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Mount Lu
Mount Lu
or Lushan (simplified Chinese: 庐山; traditional Chinese: 廬山; pinyin: Lúshān, Gan: Lu-san), also known as Kuanglu (匡庐) in ancient times, is situated in the northern part of Jiangxi
Jiangxi
province in Central China, and is one of the most renowned mountains in the country. It is located primarily in Lushan county-level city in Jiujiang
Jiujiang
Prefecture, although the northern portions are found in Lianxi District which was formerly known as Lushan District and until 2016 covered the majority of the Mount Lu. The oval-shaped mountains are about 25 km long and 10 km wide, and neighbors Jiujiang city and the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
to the north, Nanchang
Nanchang
city to the south, and Poyang Lake
Poyang Lake
to the east. Its highest point is Dahanyang Peak (大汉阳峰), reaching 1,474 m above sea level, and is one of the hundreds of steep peaks that towers above a sea of clouds that encompass the mountains for almost 200 days out of the year. Mount Lu is known for its grandeur, steepness, and beauty, and is part of Lushan National Park, a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
since 1996, and a prominent tourist attraction, especially during the summer months when the weather is cooler. Lushan was a summer resort for Western missionaries in China. Absalom Sydenstricker, the father of Pearl Buck
Pearl Buck
was one of the first five missionaries to acquire property in the Kuling Estate on the mountain.

Contents

1 Attractions and Features 2 Political Significance 3 Gallery 4 References

Attractions and Features[edit] Popular attractions in Mount Lu
Mount Lu
include the Immortal Caverns (仙人洞), Meilu Outhouse (美庐别墅), Five Old Man Peaks (五老峰), White Deer Cavern Academy (白鹿洞书院), Three Tiled Springs (三叠泉), Luling Lake (芦林湖), Lushan Hot Springs (庐山温泉), Botanical Gardens (植物园), the Bamboo Temple (竹山寺), Guanyin Bridge (观音桥), Peach Blossom Garden (桃花源), and many more.

Huiyuan founded Pure Land Buddhism
Pure Land Buddhism
here on the northwest slope in 402. Donglin Temple is also located here. Lushan National Park is a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site,[1] and Lushan Quaternary Glaciation National Geopark is a member of UNESCO
UNESCO
Global Geoparks Network. The Lushan Botanical Gardens features tens of thousands of plant species. Below the Five Old Men Peak is the White Deer Grotto Academy, named after the poet Li Bo (Chinese: 李渤) (not to be confused with the famous poet Li Bai), who raised white deer there. It is one of the most famous higher learning institutions in ancient China. West is the Flower Path which provided inspiration to Bai Juyi, a famous poet who lived during the Tang Dynasty. Between the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
and Lake Poyang
Lake Poyang
lie the Greater and Lesser Tianchi Lakes, the Jingxiu Valley, and Lulin Lake. On the north bank of the latter is the Lushan Museum, which features pottery and bronzes dating from various periods of ancient China, as well as calligraphy from the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
and paintings from the Ming and Qing dynasties. At the centre (between three peaks), and at an altitude of over 1 kilometer above sea level, is the town of Guling, which is linked by a mountain highway to neighboring spots in the region. World-famous Lushan Clouds and Mist Tea (simplified Chinese: 庐山云雾茶; traditional Chinese: 廬山云霧茶) is grown in the mountains.

Political Significance[edit] During the Long March, in early 1935, a battle took place in this area between communist and republican forces, in which Hu Yaobang, later General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, was seriously injured. Mount Lu
Mount Lu
was once dubbed the xiadu ("summer capital") of the Republic of China. Chiang Kai-shek, China's leader at the time, would frequently spend his summers here. In June 1937, Zhou Enlai, then a major leader in the Communist Party, met with Chiang on the mountain to discuss a united front against the Japanese invasion. In July 1937, Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
announced his intention for a full mobilization for war against Japan from Mount Lu. In 1946, following the war, the U.S. special diplomatic mission led by General George C. Marshall
George C. Marshall
met with Chiang Kai-Shek to discuss the role of post-World War II China. Mao Zedong convened three large conferences of senior party officials at Mount Lu, in 1959, 1961, and 1970. The 1959 conference became known as the Lushan Conference. The meeting saw the purge of decorated Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
and Korean War
Korean War
general Peng Dehuai, who was critical of Mao's Great Leap Forward
Great Leap Forward
policies. The 1970 Lushan Conference
Lushan Conference
took place during the Cultural Revolution, and marked the increasing antagonism between those loyal to Mao and those loyal to his chosen successor Lin Biao. Gallery[edit]

Waterfall at Lushan

Mountain Immortals Cave

Town of Guling

Meilu building, Chiang Kai-sek's former residence

Old church

Old church

Lake Lulin

Donglin temple

White Deer Grotte Academy

Lofty Mount Lu
Mount Lu
by Shen Zhou, 1467

References[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lushan.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lushan Geopark.

^ "Lushan National Park — UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 

Coordinates: 29°34′21″N 115°58′24″E / 29.57250°N 115.97333°E / 29.57250; 115.97333

v t e

World Heritage Sites in China

East

Classical Gardens of Suzhou Fujian Tulou Lushan Huangshan Mount Sanqing Mount Tai Wuyi Mountains Temple and Cemetery of Confucius
Cemetery of Confucius
and Kong Family Mansion in Qufu Xidi, and Hongcun West Lake Kulangsu

South Central

Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains Historic Centre of Macau Shennongjia Kaiping Diaolou
Diaolou
and Villages Longmen Grottoes Historic Monuments of Dengfeng, including the Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery
and Gaocheng Observatory Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Wulingyuan Yinxu

Southwest

Chengjiang Fossil Site Dazu Rock Carvings Potala Palace, including the Jokhang
Jokhang
and Norbulingka Honghe Hani Rice Terraces Huanglong Jiuzhaigou Old Town of Lijiang Mount Emei
Mount Emei
and Leshan Giant Buddha Mount Qingcheng
Mount Qingcheng
and Dujiangyan Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries Three Parallel Rivers

North

Mount Wutai Chengde Mountain Resort, including Putuo Zongcheng Temple, Xumi Fushou Temple and Puning Temple Forbidden City Zhoukoudian Pingyao Summer Palace Temple of Heaven Xanadu Yungang Grottoes

Northeast

Koguryo sites Mukden Palace

Northwest

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor Mogao Caves Xinjiang Tianshan Qinghai Hoh Xil

Multiple regions

Great Wall China
China
Danxia Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties South China
China
Karst Grand Canal Silk Roads Tusi Sites

v t e

National parks of China

Beidaihe Benxi Shuidong Chengde Mountain Resort Dian Lake Dujiangyan
Dujiangyan
Irrigation System Fuxian Lake Hexigten Huangguoshu Waterfall Huanglong Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Jinggangshan Jiuzhaigou
Jiuzhaigou
Valley Longmen Grottoes Lushan Quaternary Glaciation Mount Cangyan Mount Emei Mount Heng (Hunan) Mount Heng (Shanxi) Mount Hua Mount Huang Mount Jiuhua Mount Lao Mount Li Mount Lu Mount Luofu Mount Mogan Mount Putuo Mount Qingcheng Mount Qingyuan Mount Qiyun Mount Sanqing Mount Song Mount Tai Mount Tianzhu Mount Wutai Pearl Shoal Waterfall Pudacuo Qianshan Qinghai Lake Shilin (Stone Forest) Lake Tai Wangwushan - Yuntaishan Wudang Mountains Wulingyuan Wuyi Mountains Xixi Yuelu Mountain Yun Mountain Zhangjiajie

Geography of China

v t e

Jiangxi
Jiangxi
topics

Nanchang
Nanchang
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Mufu Mountains Jiuling Mountains Luoxiao Mountains Wuyi Mountains Gan River Lake Poyang Yangtze River Xiushui River

Education

Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Normal University Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Science and Technology Normal University Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Agricultural University Jinggangshan University Jiujiang
Jiujiang
University Nanchang
Nanchang
University Nanchang
Nanchang
Hangkong University

Culture

Culture of Jiangxi Gan Chinese
Gan Chinese
( Nanchang
Nanchang
dialect, Yichun dialect) Music Ganju opera Tea-picking opera Nuo opera Architecture Jingdezhen porcelain Jizhou ware Cuisine

Anfu ham

Religion Pure Land Buddhism Hakka culture
Hakka culture
(language, architecture)

Visitor attractions

Donglin Temple Pavilion of Prince Teng Lushan National Park Zhelin Reservoir

Category Commons

v t e

National meetings of the Communist Party of China

National Congress

1st (1921) 2nd (1922) 3rd (1923) 4th (1925) 5th (1927) 6th (1928) 7th (1945) 8th (1956) 9th (1969) 10th (1973) 11th (1977) 12th (1982) 13th (1987) 14th (1992) 15th (1997) 16th (2002) 17th (2007) 18th (2012) 19th (2017)

Delegates Assembly

1st (1937) 2nd (1955) 3rd (1985)

Notable Politburo & Central Committee plenums

Gutian Congress
Gutian Congress
(1929) Ningdu Conference (1932) Zunyi Conference
Zunyi Conference
(1935) Lushan Conference
Lushan Conference
(1959) 2nd Plenum, 9th CC (1970) 3rd Plenum, 11th CC (1978) 6th Plenum, 11th CC (1981) 4th Plenum, 13th CC (1989) 3rd Plenum, 18th CC (2013) 4th Plenum, 18th CC (2014)

Recurring

Central Economic Work Conference

v t e

Sacred Mountains of China

Five Great Mountains

Tai Hua Heng (Hunan) Heng (Shanxi) Song

Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains

Emei Jiuhua Putuo Wutai

Four Sacred Taoist Mountains

Wudang Longhu Qiyun Qingcheng

Three Famous Mountains

Huang Lu Yandang

Five Garrison Mountains

Yi Wu Kuaiji Yiwulü Huo

Four Sacred Mountains in Tibetan Buddhism

Kawagarbo Amne Machin Kailash Ghado Jobo

Other Sacred Mountains

Tian Shan Changbai Lao Kunlun Zhongnan Gongga Everest Three Holy Peaks of Daocheng-Yading

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 24628

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