A MOUND is a heaped pile of earth , gravel , sand , rocks , or debris . Most commonly, mounds are earthen formations such as hills and mountains , particularly if they appear artificial. A mound may be any rounded area of topographically higher elevation on any surface. Artificial mounds have been created for a variety of reasons throughout history, including ceremonial (platform mound ), burial (tumulus ), and commemorative purposes (e.g. Kościuszko Mound ).
* 1.1 North American archaeology
* 1.2 India
* 1.2.1 Kankali Tila
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY
Main article: Mound Builders
In the archaeology of the
While the term "mound" may be applied to historic constructions, most
mounds in the
While these mounds are perhaps not as famous as burial mounds, like their European analogs, Native American mounds also have a variety of other uses. While some prehistoric cultures, like the Adena culture , used mounds preferentially for burial, others used mounds for other ritual and sacred acts, as well as for secular functions. The platform mounds of the Mississippian culture , for example, may have supported temples , the houses of chiefs , council houses , and may have also acted as a platform for public speaking. Other mounds would have been part of defensive walls to protect a certain area. The Hopewell culture used mounds as markers of complex astronomical alignments related to ceremonies.
Mounds and related earthworks are the only significant monumental construction in pre-Columbian Eastern and Central North America.
Mounds are given different names depending on which culture they
strive from. They can be located all across the world in spots such as
Asia, Europe and the Americas. "
Mound, as a technical term in archaeology, is not generally in favor in the rest of the world. More specific local terminology is preferred, and each of these terms has its own article (see below).