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A mountain hut (also known as alpine hut, mountain shelter, mountain refuge, mountain lodge, and mountain hostel) is a building located high in the mountains, generally accessible only by foot, intended to provide food and shelter to mountaineers, climbers and hikers. Mountain huts are usually operated by an Alpine Club or some organisation dedicated to hiking or mountain recreation. Mountain huts can provide a range of services, starting with shelter and simple sleeping berths. Some, particularly in remote areas, are not staffed, but others have staff which prepare meals and drinks and can provide other services, including providing lectures and selling clothing and small items. Mountain huts usually allow anybody to access their facilities, although some require reservations. Modern hut systems date back a century and a half. The Swiss Alpine Club has built huts since 1863.[1] In the United States, the Appalachian Mountain Club
Appalachian Mountain Club
built its first hut at Madison Spring in New Hampshire in 1889.[2]

Contents

1 Huts

1.1 The Alps 1.2 Britain, Ireland 1.3 Norway 1.4 Poland 1.5 Slovakia 1.6 United States 1.7 Canada 1.8 New Zealand 1.9 The Himalayas

2 Gallery

2.1 Europe 2.2 Latin America 2.3 North America 2.4 Oceania, Australia, New Zealand

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Huts[edit] The Alps[edit] The construction of refuges and shelters in the Alps
Alps
date back to ancient times, when Roman roads
Roman roads
led across the mountain passes. In the High Middle Ages, hospitales were erected along the trade routes; cottages and sheds on the high mountain pastures served for Alpine transhumance. The long history of mountaineering from the 19th century onwards has led to a large number of Alpine club huts
Alpine club huts
as well as private huts along the mountaineering paths. These huts are categorised according to their location and facilities. They may have beds or a mattress room (Matratzenlager) for overnight stays. Britain, Ireland[edit] In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland
Ireland
the tradition is of unwardened "climbing huts" providing fairly rudimentary accommodation (but superior to that of a bothy) close to a climbing ground; the huts are usually conversions (e.g. of former quarrymen's cottages, or of disused mine buildings), and are not open to passers-by except in emergency. Many climbing clubs in the UK have such huts in Snowdonia or in the Lake District. A well-known example is the 'Charles Inglis Clark Memorial Hut' (the 'CIC Hut') under the northern crags of Ben Nevis in Scotland
Scotland
- this is a purpose-built hut, high up the mountain.[citation needed] In the past, some shelters in Scotland
Scotland
were built in exposed locations at high elevation, often as part of military training exercises. However, and particularly following the 1971 Cairngorm Plateau Disaster, these were deliberately demolished because they were thought to pose dangers exceeding their benefits.[3] Norway[edit] The Norwegian Trekking Association
Norwegian Trekking Association
operates about 460 cabins mostly in the mountains and in forested areas, of which about 400 have lodgings.[4] Many cabins are unstaffed and open all year, while the staffed cabins often are just open during summer.[5] Poland[edit] In Poland
Poland
most of mountains shelters and huts are run by PTTK
PTTK
- Polish Tourist Society. Only few of shelters belong to private investors. In the Polish mountains there are about 100 shelters. Most of mountains shelters offer many-persons rooms and refreshments. Polish mountain huts are obliged by their own regulations to overnight each person who is not able to find any other place before sunset, though the conditions may be tough (e.g. a mattress in hall or warm basement).[6] Slovakia[edit] In the Slovakia
Slovakia
there is a dense network of mountain huts ("chata") in most mountain and forest regions, serving a culture of hiking. In the past they were managed by the official tourist union, but now are mostly in private hands. Official mountain huts are similar to guest houses and are run by full-time managers. In winter, some refuge are closed. United States[edit] There are many huts in the United States, in the Rocky Mountains,[7] the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
and other ranges. The High Huts of the White Mountains[8] in New Hampshire
New Hampshire
are generally "full service" (cooks serve food) through summer and early fall, while some are open the rest of the year as self-service huts, at which hikers bring and prepare their own food. Canada[edit] The Alpine Club of Canada operates what it calls the "largest network of backcountry huts in North America."[9] New Zealand[edit] The New Zealand Department of Conservation "manages a network of over 950 huts of all shapes and sizes." [10] The Himalayas[edit] The mountains of Asia do not have a well-developed system of public mountain huts, although hiking, trekking and mountain climbing are common. In 2015, a competition was launched to design huts that could be located along trekking trails of Nepal.[11] Gallery[edit] Europe[edit]

Monte Rosa Hut

The Bertol Hut
Bertol Hut
in the Swiss Alps

Ciareido hut, near Lozzo di Cadore
Lozzo di Cadore
in the Dolomites
Dolomites
in Belluno, Italy

Cabane du Trient, Switzerland

Triglav Lakes Lodge
Triglav Lakes Lodge
in Julian Alps, Slovenia

Téryho chata in the Tatra Mountains, Slovakia

Samotnia in the Karkonosze, Poland

Latin America[edit]

A refugio atop Tronador, Argentina

Frey Hut
Hut
in San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina

Refugio Otto Meiling Stevage, Argentina

Refugio Perú
Perú
in Ancash, Perú

Refugio Contrahierbas in Ancash, Perú

North America[edit]

Elizabeth Parker hut
Elizabeth Parker hut
in the Canadian Rockies

Greenleaf Hut
Hut
in the White Mountains of the U.S.

R.J. Ritchie Hut
R.J. Ritchie Hut
(Balfour Hut) in Banff National Park

Shasta Alpine Lodge at Horse Camp
Horse Camp
on Mount Shasta, California

Smithsonian Institution Shelter
Smithsonian Institution Shelter
on the summit of Mount Whitney, California

Oceania, Australia, New Zealand[edit]

Wallace's Hut, Bogong High Plains

Federation Hut, Mount Feathertop

See also[edit]

Home portal

Log cabin
Log cabin
- small house built from logs Vernacular architecture
Vernacular architecture
- traditional architecture in a particular area Wilderness hut
Wilderness hut
- rent-free, open dwelling place for temporary accommodation

References[edit]

^ The Huts of the Swiss Alpine Club" ^ "Timeline of AMC Huts". Retrieved 11 July 2014.  ^ Duff, John (2001). A Bobbie on Ben Macdhui: Life and Death on the Braes o' Mar. Huntly: Leopard Magazine Publishing. pp. 115–125. ISBN 0953453413.  ^ [1] The Norwegian Trekking Association, retrieved 2 June 2013 ^ DNT cabins - general information The Norwegian Trekking Association, retrieved 2 June 2013 ^ Regulamin schroniska PTTK
PTTK
[retrieved 2009-12-25] ^ 10th Mountain Division Hut
Hut
Association ^ AMC huts ^ Alpine Club of Canada ^ NZ Department of Conservation "Huts by region" ^ Himalayan Mountain Hunt Competition

External links[edit]

Informative website about European mountain huts Media related to Alpine huts at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Mountain huts at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Hut
Hut
dwelling designs and semi-permanent human shelters

Traditional immobile

Barabara Beehive house Bothy Burdei Bure Cleit Clochán Dugout Earth lodge Goahti Hogan Humpy Icelandic turf house Igloo Jacal Log cabin Maloca Mitato Musgum mud huts Nipa hut Oca Orri Palloza Pit-house Qargi Qarmaq Quiggly hole Quinzhee Rondavel Roundhouse Ruka Sassi di Matera Shieling Sod house Sukkah Tongkonan Trullo Wigwam, wickiup and wetu Zemlyanka

Traditional mobile

Chum Nomadic tents Shepherd's hut Tipi Yaranga Yurt
Yurt
and ger

Ger district

Open-air

Beach fale Cabana Chickee Gazebo Palapa Pergola Ramada

Modern

Beach hut Hopper hut Iris hut Nissen hut Quonset hut

Jamesway hut

Romney hut Rondavel Slab hut Wilderness hut

Alpine club hut Mountain hut Winter room

Named huts

Bill Putnam hut Charit Creek Lodge Cootapatamba Hut Daveys Hut Granite Park Chalet Geehi Hut High Huts of the White Mountains High Sierra Camps Horse Camp Keebles Hut LeConte Lodge Len Foote Hike Inn Narcissus Hut New Pelion Hut Phantom Ranch Old Pelion Hut Seaman's Hut Sperry Chalet

Related topics

Cabanes du Breuil Circular linhay Earth sheltering Shack Shed Skellig Michael Stilt house Tent Thatching Transhumance Tree house Vernacular architecture Village des Bories

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