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Mount Nittany
Mount Nittany
is the common name for Nittany Mountain, a prominent geographic feature in Centre County, Pennsylvania, USA. The mountain is part of a ridge that separates Nittany Valley
Nittany Valley
from Penns Valley, with the enclosed Sugar Valley between them. On USGS
USGS
topographic maps, Nittany Mountain is generally shown as the lower ridge line that runs below Big Mountain on the west and Big Kettle Mountain on the east side, coming together to form a single ridge line at the southern terminus. This nomenclature is not always consistently applied to the same geologic formation, and there is a shorter Nittany Mountain ridge shown above the Sugar Valley as well. Penn State University
Penn State University
lies at the foot of Mount Nittany; the athletic teams and the mascot of the school, the Nittany Lion, are named in honor of the mountain.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geology 4 References 5 External links

Etymology[edit] The word Nittany is derived from the Algonquian word Nit-A-Nee meaning "single mountain". According to the Penn State folklore, Nit-A-Nee is also the name of an Native American maiden whose actions caused Mount Nittany to be formed. The original inhabitants of the area used Nit-A-Nee to describe the mountain, and it likely became commonly known as Nittany by the first Europeans to settle the area in the 18th century. The word Nittany was already in use by the time Pennsylvania State University was founded. Some sources cite the word Nit-A-Nee as meaning "barrier against the wind", which is not as likely.[2] History[edit] In 1945, the landowners of Mount Nittany
Mount Nittany
were preparing to sell the mountain, allegedly to use timber rights. The alumni of the Lion's Paw Senior Society who heard of this bought an option to buy the mountain. It took the Lion's Paw alumni until May 1946 to raise the money needed to buy the mountain. In 1981, Lion's Paw established the Mount Nittany Conservancy, an organization intended to raise money from the general public in addition to the money raised by Lion's Paw members. Since its establishment, the Mount Nittany
Mount Nittany
Conservancy has purchased hundreds of additional acres on Mount Nittany. In 2013, The Nittany Valley
Nittany Valley
Society published Conserving Mount Nittany: A Dynamic Environmentalism, a book by Thomas A. Shakely on the history of local conservation efforts in the 20th century that incorporates other histories of the mountain and valley.[3] Geology[edit]

Aerial view of Mount Nittany
Mount Nittany
as seen from State College

" Mount Nittany
Mount Nittany
is part of the Ridge and Valley
Ridge and Valley
province of the Appalachian Mountains."[4] The neighboring Bald Eagle, Tussey and Shriner Mountains are part of the same sedimentary formation consisting of, from youngest to oldest, Tuscarora Formation
Tuscarora Formation
Quartzite, Juniata Formation
Juniata Formation
Shale, and Bald Eagle Formation
Bald Eagle Formation
Sandstone. These layers were folded during the Appalachian orogeny. Nittany Mountain is part of a synclinal depression of the anticlinal Nittany Arch, which originally formed a huge mountain, since eroded, that towered over what is now Nittany Valley. The present Nittany and Big Mountain ridges were originally a valley in this ancient mountain. The Nittany ridge line is topped by the erosion resistant Bald Eagle Sandstone. The more durable Tuscasora Quartzite
Quartzite
formations are found exposed on the higher ridges of the northern end of the same syncline: Big Mountain to "Riansares Mountain" and Big Kettle Mountain to "The Winehead". The more easily eroded Juniata Shale
Shale
forms the depression between the lower and higher ridges, and the drainage from this area cut small ravines in the Nittany ridge line. The same three rock layers are exposed in the neighboring ridges. Beneath the sedimentary layers is a formation of dolomite and limestone. The Bald Eagle Sandstone
Sandstone
topping Mt. Nittany prevents the erosion of the underlying limestone to the same level as the surrounding limestone valleys.[citation needed] References[edit]

^ "Spirit and Traditions". Penn State Athletics. Retrieved 2015-03-09.  ^ Buchignani, Christopher. "The Legends of the Nittany Valley (Introduction)". The Nittany Valley
Nittany Valley
Society. Retrieved 9 July 2013.  ^ Shakely, Thomas A. "New Book Tells the Story of Our Mountain". The Nittany Valley
Nittany Valley
Society. Retrieved 9 July 2013.  ^ Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
State University - Nittany Mountain

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Nittany.

Hike Mount Nittany History of Lion's Paw Mount Nittany
Mount Nittany
Conservancy Centre Region Parks & Recreation ClearWater Conservancy of Central Pennsylvania, Inc. Mount Nittany
Mount Nittany
WebCam view from the Hetzel Union Building (HUB)

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Mountains of Pennsylvania

Allegheny Mountains

Allegheny Front Allegheny Mountain Bald Eagle Mountain Blue Knob Brush Mountain Herman Point Kinton Knob Laurel Hill Mount Davis Negro Mountain North Mountain Pine Knob Ritchey Knob Schaefer Head Sugarloaf Knob Wills Mountain

Allegheny Plateau

Blue Ridge Mountain Camelback Mountain Elk Hill Endless Mountains Forkston Mountain Miller Mountain Mount Ararat Mount Pisgah (Bradford County) Penobscot Knob Pocono Mountains Red Rock Mountain

Blue Ridge Mountains

South Mountain

Reading Prong

Applebutter Hill Chestnut Hill Christines Hill Focht Hill Hexenkopf Hill Kirchberg Kohlberg Lehigh Mountain Morgan Hill Pektor Hill Saucon Hill South Mountain Swoveberg

Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians

Bald Mountain Bear Mountain Bear Pond Mountains Big Mountain Big Savage Mountain Blue Mountain Clarks Knob Cross Mountain Dunning Mountain Hawk Mountain Martin Hill Mount Minsi Nesquehoning Mountain Parnell Knob The Pinnacle Savage Mountain Sharp Mountain Sideling Hill Tuscarora Mountain Tussey Mountain Williamsburg Mountain

Others

Buck Mountain Buckingham Mountain Butler Knob Catawissa Mountain Central Mountain Conewago Mountains Conococheague Mountain Haycock Mountain Haystack Mountain Jacks Mountain McCauley Mountain Moosic Mountains Mount Nittany Mount Pisgah (Carbon County) Nescopeck Mountain Osterhout Mountain Peters Mountain Pimple Hill Pisgah Mountain Sidneys Knob Turkey Hill Watchung Outliers

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The Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
State University

Located in: State College, Pennsylvania

Academics

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Pennsylvania
College of Technology School of Hospitality Management

Athletics

Sports

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Facilities

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Rivalries

Alabama Maryland Michigan State Minnesota Ohio State Pittsburgh Syracuse West Virginia

Spirit

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Nittany Lion
(mascot) The Nittany Lion

Buildings

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Campuses: Commonwealth

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Campuses: Special
Special
Mission

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Pennsylvania
College of Technology

Departments

Cancer Institute Harold and Inge Marcus Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Research

Applied Research Laboratory Garfield Thomas Water Tunnel Penn State Lunar Lion Team

Media

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Penn State University
Press WKPS
WKPS
(90.7 FM) WPSU (91.5 FM) WPSU-TV Onward State

People

Alumni Athletic directors Coaches Faculty Olympians Presidents George W. Atherton Eric J. Barron
Eric J. Barron
(current president) Joe Paterno Fred Lewis Pattee Jerry Sandusky Graham Spanier

Student life

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Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon
(THON) Penn State Thespians Penn State Women's Ice Hockey Club Penn State Glee Club Mount Nittany Nittany Lion
Nittany Lion
Shrine Old Coaly State College

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