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Mount Hiei
Mount Hiei
(比叡山, Hiei-zan) is a mountain to the northeast of Kyoto, lying on the border between the Kyoto
Kyoto
and Shiga Prefectures, Japan. The temple of Enryaku-ji, the first outpost of the Japanese Tendai (Chin. Tiantai) sect of Buddhism, was founded atop Mount Hiei
Mount Hiei
by Saichō
Saichō
in 788. Hōnen, Nichiren, Dōgen
Dōgen
and Shinran
Shinran
all studied at the temple before leaving to start their own practices. The temple complex was razed by Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
in 1571 to quell the rising power of the Tendai's warrior monks (sōhei),[1] but it was rebuilt and remains the Tendai
Tendai
headquarters to this day. The Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
19th Century corvette Hiei was named after this mountain, as was the more famous World War II-era battleship Hiei, the latter having initially been built as a battlecruiser.

Contents

1 Mount Hiei
Mount Hiei
in folklore 2 Marathon monks 3 Attractions 4 Access 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Mount Hiei
Mount Hiei
in folklore[edit] Mount Hiei
Mount Hiei
has been featured in many folk tales over the ages. Originally it was thought to be the home of gods and demons of Shinto lore, although it is predominantly known for the Buddhist monks that come from the temple of Enryaku-ji. Marathon monks[edit] John Stevens wrote the book The Marathon Monks of Mount Hiei, chronicling the practice of walking long distances – up to 52 miles (84 km) a day for 100 straight days, in an effort to attain enlightenment. The practice of walking is known as the kaihōgyō. A 2010 US National Public Radio report described the sennichi kaihōgyō (thousand-day kaihōgyō) as

...1,000 days of walking meditation and prayer over a seven-year period around Mount Hiei. [The 13th disciple since WWII to complete the cycle] walked 26 miles a day for periods of either 100 or 200 consecutive days — a total distance about the same as walking around the Earth.[2]

Attractions[edit]

Famous temple Enryaku-ji

Beyond the mountain itself, its forests, and the views it affords – of Kyoto, of Ohara, of lake Biwa and Shiga – the main attraction is the temple complex of Enryaku-ji. The temple complex spreads out over the mountain, but is concentrated in three areas, connected by foot trails. There are also more minor temples and shrines. Unusually, there are also a number of French-themed attractions – the peak itself features the Garden Museum Hiei, which is themed on French impressionism, featuring gardens and French paintings, while there is also a French-themed hotel, "L'hotel de Hiei" (The Hiei Hotel). The mountain is busiest during the daytime, but has some visitors in the evenings, for light-up displays and to see the night view of the surrounding towns. Access[edit] The mountain is a popular area for hikers and a toll road provides access by automobile to the top of the mountain; there are also buses that connect the mountaintop to town a few times a day. There are also two routes of funiculars: the Eizan Cable from the Kyoto
Kyoto
side to the connecting point with an aerial tramway ("ropeway") to the top, and the Sakamoto Cable
Sakamoto Cable
from the Shiga side to the foot of Enryaku-ji. The attractions on the mountain are quite spread out, so there are regular buses during the daytime connecting the attractions. The center for these is the bus center, in front of the entrance to the main temple complex at Tō-tō (東塔, "East Pagoda"). See also[edit]

Milarepa
Milarepa
Supernatural running Kaihōgyō Shugendō The 100 Views of Nature in Kansai

References[edit]

^ Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan
Japan
1334–1615. Stanford: Stanford University Press. p. 284. ISBN 0804705259.  ^ "Monk's Enlightenment Begins With A Marathon Walk". NPR. May 11, 2010. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (November 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Anthony Kuhn, "Monk's Enlightenment Begins With A Marathon Walk," National Public Radio; May 11, 2010 John Stevens, The Marathon Monks of Mount Hiei
Mount Hiei
Boston: Shambhala, 1988 ISBN 0-87773-415-1; republished 2013; ISBN 1626549958 Geographical Survey Institute

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Hiei.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mount_Hiei.

Mt. Hiei Area JAPAN : the Official Guide Holly Schmid: Marathon Monks of Mount Hiei Photos of Mount Hiei
Mount Hiei
and the three precincts of Enryakuji Temple "Hieizan Enryakuji" (PDF).  - Enryakuji

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Japanese mythology

Mythic texts

Kojiki Nihon Shoki Fudoki Kujiki Kogo Shūi Hotsuma Tsutae Nihon Ryōiki Konjaku Monogatarishū Shintōshū Butsuzōzui

Japanese creation myth

Kotoamatsukami Kamiyo (Kamiyonanayo) Kuniumi Kamiumi Izanami Izanagi Kagutsuchi Watatsumi Shinigami

Takamagahara mythology

Amaterasu Susanoo Tsukuyomi Ame-no-Uzume

Izumo mythology

Yamata no Orochi Hare of Inaba Ōkuninushi Kuni-yuzuri Kotoshironushi Takeminakata

Hyūga mythology

Tenson kōrin Ninigi Konohanasakuya-hime Hoderi Hoori Toyotama-hime Ugayafukiaezu

Human age

Emperor Jimmu Tagishimimi Kesshi Hachidai

Mythical locations

Ashihara no Nakatsukuni Amano-Iwato Ne-no-kuni Ryūgū-jō Takama-ga-hara Yomi

Major Buddhist figures

Amida Nyorai Daruma Five Dhyani Buddhas

Seven Lucky Gods

Benzaiten Bishamonten Daikokuten Ebisu Fukurokuju Hotei Jurōjin Kisshōten

Other

Ryukyuan religion Amamikyu Ainu mythology

Kamuy Kamuy-huci Hasinaw-uk-kamuy

Shinto
Shinto
deities Japanese deities Sacred objects Japanese religions

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 25417

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