HOME
The Info List - Mountain Province



--- Advertisement ---


MOUNTAIN PROVINCE (Filipino : _Lalawigang Bulubundukin_), is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon . Its capital is Bontoc .

Mountain Province was formerly referred to as _Mountain_ in some foreign references. The name is usually shortened by locals to _Mt. Province_. The province was named so for being in the Cordillera Central mountain range found in the upper realms of Luzon island.

Mountain Province was also the name of the historical province that included most of the current Cordillera provinces. This old province was established by the Philippine Commission in 1908, and was later split in 1966 into Mountain Province, Benguet , Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao .

The province is also known for its mummy caves, which contain naturally mummified bodies, and for its hanging coffins .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Spanish period * 1.2 American period * 1.3 Post-war era

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Administrative divisions

* 2.1.1 Barangays

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 Religion

* 4 Tourism * 5 Government * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

SPANISH PERIOD

The area of the Cordillera mountains proved difficult to control by the Spaniards. From 1566 to 1665, they sent expeditions to conquer the land but the rugged terrain and hostile indigenous population at the time were major obstacles to complete subjugation.

Formerly called _La Montañosa_ by the Spanish colonizers due to its mountainous terrain, the area was subdivided into 6 _comandancias politico-militar_.

The 6 former _Comandancias Politico-Militar_ of _La Montañosa_ _COMANDANCIA_ YEAR ESTABLISHED _COMANDANCIA_ YEAR ESTABLISHED

Benguet 1846 Amburayan 1889

Lepanto 1852 Kayapa 1891

Bontoc 1859 Cabugaoan 1891

AMERICAN PERIOD

In August 19, 1908, during the American rule , the Philippine Commission enacted _Act No. 1876_, which organized the entire area of the Cordilleras into one large province, named _Mountain Province_.

The first governor was Samuel Cane , and the town of Bontoc was made the capital. It was originally composed of the sub-provinces of Amburayan , Apayao, Benguet, Lepanto-Bontoc, Ifugao and Kalinga.

Amburayan was later abolished in 1920 and its corresponding territories were transferred to the provinces of Ilocos Sur and La Union. Lepanto was also reduced in size and its towns were integrated into the sub-provinces of Bontoc and Benguet, and to the province of Ilocos Sur.

Historical sub-provinces of Mountain Province under _Act No. 1876_ SUB-PROVINCE ABOLISHED? NOTES

AMBURAYAN Yes, in 1920 Territories annexed to Ilocos Sur and La Union

APAYAO No

BENGUET No Eastern towns annexed to Ilocos Sur and La Union in 1920

IFUGAO No

KALINGA No

LEPANTO-BONTOC Yes, in 1920 Territories annexed to Ilocos Sur, Bontoc and Benguet

The province in 1918 Bontoc sub-province in 1918

POST-WAR ERA

Effective on April 7, 1967, _ Republic Act No. 4695_ abolished the old Mountain Province, converting its sub-provinces into 4 independent provinces: Benguet , Ifugao , Kalinga-Apayao and Mountain Province (corresponding to the former _Bontoc_ sub-province). On June 15, 1987, the Cordillera Administrative Region was established upon the issuance of _Executive Order 220_ by then-President Corazon Aquino , and Mountain Province was made one of its provinces.

GEOGRAPHY

The Chico River with the capital town of Bontoc in the background

Mountain Province covers a total area of 2,157.38 square kilometres (832.97 sq mi) occupying the central section of the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon . The province is bordered on the north by Kalinga , south by Ifugao , southwest by Benguet , west by Ilocos Sur , and northwest by Abra .

Situated within the Cordillera Central , Mountain Province is 83% mountainous while 17% make up hills and levels. The province has many rivers, waterfalls, mountains, and caves. The central and western areas of the province are characterized by rugged mountains and steep cliffs, while the eastern portion has generally sloping terrain.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Mountain Province comprises ten municipalities , all encompassed by a lone legislative district .

MUNICIPALITY  POPULATION ±% P.A. AREA DENSITY (2015) BRGY.

(2015) (2010)

KM2 SQ MI /KM2 /SQ MI

17°02′29″N 121°05′57″E / 17.0415°N 121.0993°E / 17.0415; 121.0993 (BARLIG) Barlig 7000310000000000000♠3.1% 4,819 5,838 −3.59% 228.64 88.28 21 54 11

16°59′20″N 120°52′04″E / 16.9888°N 120.8679°E / 16.9888; 120.8679 (BAUKO) Bauko 7001201000000000000♠20.1% 31,065 30,172 +0.56% 153.00 59.07 200 520 22

17°05′43″N 120°51′22″E / 17.0952°N 120.8560°E / 17.0952; 120.8560 (BESAO) Besao 7000460000000099999♠4.6% 7,040 7,818 −1.98% 173.62 67.04 41 110 14

17°05′21″N 120°58′38″E / 17.0891°N 120.9773°E / 17.0891; 120.9773 (BONTOC) Bontoc † 7001159000000000000♠15.9% 24,643 23,980 +0.52% 396.10 152.94 62 160 16

17°06′33″N 121°16′43″E / 17.1092°N 121.2785°E / 17.1092; 121.2785 (NATONIN) Natonin 7000660000000000000♠6.6% 10,272 10,048 +0.42% 252.00 97.30 41 110 11

17°10′52″N 121°24′13″E / 17.1812°N 121.4036°E / 17.1812; 121.4036 (PARACELIS) Paracelis 7001182000000000000♠18.2% 28,121 26,476 +1.15% 570.16 220.14 49 130 9

17°00′19″N 120°55′22″E / 17.0052°N 120.9228°E / 17.0052; 120.9228 (SABANGAN) Sabangan 7000600000000000000♠6.0% 9,315 8,741 +1.22% 72.04 27.81 130 340 15

17°10′07″N 121°01′34″E / 17.1685°N 121.0262°E / 17.1685; 121.0262 (SADANGA) Sadanga 7000570000000000000♠5.7% 8,799 9,181 −0.81% 83.30 32.16 110 280 8

17°05′04″N 120°54′02″E / 17.0844°N 120.9006°E / 17.0844; 120.9006 (SAGADA) Sagada 7000720000000000000♠7.2% 11,127 11,244 −0.20% 83.32 32.17 130 340 19

16°59′45″N 120°49′18″E / 16.9957°N 120.8218°E / 16.9957; 120.8218 (TADIAN) Tadian 7001125000000000000♠12.5% 19,389 20,689 −1.23% 145.20 56.06 130 340 19

TOTAL 154,590 154,187 +0.05% 2,157.38 832.97 72 190 144

†  Provincial capital  Municipality

* ^ The _globe_ icon marks the town center .

Barangays

Mountain Province has 144 barangays comprising its 10 municipalities.

As of 2010, the most populous barangay in the province is Poblacion in the municipality of Paracelis , with a total of 5,687 inhabitants. Balintaugan in the municipality of Bauko has the least population with only 144. Further information: List of barangays in Mountain Province

DEMOGRAPHICS

The population of Mountain Province in the 2015 census was 154,590 people, with a density of 72 inhabitants per square kilometre or 190 inhabitants per square mile.

Population census of Mountain Province

YEAR POP. ±% P.A.

1990 116,535 —

1995 130,755 +2.18%

2000 140,631 +1.57%

2007 148,661 +0.77%

2010 154,187 +1.34%

2015 154,590 +0.05%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

POPULATION BY ETHNICITY (2000)

Ethnicity

Number

Kankanaey   72,694 (7001518000000000000♠51.80%)

Balangao / Baliwon   18,886 (7001134600000000000♠13.46%)

Bontoc   17,234 (7001122800000000000♠12.28%)

Ilocano   6,968 (7000497000000000000♠4.97%)

Applai   2,947 (7000210000000000000♠2.10%)

_Binontok_   2,510 (7000179000000000000♠1.79%)

Kalinga   2,468 (7000176000000000000♠1.76%)

-------------------------

_Other local ethnicity_   16,197 (7001115400000099999♠11.54%)

_Other foreign ethnicity_   22 (6998200000000000000♠0.02%)

_Not Reported_   413 (6999289990000000000♠0.29%)

An Anglican church in Sagada

Based on the 2000 census survey, Kankana-ey comprised 7001518000000000000♠51.8% (72,694) of the total provincial population of 140,339. Balangao/Baliwon came in second at 7001134600000000000♠13.46% (18,886), and Bontoc at 7001122800000000000♠12.28% (17,234). Other ethnicities were the Ilocano at 7000497000000000000♠4.97% (6,968), Applai at 7000210000000000000♠2.1% (2,947), _Binontok_ at 7000179000000000000♠1.79% (2,510), and Kalinga at 7000176000000000000♠1.76% (2,468). Further information: Kankanaey people , Bontoc people , Balangao people , Igorot people , and Ilocano people

RELIGION

Anglicanism predominates in the province with approximately 60% adherence with the other religions such as Roman Catholicism, Seventh-Day Adventist Church, Iglesia Filipina Indepiendente, Iglesia ni Cristo and Free Believers.

Mountain Province is the only predominate protestant province Inthe philippines.

TOURISM

The province has several rice terraces in seven of its different towns:

* Ambasing Rice Terraces — Sagada * Bangaan Rice Terraces — Sagada * Bangen Rice Terraces — Bauko * Barlig Rice Terraces — Barlig * Bayyo Rice Terraces — Bontoc * Besao Rice Terraces — Besao * Bontoc Poblacion Rice Terraces — Bontoc * Bucas Rice Terraces — Besao * Bulongan Rice Terraces — Sagada * Dalican Rice Terraces — Bontoc * Fidelisan Rice Terraces — Sagada * Focong Rice Terraces — Sadanga * Kapayawan Rice Terraces — Bauko * Kiltepan Rice Terraces — Sagada * Maligcong Rice Terraces — Bontoc * Natonin Rice Terraces — Natonin * Sadanga Rice Terraces — Sadanga * Suyo Rice Terraces — Sagada * Tanulong Rice Terraces — Sagada

The mountainous province also offers excellent mountain climbing experiences with two of its mountains among the top 10 highest points in the Philippines:

* Mount Kalawitan, 2,714+msl - Sabangan * Mount Amuyao or Mount Finaroy, 2,702+msl - Barlig

*

Sagada rice terraces *

Rice terraces in Barlig

GOVERNMENT

List of former governors

* 2001–2004 — Sario M. Malinias * 2004–2010 — Maximo B. Dalog * 2010–2016 — Leonard G. Mayaen * 2016 — Bonifacio C. Lacwasan Jr. (acting / term until June 30)

REFERENCES

* ^ "List of Provinces". _PSGC Interactive_. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 23 December 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Census of Population (2015). _Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population_. PSA . Retrieved 20 June 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Worcester, Dean C.; Philippine Commission (1908). _Seventh Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior to the Philippine Commission for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1908_. Manila: U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 17–19. Archived from the original (Digitized by Google on 23 Nov 2005 (Original file from the University of Michigan )) on 23 Nov 2005. Retrieved 2 January 2015. ( Google Books link) * ^ Keesing, Felix Maxwell; Keesing, Marie Margaret; Keesing, Marie Martin; Institute of Pacific Relations (contributor); International Research Committee (contributor) (1934). _Taming Philippine Headhunters: A Study of Government and of Cultural Change in Northern Luzon_. Stanford University Press. p. 69. ISBN 9780804721103 . Retrieved 2 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ Ingles, Raul Rafael (2008). _1908 :The Way it Really was : Historical Journal for the UP Centennial, 1908-2008_. Diliman, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. p. 339. ISBN 9789715425803 . Retrieved 22 October 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; _de Guzman_, _Rey_ (_cartography_) (1995). "The Provinces". _Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces_ (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila: Tahanan Books. pp. 108–109. ISBN 971-630-037-9 . Retrieved 16 January 2015. * ^ "Natural Attractions found in Atok". Province of Benguet. Retrieved 13 August 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". _Chan Robles Virtual Law Library_. Retrieved 22 October 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Mt. Province". _VisitMyPhilippines.com The Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourists_. Department of Tourism. Retrieved 23 December 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ "Facts & Figures: Mountain Province". _ Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region _. Retrieved 22 October 2014.

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ " Benguet History". _Province of Benguet (official website)_. Retrieved 22 October 2014. Benguet was once part of Mountain Province. * ^ "Act No. 1876". _PhilippineLaw.info_. 18 August 1908. Retrieved 22 October 2014. * ^ Philippines. Census Office; Buencamino, Felipe; Villamor, Ignacio (1920). _Census of the Philippine Islands Taken Under the Direction of the Philippine Legislature in the Year 1918, Volume 1_. Bureau of printing. p. 68. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ " Cordillera Administrative Region History". _Cordillera Connection ( Blogspot )_. 14 August 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2014. * ^ "Regional Profile: Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _CountrySTAT Philippines_. Retrieved 22 October 2014. * ^ "The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _Department of Agriculture_. Retrieved 22 October 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Province: Mountain Province". _PSGC Interactive_. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved 8 January 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Census of Population and Housing (2010). _Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities_ (PDF). NSO . Retrieved 29 June 2016. * ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay_. NSO . Retrieved 29 June 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Mountain Province – Home of the Kankanais; Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Mountain Province, 2000". _National Statistics Office_. 6 February 2002. Archived from the original on 15 June 2002. Retrie