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Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
(富士山, Fujisan, IPA: [ɸɯꜜdʑisaɴ] ( listen)), located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan
Japan
at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft) and 7th-highest mountain on an island.[1] It is an active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–1708.[4][5] Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Mount Fuji's exceptionally symmetrical cone, which is snow-capped for about 5 months a year, is a well-known symbol of Japan
Japan
and it is frequently depicted in art and photographs, as well as visited by sightseers and climbers.[6] Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains" (三霊山, Sanreizan) along with Mount Tate
Mount Tate
and Mount Haku. It is also a Special Place of Scenic Beauty and one of Japan's Historic Sites.[7] It was added to the World Heritage List as a Cultural Site on June 22, 2013.[7] According to UNESCO, Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
has "inspired artists and poets and been the object of pilgrimage for centuries". UNESCO
UNESCO
recognizes 25 sites of cultural interest within the Mt. Fuji locality. These 25 locations include the mountain and the shrine, Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha, as well as the Taisekiji
Taisekiji
Head Temple founded in 1290, later immortalized by Japanese ukiyo-e artist Hokusai.

Contents

1 Etymology

1.1 Variations

2 In Shinto
Shinto
mythology 3 History 4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Geology

5.1 Current eruptive danger

6 Aokigahara 7 Adventuring

7.1 Transportation 7.2 Climbing routes 7.3 Paragliding

8 In popular culture 9 Gallery 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Etymology[edit] The current kanji for Mount Fuji, 富 and 士, mean "wealth" or "abundant" and "a man of status" respectively. However, the name predates kanji, and these characters are ateji, meaning that they were selected because their pronunciations match the syllables of the name but do not carry a meaning related to the mountain. The origin of the name Fuji is unclear, having no recording of it being first called by this name. A text of the 9th century, Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, says that the name came from "immortal" (不死, fushi, fuji) and also from the image of abundant (富, fu) soldiers (士, shi, ji)[8] ascending the slopes of the mountain.[9] An early folk etymology claims that Fuji came from 不二 (not + two), meaning without equal or nonpareil. Another claims that it came from 不尽 (not + to exhaust), meaning neverending. A Japanese classical scholar in the Edo
Edo
era, Hirata Atsutane, speculated that the name is from a word meaning, "a mountain standing up shapely as an ear (穂, ho) of a rice plant". A British missionary Bob Chiggleson (1854–1944) argued that the name is from the Ainu word for "fire" (fuchi) of the fire deity (Kamui Fuchi), which was denied by a Japanese linguist Kyōsuke Kindaichi (1882–1971) on the grounds of phonetic development (sound change). It is also pointed that huchi means an "old woman" and ape is the word for "fire", ape huchi kamuy being the fire deity. Research on the distribution of place names that include fuji as a part also suggest the origin of the word fuji is in the Yamato language rather than Ainu. A Japanese toponymist Kanji
Kanji
Kagami argued that the name has the same root as wisteria (藤, fuji) and rainbow (虹, niji, but with an alternative word fuji), and came from its "long well-shaped slope".[10][11][12][13] Variations[edit] In English, the mountain is known as Mount Fuji. Some sources refer to it as "Fuji-san", "Fujiyama" or, redundantly, "Mt. Fujiyama". Japanese speakers refer to the mountain as "Fuji-san". This "san" is not the honorific suffix used with people's names, such as Watanabe-san, but the Sino-Japanese reading of the character yama (山, "mountain") used in Sino-Japanese compounds. In Nihon-shiki and Kunrei-shiki romanization, the name is transliterated as Huzi. Other Japanese names for Mount Fuji, which have become obsolete or poetic, include Fuji-no-Yama (ふじの山, "the Mountain
Mountain
of Fuji"), Fuji-no-Takane (ふじの高嶺, "the High Peak of Fuji"), Fuyō-hō (芙蓉峰, "the Lotus Peak"), and Fugaku (富岳/富嶽), created by combining the first character of 富士, Fuji, and 岳, mountain.[14] In Shinto
Shinto
mythology[edit] In Shinto
Shinto
mythology, Kuninotokotachi (国之常立神?, Kuninotokotachi-no-Kami, in Kojiki)(国常立尊?, Kuninotokotachi-no-Mikoto, in Nihon Shoki) is one of the two gods born from "something like a reed that arose from the soil" when the earth was chaotic. According to the Nihon Shoki, Konohanasakuya-hime, wife of Ninigi, is the goddess of Mount Fuji, where Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha is dedicated for her. History[edit]

South Wind, Clear Sky woodblock print by Hokusai, 19th century

Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is an attractive volcanic cone and a frequent subject of Japanese art
Japanese art
especially after 1600, when Edo
Edo
(now Tokyo) became the actual capital and people saw the mountain while traveling on the Tōkaidō road. The mountain is mentioned in Japanese literature throughout the ages and is the subject of many poems.[15] One of the modern artists who depicted Fuji in almost all her works was Tamako Kataoka. It is thought that the first recorded ascent was in 663 by an anonymous monk.[citation needed] The summit has been thought of as sacred since ancient times and was forbidden to women until the Meiji Era in the late 1860s. Ancient samurai used the base of the mountain as a remote training area, near the present-day town of Gotemba. The shōgun Minamoto no Yoritomo
Minamoto no Yoritomo
held yabusame in the area in the early Kamakura period. Founded by Nikkō Shōnin in 1290 on the lower slopes of Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
in Shizuoka Prefecture
Shizuoka Prefecture
is the Taiseki-ji
Taiseki-ji
temple complex, the central base headquarters of Nichiren Shōshū
Nichiren Shōshū
Buddhism, which is visited by thousands of westerners and Asian believers from neighbouring countries each year who go on varying Tozan
Tozan
pilgrimages. The first ascent by a foreigner was by Sir Rutherford Alcock
Rutherford Alcock
in September 1868, from the foot of the mountain to the top in eight hours and three hours for the descent.[16]:427 Alcock's brief narrative in The Capital of the Tycoon was the first widely disseminated description of the mountain in the West.[16]:421–7 Lady Fanny Parkes, the wife of British ambassador Sir Harry Parkes, was the first non-Japanese woman to ascend Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
in 1869.[17] Photographer Felix Beato
Felix Beato
climbed Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
in the same year.[18] On March 5, 1966, BOAC Flight 911, a Boeing 707, broke up in flight and crashed near the Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
Gotemba
Gotemba
New fifth station, shortly after departure from Tokyo
Tokyo
International Airport. All 113 passengers and 11 crew members died in the disaster, which was attributed to extreme clear air turbulence caused by lee waves downwind of the mountain. There is a memorial for the crash a short distance down from the Gotemba
Gotemba
New fifth station.[19] Today, Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is an international destination for tourism and mountain climbing.[20][21] In the early 20th century, populist educator Frederick Starr's Chautauqua
Chautauqua
lectures about his several ascents of Mount Fuji—1913, 1919, and 1923—were widely known in America.[22] A well-known Japanese saying suggests that a wise person will climb Mt. Fuji once in their lifetime, but only a fool would climb it twice.[23][24] It remains a popular symbol in Japanese culture, including making numerous movie appearances,[25] inspiring the Infiniti
Infiniti
logo,[26] and even appearing in medicine with the Mount Fuji sign.[27][28] In September 2004, the manned weather station at the summit was closed after 72 years in operation. Observers monitored radar sweeps that detected typhoons and heavy rains. The station, which was the highest in Japan
Japan
at 3,780 metres (12,402 ft), was replaced by a fully automated meteorological system.[29] As of 2011, the Japan
Japan
Self-Defense Forces and the United States Marine Corps continue to operate military bases near Mount Fuji. Geography[edit] Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is a distinctive feature of the geography of Japan. It stands 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft) high and is located near the Pacific coast of central Honshu, just west of Tokyo. It straddles the boundary of Shizuoka and Yamanashi Prefectures. Four small cities surround it: Gotemba
Gotemba
to the east, Fujiyoshida to the north, Fujinomiya to the southwest, and Fuji to the south. It is also surrounded by five lakes: Lake Kawaguchi, Lake Yamanaka, Lake Sai, Lake Motosu
Lake Motosu
and Lake Shōji.[30] They, and nearby Lake Ashi, provide views of the mountain. The mountain is part of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. It can be seen more distantly from Yokohama, Tokyo, and sometimes as far as Chiba, Saitama, Tochigi, Ibaraki and Lake Hamana
Lake Hamana
when the sky is clear. Particularly in the winter it can be seen from the Shinkansen until it reaches Utsunomiya station. It has also been photographed from space during a space shuttle mission (see image, below).[31]

Relief map

3D computer animation

View from space from the Space Shuttle Columbia mission in 2003

Climate[edit] The summit of Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
has a tundra climate (Köppen climate classification ET). The temperature is very low at the high altitude, and the cone is covered by snow for several months of the year. The lowest recorded temperature is −38.0 °C (−36.4 °F) recorded in February 1981, and the highest temperature was 17.8 °C (64.0 °F) recorded in August 1942.[32]

Climate data for Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
Averages (1981–2010) Records (1932–2011)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) −1.7 (28.9) 0.0 (32) 1.0 (33.8) 4.7 (40.5) 12.2 (54) 12.3 (54.1) 17.4 (63.3) 17.8 (64) 16.3 (61.3) 10.4 (50.7) 6.9 (44.4) 3.6 (38.5) 17.8 (64)

Average high °C (°F) −15.7 (3.7) −14.7 (5.5) −10.9 (12.4) −5.7 (21.7) −0.8 (30.6) 3.6 (38.5) 7.5 (45.5) 9.3 (48.7) 6.1 (43) −0.1 (31.8) −6.4 (20.5) −12.2 (10) −3.4 (25.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) −18.4 (−1.1) −17.8 (0) −14.2 (6.4) −8.7 (16.3) −3.4 (25.9) 1.1 (34) 4.9 (40.8) 6.2 (43.2) 3.2 (37.8) −2.8 (27) −9.2 (15.4) −15.2 (4.6) −6.2 (20.8)

Average low °C (°F) −21.7 (−7.1) −21.5 (−6.7) −17.8 (0) −12.1 (10.2) −6.5 (20.3) −1.6 (29.1) 2.4 (36.3) 3.6 (38.5) 0.4 (32.7) −5.8 (21.6) −12.2 (10) −18.3 (−0.9) −9.3 (15.3)

Record low °C (°F) −37.3 (−35.1) −38 (−36) −33.9 (−29) −27.8 (−18) −18.9 (−2) −13.1 (8.4) −6.9 (19.6) −4.3 (24.3) −10.8 (12.6) −19.5 (−3.1) −28.1 (−18.6) −33 (−27) −38 (−36)

Average relative humidity (%) - - 58 60 61 70 79 73 68 53 50 47 -

Source: JMA[33]

Geology[edit] Further information: Historic eruptions of Mount Fuji, List of volcanoes in Japan, and Triple junction

Geological cross-section of Fuji volcano. Key: N2 = Tertiary sedimentary rocks; αN2 = Tertiary volcanic rocks; αQ1 = Komitake volcano; α-δQ1 = Ashitaka volcano; βQ2 = Older Fuji volcano; αβQ2 = Younger Fuji volcano.[34]

Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is located at the triple junction where the Amurian Plate, the Okhotsk Plate, and the Philippine Sea Plate
Philippine Sea Plate
meet. Those plates form the western part of Japan, the eastern part of Japan, and the Izu Peninsula respectively.

Crater with the Eight Sacred Peaks (Hasshin-po)

Scientists have identified four distinct phases of volcanic activity in the formation of Mount Fuji. The first phase, called Sen-komitake, is composed of an andesite core recently discovered deep within the mountain. Sen-komitake was followed by the "Komitake Fuji", a basalt layer believed to be formed several hundred thousand years ago. Approximately 100,000 years ago, "Old Fuji" was formed over the top of Komitake Fuji. The modern, "New Fuji" is believed to have formed over the top of Old Fuji around 10,000 years ago.[35] As of December 2002[update], the volcano is classified as active with a low risk of eruption. The last recorded eruption was the Hōei eruption which started on December 16, 1707 ( Hōei
Hōei
4, 23rd day of the 11th month), and ended about January 1, 1708 ( Hōei
Hōei
4, 9th day of the 12th month), during the Edo
Edo
period.[36] The eruption formed a new crater and a second peak, named Mount Hōei
Hōei
(after the Hōei
Hōei
era), halfway down its southeastern side. Fuji spewed cinders and ash which fell like rain in Izu, Kai, Sagami, and Musashi.[37] Since then, there have been no signs of an eruption. In the evening of March 15, 2011, there was a magnitude 6.2 earthquake at shallow depth a few kilometres from Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
on its southern side. But according to the Japanese Meteorological Service there was no sign of any eruption.[38] Current eruptive danger[edit] Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, there was speculation in the media that the shock may induce volcanic unrest at Mt. Fuji. In September 2012, mathematical models created by the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NRIESDP) suggested that the pressure in Mount Fuji's magma chamber could be 1.6 megapascals higher than it was before its last eruption in 1707. This was interpreted by some media outlets to mean that an eruption of Mt. Fuji could be imminent.[39] However, since there is no known method of directly measuring the pressure of a volcano's magma chamber, indirect calculations of the type used by NRIESDP are speculative and unverifiable. Other indicators suggestive of heightened eruptive danger, such as active fumaroles and recently discovered faults, are typical occurrences at this type of volcano.[40] Aokigahara[edit] Main article: Aokigahara The forest at the north west base of the mountain is named Aokigahara. Folk tales and legends tell of ghosts, demons, Yūrei
Yūrei
and Yōkai haunting the forest, and in the 19th century, Aokigahara
Aokigahara
was one of many places poor families abandoned the very young and the very old.[41] Aokigahara
Aokigahara
is the world's second most popular suicide location after San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge.[42] Since the 1950s, more than 500 people have lost their lives in the forest, mostly suicides.[42] Approximately 30 suicides have been counted yearly, with a high of nearly 80 bodies in 2002.[43] The recent increase in suicides prompted local officials to erect signs that attempt to convince individuals experiencing suicidal intent to re-think their desperate plans, and sometimes these messages have proven effective.[44] The numbers of suicides in the past creates an allure that has persisted across the span of decades.[45][46] Many of these hikers mark their travelled routes by leaving coloured plastic tapes behind, causing concerns from prefectural officials with regard to the forest's ecosystem.[47] Adventuring[edit] Transportation[edit] The closest airport with scheduled international service is Mt. Fuji Shizuoka Airport. It opened in June 2009. It is about 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Mount Fuji.[48] The major international airports serving Tokyo, Tokyo
Tokyo
International Airport (Haneda Airport) in Tokyo and Narita International Airport
Narita International Airport
in Chiba, are hours from Mount Fuji. Climbing routes[edit]

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Historical illustration of the routes to Mt. Fuji

Torii
Torii
near the summit

Approximately 300,000 people climbed Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
in 2009.[49] The most-popular period for people to hike up Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is from July to August, while huts and other facilities are operating.[49] Buses to the trail heads typically used by climbers start running on July 1.[50] Climbing from October to May is very strongly discouraged, after a number of high-profile deaths and severe cold weather.[51] Most Japanese climb the mountain at night in order to be in a position at or near the summit when the sun rises. The morning light is called 御来光 goraikō, "arrival of light".[52] There are four major routes to the summit, each has numbered stations along the way. They are (clockwise, starting North): Yoshida, Subashiri, Gotemba, and Fujinomiya
Fujinomiya
routes[53]. Climbers usually start at the fifth stations, as these are reachable by car or by bus. The summit is the tenth station on each trail. The stations on different routes are at different elevations; the highest fifth station is located at Fujinomiya, followed by Yoshida, Subashiri, and Gotemba. There are four additional routes from the foot of the mountain: Shojiko, Yoshida, Suyama, and Murayama routes.[citation needed] Even though it has only the second-highest fifth stations, the Yoshida route is the most-popular route because of its large parking area and many large mountain huts where a climber can rest or stay. During the summer season, most Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
climbing tour buses arrive there. The next-popular is the Fujinomiya
Fujinomiya
route, which has the highest fifth station, followed by Subashiri and Gotemba. The ascent from the new fifth station can take anywhere between five and seven hours while the descent can take from three to four hours.[53] Even though most climbers do not climb the Subashiri and Gotemba routes, many descend these because of their ash-covered paths. From the seventh station to near the fifth station, one could run down these ash-covered paths in approximately 30 minutes. Besides these routes, there are tractor routes along the climbing routes. These tractor routes are used to bring food and other materials to huts on the mountain. Because the tractors usually take up most of the width of these paths and they tend to push large rocks from the side of the path, the tractor paths are off-limits to the climbers on sections that are not merged with the climbing or descending paths. Nevertheless, one can sometimes see people riding mountain bikes along the tractor routes down from the summit. This is particularly risky, as it becomes difficult to control speed and may send some rocks rolling along the side of the path, which may hit other people. The four routes from the foot of the mountain offer historical sites. The Murayama is the oldest Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
route and the Yoshida route still has many old shrines, teahouses, and huts along its path. These routes are gaining popularity recently and are being restored, but climbing from the foot of the mountain is still relatively uncommon. Also, bears have been sighted along the Yoshida route. Huts at and above the fifth stations are usually manned during the climbing season, but huts below fifth stations are not usually manned for climbers. The number of open huts on routes are proportional to the number of climbers — Yoshida has the most while Gotemba
Gotemba
has the fewest. The huts along the Gotemba
Gotemba
route also tend to start later and close earlier than those along the Yoshida route. Also, because Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is designated as a national park, it is illegal to camp above the fifth station. There are eight peaks around the crater at the summit. The highest point in Japan, Ken-ga-mine, is where the Mount Fuji Radar System used to be. Climbers are able to visit each of these peaks. Paragliding[edit] Paragliders take off in the vicinity of the fifth station Gotemba parking lot, between Subashiri and Hōei-zan peak on the south side of the mountain, in addition to several other locations, depending on wind direction. Several paragliding schools use the wide sandy/grassy slope between Gotemba
Gotemba
and Subashiri parking lots as a training hill. In popular culture[edit] As a national symbol of the country, the mount has been depicted in various art media such as painting, woodblock prints such as the Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji, poetry, song, theatre, film, manga, anime, and even Japanese pottery.[54] It has been issued on bank notes and postal stamps.[55] Unicode
Unicode
U+1F5FB exists for Mount Fuji: 🗻 Gallery[edit]

Arakurayama Sengen Park and the Chūrei-tō pagoda in Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi

Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
with a Shinkansen

Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
as viewed across the Tokyo
Tokyo
skyline in Shinjuku

Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha

See also[edit]

List of mountains in Japan 100 Famous Japanese Mountains Three-thousanders (in Japan) Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park Fujimizaka List of World Heritage Sites in Japan List of elevation extremes by country Mount Araido (阿頼度山, Araidosan), Araido Island
Araido Island
(阿頼度島), Kuril Islands Mount St. Helens, nicknamed "Fuji -san
-san
of America" prior to its 1980 eruption

References[edit]

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(1834) [1652]. "Siyun-sai Rin-siyo". Nipon o daï itsi ran or Annales des empereurs du Japon. Translated by Titsingh, Isaac. Paris: Oriental Translation Society of Great Britain and Ireland. p. 416.  ^ « 6.0 Earthquake east of Tokyo, signs of Mt. Fujiyama unrest is possible » Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., peoplestar.co.uk, Retrieved on March 16, 2011. ^ Clark, Liat (September 6, 2012). "Pressure in Mount Fuji
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Starr, Frederick (1924). Fujiyama, the Sacred Mountain
Mountain
of Japan. Chicago: Covici-McGee. OCLC 4249926. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Fuji.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Fuji.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mount Fuji.

"Fujisan (Mount Fuji)" (PDF). Japan
Japan
Meteorological Agency.  Fujisan (Mount Fuji) – Smithsonian Institution: Global Volcanism Program Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan, Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties 3d model of mount Fuji on sketchfab

Links to related articles

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100 Famous Japanese Mountains

Hokkaidō

Mt. Rishiri Mt. Rausu Mt. Shari Mt. Akan Mt. Taisetsu Mt. Tomuraushi Mt. Tokachi Mt. Poroshiri Mt. Yōtei

Tōhoku region Jōshinetsu region

Mt. Iwaki Mt. Hakkōda Hachimantai Mt. Iwate Mt. Hayachine Mt. Chokai Mt. Gassan Mt. Asahi Mt. Zaō Mt. Iide Mt. Azuma Mt. Adatara Mt. Bandai Mt. Aizu-Koma Mt. Echigo (Uonuma-Koma) Mt. Hiragatake Mt. Makihata Mt. Hiuchigatake Mt. Shibutsu Mt. Tanigawa Mt. Naeba Mt. Myōkō Hiuchiyama Mt. Amakazari Mt. Takatsuma

Kantō region

Mt. Nantai Mt. Oku-Shirane Mt. Nasu Mt. Sukai Mount Hotaka Mt. Akagi Mt. Kusatsu-Shirane Mt. Azumaya Mt. Asama Mt. Tsukuba Mt. Tanzawa Mt. Ryōkami Mt. Kumotori Mt. Kobushi Mt. Kinpu Mt. Mizugaki Mt. Daibosatsu Mt. Fuji Mt. Amagi

Chūbu region

Hida Mountains (Northern Alps)

Mt. Shirouma Mt. Goryū Mt. Kashima Yari Mt. Tsurugi Mt. Tate Mt. Yakushi Mt. Kurobegorō Mt. Kuro (Suishō) Mt. Washiba Mt. Yari Mt. Hotaka Mt. Jōnen Mt. Kasa Mt. Yake Mt. Norikura

Kiso Mountains (Central Alps)

Mt. Kisokoma Mt. Utsugi Mt. Ena

Akaishi Mountains (Southern Alps)

Mt. Kaikoma Mt. Senjō Mt. Hōō Mt. Kita Mt. Aino Mt. Shiomi Mt. Warusawa Mt. Akaishi Mt. Hijiri Mt. Tekari

Others

Mt. Ontake Utsukushigahara Mt. Kirigamine Mt. Tateshina Yatsugatake Mt. Haku Mt. Arashima

Western Japan

Mt. Ibuki Mt. Ōdaigahara Mt. Ōmine Daisen Mt. Tsurugi Mt. Ishizuchi Mt. Kujū (Kokonoe) Mt. Sobo Mt. Aso Mt. Kirishima Mt. Kaimon Mt. Miya-no-ura

Kyūya Fukada List of mountains in Japan Three-thousanders (in Japan) Media related to 100 Famous Japanese Mountains
100 Famous Japanese Mountains
at Wikimedia Commons

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Three-thousanders (in Japan)

Independent peak

Mt. Fuji Mt. Ontake

Hida Mountains
Hida Mountains
(Northern Alps)

Mt. Okuhotaka Mt. Yari Mt. Karasawa Mt. Kitahotaka Mt. Ōbami Mt. Maehotaka Mt. Naka Mt. Minami Mt. Norikura Mt. Tate

Akaishi Mountains
Akaishi Mountains
(Southern Alps)

Mt. Kita Mt. Aino Mt. Warusawa Mt. Akaishi Mt. Arakawa Mt. NishiNōtori Mt. Shiomi Mt. Senjō Mt. Hijiri

100 Famous Japanese Mountains List of mountains in Japan

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Japanese mythology

Mythic texts

Kojiki Nihon Shoki Fudoki Kujiki Kogo Shūi Hotsuma Tsutae Nihon Ryōiki Konjaku Monogatarishū Shintōshū Butsuzōzui

Japanese creation myth

Kotoamatsukami Kamiyo (Kamiyonanayo) Kuniumi Kamiumi Izanami Izanagi Kagutsuchi Watatsumi Shinigami

Takamagahara mythology

Amaterasu Susanoo Tsukuyomi Ame-no-Uzume

Izumo mythology

Yamata no Orochi Hare of Inaba Ōkuninushi Kuni-yuzuri Kotoshironushi Takeminakata

Hyūga mythology

Tenson kōrin Ninigi Konohanasakuya-hime Hoderi Hoori Toyotama-hime Ugayafukiaezu

Human age

Emperor Jimmu Tagishimimi Kesshi Hachidai

Mythical locations

Ashihara no Nakatsukuni Amano-Iwato Ne-no-kuni Ryūgū-jō Takama-ga-hara Yomi

Major Buddhist figures

Amida Nyorai Daruma Five Dhyani Buddhas

Seven Lucky Gods

Benzaiten Bishamonten Daikokuten Ebisu Fukurokuju Hotei Jurōjin Kisshōten

Other

Ryukyuan religion Amamikyu Ainu mythology

Kamuy Kamuy-huci Hasinaw-uk-kamuy

Shinto
Shinto
deities Japanese deities Sacred objects Japanese religions

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Mass transit in the Odawara, Hakone, Izu Peninsula, Yamanashi, and Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
area

Odakyu Group

Odakyu Electric Railway
Odakyu Electric Railway
Odawara
Odawara
Line Hakone
Hakone
Tozan
Tozan
Line Hakone
Hakone
Tozan
Tozan
Cable Car Hakone
Hakone
Ropeway Hakone
Hakone
Sightseeing Cruise

Izuhakone Railway

Daiyūzan Line Hakone
Hakone
Komagatake Ropeway Lake Ashi
Lake Ashi
Excursion Ship Jukkokutōge Cable Car Sunzu Line

JR companies railway lines

Regional (both)

Tōkaidō Main Line

JR Central

Tōkaidō Shinkansen Gotemba
Gotemba
Line Minobu Line

JR East

Tōkaidō Line (Tōkyō - Atami) Chūō Main Line Itō Line

Other

Izu Kyūkō Line
Izu Kyūkō Line
(Izukyu) Atami Ropeway Katsuragiyama Ropeway Shimoda Ropeway

Fuji Kyuko
Fuji Kyuko
Railway Corp

Fujikyuko Line
Fujikyuko Line
(Fujikyu) Gakunan Railway Line Fujikyu Kawaguchiko Ropeway Mt. Kachi Kachi Ropeway

Miscellaneous

Yamanashi Maglev Shinkansen Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park Shizuoka Airport Transport in Greater Tokyo Rail transport in Japan

Japan
Japan
transit: Tokyo Osaka Nagoya Fukuoka Hakone
Hakone
Fuji Izu Hokkaido Sendai Niigata Toyama Nagano Okayama Hiroshima Shikoku Metro systems Shinkansen trams (list) aerial lifts (list)

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World Heritage Sites in Japan

Hokkaido

Shiretoko

Tōhoku

Hiraizumi – Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land Shirakami-Sanchi Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Kantō

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier Shrines and Temples of Nikkō Ogasawara Islands Tomioka Silk Mill

Chūbu

Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Kansai

Buddhist Monuments in the Hōryū-ji Area Himeji Castle Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain
Mountain
Range

Chūgoku

Hiroshima Peace Memorial
Hiroshima Peace Memorial
(Genbaku Dome) Itsukushima Shinto
Shinto
Shrine Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine
Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine
and its Cultural Landscape Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Kyushu

Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu Sacred Island of Okinoshima and Associated Sites in the Munakata Region Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining Yakushima

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Highest points of Asia

Sovereign states

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Cyprus East Timor Egypt Georgia India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkey Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Nagorno-Karabakh Northern Cyprus Palestine South Ossetia Taiwan

Dependencies and other territories

British Indian Ocean Territory Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Hong Kong Macau

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 255149765 GND: 40187

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