HOME
The Info List - Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States
HOME
The Info List - Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States
HOME
The Info List - Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States
HOME
The Info List - Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States


--- Advertisement ---



The Mountain States
Mountain States
(also known as the Mountain West and the Interior West) form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States. The Mountain States
Mountain States
are usually split up into two other regions known as the Northwest and Southwest. Idaho, Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
are considered part of the Northwest, while Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah
Utah
are considered part of the Southwest. The division consists of seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These seven states have the highest mean elevations of all 50 U.S. states. Together with the Pacific States
Pacific States
of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon
Oregon
and Washington, the Mountain States
Mountain States
constitute the broader region of the West, one of the four regions the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
formally recognizes (the Northeast, South, and Midwest being the other three). The word "Mountain" refers to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through portions of the states of Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Arizona
Arizona
and Nevada, as well as other parts of Utah
Utah
and New Mexico, have other smaller mountain ranges and scattered mountains located in them as well. Sometimes the Trans-Pecos
Trans-Pecos
area of West Texas is considered part of the region. Mountain Time
Mountain Time
is observed in nearly the entire division, except Nevada (all but the stateline city of West Wendover) and the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle. With the exception of West Wendover and Jackpot, Nevada, the entire state of Nevada
Nevada
along with the Idaho
Idaho
Panhandle observe Pacific Time. Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
is not observed in Arizona, except for lands within the Navajo Nation
Navajo Nation
(northeast corner of the state) which observe daylight saving time due to the Nation traversing state lines. For this reason, most of Arizona
Arizona
is one hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.[1] Phoenix is the largest metropolitan area of the Mountain States, followed by Denver, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City.

Contents

1 Regional geography 2 Terrain 3 Climate 4 States 5 Cities 6 Census statistical areas 7 Gallery 8 Politics 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Regional geography[edit] The Mountain West is one of the largest and most diverse regions in the United States. Most regional boundaries of the Mountain West are often looked at as the area from the High Plains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. The southern and northern portions of the Mountain West are often split into two separate regions. The southern portion ( Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico) is often called the Southwest region, while the northern portion ( Idaho
Idaho
and Montana) is often included in either the Northwest states or called the Northern Rockies.[2] The land area of the eight states together is some 855,767 square miles (2,216,426 square kilometres). Terrain[edit]

The bottom of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River in Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The terrain of the Mountain West is more diverse than any other region in the United States. Its physical geography ranges from some of the highest mountain peaks in the continental United States, to large desert lands, and rolling plains in the eastern portion of the region. The Mountain West states contain all of the major deserts found in North America. The Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
is located in almost all of Nevada, western Utah, and southern Idaho. Portions of the Mojave Desert are located in California, but over half of the desert is located in southern Nevada, in the Mountain West. Meanwhile, the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert
is located in much of Arizona, and the Chihuahuan Desert is located in most of southwestern and southern New Mexico, including White Sands and Jornada del Muerto. Colorado
Colorado
also has scattered desert lands in the southern and northwestern portions of the state including the expansive San Luis Valley. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona
Arizona
have other smaller desert lands, part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The Painted Desert is located in northern and northeastern Arizona, and the San Rafael Desert
San Rafael Desert
is located in eastern Utah. New Mexico
New Mexico
has other desert lands located in the northern and northwest. Colorado
Colorado
has large desert lands on the Colorado
Colorado
plateau in the northwestern, western, and southern parts of the state. These desert lands in Colorado
Colorado
are located in and around areas such as Royal Gorge, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Pueblo, the San Luis Valley, Cortez, Dove Creek, Delta, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, the Roan Plateau, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado
Colorado
National Monument, and the Grand Mesa.[3] The San Luis Valley is the largest high valley desert in the world.[citation needed] In the far eastern portions of the Mountain West are the High Plains, a portion of the Great Plains. These plains mainly consist of flat rolling land, with scattered buttes, canyons, and forests located in these areas. The High Plains receive very little rainfall and sit at high elevations, usually about 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,830 m). Many people view the High Plains as the point where one begins to enter the greater Mountain West region.[4] The Mountain West has some of the highest mountain peaks in America. Some of the more famous mountains in the Mountain West are Mount Elbert, Pikes Peak, Blanca Peak, Longs Peak, Kings Peak, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, Wheeler Peak, Truchas Peak, Granite Peak, Borah Peak, and Humphreys Peak.[5]

Climate[edit]

Snow on the Great Basin Desert
Great Basin Desert
of Nevada

The Painted Desert in northeastern Arizona

The climate of the Mountain West is one of the more diverse climates in the United States. The entire region generally features a semi-arid to arid climate, with some alpine climates in the mountains of each state. Some parts of the tall mountains can receive very large amounts of snow and rain, while other parts of the region receive very little rain and virtually no snow at all. The High Plains in the eastern portion of the region receive moderate snowfalls, but very little rain. The states of Nevada
Nevada
and Arizona
Arizona
are generally filled with desert lands and scattered mountain ranges. Much of Nevada
Nevada
receives little to no snow in the southern portion of the state, while northern Nevada can receive large amounts of snow in and around the mountains, and even in the desert lands in Nevada. Arizona
Arizona
generally receives little rain or snow, but high elevations in and near mountains receive extremely large amounts of rain and snow. Northern and northeastern Arizona
Arizona
display characteristics of a "High Desert", where the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can become very cold and it can snow as well. Utah
Utah
is also generally large desert lands with mountains as well. However, the desert lands in Utah
Utah
receive significant snowfall, and there are large amounts of snowfall on and around the mountains. Colorado
Colorado
and New Mexico
New Mexico
have very similar climates. Both states can receive significant snowfalls off the mountains, while the mountains in both states receive extremely large amounts of snow. However, southern and southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
generally does not receive much snow at all, similar to southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Arizona. The desert lands found in northeastern Arizona, eastern Utah, northern New Mexico, and western and southern Colorado
Colorado
are generally referred to as the "High Desert" lands. The northern portion of the Mountain West tends to be a bit cooler than the southwestern areas. Idaho
Idaho
and Montana
Montana
both receive significant snowfalls off the mountains and very large snowfalls in the mountains. The High Desert also exists in the northern Mountain West. Southeastern Oregon
Oregon
and southern Idaho
Idaho
have the Great Basin Desert lands located in them, which is part of the high desert.[6]

States[edit]

Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
in the Sawatch Range
Sawatch Range
of Colorado
Colorado
is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and the Mountain States.

The Mountain States
Mountain States
by mean elevation[7]

Rank State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span

1 Colorado Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Arikaree River
Arikaree River
at Kansas
Kansas
border 7003101100000000000♠3,317 ft 1011 m 7003207263999900000♠6,800 ft 2073 m 7003339020000000000♠11,123 ft 3390 m

2 Utah Kings Peak[9] 7003412030000000000♠13,518 ft 4120 m Beaver Dam Wash
Beaver Dam Wash
at Arizona
Arizona
border 7002664400000000000♠2,180 ft 664 m 7003185928000000000♠6,100 ft 1859 m 7003345590000000000♠11,338 ft 3456 m

3 New Mexico Wheeler Peak[10] 7003401330000000000♠13,167 ft 4013 m Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas
Texas
border 7002866241600000000♠2,842 ft 866 m 7003173736000000000♠5,700 ft 1737 m 7003314705840000000♠10,325 ft 3147 m

4 Nevada Boundary Peak[11] 7003400710000000000♠13,147 ft 4007 m Colorado
Colorado
River at California
California
border 7002145999200000000♠479 ft 146 m 7003167640000000000♠5,500 ft 1676 m 7003386110080000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m

5 Idaho Borah Peak[12] 7003386120000000000♠12,668 ft 3861 m Snake River
Snake River
at Washington border 7002216408000000000♠710 ft 216 m 7003152400000000000♠5,000 ft 1524 m 7003364479200000000♠11,958 ft 3645 m

6 Arizona Humphreys Peak[13] 7003385180000000000♠12,637 ft 3852 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003124968000000000♠4,100 ft 1250 m 7003383046400000000♠12,567 ft 3830 m

7 Montana Granite Peak[14] 7003390350000000000♠12,807 ft 3904 m Kootenai River
Kootenai River
at Idaho
Idaho
border 7002548640000000000♠1,800 ft 549 m 7003103631999900000♠3,400 ft 1036 m 7003335486000000000♠11,007 ft 3355 m

Mountain States Mount Elbert[8] 7003440120000000000♠14,440 ft 4401 m Colorado
Colorado
River at Sonora
Sonora
border 7001213369999900000♠70 ft 21 m 7003164592000000000♠5,400 ft 1646 m 7003437986400099999♠14,370 ft 4380 m

Cities[edit]

Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Denver

The Albuquerque
Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta

The 30 most populous municipalities of the Mountain States[15]

Rank Municipality State 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix Arizona 1,537,058 1,445,632 7000632429276607050♠+6.32%

2 Denver Colorado 663,862 600,158 7001106145381716149♠+10.61%

3 Las Vegas Nevada 613,599 583,756 7000511223867506290♠+5.11%

4 Albuquerque New Mexico 557,169 545,852 7000207327260869250♠+2.07%

5 Tucson Arizona 527,972 520,116 7000151043228818190♠+1.51%

6 Mesa Arizona 464,704 439,041 7000584523996619910♠+5.85%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs Colorado 445,830 416,427 7000706078136143910♠+7.06%

8 Aurora Colorado 353,108 325,078 7000862254597358170♠+8.62%

9 Henderson Nevada 277,440 257,729 7000764795579853260♠+7.65%

10 Chandler Arizona 254,276 236,123 7000768794230125820♠+7.69%

11 Gilbert Arizona 239,277 208,453 7001147870263320750♠+14.79%

12 Glendale Arizona 237,517 226,721 7000476179974506110♠+4.76%

13 Reno Nevada 236,995 225,221 7000522775407266640♠+5.23%

14 North Las Vegas Nevada 230,788 216,961 7000637303478505350♠+6.37%

15 Scottsdale Arizona 230,512 217,385 7000603859511925850♠+6.04%

16 Boise Idaho 216,282 205,671 7000515921058389370♠+5.16%

17 Salt Lake City Utah 190,884 186,440 7000238360866766789♠+2.38%

18 Tempe Arizona 172,816 161,719 7000686190243570640♠+6.86%

19 Peoria Arizona 166,934 154,065 7000835296790315780♠+8.35%

20 Fort Collins Colorado 156,480 143,986 7000867723250871610♠+8.68%

21 Lakewood Colorado 149,643 142,980 7000466009232060430♠+4.66%

22 West Valley City Utah 134,495 129,480 7000387318504788390♠+3.87%

23 Thornton Colorado 130,307 118,772 7000971188495605020♠+9.71%

24 Surprise Arizona 126,275 117,517 7000745253878162310♠+7.45%

25 Provo Utah 114,801 112,488 7000205621933006190♠+2.06%

26 Arvada Colorado 113,574 106,433 7000670938524705680♠+6.71%

27 Westminster Colorado 112,090 106,114 7000563167913753130♠+5.63%

28 West Jordan Utah 110,920 103,712 7000695001542733720♠+6.95%

29 Billings Montana 108,869 104,170 7000451089565133920♠+4.51%

30 Pueblo Colorado 108,423 106,595 7000171490219991560♠+1.71%

Census statistical areas[edit]

The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip

The skyline of Salt Lake City

Evening comes to Tucson

Albuquerque
Albuquerque
skyline with the Sandia Mountains
Sandia Mountains
in the distance

The skyline of Colorado
Colorado
Springs with the Front Range
Front Range
in the background

The Idaho
Idaho
State Capitol in Boise

The 30 most populous Core Based Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[16]

Rank CBSA 2014 pop est 2010 pop Change

1 Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale, AZ MSA 4,489,109 4,192,887 7000706486962324530♠+7.06%

2 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA 2,754,258 2,543,482 7000828690747565740♠+8.29%

3 Las Vegas–Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,069,681 1,951,269 7000606846108865560♠+6.07%

4 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,153,340 1,124,197 7000259233924303300♠+2.59%

5 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,004,516 980,263 7000247413194214210♠+2.47%

6 Albuquerque, NM MSA 904,587 887,077 7000197389854544760♠+1.97%

7 Colorado
Colorado
Springs, CO MSA 686,908 645,613 7000639624666789550♠+6.40%

8 Boise City, ID MSA 664,422 616,561 7000776257337068030♠+7.76%

9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 632,293 597,159 7000588352515829120♠+5.88%

10 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 571,460 526,810 7000847554146656290♠+8.48%

11 Reno, NV MSA 443,990 425,417 7000436583399346990♠+4.37%

12 Fort Collins, CO MSA 324,122 299,630 7000817408136701930♠+8.17%

13 Boulder, CO MSA 313,333 294,567 7000637070683409890♠+6.37%

14 Greeley, CO MSA 277,670 252,825 7000982695540393550♠+9.83%

15 Prescott, AZ MSA 218,844 211,033 7000370131685565760♠+3.70%

16 Las Cruces, NM MSA 213,676 209,233 7000212347000712130♠+2.12%

17 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 203,361 200,186 7000158602499675300♠+1.59%

18 Yuma, AZ MSA 203,247 195,751 7000382935463931220♠+3.83%

19 Billings, MT MSA 166,885 158,050 7000559000316355580♠+5.59%

20 Pueblo, CO MSA 161,875 159,063 7000176785298906720♠+1.77%

21 Saint George, UT MSA 151,948 138,115 7001100155667378630♠+10.02%

22 Grand Junction, CO MSA 148,255 146,723 7000104414440817050♠+1.04%

23 Santa Fe, NM MSA 148,164 144,170 7000277034057016020♠+2.77%

24 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 147,326 138,494 7000637717157421980♠+6.38%

25 Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA 138,266 130,374 7000605335419638890♠+6.05%

26 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 137,682 134,421 7000242596022942840♠+2.43%

27 Logan, UT-ID MSA 131,364 125,442 7000472090687329600♠+4.72%

28 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 127,448 131,346 2999703226592359109♠−2.97%

29 Farmington, NM MSA 123,785 130,044 2999518701362615729♠−4.81%

30 Missoula, MT MSA 112,684 109,299 7000309700912176690♠+3.10%

The twelve Combined Statistical Areas of the Mountain States[17][18]

Rank CSA 2014 pop 2010 pop Change Component CBSAs

1 Denver-Aurora, CO CSA 3,345,261 3,090,874 7000823026108472880♠+8.23% Boulder, CO MSA Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA Greeley, CO MSA

2 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT CSA 2,423,912 2,271,696 7000670054443904470♠+6.70% Heber, UT µSA Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA Provo-Orem, UT MSA Salt Lake City, UT MSA Summit Park, UT µSA

3 Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA 2,315,324 2,195,401 7000546246448826430♠+5.46% Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA Pahrump, NV µSA

4 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area 1,165,798 1,146,049 7000172322474868000♠+1.72% Albuquerque
Albuquerque
MSA Espanola, NM µSA Grants, NM µSA Las Vegas, NM µSA Los Alamos, NM µSA Santa Fe, NM MSA

5 Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA 1,051,211 1,027,683 7000228942193263880♠+2.29% Nogales, AZ µSA Tucson, AZ MSA

6 Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA 743,711 697,535 7000661988287326080♠+6.62% Boise City, ID MSA Mountain Home, ID µSA Ontario, OR-ID µSA

7 Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA 597,837 579,668 7000313438036945290♠+3.13% Carson City, NV MSA Fernley, NV µSA Gardnerville Ranchos, NV µSA Reno-Sparks, NV MSA

8 Idaho
Idaho
Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA 234,440 229,650 7000208578271282390♠+2.09% Blackfoot, ID µSA Idaho
Idaho
Falls, ID MSA Rexburg, ID µSA

9 Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA 208,377 205,887 7000120940127351410♠+1.21% Cañon City, CO µSA Pueblo, CO MSA

10 Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO CSA 128,008 125,734 7000180858001813350♠+1.81% Edwards, CO µSA Glenwood Springs, CO µSA

11 Clovis-Portales, NM CSA 70,505 68,222 7000334642783852720♠+3.35% Clovis, NM µSA Portales, NM µSA

12 Steamboat Springs-Craig, CO Combined Statistical Area 36,793 37,304 2999863017370791340♠−1.37% Craig, CO µSA Steamboat Springs, CO µSA

Gallery[edit]

Bell Rock near Sedona, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Great Sand Dunes National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park
in Colorado

The Cliff Palace
Cliff Palace
in Mesa Verde National Park
Mesa Verde National Park
in Colorado

Hanging Lake
Hanging Lake
near Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

The rugged San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado

Borah Peak
Borah Peak
is the highest point in the state of Idaho.

Hells Canyon
Hells Canyon
of the Snake River
Snake River
between Idaho
Idaho
and Oregon

Redfish Lake
Redfish Lake
in Idaho

Shoshone Falls
Shoshone Falls
on the Snake River
Snake River
in Idaho, 1898

The Absaroka Range
Absaroka Range
of Montana.

Autumn comes to Chief Mountain
Chief Mountain
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Feral horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana

Saint Mary Lake
Saint Mary Lake
in Glacier National Park in Montana

Stella Lake in Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
in Nevada

The Nevada
Nevada
shore of Lake Tahoe

Downtown Reno, Nevada

Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
of New Mexico.

The Very Large Array
Very Large Array
near Socorro, New Mexico

Moonrise at White Sands National Monument
White Sands National Monument
in New Mexico

Sunset at Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
in Arches National Park
Arches National Park
in Utah

The Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
in Utah

Mesa Arch
Mesa Arch
in Canyonlands National Park
Canyonlands National Park
in Utah

Politics[edit]

Parties

Democratic Republican Populist

Bold denotes election winner.

Presidential electoral votes in the Mountain States
Mountain States
since 1864

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

1864 No election No election No election No election Lincoln No election No election No election

1868 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1872 No election No election No election No election Grant No election No election No election

1876 No election Hayes No election No election Hayes No election No election No election

1880 No election Garfield No election No election Hancock No election No election No election

1884 No election Blaine No election No election Blaine No election No election No election

1888 No election Harrison No election No election Harrison No election No election No election

1892 No election Weaver Weaver Harrison Weaver No election No election Harrison

1896 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election Bryan Bryan

1900 No election Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan No election McKinley McKinley

1904 No election Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt

1908 No election Bryan Taft Taft Bryan No election Taft Taft

1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft Wilson

1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson

1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding

1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge

1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover

1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt

1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey

1948 Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman Truman

1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1956 Εisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower

1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Kennedy Kennedy Nixon Nixon

1964 Goldwater Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson

1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon

1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford

1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan

1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

1992 Bush Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush Bush

1996 Clinton Dole Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole Dole

2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Gore Bush Bush

2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush Bush

2008 McCain Obama McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain McCain

2012 Romney Obama Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney Romney

2016 Trump Clinton Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump Trump

Year Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

See also[edit]

United States
United States
portal Arizona
Arizona
portal Colorado
Colorado
portal Idaho
Idaho
portal Montana
Montana
portal Nevada
Nevada
portal New Mexico
New Mexico
portal Utah
Utah
portal Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Mountain Time
Mountain Time
Zone Rocky Mountains

Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

United States

List of Combined Statistical Areas List of Core Based Statistical Areas

List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas

U.S. state Western United States

Front Range
Front Range
Urban Corridor Intermountain West Northwestern United States

Pacific Northwest

Southwestern United States

Pacific Southwest

Wasatch Front

References[edit]

^ Infoplease: Daylight Saving Time, A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science ^ ""Chapter 9 - THE MOUNTAIN WEST AND SOUTHWEST"". Geography: USA. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ The Shifting Terrain of the Mountain West. Research.allacademic.com (May 7, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Welcome - High Plains Regional Climate Center. Hprcc.unl.edu (June 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-17. ^ Private Tutor. Infoplease.com. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ North American Deserts. DesertUSA. Retrieved on July 17, 2013. ^ See the List of U.S. states by elevation. ^ a b "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". The American FactFinder. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. Office of Management and Budget. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain states.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
( United States
United States
of America).

Western Governors Association

v t e

Regions of North America

Northern

Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia

Acadian Peninsula

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula

Bay de Verde Peninsula

Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast

New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth

West

Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province

Oregon
Oregon
Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest

Old Southwest

Llano Estacado Central United States

Tallgrass prairie

South

South Central Deep South Upland South

Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States

Appalachia

Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
Desert

Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area

San Francisco Bay North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) Silicon Valley

Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Delta Columbia River
Columbia River
Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska
Alaska
Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions

Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt

Latin

Northern Mexico Baja California
California
Peninsula Gulf of California

Colorado
Colorado
River Delta

Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama

Pearl Islands

Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast West Indies Antilles

Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles

Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward

Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean

Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin

French Hispanic

American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas
Texas
annexation Oregon
Oregon
Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska
Alaska
Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

v t e

United States articles

History

By event

Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era

Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress

American Revolution

War

American frontier Confederation Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II

home front Nazism in the United States

American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post- Cold War
Cold War
(1991–2008) War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq War

Recent events (2008–present)

By topic

Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic

debt ceiling

Inventions

before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991

Military Postal Technological and industrial

Geography

Territory

counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states

Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains

peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky

National Park Service

National Parks

Regions

East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western

Rivers

Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon

Time Water supply and sanitation

Politics

Federal

Executive

Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy

Legislative

House of Representatives

current members Speaker

Senate

current members President pro tempore Vice President

Judicial

Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court

Law

Bill of Rights

civil liberties

Code of Federal Regulations Constitution

federalism preemption separation of powers

Federal Reporter United States
United States
Code United States
United States
Reports

Intelligence

Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Uniformed

Armed Forces

Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard

National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps

51st state

political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement

Elections

Electoral College

Foreign relations

Foreign policy

Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies

anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism

Local government Parties

Democratic Republican Third parties

Red states and blue states

Purple America

Scandals State government

governor state legislature state court

Uncle Sam

Economy

By sector

Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation

Companies

by state

Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street

Society

Culture

Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages

American English Indigenous languages ASL

Black American Sign Language

HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish

Literature Media

Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television

Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art

Social class

Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth

Issues

Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime

incarceration

Criticism of government Discrimination

affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage

Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care

abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking

Human rights Immigration

illegal

International rankings National security

Mass surveillance Terrorism

Separation of church and state

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

Coordinates: 44°24′00″N 110°36′00″W / 44.4000°N 110.6000°W /

.
Mountain States