A MOUNTAIN HUT (also known as ALPINE HUT, MOUNTAIN SHELTER, MOUNTAIN
REFUGE, MOUNTAIN LODGE, and MOUNTAIN HOSTEL) is a building located
high in the mountains, generally accessible only by foot, intended to
provide food and shelter to mountaineers , climbers and hikers .
Mountain huts are usually operated by an
Alpine Club or some
organisation dedicated to hiking or mountain recreation.
Mountain huts can provide a range of services, starting with shelter
and simple sleeping berths. Some, particularly in remote areas, are
not staffed, but others have staff which prepare meals and drinks and
can provide other services, including providing lectures and selling
clothing and small items. Mountain huts usually allow anybody to
access their facilities, although some require reservations.
Modern hut systems date back a century and a half. The Swiss Alpine
Club has built huts since 1863. In the United States, the Appalachian
Mountain Club built its first hut at Madison Spring in New Hampshire
* 1 Huts
* 1.1 The
* 1.2 Britain,
* 1.3 Norway
* 1.7 Canada
* 1.8 New Zealand
* 1.9 The Himalayas
* 2 Gallery
* 2.1 Europe
* 2.2 Latin America
* 2.3 North America
* 2.4 Oceania, Australia, New Zealand
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 External links
The construction of refuges and shelters in the
Alps date back to
ancient times, when
Roman roads led across the mountain passes. In the
High Middle Ages
High Middle Ages , hospitales were erected along the trade routes;
cottages and sheds on the high mountain pastures served for Alpine
transhumance . The long history of mountaineering from the 19th
century onwards has led to a large number of
Alpine club huts as well
as private huts along the mountaineering paths. These huts are
categorised according to their location and facilities. They may have
beds or a mattress room (
Matratzenlager ) for overnight stays.
United Kingdom and
Ireland the tradition is of unwardened
"climbing huts" providing fairly rudimentary accommodation (but
superior to that of a bothy ) close to a climbing ground; the huts are
usually conversions (e.g. of former quarrymen's cottages, or of
disused mine buildings), and are not open to passers-by except in
emergency. Many climbing clubs in the UK have such huts in Snowdonia
or in the
Lake District . A well-known example is the 'Charles Inglis
Clark Memorial Hut' (the 'CIC Hut') under the northern crags of Ben
Scotland - this is a purpose-built hut, high up the mountain.
In the past, some shelters in
Scotland were built in exposed locations
at high elevation, often as part of military training exercises.
However, and particularly following the 1971 Cairngorm Plateau
Disaster , these were deliberately demolished because they were
thought to pose dangers exceeding their benefits.
Norwegian Trekking Association operates about 460 cabins mostly
in the mountains and in forested areas, of which about 400 have
lodgins., Many cabins are unstaffed and open all year, while the
staffed cabins often are just open during summer.
Poland most of mountains shelters and huts are run by
Polish Tourist Society. Only few of shelters belong to private
investors. In the Polish mountains there are about 100 shelters. Most
of mountains shelters offer many-persons rooms and refreshments.
Polish mountain huts are obliged by their own regulations to overnight
each person who is not able to find any other place before sunset,
though the conditions may be tough (e.g. a mattress in hall or warm
Slovakia there is a dense network of mountain huts ("chata")
in most mountain and forest regions, serving a culture of hiking. In
the past they were managed by the official tourist union, but now are
mostly in private hands. Official mountain huts are similar to guest
houses and are run by full-time managers. In winter, some refuge are
There are many huts in the
United States , in the
Rocky Mountains ,
Appalachian Mountains and other ranges. The High Huts of the White
New Hampshire are generally "full service" (cooks serve
food) through summer and early fall, while some are open the rest of
the year as self-service huts, at which hikers bring and prepare their
Alpine Club of Canada operates what it calls the "largest network
of backcountry huts in North America."
The New Zealand Department of Conservation "manages a network of over
950 huts of all shapes and sizes."
The mountains of Asia do not have a well-developed system of public
mountain huts, although hiking, trekking and mountain climbing are
common. In 2015, a competition was launched to design huts that could
be located along trekking trails of Nepal.
Monte Rosa Hut
Bertol Hut in the Swiss
Ciareido hut, near
Lozzo di Cadore in the
Cabane du Trient ,
Hut by the Triglav Lakes in Julian
Téryho chata in the
Tatra Mountains ,
Samotnia in the
A refugio atop
Tronador , Argentina
San Carlos de Bariloche
San Carlos de Bariloche , Argentina
Refugio Otto Meiling Stevage, Argentina
Refugio Contrahierbas in
Elizabeth Parker hut in the
Hut in the White Mountains of the U.S.
R.J. Ritchie Hut (Balfour Hut) in
Banff National Park
Banff National Park
Shasta Alpine Lodge at
Horse Camp on
Mount Shasta , California
Smithsonian Institution Shelter on the summit of
Mount Whitney ,
OCEANIA, AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND
Bogong High Plains
* Home portal
Log cabin - small house built from logs
Vernacular architecture - traditional architecture in a particular
Wilderness hut - rent-free, open dwelling place for temporary
* ^ The Huts of the Swiss Alpine Club"
* ^ "Timeline of AMC Huts". Retrieved 11 July 2014.
* ^ Duff, John (2001). A Bobbie on Ben Macdhui: Life and Death on
the Braes o' Mar.
Huntly : Leopard Magazine Publishing. pp. 115–125.
ISBN 0953453413 .
* ^ The
Norwegian Trekking Association , retrieved 2 June 2013
* ^ DNT cabins - general information The Norwegian Trekking
Association , retrieved 2 June 2013
* ^ Regulamin schroniska
* ^ 10th Mountain Division
* ^ AMC huts
Alpine Club of Canada
* ^ NZ Department of Conservation "Huts by region"
* ^ Himalayan Mountain Hunt