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Motspur Park, also known locally as West Barnes, is a suburb in south-west London. It is located just south-east of New Malden, and straddles the boroughs of Kingston upon Thames
Kingston upon Thames
and Merton. Motspur Park
Motspur Park
owes its identity to the railway station of the same name, which has six trains an hour to London
London
Waterloo, and to the adjacent parade of small shops. Two prominent gas holders, which are used to store the consumer gas supply for south-west London, stand just south of the shopping parade and can be seen from a wide area. Two of London’s minor natural water courses run through the area. The Beverley Brook
Beverley Brook
runs south to north through its centre and its smaller tributary the Pyl Brook
Pyl Brook
runs parallel further to the east. These have in the past given rise to some local flooding. The Motspur Park
Motspur Park
athletics stadium was built by the University of London
London
in 1928 and achieved fame when the world mile record was set there in 1938. It was sold to Fulham Football Club as their training ground in 1999.[2]

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Rural origins 2.2 Beginning of the suburban era 2.3 World War II 2.4 Post war

3 Famous residents 4 Playing fields 5 Education 6 Nearby places 7 Gallery 8 See also 9 Bibliography 10 References 11 External links

Name[edit] The name comes from Motspur Farm which was located in the area between the modern road called Motspur Park
Motspur Park
and Chilmark Gardens. The 1865 OS map shows the farm's name as Mospur .[3] The adage "Park" was appended when the area was developed for market gardening in the late nineteenth century, along with Raynes Park, Stoneleigh Park & Worcester Park
Worcester Park
and denotes a system of intensive cultivation. History[edit]

Motspur Park
Motspur Park
street map, 2012.

Rural origins[edit] The district was historically known as West Barnes and formed part of the traditional county of Surrey. It was rural right up to the end of the nineteenth century when the railway station was built. Two local lanes, West Barnes Lane and Blakes Lane, represent remnants from this rural era. The barns referred to were those at the western end of Merton Abbey's estates and were just north of West Barnes Lane's junction with the modern Crossway. After the dissolution of the monasteries the abbey land was granted to the Gresham family, (descendants of Thomas Gresham) who were wealthy London
London
merchants. They retained the estate for two generations, finally selling it (either in 1570 but this date has been questioned or 1612) to John Carpenter, a local farmer. The area, remained agricultural and was farmed by a number of families, probably the most well known being the Raynes who gave their name to Raynes Park. In the nineteenth century two local landowners were Charles Blake, the owner of Blue House Farm (located in the area of the modern Barnes End) and Richard Garth
Richard Garth
Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor
of Morden. Both were lawyers and Garth eventually became a judge. They joined forces to seek to procure a Parliamentary bill for a railway line to run across their properties. The railway itself was constructed through the locality in 1859 by the London
London
and South Western Railway but the Motspur Park
Motspur Park
station was not added until 1925.[4] Large mansions and farms are the only habitation shown on the 1871 map of the district[5] with no station or residential districts. The area east of the railway was part of Hobbald(e)s Farm (located at the junction of the modern Lower Morden
Morden
lane and Garth Road) which was owned by Garth. The oak woodland alongside the railway was planted around this time to screen it and it remains today as a nature reserve. The land was sold and then leased to J.J. Bishop the founder of the Bishops Move removal company around 1873. In 1892 part of the estate was sold to Battersea Corporation for use as a cemetery which still remains as the Northeast Surrey
Surrey
Crematorium. Beginning of the suburban era[edit] The area was developed as a suburb in the years just before the first and up to the second world wars. The first developments were in streets off the Burlington Road which had a tram route from about 1906. Pre First world war houses form the northern ends of Belmont, Cavendish and Claremont Avenues west of the railway; and Seaforth, Estela and Adela Avenues to the east. Most houses from this period were of the "terraced" style, typically of six houses joined together, each with three bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs and two living rooms and a kitchen downstairs. The area also attracted a number of playing fields at the this time . These remain and have given the area a large amount of green open space, they are listed in the playing fields section below. In 1906 a Mr and Mrs Howlett moved into 138 Seaforth Avenue. They started up a Sunday School in their house for the children in the local area. Soon adults also began to attend these meetings and before long the numbers increased so that the house was full each Sunday. They started saving for a building in which they could meet. In 1925 "West Barnes Gospel Hall" in Seaforth Avenue, which later became the home of New Malden
New Malden
Evangelical Free Church, was opened. On the corner of Douglas Avenue and Adela Avenue the Church of England built Holy Cross Church[6] where the first service was held in 1908. Following its destruction during the Second World War a new building was erected on the site - the first post-war Church to be built in Southwark Diocese. Designed by architect Ralph Covell it was dedicated for worship in 1949. (The church hall burned down in the 1980s and has since been rebuilt.) The present Anglican parish of Motspur Park
Motspur Park
was only formed some years later in 1978 and serves all those who live or work in the area.[7] The country's first dual carriageway of its kind, being purpose built across greenfields, the Kingston Bypass (A3), was opened in 1926.[8] Located just to the north of Motspur Park
Motspur Park
it formed a distinct northern boundary to the district. The major junction at Shannon Corner, which had a large Odeon cinema, was for years a significant landmark in south west London. The building of this road brought speculative house building on open land throughout its length and it stimulated the development of Motspur Park." The principal developer who turned Motspur Park
Motspur Park
into a residential suburb between the world wars was Sidney Ernest Parkes a boat manufacturer and constructional engineer. His company, Modern Homes and Estates Ltd, was founded in 1924 and was responsible for many of the streets in the area including Phyllis Avenue and Arthur Road, named after his children; Byron Avenue, Tennyson Avenue and Marina Avenue. Wates were also active builders in the area in the inter war years, building to the west of the railway line.[9]

The Earl Beatty pub

The only local public house, The Earl Beatty, celebrates David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty who commanded a large part of the British fleet at the Battle of Jutland
Battle of Jutland
in the First World War. In 1931 the part of the Hobbald(e)s Farm estate was acquired by the Urban District of Merton and Morden
Morden
to become the Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields. One reason for their doing so was to perpetuate the name of local benefactor and ex-Mayor of Wimbledon, Sir Joseph Hood. The land was set out with a large pavilion, football and cricket pitches, tennis courts, bowling green, putting green and children's play areas. Part of the land is now being managed as a conservation and wildlife reserve. The biggest local employer in the twentieth century was the Decca gramophone record company. In 1929 this was employing 700 people[citation needed], and making up to 60,000 records a day at its factory in Burlington Road, New Malden. The company diversified during World War Two to make radar and the Decca Navigator System. Other local employers from that era were, the Shannon typewriter company at Shannon Corner, and the Venner timeswitch company nearby, maker of Britain's first parking meters. Also close to Shannon Corner were Carter's Tested Seeds and Bradbury Wilkinson, a security printing company, maker of banknotes for many of the world's smaller countries. The modern Tesco
Tesco
hypermarket occupies the former Bradbury Wilkinson site. The Motspur Park
Motspur Park
athletics stadium was built by the University of London
London
in 1928. Sydney Charles Wooderson set the then world mile record of 4min 6.4sec at the sports ground on 28 August 1938. The stadium and ground are now owned by Fulham football club as their training camp.

The large gasometers at Motspur Park
Motspur Park
are visible across most of SW London.

World War II[edit] During World War Two the University of London
London
and BBC recreation club grounds were the sites of anti aircraft batteries. The BBC site was the home guard base.[10] Around 30 high explosive bombs fell across the district between October 1940 and June 1941.[11] A large community bomb shelter was built near the entrance to the Joseph Hood Playing Fields. In one incident a stick of bombs was aimed at the railway station by a German bomber but missed its target and destroyed houses in Marina Avenue (including the six odd-numbered houses from 63 to 73) and Claremont Avenue (166-168, and possibly 162-164, Claremont Avenue). The bomb landing in Claremont Avenue landed on a 21st birthday party at a house very near the station killing many at the party. On another occasion a bailed out German pilot landed on top of the gasometers but fell to his death.[10] On the morning of 3 July 1944, a V1 flying bomb came down close to No. 45 Motspur Park, the street that takes its name from the district. Seven houses were razed but no deaths were reported. Several other houses close to the explosion were badly damaged. The bomb sites became "a playground" for young children in the area until the houses were rebuilt by Kingston upon Thames council post war Post war[edit] Post war affluence saw many houses extended with loft conversions, conservatories and extensions. Front gardens became paved as private car parking spaces. B&Q had a store owned a store next to West Barnes Library on the site of the Victorian Ivy House. (The Agip
Agip
offices now occupy this site ). This store was rather small and when the Burlington Retail Park was built, B&Q sold the site and moved into a bigger property in New Malden. In the 1970s to mid-1980s, there was a petrol station/garage in Motspur Park
Motspur Park
adjacent to the level crossing. It was built in the late '50s and sold FINA petrol. It was called Jackson's Garage, owned and run by people of Afro Caribbean descent (it was located on the site of what is now the Fulham Football Club office). There were three newsagents/sweetshops/toyshops in the 1950s to 1970s - A.R. Waylett, Bromheads and the smaller 'Sweet Things and Things' which has now increased in size, the others being closed down. There was also a fishmonger (where a kebab shop now stands) an ironmonger (where the garage door sales shop now stands) three butchers, an RACS Co-op store and the original Motspur Park
Motspur Park
library, which was situated at 359 West Barnes Lane, on the corner of Station Road, in the property now occupied by Kami's gents hairdresser. An old fashioned dairy selling milk, butter and eggs occupied the Progress tuition centre's unit. The Midipharmacy unit has been a chemist since the shops were built in the 1930s, originally owned by a Mr Griffiths. In the 1980s, a short-lived clothing store called 'Get Clobbered' was opened. There were once two banks in Motspur Park; a Lloyds' Bank situated near Motspur Park
Motspur Park
Food and Wine and a Midland Bank
Midland Bank
which was situated in the building adjacent to Kami's. Ghassans store was opened in 1988 and has changed and grown in time to become the local convenience store Ecklee. The store is now three units wide with a Lebanese grill open a few shops down. Famous residents[edit]

Nigel Winterburn, football player George Clinton, musician The village was occasionally mentioned in the BBC comedy series Brush Strokes Caitlin Thomas, author and the widow of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
lived for a while in Arthur Road during the 70s.

Playing fields[edit] Green belt planning restriction has allowed these fields to remain despite pressure from developers. The playing fields located at Motspur Park
Motspur Park
are:

Fulham football club training ground, formerly the University of London
London
Athletics ground. As an athletics track it served for scenes in films The Games (1970), Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
(1981) and The Four Minute Mile (1988) (TV). The BBC F.C. sports club ground The King's College School
King's College School
sports ground The Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields, home of Motspur Park football club The Old Blues rugby club playing field The Tenison's School playing field Plus one other minor ground.

The former BBC sports ground - which is opposite Fulham F.C's training ground - occasionally featured in BBC comedy series such as The Two Ronnies and Monty Python's Flying Circus. The grounds and buildings were sold by the BBC in the late 1990s and became a private members' club before closing permanently after in a devastating fire in 2004. Education[edit]

For education in the Kingston portion of Motspur Park
Motspur Park
see the main Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
article.

Nearby places[edit] To the west: Kingston upon Thames, Old Malden To the south: Worcester Park, North Cheam To the east: Morden, Merton, Wimbledon To the north: New Malden, Raynes Park Gallery[edit]

Former BBC Sports Ground Clubhouse. The sports ground was sold in 2005 and has become disused as permission for development has been declined.

The post war section of the shops added, completed in Autumn, 1958. Local residents referred to these as the "new shops".

The Beverley Brook
Beverley Brook
looking downstream from the Motspur Park
Motspur Park
/ West Barnes Lane road bridge.

The 1930s suburban street known as Motspur Park
Motspur Park
and site of the original Mospur Farm. The houses on this side of the railway were built by Wates builders.

West Barnes Lane showing houses built in the 1930s by Modern Homes and Estates Ltd. A typical feature is the whitewashed pebble dashing .

See also[edit]

Motspur Park
Motspur Park
railway station

Bibliography[edit]

Jowett, Evelyn M. An Illustrated History of Merton and Morden Published Merton and Mordon Festival of Britain Local Committee (1951)

References[edit]

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (February 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

^ "Merton Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 October 2016.  ^ UK Running Track Directory Motspur Park, University of London
London
Track. Accessed December 2006. ^ Old maps Coords =521946 N , 167131 W. Accessed Oct 2012 ^ View up the line from Motspur Park
Motspur Park
station Photo and Notes by Ian Yarham, 19 September 2012 ^ http://www.old-maps.co.uk/oldmaps/index_external.jsp?easting=522581&northing=167660[permanent dead link] old-maps.co.uk ^ You, A Church Near. "Motspur Park, Holy Cross, Motspur Park". A Church Near You. Retrieved 2017-04-22.  ^ Motspur Park
Motspur Park
Holy Cross[permanent dead link] Description - The Diocese of Southwark. Accessed December 2006 ^ Tarmac - Our history Archived 29 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. "In 1925 - 1926 the road fund report showed that 190 miles of arterial roads had been completed including the Kingston by pass - the first dual carriageway of its kind. ^ Building a Suburb Part 2 by John Tarling, raynes Park Residents Association, 1999. ^ a b Malden Blitz 1940 Anthony L Williams recolections at Malden Blitz , 1999. ^ JISC., University of Portsmouth, in collaboration with the National Archives and funded by. "Bomb Sight - Mapping the London
London
Blitz". Bomb Sight. Retrieved 2016-11-14. 

Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields A report for London
London
Borough of Merton December 2006. Written by Alan Scott BSc. MSc. MIEEM. CEnv. Contains a study of the local wildlife and a local history. Raynes Park
Raynes Park
and West Barnes Residents' Association Links to many resources on local history. Potted History of New Malden
New Malden
Evangelical Free Church Accessed August 2007.

External links[edit]

MotspurPark.info, a community website launched in May 2010 with What's On, news and features for the area Friends of Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Field A map of the Motspur Park
Motspur Park
area in 1871[permanent dead link] Motspur Park
Motspur Park
blog

Train times and station information for Motspur Park
Motspur Park
from National Rail

v t e

Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames

Districts

Berrylands Chessington Coombe Hook Kingston upon Thames Kingston Vale Malden Rushett Motspur Park
Motspur Park
(part) New Malden Norbiton Old Malden Seething Wells Surbiton Tolworth

Attractions

Chessington
Chessington
World of Adventures Coronation Stone Dorich House Kingston Museum Kingston upon Thames
Kingston upon Thames
Guildhall Out of Order sculpture Picton House Rose Theatre Stanley Picker Gallery, Kingston University The Queen's Promenade, River Thames

Bridges and tunnels

Kingston Bridge Kingston Railway Bridge

Parks and open spaces

Bushy Park Canbury Gardens Richmond Park

Constituencies

Kingston and Surbiton Richmond Park

Rail stations

 Berrylands   Chessington
Chessington
North   Chessington
Chessington
South  Kingston  Malden Manor  New Malden  Norbiton  Surbiton  Tolworth  Worcester Park

Places of worship

All Saints Church, Kingston upon Thames St John's Church, Kingston upon Thames St Luke's Church, Kingston upon Thames St Andrew's Church, Surbiton St Mark's Church, Surbiton St Raphael's Church, Surbiton

Sport

AFC Wimbledon Kingstonian F.C. Surbiton
Surbiton
Hockey Club Kingston Rowing Club

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

London
London
Borough of Merton

Districts

Bushey Mead Cannon Hill Colliers Wood Copse Hill Cottenham Park Crooked Billet Lower Morden Merton Merton Abbey Merton Park Mitcham Morden Morden
Morden
Park Motspur Park New Malden Norbury Pollards Hill Raynes Park St Helier South Wimbledon Streatham Vale Summerstown West Barnes Wimbledon Wimbledon Park

Attractions

All England
England
Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club Merton Abbey Mills Merton Priory Museum of Wimbledon New Wimbledon Theatre Southside House Wandle Industrial Museum Wandle Trail Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum Wimbledon Stadium Wimbledon Theatre Wimbledon Windmill

Parks and open spaces

Cannizaro Park Cannon Hill Common Lavender Park Mitcham Common Morden
Morden
Hall Park Ravensbury Park Wimbledon Common Wimbledon Park

Constituencies

Mitcham and Morden Wimbledon

Tube, rail stations and tram stops

Belgrave Walk Colliers Wood Dundonald Road Haydons Road Merton Park Mitcham Mitcham Eastfields Mitcham Junction Morden Morden
Morden
South Morden
Morden
Road Motspur Park Phipps Bridge Raynes Park St Helier South Merton South Wimbledon Tooting Wimbledon Wimbledon Chase Wimbledon Park

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings Parks and open spaces People

.