MOUNT SINAI (Arabic : طُور سِينَاء, translit. Ṭūr
Sīnāʼ; Egyptian Arabic : جَبَل مُوسَى, translit.
Jabal Mūsā or Gabal Mūsā, lit. 'Moses' Mountain" or "Mount
Moses'; Hebrew : הר סיני, translit. Har Sinai; Latin :
Mons Sinai), also known as MOUNT HOREB or GABAL MUSA, is a mountain in
Sinai Peninsula of
Egypt that is a possible location of the
Mount Sinai , which is considered a holy site by the
Abrahamic religions .
Mount Sinai is mentioned many times in the Book
of Exodus and other books of the
Bible , and the
Quran . According
to Jewish ,
Christian , and Islamic tradition, the biblical Mount
Sinai was the place where
Moses received the
Ten Commandments .
* 1 Geography
* 2 Geology
* 3 Religious significance
* 4 Saint Catherine\'s
* 5 Ascent
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Mount Sinai is a 2,285-metre (7,497 ft) moderately high mountain near
the city of Saint Catherine in the Sinai region. It is next to Mount
Catherine (at 2,629 m or 8,625 ft, the highest peak in
Egypt ). It is
surrounded on all sides by higher peaks of the mountain range.
Mount Sinai's rocks were formed in the late stage of the
Arabian-Nubian Shield 's (ANS) evolution.
Mount Sinai displays a ring
complex that consists of alkaline granites intruded into diverse
rock types, including volcanics . The granites range in composition
from syenogranite to alkali feldspar granite. The volcanic rocks are
alkaline to peralkaline and they are represented by subaerial flows
and eruptions and subvolcanic porphyry . Generally, the nature of the
exposed rocks in
Mount Sinai indicates that they originated from
Mount Sinai depicted on Georgian manuscript. A Greek
Orthodox Chapel at the top of
Mount Sinai at night A Greek
Orthodox Chapel at the top of
Mount Sinai A small
Mosque at the
Mount Sinai Main articles:
Biblical Mount Sinai and Saint
Mount Sinai is one of the most important sacred places
in the Jewish ,
Christian and Islamic religions.
Bedouin tradition, it was the mountain where
laws to the
Israelites . However, the earliest
place this event at the nearby
Mount Serbal , at the foot of which a
monastery was founded in the 4th century; it was only in the 6th
century that the monastery moved to the foot of
Mount Catherine ,
following the guidance of
Josephus 's earlier claim that Sinai was the
highest mountain in the area.
Christians settled upon this mountain in the third century AD.
Georgians from the
Caucasus moved to the
Sinai Peninsula in the Fifth
Century, and a Georgian colony was formed there in the Ninth Century.
Georgians erected their own churches in the area of the modern Mount
Sinai. The construction of one such church was connected with the name
of David The Builder , who contributed to the erecting of churches in
Georgia and abroad as well. There were political, cultural and
religious motives for locating the church on Mount Sinai. Georgian
monks living there were deeply connected with their motherland. The
church had its own plots in Kartli. Some of the Georgian manuscripts
of Sinai remain there, but others are kept in Tbilisi, St. Petersburg,
Prague, New York, Paris, or in private collections. View down to
the Saint Catherine\'s
Monastery from the trail to the summit.
Some modern biblical scholars now believe that the
have crossed the Sinai peninsula in a direct route, rather than
detouring to the southern tip (assuming that they did not cross the
eastern branch of the Red Sea/Reed Sea), and therefore look for the
Mount Sinai elsewhere.
According to some scholars, the
Song of Deborah suggests that God
Mount Seir , so many scholars favour a location in Nabatea
(modern Arabia). Alternatively, the biblical descriptions of Sinai can
be interpreted as describing a volcano , and so a small number of
scholars have considered equating Sinai with locations in northwestern
Saudi Arabia , such as
Jabal al-Lawz ; there are no volcanoes in the
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE
Sinai mountain range,
South Sinai Governorate ,
28°32′23″N 33°58′24″E / 28.539722222222°N
33.973333333333°E / 28.539722222222; 33.973333333333
i, iii, iv, vi
2002 (26th Session )
SAINT CATHERINE\'S MONASTERY
Main article: Saint Catherine\'s
Saint Catherine's Monastery
Saint Catherine's Monastery (Greek : Μονὴ τῆς Ἁγίας
Αἰκατερίνης) lies on the
Sinai Peninsula , at the mouth of
an inaccessible gorge at the foot of modern
Mount Sinai in Saint
Catherine at an elevation of 1550 meters. The monastery is Greek
Orthodox and is a
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site . According to the UNESCO
report (60100 ha / Ref: 954) and website hereunder, this monastery has
been called the oldest working
Christian monastery in the world –
Monastery of Saint Anthony , situated across the Red Sea
in the desert south of Cairo, also lays claim to that title.
Sunrise on Mt. Sinai
There are two principal routes to the summit. The longer and
shallower route, Siket El Bashait, takes about 2.5 hours on foot,
though camels can be used. The steeper, more direct route (Siket
Sayidna Musa) is up the 3,750 "steps of penitence" in the ravine
behind the monastery.
view from the summit of
Mount Sinai The last few meters
of the climb up Mount Sinai.
The summit of the mountain has a mosque that is still used by
Muslims. It also has a
Greek Orthodox chapel, constructed in 1934 on
the ruins of a 16th-century church, that is not open to the public.
The chapel encloses the rock which is considered to be the source for
Tablets of Stone . At the summit also is "Moses' cave",
Moses was said to have waited to receive the
Ten Commandments .
View from the summit of
Jebel Musa, Morocco , a similarly named mountain in
* ^ Joseph J. Hobbs,
Mount Sinai (University of Texas Press) 1995,
Mount Sinai as geography, history, ethnology and religion.
* ^ "Tafsir Ibn Kathir". qtafsir.com. 2002-10-26. Retrieved
* ^ "Sinai Geology". AllSinai.info.
* ^ Hanaa M. Salem and A. A. ElFouly, Minerals Reconnaissance at
Saint Catherine Area, Southern Central Sinai,
Egypt and their
Environmental Impacts on Human Health,ICEHM2000, Cairo University,
Egypt, September, 2000, page 586- 598
* ^ "Mount Sinai". AllSinai.info.
* ^ "Mount Sinai, Egypt". Places of Peace and Power.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to SINAI .
Mount Sinai travel guide