha). The village of
Much Hadham is situated midway
between Ware and Bishop\'s Stortford . The population of the parish
was recorded as 2,862 in the 2011 census, an increase from 1,994 in
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Landmarks
* 4 Government
* 5 Education
* 6 Sport
* 7 Notable residents
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 External links
The name "Hadham" probably derives from Old English words meaning
"Heath homestead". The affix "Much" comes from the Old English
"mycel", meaning "great". The name changed around the time of the
The parish has been occupied since the Roman period. There were
pottery kilns in the parish in the Roman period, and a Roman coin
hoard has been found nearby.
Written records of
Much Hadham go back to the time of King Edgar. The
village was a possession of the Bishops of London before the Norman
Conquest, and it appears in the Domesday Book as "Hadham". The parish
church was built from 1225–1450. The village was a staging point on
the road from London to
Cambridge and Newmarket, and the Olde Red Lion
Inn, built in 15th century to serve this traffic, still survives in
The Bishop's Palace was used as an asylum from 1817–1863.
During the First World War, there was a
British Red Cross
British Red Cross /Order of
St. John auxiliary hospital in Much Hadham. Today, a plaque on the
front of Woodham House commemorates this.
During the second world war ,
Much Hadham was the site of Prisoner of
War camp 69. The camp was opened in 1939, housing Italian prisoners
of war, and later German prisoners, as well as housing American and
Gurkha soldiers as they prepared for the D-Day landings. The camp
closed around 1950.
The village is linear stretched along its mile and a half long high
street (High Street, Tower Hill and Widford Road) which runs along the
river Ash . It is situated between
Bishop's Stortford and Ware, about
12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from
Hertford and about 40 kilometres (25 mi)
north of London. The village had a railway station on the Buntingford
single track branch line, which closed in 1965 under the Beeching Axe
There are two churches in Much Hadham, the parish church and a
Congregational church. Much Hadham's parish church, built largely
between 1225 and 1450, is shared between the St. Andrew's Church of
England congregation and the Holy Cross Roman Catholic congregation.
The entrance to the church is adorned with two sculptures by Henry
Moore . The more recent
Congregational church dates from 1872.
There are many listed buildings in Much Hadham, including four listed
at Grade I. These are the parish church; two country houses, Much
Hadham Hall and Moor Place; and the boundary wall at Yewtree Farmhouse
at Hadham Cross. The Parish's many Grade II listed buildings include
Much Hadham Palace , the site of a residence of the Bishops of London
since before the Norman Conquest, and Hoglands in Perry Green , the
home of the sculptor
Henry Moore until his death.
Henry Moore Foundation can be found in Perry Green, and includes
Moore's home. In December 2005, thieves stole a 1970 bronze of a
reclining figure from the site, which was melted and sold for scrap
metal. Former Red Lion public house,
The Red Lion coaching inn , now converted into private houses, has
been in the village since the 15th century. It was a stopping point on
the old road from London to
Cambridge . Legend has it that the inn is
connected to St. Andrew's by a tunnel, possibly built during the time
Oliver Cromwell as an escape route for the clergy. Highly unlikely
given the height of the water table.
Much Hadham is a civil parish in the East
Hertfordshire district. It
is one of thirty wards to make up East
Hertfordshire District Council.
It is part of the
Hertford and Stortford Parliamentary Constituency.
The MP is Conservative Mark Prisk briefly the Housing Minister and one
time Shadow Minister for Cornwall when there was no Minister for
Cornwall. There is one Conservative County and one Conservative
District Councillor and a 9-member Parish Council.
St Andrew's Church of
England Primary School in
Much Hadham is a
England school with links to the parish church of St
Andrew's. It has about 250 pupils between the ages of 4 and 11. The
school also has a nursery in the mornings for younger children. A
village school has existed in the village since the 1840s. The first
now known as the Flint House. A second independent pre prep school in
Much Hadham, the Barn School, closed in 1998. There is also a
pre-school attached to St Andrews School with about 40 children aged
between 2 and 4.
Outside the village of
Much Hadham in the hamlet of Perry Green there
is St. Elizabeth's School and residence for children and young adults
with epilepsy, established in 1903, the second largest employer in the
Much Hadham has a small museum, The Forge Museum, which contains
preserved Elizabethan wall-paintings as well as information about
local history. The
Henry Moore Foundation in Perry Green houses a
large collection of the artist's work.
The village has the charitable Sports Association which runs the
publicly owned grounds and facilities which is closed to any public
examination. There is one football club,
Much Hadham FC. There are
infant facilities with a newly refurbished cricket pavilion completed
Much Hadham Cricket Club (founded in 1889) withdrew from the Herts ">
* ^ A B "
Much Hadham UK Census Data 2011".
* ^ "Much Hadham, Hertfordshire". UK Genealogy Archives. Retrieved
* ^ "
Much Hadham CP". Census 2001: Neighbourhood Statistics. Office
for National Statistics . Retrieved 9 June 2010.
* ^ Mills, A.D. (1998). Dictionary of English Place Names (2 ed.).
Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 159.
* ^ http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/HARS.html
* ^ Cleary, Simon Esmonde (1995). Roger Bland, ed. "Review of Coin
Hoards from Roman Britain IX". Britannia. 26: 396.
* ^ http://opendomesday.org/place/TL4219/much-hadham/
* ^ Thomas, Roger J.C. (2003). "Prisoner of War Camps
* ^ Levy, Andrew. "Plumber unearths WWII prisoner of war camp for
10,000 German Soldiers in his back garden". Daily Mail.
* ^ Burton, James (19 August 2010). "
Much Hadham man finds Second
World War camp in his back garden".
* ^ "
Henry Moore 1898–1986". The Burlington Magazine. 128 (1003):
* ^ Page, William (1902). The Victoria History of the County of
Hertford. IV. Westminster: Archibald Constable. p. 60.
* ^ "£3m
Henry Moore sculpture stolen". BBC News.
* ^ Hannah Furness. "
Henry Moore sculpture worth £500,000 stolen
from grounds of his former home". Daily Telegraph.
* ^ though it may instead have been at Hadham in Bedfordshire.
* ^ "Sir Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond". Retrieved 10 August
* ^ Churton, Ralph (1809) The Life of Alexander Nowell, Dean of St.
Paul's, chiefly compiled from registers, letters, and other authentic