Mount Sinai
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Mount Sinai ( he , הר סיני ''Har Sinai'';
Aramaic Aramaic ( syc, ܐܪܡܝܐ, Arāmāyā; oar, 𐤀𐤓𐤌𐤉𐤀; arc, 𐡀𐡓𐡌𐡉𐡀; tmr, אֲרָמִית) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic languages, Semitic language that originated in the ancient Syria (regio ...
: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܣܝܢܝ ''Ṭūrāʾ Dsyny''), traditionally known as Jabal Musa ( ar, جَبَل مُوسَىٰ, translation: Mount Moses), is a
mountain A mountain is an elevated portion of the Earth's crust, generally with steep sides that show significant exposed bedrock. Although definitions vary, a mountain may differ from a plateau in having a limited Summit (topography), summit area, and ...
on the Sinai Peninsula of
Egypt Egypt ( ar, مصر , ), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a List of transcontinental countries, transcontinental country spanning the North Africa, northeast corner of Africa and Western Asia, southwest corner of Asia via a land bridg ...
. It is possibly the location of the biblical Mount Sinai, the place where, according to the Torah,
Bible The Bible (from Koine Greek , , 'the books') is a collection of religious texts or scriptures that are held to be sacredness, sacred in Christianity, Judaism, Samaritanism, and many other religions. The Bible is an anthologya compilation of ...
, and
Quran The Quran (, ; Standard Arabic: , Classical Arabic, Quranic Arabic: , , 'the recitation'), also romanized Qur'an or Koran, is the central religious text of Islam, believed by Muslims to be a revelation in Islam, revelation from God in Islam, ...
, Moses received the Ten Commandments. It is a , moderately high
mountain A mountain is an elevated portion of the Earth's crust, generally with steep sides that show significant exposed bedrock. Although definitions vary, a mountain may differ from a plateau in having a limited Summit (topography), summit area, and ...
near the city of Saint Catherine in the region known today as the Sinai Peninsula. It is surrounded on all sides by higher peaks in the mountain range of which it is a part. For example, it lies next to Mount Catherine which, at , is the highest peak in
Egypt Egypt ( ar, مصر , ), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a List of transcontinental countries, transcontinental country spanning the North Africa, northeast corner of Africa and Western Asia, southwest corner of Asia via a land bridg ...
.


Geology

Mount Sinai's rocks were formed during the late stage of the evolution of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. Mount Sinai displays a ring complex that consists of alkaline granites intruded into diverse rock types, including volcanics. The granites range in composition from syenogranite to alkali feldspar granite. The volcanic rocks are alkaline to peralkaline, and they are represented by subaerial flows and eruptions and subvolcanic porphyry. Generally, the nature of the exposed rocks in Mount Sinai indicates that they were formed at different depths from one another.


Religious significance


Judaism/Christianity

Immediately north of the mountain is the 6th-century Saint Catherine's Monastery. The summit has a
mosque A mosque (; from ar, مَسْجِد, masjid, ; literally "place of ritual prostration"), also called masjid, is a Place of worship, place of prayer for Muslims. Mosques are usually covered buildings, but can be any place where prayers (sujud) ...
that is still used by Muslims, and a Greek Orthodox chapel, constructed in 1934 on the ruins of a 16th-century church, that is not open to the public. The chapel encloses the rock which is considered to be the source for the biblical Tablets of Stone. At the summit also is "Moses' cave", where Moses was said to have waited to receive the Ten Commandments.


Islam

The Jabal Musa is associated with the Islamic prophet Musa (Moses).''Jewish Encyclopedia'' In particular, numerous references to Jabal Musa exist in the
Quran The Quran (, ; Standard Arabic: , Classical Arabic, Quranic Arabic: , , 'the recitation'), also romanized Qur'an or Koran, is the central religious text of Islam, believed by Muslims to be a revelation in Islam, revelation from God in Islam, ...
, where it is called ''Ṭūr Sīnāʾ'', ''Ṭūr Sīnīn'', and ''aṭ-Ṭūr'' and ''al-Jabal'' (both meaning "the Mount"). As for the adjacent '' Wād Ṭuwā'' ( Valley of Tuwa), it is considered as being ''muqaddas'' ( sacred),), isbn=978-2745151360, editor=Dr Mohammad Hilmi Al-Ahmad, author-link=Ibn Kathir and a part of it is called ''Al-Buqʿah Al-Mubārakah'' ("The Blessed Place"). It is the place where Musa spoke to his Lord. File:St Catherines From Sinai.JPG, Saint Catherine's Monastery, looking down from Mount Sinai File:MasjidMountSinai.jpg, The mosque at the summit File:Greek Orthodox Chapel at top of Mt Sinai.jpg, The chapel at the summit


Ascent and summit

There are two principal routes to the summit. The longer and shallower route, ''Siket El Bashait'', takes about 2.5 hours on foot, though camels can be used. The steeper, more direct route (''Siket Sayidna Musa'') is up the 3,750 "steps of penitence" in the ravine behind the monastery. File:MtSinaiJune2006.JPG, Sunrise File:جبل موسى.jpg, View from the summit File:NearSinaiTop.JPG, The last few meters of the climb up the mountain


See also

* Hashem el-Tarif * Sacred mountains * Jebel Musa, Morocco, a similarly named mountain in Morocco


References


External links

*
Caucasian Albanian Alphabet Discovered and Deciphered
Azerbaijan International, Vol. 11:3 (Autumn 2003). Six articles.
View ''OF'' Mount Sinai (as opposed to the view ''FROM'' Mount Sinai)

Information about the town of St. Katherine and the Sinai mountains

A Report on Mount Sinai

Old maps of Mount Sinai.
Eran Laor Cartographic Collection, The National Library of Israel. {{DEFAULTSORT:Sinai Mountains of Egypt Sinai Peninsula Sacred mountains Hebrew Bible mountains Tourist attractions in Egypt Midian Moses Sinai Christian pilgrimage sites