Mount Hakone (箱根山, Hakoneyama) is a complex volcano in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan that is truncated by two overlapping calderas, the largest of which is 10 × 11 km wide. The calderas were formed as a result of two major explosive eruptions about 180,000 and 49,000–60,000 years ago. Lake Ashi lies between the southwestern caldera wall and a half dozen post-caldera lava domes that arose along a southwest–northeastern trend cutting through the center of the calderas. Dome growth occurred progressively to the south, and the largest and youngest of them, Kami-yama, forms the high point of Hakone. The calderas are breached to the east by the Haya-kawa canyon. Mount Ashigara is a parasitic cone.[1]

The latest magmatic eruptive activity at Hakone occurred 2,900 years ago. It produced a pyroclastic flow and a lava dome in the explosion crater, although phreatic eruptions took place as recently as the 12–13th centuries AD.[1]

According to the nearby Hakone Shrine, the Komagatake peak has been the object of religious veneration since ancient times.[2]



  1. ^ a b c d "Hakoneyama". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2015-05-07.
  2. ^ 御際神、由緒、例祭日 [Gods worshipped, origins, ceremony days] (in Japanese). Hakone Shrine. Retrieved 7 December 2017.

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