Mount Suribachi (JPN.: 摺鉢山, Suribachiyama) is a 169 m high mountain at the southwest end of the island Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima (now officially Iō-tō) in the northwest Pacific Ocean, under the administration of Ogasawara Subprefecture, Tokyo
Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. The mountain's name derives from its shape, resembling a suribachi or "grinding bowl." It is also known as the "Mount Pipe" (JPN: パイプ山, paipu-yama), since the sulfur gas and water vapor that rolls in from the summit, alongside the rest of the island, give the appearance of a smoking pipe when viewed from the sea. Joe Rosenthal's famous photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima was taken at the mountain's peak.
1 Geology 2 History 3 References 4 External links
Geologically, the mountain is a cinder cone of andesite, formed by
volcanic activity. It is thought that the mountain is a dormant vent
to a still active volcano (designated Iō-tō, the name of the island
as a whole). From 1889 to 1957, the Japanese government recorded 16
eruptions on the peak. One eruption lasted for 65 minutes, and created
a crater with a diameter of 35 meters and a depth of 15 meters on the
runway near the former
World War II
^ a b c "Ioto". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. ^ Fisherl, Richard Virgil; Grant Heiken; Jeffrey B. Hulen (1997). Volcanoes: Crucibles of Change. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-6910-0249-5.