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ABU MANSUR BUYA (Persian : ابو منصور بویه‎‎; died 983), better known his honorific title of MU\'AYYAD AL-DAWLA (Persian : مویدالدوله‎‎; "Helper of the Empire ") was the Buyid amir of Hamadan
Hamadan
(976–983), Jibal
Jibal
(977–983), Tabaristan (980–983), and Gorgan
Gorgan
(981–983). He was the third son of Rukn al-Dawla .

BIOGRAPHY

Abu Mansur Buya was the son of Rukn al-Dawla
Rukn al-Dawla
and a daughter of the Daylamite
Daylamite
Firuzanid nobleman Al-Hasan ibn al-Fairuzan
Al-Hasan ibn al-Fairuzan
, who was the cousin of the famous military leader Makan ibn Kaki
Makan ibn Kaki
. Abu Mansur Buya lived in Isfahan
Isfahan
during his youth. In 955, a Daylamite
Daylamite
military officer named Muhammad ibn Makan , attacked Isfahan. Abu Mansur Buya, along with family and followers, were then forced to leave the city.

The eldest son of Rukn al-Dawla, \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
, along with Rukn al-Dawla's vizier Abu \'l-Fadl ibn al-\'Amid , then marched towards Isfahan
Isfahan
and defeated Muhammad ibn Makan. After Isfahan
Isfahan
was under safe Buyid
Buyid
hands once again, Abu Mansur Buya along with his family and followers then returned to the city. In ca. 958, Abu Mansur Buya went to Baghdad
Baghdad
, and married Mu\'izz al-Dawla 's daughter Zubayda. After the marriage, he along with her returned to Isfahan. Later in 966, Abu Mansur Buya was given the honorific title of "Mu'ayyad al-Dawla"

As part of the settlement between Rukn al-Dawla
Rukn al-Dawla
and his eldest son 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
in early 976, Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
was to receive Hamadan upon his father's death, in exchange for recognizing 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
as senior amir. Only a year later, Rukn al-Dawla's second son Fakhr al-Dawla , who ruled in Ray , rebelled against 'Adud al-Dawla's authority. Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
mobilized in support of 'Adud al-Dawla, forcing Fakhr al-Dawla to flee to the Ziyarids of Gorgan
Gorgan
and Tabaristan. This did not stop the two Buyids; 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
took Gorgan
Gorgan
in 980, while Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
gained control of Tabaristan
Tabaristan
in 981. Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
was entrusted with the newly captured provinces as 'Adud al-Dawla's subordinate.

'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
died in March 983, and Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
followed him shortly afterwards. His vizier, Sahib ibn \'Abbad , summoned a gathering of the army and convinced its leaders to proclaim Fakhr al-Dawla as his successor.

REFERENCES

* Bosworth, C. E. (1975). "Iran under the Buyids". In Frye, R. N. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 250–305. ISBN 0-521-20093-8 . * Nagel, Tilman (1990). "BUYIDS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 6. London u.a.: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 578–586. * Amedroz, Henry F.; Margoliouth, David S., eds. (1921). The Eclipse of the ‘Abbasid Caliphate. Original Chronicles of the Fourth Islamic Century, Vol. V: The concluding portion of The Experiences of Nations by Miskawaihi, Vol. II: Reigns of Muttaqi, Mustakfi, Muti and Ta\'i. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. * Madelung, W. (1969). The Assumption of the Title Shāhānshāh by the Būyids and "The Reign of the Daylam (Dawlat Al-Daylam)". Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 28, no. 2. pp. 84–108. ISBN 0857731815 .

Preceded by Rukn al-Dawla
Rukn al-Dawla
BUYID AMIR (IN HAMADAN) 976–983 Succeeded by Fakhr al-Dawla

Preceded by Fakhr al-Dawla BUYID AMIR (IN RAY) 977–983 Succeeded by Fakhr al-Dawla

NEW TITLE BUYID AMIR (IN GORGAN) 980–983 Succeeded by Fakhr al-Dawla

NEW TITLE BUYID AMIR (IN TABARISTAN) 981–983

* v * t * e

Buyid
Buyid
dynasty

IN FARS (934–1062)

* Imad al-Dawla
Imad al-Dawla
* \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Sharaf al-Dawla * Samsam al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Sultan al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar
* Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun * Abu Sa\'d Khusrau Shah * Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun

IN KERMAN (940–1048)

* Mu\'izz al-Dawla * \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Sharaf al-Dawla * Samsam al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Qawam al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar

IN REY (943–1029)

* Rukn al-Dawla
Rukn al-Dawla
* Fakhr al-Dawla * Mu'ayyad al-Dawla * Fakhr al-Dawla * Majd al-Dawla

IN IRAQ (945–1055)

* Mu\'izz al-Dawla * Izz al-Dawla * \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Samsam al-Dawla * Sharaf al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Sultan al-Dawla * Musharrif al-Dawla * Jalal al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar
* Al-Malik al-Rahim

IN OMAN (966–1048)

* Mu\'izz al-Dawla * \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Samsam al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Sultan al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar

In Hamadan
Hamadan
(976–1024), Gorgan
Gorgan
and Tabaristan
Tabaristan
(980–997)

* Mu'ayyad al-Dawla * Fakhr al-Dawla * Shams al-Dawla
Shams al-Dawla
* Sama\' al-Dawla

IN JAZIRA (978-989)

* \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Samsam al-Dawla * Sharaf al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla

MINOR DOMAINS

* Diya\' al-Dawla ( Basra
Basra
, 980s) * Taj al-Dawla (Khuzest

.