Mu'awiya ibn Hisham (fl. 725–737) was an Arab general, the son of
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (r. 723–743), who
distinguished himself in the Arab–
Byzantine Wars. His son, Abd
al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya, was the founder of the
Emirate of Córdoba
Emirate of Córdoba and
Umayyad line of al-Andalus.
Mu'awiya he was son of the Caliph Hisham ibn Abd Al-Malik and Um
Al-Hakam bint Yahia ibn Al-Hakam, one of his cousins, is known chiefly
for his role in the Arab–
Byzantine Wars, where he led many invasions
Byzantine Asia Minor. The first campaign he led was in summer
725, which was carried out in conjunction with a naval attack by
Maymun ibn Mihran against Cyprus. According to Arab accounts,
Mua'wiya's army reached as far as Dorylaion, capturing many prisoners
and sacking several forts. Mu'awiya is also recorded to have
launched an expedition in 726, possibly in winter, but nothing
specific is known of it. In 727, he led another expedition, alongside
Abdallah al-Battal. Battal captured and razed
Gangra first, and then
their combined forces took the fortress of Ateous, and advanced on
Nicaea. Despite a 40-day siege, however, they failed to capture
it. In 728 he led the southern expedition into Asia Minor, while
his brother Sa'id ibn Hisham led the northern; neither appears to have
been particularly successful.
Muslim sources attribute to him the capture of the fortress of
Charsianon in September/October 730, but
Byzantine sources state that
this was done by Mu'awiya's uncle, Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik. In the
next year, his forces were reportedly unable to penetrate the
frontier, while a secondary expedition by al-Battal was heavily
defeated. In 732, Mu'awiya's expedition penetrated as far as
Akroinon. In 733, he led an expedition into Paphlagonia. He
continued to lead expeditions over the next few years, bit although
they ranged deep into
Asia Minor in search of plunder—one of his
raiding parties reportedly reached
Sardeis near the Aegean coast—no
major town or fortress appears to have been captured. In summer
737 he again led the southern expedition, but died, according to
Theophanes the Confessor, by falling from his horse during a
His son by a Berber concubine, Abd al-Rahman (731–788), escaped the
fall of the
Umayyad dynasty during the
Abbasid Revolution to
al-Andalus, where he founded the
Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba.
^ a b Blankinship (1994), p. 120
^ a b c d Winkelmann & Lilie (2000), p. 321
^ Blankinship (1994), p. 121
^ Blankinship (1994), p. 162
^ Blankinship (1994), p. 168
^ Blankinship (1994), p. 169
^ Ṭāhā (1998), p. 234
Blankinship, Khalid Yahya (1994). The End of the Jihâd State: The
Reign of Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads.
State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-1827-7.
Ṭāhā, ʻAbd al-Wāḥid (1998). The Muslim conquest and settlement
of North Africa and Spain. Routledge.
Winkelmann, Friedhelm; Lilie, Ralph-Johannes, eds. (2000).
Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit: I. Abteilung (641–867)
- 2. Band (in German). Walter de Gruyter.