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Much Hadham, formerly known as Great Hadham, is a village and civil parish in the district of East Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire, England. The parish of Much Hadham
Much Hadham
contains the hamlets of Perry Green and Green Tye, as well as the village of Much Hadham
Much Hadham
itself. It covers 4,490 acres (1,820 ha).[2] The village of Much Hadham
Much Hadham
is situated midway between Ware and Bishop's Stortford. The population of the parish was recorded as 2,862 in the 2011 census, an increase from 1,994 in 2001.[1][3]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Landmarks 4 Government 5 Education 6 Sport 7 Notable residents 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] The name "Hadham" probably derives from Old English words meaning "Heath homestead". The affix "Much" comes from the Old English "mycel", meaning "great".[4] The name changed around the time of the Civil War. The parish has been occupied since the Roman period. There were pottery kilns in the parish in the Roman period,[5] and a Roman coin hoard has been found nearby.[6] Written records of Much Hadham
Much Hadham
go back to the time of King Edgar. The village was a possession of the Bishops of London before the Norman Conquest, and it appears in the Domesday Book as "Hadham".[7] The parish church was built from 1225–1450. The village was a staging point on the road from London to Cambridge
Cambridge
and Newmarket, and the Olde Red Lion Inn, built in 15th century to serve this traffic, still survives in the village. The Bishop's Palace was used as an asylum from 1817–1863.[8] During the First World War, there was a British Red Cross/Order of St. John auxiliary hospital in Much Hadham.[9] Today, a plaque on the front of Woodham House commemorates this. During the second world war, Much Hadham
Much Hadham
was the site of Prisoner of War camp 69.[10] The camp was opened in 1939, housing Italian prisoners of war, and later German prisoners, as well as housing American and Gurkha
Gurkha
soldiers as they prepared for the D-Day landings.[11] The camp closed around 1950.[12] Geography[edit] The village is linear stretched along its mile and a half long high street (High Street, Tower Hill and Widford Road) which runs along the river Ash. It is situated between Bishop's Stortford
Bishop's Stortford
and Ware, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Hertford
Hertford
and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of London. The village had a railway station on the Buntingford
Buntingford
single track branch line, which closed in 1965 under the Beeching Axe. Landmarks[edit] There are two churches in Much Hadham, the parish church and a Congregational
Congregational
church. Much Hadham's parish church, built largely between 1225 and 1450, is shared between the St. Andrew's Church of England
England
congregation and the Holy Cross Roman Catholic congregation. The entrance to the church is adorned with two sculptures by Henry Moore.[13] The more recent Congregational
Congregational
church dates from 1872.[14] There are many listed buildings in Much Hadham, including four listed at Grade I. These are the parish church; two country houses, Much Hadham Hall and Moor Place; and the boundary wall at Yewtree Farmhouse at Hadham Cross. The Parish's many Grade II listed buildings include Much Hadham
Much Hadham
Palace, the site of a residence of the Bishops of London since before the Norman Conquest, and Hoglands in Perry Green, the home of the sculptor Henry Moore
Henry Moore
until his death. The Henry Moore
Henry Moore
Foundation can be found in Perry Green, and includes Moore's home. In December 2005, thieves stole a 1970 bronze of a reclining figure from the site,[15] which was melted and sold for scrap metal.[16]

Former Red Lion public house, Much Hadham

The Red Lion coaching inn, now converted into private houses, has been in the village since the 15th century. It was a stopping point on the old road from London to Cambridge. Legend has it that the inn is connected to St. Andrew's by a tunnel, possibly built during the time of Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
as an escape route for the clergy. Highly unlikely given the height of the water table. Government[edit] Much Hadham
Much Hadham
is a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
district. It is one of thirty wards to make up East Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
District Council. It is part of the Hertford and Stortford
Hertford and Stortford
Parliamentary Constituency. The MP is Conservative Mark Prisk briefly the Housing Minister and one time Shadow Minister for Cornwall when there was no Minister for Cornwall. There is one Conservative County and one Conservative District Councillor and a 9-member Parish Council. Education[edit] St Andrew's Church of England
England
Primary School in Much Hadham
Much Hadham
is a Church of England
England
school with links to the parish church of St Andrew's. It has about 250 pupils between the ages of 4 and 11. The school also has a nursery in the mornings for younger children. A village school has existed in the village since the 1840s. The first now known as the Flint House. A second independent pre prep school in Much Hadham, the Barn School, closed in 1998.[17][18] There is also a pre-school attached to St Andrews School with about 40 children aged between 2 and 4.[19] Outside the village of Much Hadham
Much Hadham
in the hamlet of Perry Green there is St. Elizabeth's School and residence for children and young adults with epilepsy, established in 1903, the second largest employer in the District. Much Hadham
Much Hadham
has a small museum, The Forge Museum, which contains preserved Elizabethan wall-paintings as well as information about local history. The Henry Moore
Henry Moore
Foundation in Perry Green houses a large collection of the artist's work. Sport[edit] The village has the charitable Sports Association which runs the publicly owned grounds and facilities which is closed to any public examination. There is one football club, Much Hadham
Much Hadham
FC. There are infant facilities with a newly refurbished cricket pavilion completed in 2015. Much Hadham
Much Hadham
Cricket Club (founded in 1889) withdrew from the Herts & Essex League in 2007. Hadham Villa FC closed 2016. There are both private Tennis and Bowls Clubs on the Recreational Ground. Notable residents[edit] Much Hadham
Much Hadham
has long been a residence of the Bishop of London. Adjacent to the church is Much Hadham
Much Hadham
Palace, a country home of the Bishops of London for 800 years. It may be that the Tudor dynasty began here, for Henry V's widow, Catherine of Valois, may have given birth here[20] to Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, the father of King Henry VII.[21] It was sold by the church for the last time in 1888. Alexander Nowell, Dean of St. Paul's, was Rector of Much Hadham
Much Hadham
from 1862, and fished in the river Ash.[22][23] The sculptor Henry Moore
Henry Moore
lived in Perry Green until his death. See also[edit] The Hundred Parishes References[edit]

^ a b " Much Hadham
Much Hadham
UK Census Data 2011".  ^ "Much Hadham, Hertfordshire". UK Genealogy Archives. Retrieved 2016-10-04.  ^ " Much Hadham
Much Hadham
CP". Census 2001: Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 June 2010.  ^ Mills, A.D. (1998). Dictionary of English Place Names (2 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 159.  ^ http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/HARS.html ^ Cleary, Simon Esmonde (1995). Roger Bland, ed. "Review of Coin Hoards from Roman Britain IX". Britannia. 26: 396.  ^ http://opendomesday.org/place/TL4219/much-hadham/ ^ http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=MHT2771&resourceID=1008 ^ http://www.redcross.org.uk/~/media/BritishRedCross/Documents/Who%20we%20are/History%20and%20archives/List%20of%20auxiliary%20hospitals%20in%20the%20UK%20during%20the%20First%20World%20War.pdf ^ Thomas, Roger J.C. (2003). "Prisoner of War Camps (1939–1948)".  ^ Levy, Andrew. "Plumber unearths WWII prisoner of war camp for 10,000 German Soldiers in his back garden". Daily Mail.  ^ Burton, James (19 August 2010). " Much Hadham
Much Hadham
man finds Second World War camp in his back garden". Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Mercury.  ^ " Henry Moore
Henry Moore
1898–1986". The Burlington Magazine. 128 (1003): 711. 1986.  ^ Page, William (1902). The Victoria History of the County of Hertford. IV. Westminster: Archibald Constable. p. 60.  ^ "£3m Henry Moore
Henry Moore
sculpture stolen". BBC News.  ^ Hannah Furness. " Henry Moore
Henry Moore
sculpture worth £500,000 stolen from grounds of his former home". Daily Telegraph.  ^ http://www.hertsandessexobserver.co.uk/Retired-Hadham-headteacher-Peggy-Massey-died-aged-96/story-21909135-detail/story.html ^ http://www.education.gov.uk/edubase/establishment/establishmentdetails.xhtml?urn=117632 ^ http://www.hertsandessexobserver.co.uk/Hadham-Pre-School-graded-good-Oftsed/story-26760096-detail/story.html ^ though it may instead have been at Hadham in Bedfordshire. ^ "Sir Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond". Retrieved 10 August 2013.  ^ http://thehadhamshistorysociety.org.uk/index.php/the-hadhams.html ^ Churton, Ralph (1809) The Life of Alexander Nowell, Dean of St. Paul's, chiefly compiled from registers, letters, and other authentic evidences http://scans.library.utoronto.ca/pdf/9/11/lifeofalexander00chur/lifeofalexander00chur_bw.pdf

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Much Hadham.

The Hadhams – Little Hadham
Little Hadham
and Much Hadham
Much Hadham
Community Website

v t e

Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

St Albans

Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of place

.