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MOTöRHEAD (/ˈmoʊtərhɛd/ ) were an English rock band formed in June 1975 by bassist, singer, and songwriter Ian Fraser "Lemmy" Kilmister , who was the sole constant member, guitarist Larry Wallis and drummer Lucas Fox . The band are often considered a precursor to the new wave of British heavy metal , which re-energised heavy metal in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Though several guitarists and drummers have played in Motörhead, most of their best-selling albums and singles feature the work of "Fast" Eddie Clarke on guitar and Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor on drums.

Motörhead
Motörhead
released 22 studio albums, 10 live recordings, 12 compilation albums, and five EPs over a career spanning 40 years. Usually a power trio , they had particular success in the early 1980s with several successful singles in the UK Top 40 chart . The albums Overkill , Bomber , Ace of Spades , and particularly No Sleep \'til Hammersmith cemented Motörhead's reputation as a top-tier rock band. The band are ranked number 26 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock. As of 2016, they have sold more than 15 million albums worldwide.

Motörhead
Motörhead
are typically classified as heavy metal, and their fusion of punk rock into the genre helped to pioneer speed metal and thrash metal . Their lyrics typically covered such topics as war , good versus evil , abuse of power , promiscuous sex , substance abuse , and, most famously, gambling , the latter theme being the focus of their hit song "Ace of Spades ".

Motörhead
Motörhead
has been credited with being part of and influencing numerous musical scenes, thrash metal and speed metal especially. From the mid-1970s onward, however, Lemmy
Lemmy
insisted that they were a rock and roll band. He has said that they had more in common with punk bands, but with their own unique sound, Motörhead
Motörhead
is embraced in both punk and metal scenes.

Lemmy
Lemmy
died on 28 December 2015 after being initially diagnosed with an undisclosed aggressive form of cancer, which was later revealed as prostate cancer , and heart failure, after which drummer Mikkey Dee and guitarist Phil Campbell both confirmed that Motörhead
Motörhead
would not continue as a band.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Formation and early years, 1975–77 * 1.2 Rise to success: Overkill and Bomber, 1978–79 * 1.3 Ace of Spades and Iron Fist, 1980–82 * 1.4 Departures, Another Perfect Day
Another Perfect Day
and No Remorse, 1982–84 * 1.5 Orgasmatron and Rock \'n\' Roll, 1986–89 * 1.6 Epic/WTG years: 1916 and March ör Die, 1990–92 * 1.7 Bastards, Sacrifice and Overnight Sensation, 1993–97 * 1.8 Snake Bite Love, We Are Motörhead and Hammered, 1998–2003 * 1.9 Inferno, Kiss of Death and Motörizer, 2004–09 * 1.10 The Wörld Is Yours, Aftershock and Bad Magic, 2010–15 * 1.11 Lemmy\'s death and breakup, Clean Your Clock and Under Cöver, 2015-17

* 2 Style * 3 Name and logo * 4 Wrestling * 5 Rock Löunge bar * 6 Members * 7 Discography * 8 Filmography * 9 Notes * 10 Reference notes * 11 References * 12 Sources * 13 Further reading * 14 External links

HISTORY

FORMATION AND EARLY YEARS, 1975–77

Motörhead
Motörhead
War-Pig 'Snaggletooth' belt buckle by Alchemy England 1977.

"Motorhead" Released in 1977 as a single from Motörhead
Motörhead

------------------------- Problems playing this file? See media help .

Lemmy
Lemmy
was dismissed from Hawkwind in May 1975 after being arrested in Canada for drug possession; he said himself the band dismissed him for "doing the wrong drugs". Now on his own, Lemmy
Lemmy
decided to form a new band called Motörhead, inspired by the final song he had written for Hawkwind.

Lemmy
Lemmy
wanted the music to be "fast and vicious, just like the MC5 ". His stated aim was to "concentrate on very basic music: loud, fast, city, raucous, arrogant, paranoid, speedfreak rock n roll ... it will be so loud that if we move in next door to you, your lawn will die". On the recommendation of Mick Farren , he recruited Larry Wallis (formerly of Pink Fairies ) on electric guitar and Lucas Fox on drums. According to Lemmy, the band's first practice was at the now defunct Sound Management rehearsal studios, located on Kings Road, Chelsea in 1975 (Sound Management leased the basement area of furniture store "The Furniture Cave", located in adjacent Lots Road). Kilmister has said they used to steal equipment, as the band was short on gear. Their first engagement was supporting Greenslade at The Roundhouse
The Roundhouse
, London
London
on 20 July 1975. On 19 October, having played 10 gigs, they became the supporting act to Blue Öyster Cult at the Hammersmith Odeon .

The band were contracted to United Artists by Andrew Lauder , the A they won a poll for "the best worst band in the world" in the music magazine NME .

By April 1977, living in squats and with little recognition, Taylor and Clarke decided to quit the band, and after some debate, they agreed to do a farewell show at the Marquee Club in London. Lemmy
Lemmy
had become acquainted with Ted Carroll from Chiswick Records and asked him to bring a mobile studio to the show to record it for posterity. Carroll was unable to get the mobile unit to the Marquee Club, but showed up backstage after the engagement and offered them two days at Escape Studios with producer Speedy Keen
Speedy Keen
to record a single. The band took the chance, and instead of recording a single they laid down 11 unfinished tracks. Carroll gave them a few more days at Olympic Studios to finish the vocals and the band completed 13 tracks for release as an album. Chiswick issued the single "Motorhead " in June, followed by the album Motörhead
Motörhead
in August, which spent one week in the UK Albums Chart at number 43. The band toured the UK supporting Hawkwind in June, then from late July they commenced the "Beyond the Threshold of Pain" tour with The Count Bishops .

In August, Tony Secunda took over the management of the band, and their cohesiveness became so unstable that by March 1978, Clarke and Taylor had formed and were performing as The Muggers with Speedy Keen and Billy Rath .

RISE TO SUCCESS: OVERKILL AND BOMBER, 1978–79

The 1976–1982 Motörhead
Motörhead
line-up: Lemmy
Lemmy
Kilmister , Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor and "Fast" Eddie Clarke

In July 1978, the band returned to the management of Douglas Smith, who secured a one-off singles deal with Bronze Records . The resulting "Louie Louie " single was issued in September peaking at number 68 on the UK Singles Chart , and the band toured the UK to promote it, recorded a BBC Radio 1 John Peel in session on 18 September (these tracks were later issued on the 2005 BBC Live "> Cover of the "Ace Up Your Sleeve" tour booklet, using one of the shots taken during the photography session in Barnet for the Ace of Spades album cover

During August and September 1980, the band were at Jackson's Studios in Rickmansworth, recording with producer Vic Maile . The "Ace of Spades " single was released on 27 October 1980 as a preview of the Ace of Spades album, which followed on 8 November. The single reached No. 15 and the album reached No. 4 on the UK charts. Bronze celebrated its gold record status by pressing a limited edition of the album in gold vinyl.

Motörhead
Motörhead
made an appearance on Top of the Pops in November that year with "Ace of Spades", and between 22 October and 29 November the band were on their "Ace Up Your Sleeve" UK tour with support from Girlschool and Vardis , and also made an appearance as guests on the ITV children's show Tiswas on 8 November. The "Arizona desert-style" pictures used on the album sleeve and tour booklet cover were taken during a photo session at a sandpit in Barnet . "Ace of Spades", considered to be the definitive Motörhead
Motörhead
anthem, "put a choke on the English music charts and proved to all that a band could succeed without sacrificing its blunt power and speed". Motorhead playing at Port Talbot in 1982

To coincide with the Ace of Spades release, Big Beat , who had inherited the Chiswick catalogue, put together four unused tracks from the Escape Studios sessions in 1977 and released them as Beer Drinkers and Hell Raisers , which reached No. 43 on the UK Singles Chart in November.

The band had more chart hits in 1981 with the releases St. Valentine\'s Day Massacre EP, their collaboration with Girlschool which reached No. 5 on the UK Singles Chart in February; the live version of "Motorhead ", which reached No. 6 on the UK Singles Chart in July; and the album it was taken from, No Sleep \'til Hammersmith , which reached No. 1 on the UK Albums Chart in June. During March 1981, the band had been touring Europe, and in the final week of the month they conducted the "Short Sharp, Pain in the Neck" UK tour from which the recordings for No Sleep 'til Hammersmith were made.

From April through to July, the band toured North America for the first time (Ace of Spades was their debut release in the region) as guests of Blizzard of Ozz, an early incarnation of Ozzy Osbourne 's band, but were still able to make an appearance on Top of the Pops on 9 July to promote the live "Motorhead" single. In October the band recorded tracks at BBC's Maida Vale
Maida Vale
4 studio for the David Jensen show broadcast on 6 October. The band commenced a European tour on 20 November, supported by Tank , followed by Clarke producing Tank's debut album Filth Hounds of Hades at Ramport Studios in December and January.

Between 26 and 28 January 1982, the band started recording their self-produced new album at Ramport Studios, before moving onto Morgan Studios to continue the sessions throughout February. On 3 April the single "Iron Fist " was released, reaching No. 29 on the UK Singles Chart, followed by the parent album Iron Fist , released on 17 April and peaking at No. 6 on the UK Albums Chart. They were the last releases to feature the Lemmy, Clarke, Taylor line-up, though the line-up continued to perform in the Iron Fist UK tour between 17 March and 12 April, and the band's first headlining North America tour from 12 May until Clarke's last engagement at the New York Palladium on 14 May.

DEPARTURES, ANOTHER PERFECT DAY AND NO REMORSE, 1982–84

Clarke left as a consequence of the band recording Stand By Your Man , a cover version of the Tammy Wynette classic, in collaboration with Wendy O. Williams
Wendy O. Williams
and the Plasmatics
Plasmatics
. Clarke felt that the song compromised the band's principles, refused to play on the recording and resigned, later forming his own band, Fastway . Lemmy
Lemmy
and Taylor made numerous telephone calls to find a guitarist, including one to Brian Robertson , formerly with Thin Lizzy , who was recording a solo album in Canada. He agreed to help out and complete the tour with them. Robertson signed a one-album deal resulting in 1983's Another Perfect Day and the two singles from it, "Shine " and "I Got Mine ".

In June and July the band played five dates in Japan, and from mid-October until mid-November they toured Europe. From late May until early July, the band conducted the "Another Perfect Tour", followed by an American tour between July and August, and another European tour in October and November. Robertson began to cause friction in the band as a result of his on-stage attire, consisting of shorts and ballet shoes, and, furthermore, with his point blank refusal to play the old standards that every Motörhead
Motörhead
audience expected to hear. This led to an amicable agreement that Robertson would leave, playing his last engagement with the band at the Berlin Metropol on 11 November.

After Robertson's departure in 1983, the band were sent tapes from all over the world from potential guitarists. The group returned to the concept of dual lead guitars by hiring unknowns Würzel and Phil Campbell (formerly of Persian Risk ). In February 1984, the Lemmy, Campbell, Würzel, and Taylor line-up recorded "Ace of Spades" for the "Bambi " episode in the British television series, The Young Ones . Scenes of the band playing are interspersed with the characters' antics as they rush to the railway station, in a parody of The Beatles ' comedy film A Hard Day\'s Night . Taylor quit the band after that recording, causing Lemmy
Lemmy
to quip: "Did I leave them or did they leave me?". Before joining Motörhead, Phil Campbell had met former Saxon drummer Pete Gill , and the trio decided to call him to see if he would like to visit London. The try-outs went well and Gill was hired.

Bronze Records thought the new line-up would not make the grade and decided to "nail down the lid" on the group with a compilation album. When Lemmy
Lemmy
found out, he took over the project, selecting tracks, providing sleeve notes and insisted that Motörhead
Motörhead
record four brand new tracks to go at the end of each side of the album. During the sessions between 19 and 25 May 1984 at Britannia Row Studios, London, the band recorded six tracks for the single's B-side and the album. The single "Killed by Death " was released on 1 September and reached No. 51 in the UK Singles Chart, the double album No Remorse was released on 15 September and reached silver disc status, attaining the position of No. 14 in the UK Album charts.

The band were involved in a court case with Bronze over the next two years, believing that their releases were not being promoted properly, and the record company banned them from the recording studio. The band looked to more touring for income; Australia and New Zealand in late July to late August, a brief tour of Hungary in September, and the No Remorse "Death on the Road" tour between 24 October and 7 November. On 26 October the band made a live appearance on the British Channel 4 music programme The Tube, performing "Killed By Death", "Steal Your Face" (over which the programme's end-credits were played) and the unbroadcast "Overkill", before going on to their next engagement that evening. From 19 November to 15 December the band toured America with Canadian speed metal band Exciter and Danish heavy metal band Mercyful Fate and from 26 to 30 December performed five shows in Germany.

On 5 April 1985, ITV broadcast four songs that were recorded after the band went off air on their earlier appearance on The Tube programme. A week later the band, dressed in tuxedos, played four songs on the live Channel 4 music show ECT (Extra-Celestial Transmission). To celebrate the band's tenth anniversary, two shows were arranged at Hammersmith Odeon on 28 and 29 June, a video of the second show was taken and later released as The Birthday Party . From early June until early August the band were on their 'It Never Gets Dark' tour of Sweden and Norway, an American tour followed in mid-November until late December.

ORGASMATRON AND ROCK \'N\' ROLL, 1986–89

From 26 March to 3 April 1986, the band toured Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark on their "Easter Metal Blast" and in June, played two dates in Bologna and Milan
Milan
in Italy. The court case with Bronze was finally settled in the band's favour. The band's management instigated their own label, GWR . Recording took place in Master Rock Studios, London
London
and the single " Deaf Forever
Deaf Forever
" was released on 5 July as a taster for the Orgasmatron album, which was released on 9 August. On the same day as the release of the album, Lemmy
Lemmy
and Würzel were interviewed by Andy Kershaw
Andy Kershaw
on the BBC Radio 1 Saturday Live show and "Orgasmatron" and "Deaf Forever" were played. The single reached No. 67 and the album reached No. 21 in the UK charts.

On 16 August, the band played at the Monsters of Rock at Castle Donington and was recorded by BBC Radio 1 for a future Friday Rock Show broadcast. The performance closed with a flyover by a couple of Second World War
War
German aircraft. Also that day Lemmy
Lemmy
was filmed giving his views on spoof metal act "Bad News" for inclusion in a Peter Richardson Comic Strip film entitled "More Bad News" since the band featuring Rik Mayall , Peter Richardson, Nigel Planer
Nigel Planer
and Adrian Edmondson were also performing at Donington. In September the band conducted their "Orgasmatron" tour in Great Britain, supported by fledgling act Zodiac Mindwarp and the Love Reaction
Zodiac Mindwarp and the Love Reaction
. In October they toured America and in December were in Germany.

In 1987, during the filming of Eat the Rich – in which Lemmy
Lemmy
was taking a starring role alongside well-known comedy actors such as Robbie Coltrane , Kathy Burke , the regulars from The Comic Strip ensemble, and various other musician cameo appearances – Gill left the band and Taylor returned to appear in the band's cameo as "In House Club Band" alongside Würzel and Campbell. The band wrote "Eat the Rich " especially for the film, its soundtrack featured tracks from Orgasmatron and Würzel's solo single "Bess". The band's second album for GWR was Rock \'n\' Roll , released on 5 September, after a tight work schedule in the studio. While having some popular tracks and using "Eat the Rich" as its second track, the band commented that the album was virtually "nailed together".

On 2 July 1988 Motörhead
Motörhead
were one of the performers at the Giants of Rock Festival in Hämeenlinna , Finland. The tracks were released as No Sleep at All on 15 October. A single from the album was planned with the band wanting "Traitor" as the A-side, but "Ace of Spades " was chosen instead. When the band noticed the change, they refused to allow the single to be distributed to the shops, and it was withdrawn and became available only on the "No Sleep at All" tour and through the Motörheadbangers fan club. While they continued to play live shows during 1989 and 1990, Motörhead
Motörhead
once again felt unhappy with their career, and a court case with GWR followed, which was not resolved until mid-1990.

EPIC/WTG YEARS: 1916 AND MARCH öR DIE, 1990–92

With the court case resolved, Motörhead
Motörhead
signed to Epic/WTG and spent the last half of 1990 recording a new album and single in Los Angeles. Just prior to the album sessions the band's former manager, Doug Smith, released the recording of the band's tenth anniversary show, much against the bands wishes, having previously told him that they did not want it released, in 1986. In the studio they recorded four songs with producer Ed Stasium , before deciding he had to go.

When Lemmy
Lemmy
listened to one of the mixes of "Going to Brazil", he asked for him to turn up four tracks, and on doing so heard claves and tambourines that Stasium had added without their knowledge. Stasium was fired and Peter Solley was hired as producer. The story according to Stasium was that Lemmy's drug and alcohol intake had far exceeded the limitations of Stasium's patience so he quit. The single "The One to Sing the Blues " issued on 24 December 1990 (7" and CD) and 5 January 1991 (12"), was followed by the album 1916 on 21 January. The single, which was issued in 7", cassette, shaped picture disc , 12" and CD single, reached No. 45 in the UK Singles Chart, the album reached No. 24 in the UK Album Charts.

The band conducted their "It Serves You Right" tour of Britain in February, the "Lights Out Over Europe" tour followed, lasting until early April, when the band returned to Britain to play another six venues. In June the band played five dates in Japan and five dates in Australia and New Zealand. Between July and August, they played across the United States with Judas Priest
Judas Priest
, Alice Cooper
Alice Cooper
, Metal Church
Metal Church
and opener Dangerous Toys on the "Operation Rock 'n' Roll" tour. The band finished the year with six dates in Germany during December.

On 28 March 1992, the band played what would turn out to be Taylor's last engagement at Irvine Meadows, Irvine, California. The band had been wanting Lemmy
Lemmy
to get rid of their manager, Doug Banker, for some time and after an unsolicited visit from Todd Singerman, who insisted he should manage them despite never having managed a band before, the band met with Singerman and decided to take him on board, firing Banker. In the midst of this, the band were recording an album at Music Grinder Studios, in the city's east part of Hollywood during the 1992 Los Angeles riots . Three drummers participated in the making of the March ör Die album: Phil Taylor, who was fired because he did not learn the drum tracks on the song "I Ain't No Nice Guy"; Tommy Aldridge who recorded most of the material on the album; and Mikkey Dee , who recorded " Hellraiser ", a song originally written by Lemmy for Ozzy Osbourne's No More Tears album. March ör Die features guest appearances by Ozzy Osbourne and Slash .

BASTARDS, SACRIFICE AND OVERNIGHT SENSATION, 1993–97

Lemmy
Lemmy
had known Mikkey Dee
Mikkey Dee
from the time when King Diamond had toured with Motörhead. He had asked Dee to become Motörhead's drummer before, but Dee had declined due to his commitment to King Diamond. On this occasion, Dee was available and met the band to try out. Playing the song "Hellraiser" first, Lemmy
Lemmy
thought "he was very good immediately. It was obvious that it was going to work." After recording "Hellraiser" and "Hell on Earth" in the studio, Dee's first engagement with Motörhead
Motörhead
was on 30 August at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center . The new line-up then went on tour, playing dates with Ozzy Osbourne, Skew Siskin and Exodus . On 27 September, the band played at the Los Angeles Coliseum with Metallica
Metallica
and Guns N\' Roses . The band toured Argentina and Brazil during October and conducted the "Bombers and Eagles in '92" tour of Europe with Saxon throughout December.

Motörhead
Motörhead
played two dates at the Arena Obras Sanitarias in Buenos Aires in April 1993 and toured Europe from early June until early July, returning to the United States to play one show at the New York Ritz on 14 August. A new producer was sought for the band's next album and eventually Howard Benson , who was to produce the band's next four albums, was chosen. The band recorded at A Metallica
Metallica
played at the event under the name "The Lemmy's".

In 1996, the band began touring the States in early January and played thirty venues up to 15 February; a seven-date tour of Europe in June and July was followed by two engagements in South America during August. A tour of the United States with Belladonna and Speedball began with two shows (Los Angeles "> Entrance ticket for the 25th anniversary concert at the Brixton Academy on 22 October 2000

In May 2000, the release of We Are Motörhead and the single from it, a cover of the Sex Pistol's "God Save the Queen ", coincided with the start of the band's "We Are Motörhead" tour across South and North America during May and June, with a further nine shows across in Europe in July. Shows in the United States and France were followed by the release of a double-disc compilation album, The Best Of , on 26 August.

Four dates in Japan preceded the band's 25th anniversary concert on 22 October at the Brixton Academy in London, where guest appearances were made by "Fast" Eddie Clarke, Brian May , Doro Pesch , Whitfield Crane , Ace, Paul Inder and Todd Campbell. The show also featured the return of the Bomber-lighting rig. The event was filmed and released the following year as the 25 including as the Graspop Metal Meeting
Graspop Metal Meeting
in Belgium, the Quart Festival in Norway, and the Wacken Open Air on 4 August, where four songs were recorded for the 25 at Summer Festivals in South America during May; and in Europe during June, July and August. They had already spent time in the studio, working on Inferno , which was released on 22 June and followed by the "Inferno" tour of Ireland with Class of Zero for three dates. Joined by Sepultura , the tour hit Great Britain. Some of the London
London
show at the Hammersmith Apollo was filmed for TV as Gene Simmons
Gene Simmons
introduced the extra opening act The Class, made up of school children from his Channel 4 series Rock School . Würzel guested on "Overkill". The band continued the tour with Sepultura across Europe through the rest of November and December. At the show in Magdeburg
Magdeburg
, Germany on 4 December Motörhead joined Sepultura on stage during their support slot playing the song "Orgasmatron", in celebration of Sepultura's 20th Anniversary. The show on 7 December at the Philipshalle in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
was recorded and later released as the Stage Fright DVD. Motörhead
Motörhead
on stage, 2005

Motörhead
Motörhead
picked up their first Grammy in the awards of 2005 in the Best Metal Performance category for their cover of Metallica
Metallica
's "Whiplash " on Metallic Attack: The Ultimate Tribute . "They've managed to get the knife in," Lemmy
Lemmy
grumbled. "It was only a mercy fuck – it was our thirtieth anniversary. If they gave us a Grammy for one of our albums or songs, it would mean something."

From March until early May 2005, the band toured the United States, and in June and August were on the "30th Anniversary" tour in Europe. On 22 August, they were the subject of an hour-long documentary, Live Fast, Die Old, aired on Channel 4 as part of The Other Side series of documentaries, filmed by new and established directors.

On 20 September, a compilation containing the band's appearances on BBC Radio 1 and a concert recording from Paris Theatre, London, was released as BBC Live "> Motörhead
Motörhead
at the Masters of Rock tour in 2007.

During that tour, Kiss of Death was released on 29 August 2006 via Sanctuary Records
Sanctuary Records
, with a video for "Be My Baby". The tour ended on 25 November at the Brixton Academy, where Phil Campbell played on "Killed By Death" during Crucified Barbara's support set. Twelve shows in Europe with Meldrum took them through the end of November to early December, the first two shows also featuring Skew Siskin.

In November, the band agreed to a sponsorship deal with the Greenbank B under-10s football team from North Hykeham , Lincoln , putting the band's name as well as War-Pig on the team's shirts; the under-10s run out to "Ace of Spades". Lemmy
Lemmy
is old friends with Gary Weight, the team's manager; Weight "sent an email off to them and they came back and said it was a great idea" and hopes the deal will draw inspired performances from his team. On 25 April 2007, the band played at the Poliedro de Caracas in Caracas , Venezuela, and on 29 April at the Fundiçao Progresso, Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
. In June, Motörhead
Motörhead
played an engagement at the Royal Festival Hall as part of Jarvis Cocker 's Meltdown . On 26 February 2008, No Sleep \'til Hammersmith was reissued again as a two disc CD.

From March through to June 2008, the band convened in Los Angeles with producer Cameron Webb to begin work on their 19th album Motörizer . Mikkey Dee's drum tracks were recorded at Dave Grohl 's studio. Motörizer was released on 26 August. It does not feature artwork by Joe Petagno, the artist who designed many of their classic covers. In June 2008 the band performed on the main stage of the Download festival . Between 6 and 31 August, Motörhead
Motörhead
joined Judas Priest , Heaven "> Motörhead
Motörhead
performing at the Norway Rock Festival 2010

In a November 2009 interview with ABORT Magazine's E.S. Day, Lemmy stated that Motörhead
Motörhead
would enter the studio in February 2010 "to rehearse, write and record" their 20th studio album, to be released by the end of the year. The album was recorded with Cameron Webb and Welsh producer Romesh Dodangoda in Longwave Studio, Cardiff. In an interview with Hungarian television in July 2010, drummer Mikkey Dee announced that the album was finished, with 11 tracks. The album's name was said to be The Wörld Is Yours . On 3 November 2010, Future plc , a UK media company, announced that Motörhead
Motörhead
were to release The Wörld is Yours via an exclusive publishing deal with Classic Rock magazine on 14 December 2010. The standard CD release of The Wörld is Yours would go on sale on 17 January 2011, through Motörhead's own label, Motörhead
Motörhead
Music. Phil Campbell of Motörhead
Motörhead
– New York City 28 February 2011

To coincide with the release of their upcoming album, Motörhead embarked on a 35th Anniversary UK tour, from 8–28 November 2010, and a European tour from 30 November 2010 – 19 December 2010. They also took their tour to the Americas in 2011. In October, the band recorded a slow blues version of their longtime hit "Ace of Spades" for a TV spot for Kronenbourg
Kronenbourg
beer. On 5 December the single "Get Back in Line" was released, followed by the release of a video for the single on 6 December. In December, Mikkey Dee
Mikkey Dee
stated to French journalists that Motörhead
Motörhead
are planning to release a box-set with several DVDs in 2011. He did not give any details but said that it will come in a "beautiful package including many surprises".

On 17 January 2011, it was announced that Motörhead
Motörhead
would be part of the Sonisphere Festival in Knebworth. In August 2011, they headlined the Brutal Assault open-air festival in the Czech Republic. On 2 March 2011 Motörhead
Motörhead
performed on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon . On 9 July 2011, former guitarist Würzel died of a heart attack. In celebration of 35 years' touring, in late 2011 the band released the live DVD The Wörld Is Ours – Vol 1 – Everywhere Further Than Everyplace Else, including performances at the O2 Apollo Manchester , Best Buy Theater , New York City and Teatro Caupolicán
Teatro Caupolicán
, Santiago de Chile
Santiago de Chile
. On 19 December 2011, it was announced that Motörhead
Motörhead
would play at the German festivals Rock am Ring and Rock im Park in Nürburgring
Nürburgring
and Nuremberg
Nuremberg
respectively in June 2012. On 12 January 2012, it was announced that Motörhead
Motörhead
were touring the US and Canada in early 2012, along with three other metal bands Megadeth , Volbeat and Lacuna Coil . The Gigantour took place from 26 January to 28 February 2012, but Motörhead
Motörhead
missed the final four shows because Lemmy
Lemmy
had a combination of an upper respiratory viral infection and voice strain, resulting in severe laryngitis . Lemmy
Lemmy
wrote on Facebook, "I'm giving my voice a good rest", hoping he would recover soon to play at the Mayhem Festival , which was held from 30 June to 5 August 2012. Motörhead
Motörhead
also took part on 23 June in the Rock-A-Field Luxembourg Open Air Festival in Roeser
Roeser
.

In an April 2012 interview with Classic Rock Revisited, Lemmy
Lemmy
was asked if Motörhead
Motörhead
were planning to make a follow-up to The Wörld Is Yours. He replied, "We have not started writing any songs yet but we will. We put out an album out every two years. I will continue to do that as long as I can afford an amp." On 28 June 2012, Lemmy
Lemmy
told Auburn Reporter that Motörhead
Motörhead
will release their next album in 2013 and they had written "about 6 songs so far." On 23 October 2012, Lemmy
Lemmy
told Billboard.com that the band had planned to enter the studio in January to begin recording the album for a mid-2013 release. On 28 February 2013, it was announced that Motörhead
Motörhead
had begun recording their new album. Motörhead
Motörhead
released the live DVD The Wörld Is Ours – Vol. 2 – Anyplace Crazy As Anywhere Else in September 2012. On 18 June 2013, the new album's title was revealed to be Aftershock .

In mid-November 2013, Motörhead
Motörhead
were due to embark on a European tour alongside Saxon , followed by a tour in Germany and Scandinavia due to last until mid December 2013 but the dates were postponed and rescheduled for February and March 2014 due to Lemmy's health problems. However, in January 2014, Motörhead
Motörhead
announced the cancellation of the new February and March dates of their European tour as Lemmy
Lemmy
was still to reach full recovery from diabetes related health problems. But the same month, the band was confirmed for Coachella Festival to take place across two weekends in spring 2014 (12–14 and 19–21 April) in Indio , California, the exact dates to be revealed as 13 and 20 April 2014. In February 2014, Motörhead confirmed a Summer tour 2014 with eight European dates (from 24 June to 10 August) in France (2 dates), Switzerland, Italy, Germany (2 dates), Russia and Ukraine. In March 2014, the band announced a Los Angeles date on 11 April 2014 at Club Nokia. Later on, two new dates on 17 and 18 April 2014 respectively in Las Vegas (Pearl) and San Francisco (Warfield) were added. Still in March 2014, Motörhead announced that three heavy metal bands Megadeth, Anthrax and themselves would perform from 22 to 26 September 2014 at the first annual Motörhead's Motörboat cruise on board the Carnival Ecstasy (self-proclaimed "The Loudest Boat in the World"), due to sail from Miami and visit the ports of Key West and the Cozumel island just off Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula .

In a September 2014 interview on Full Metal Jackie , Lemmy
Lemmy
stated that Motörhead
Motörhead
would "probably" enter the studio in January 2015 to start work on their 22nd studio album for a tentative late 2015 release. On 25 February 2015, Motörhead
Motörhead
officially confirmed that they were in the studio recording their new album in Los Angeles with longtime producer Cameron Webb. On 27 May 2015, the band released teasers on their Facebook page with the roman number "XXXX" on it. On 4 June the new album (which would be their last) Bad Magic was launched for pre-order on Amazon, revealing its title and cover art which also shows the "XXXX", coinciding with the 40th anniversary of the band. The album was released on 28 August 2015. The band performed at the UK's Glastonbury Festival in June 2015. Their final UK gig was at the Eden Project
Eden Project
on 27 June 2015.

While touring the album as the "40th anniversary Tour", Motörhead had to cut short their Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
show on 27 August 2015 (in the Rocky Mountains) due to Lemmy's breathing problems (the result of an altitude sickness ) and then they had to cancel completely day-off their Denver
Denver
Riot Fest set on 28 August 2015. Their tour picked up again on 1 September 2015 at Emo's in Austin, Texas
Austin, Texas
(moved from Cedar Park Center) but the group were again forced to abandon their set after three songs and to cancel subsequent shows (from the show on 2 September 2015 in San Antonio
San Antonio
, Texas to the show on 5 September 2015 in Houston
Houston
, Texas included).

Despite his ongoing health issues forcing Motörhead
Motörhead
to cut short or cancel several US shows, Lemmy
Lemmy
Kilmister was able to bounce back in time for the trio's annual Motörboat heavy metal cruise from Miami to the Bahamas which ran from 28 September through 2 October 2015 including performances by heavy metal legends Slayer
Slayer
and underground heroes like Anthrax , Exodus , Suicidal Tendencies and Corrosion of Conformity . For this occasion, Motörhead
Motörhead
performed live two entire (identical) sets on 30 September and 1 October 2015.

Motörhead
Motörhead
continued the "40th Anniversary Tour" in Europe in November and December. They played concerts in Germany, Sweden, Norway and Finland. Their final concert was in Berlin, Germany on 11 December 2015. After Lemmy's death, drummer Mikkey Dee
Mikkey Dee
spoke in an interview about him: "He was terribly gaunt. He spent all his energy on stage and afterwards he was very, very tired. It's incredible that he could even play, that he could finish the Europe tour. It was only 20 days ago. Unbelievable." The "40th Anniversary Tour" was planned to continue in January 2016 in the band's home country the U.K., the first concert would have been in Newcastle on 23 January 2016.

LEMMY\'S DEATH AND BREAKUP, CLEAN YOUR CLOCK AND UNDER CöVER, 2015-17

On 28 December 2015, Lemmy
Lemmy
died, four days after celebrating his 70th birthday. He was the second Motörhead
Motörhead
member to die in 2015, following Phil Taylor the previous month. The band posted the following message on Facebook:

There is no easy way to say this... our mighty, noble friend Lemmy passed away today after a short battle with an extremely aggressive cancer. He had learnt of the disease on December 26th, and was at home, sitting in front of his favorite video game from The Rainbow which had recently made its way down the street, with his family.

We cannot begin to express our shock and sadness, there aren't words.

We will say more in the coming days, but for now, please... play Motörhead
Motörhead
loud, play Hawkwind loud, play Lemmy's music LOUD. Have a drink or few.

Share stories.

Celebrate the LIFE this lovely, wonderful man celebrated so vibrantly himself.

HE WOULD WANT EXACTLY THAT.

Ian 'Lemmy' Kilmister

1945–2015

Born to lose, lived to win.

The following day, drummer Mikkey Dee
Mikkey Dee
confirmed that Motörhead
Motörhead
would not continue, stating, " Motörhead
Motörhead
is over, of course. Lemmy
Lemmy
was Motörhead. We won't be doing any more tours or anything. And there won't be any more records. But the brand survives, and Lemmy
Lemmy
lives on in the hearts of everyone." Two days after Lemmy's death, guitarist Phil Campbell also stated that " Motörhead
Motörhead
is no longer".

A few days later, the band's long-time manager Todd Singerman told the press that Lemmy
Lemmy
had experienced chest pains two days after his 70th birthday party (held at Whisky a Go Go ) and visited into the emergency room, but was released the next day. However, Singerman was concerned because Lemmy's speech was "getting bad" and took him to a brain scan . On 26 December the doctor came into Lemmy's apartment, "brought the results and told us all that he has two to six months to live". Lemmy
Lemmy
reacted calmly. "He took it better than all of us", said Singerman. "His only comment was, 'Oh, only two months, huh?' The doctor goes, 'Yeah, Lem, I don't want to bullshit you. It's bad, and there's nothing anyone can do. I would be lying to you if I told you there was a chance.'" Plans were made to treat Lemmy
Lemmy
at home. A video game console at the Rainbow Bar and Grill that Lemmy
Lemmy
loved to play was brought to his apartment. On 28 December 2015, he spent hours on the console, and Rainbow owner Mikael Maglieri paid a visit. Lemmy
Lemmy
died in his sleep later that day.

Initially planned on 27 May 2016, UDR Music released on 10 June 2016 Clean Your Clock , a Motörhead
Motörhead
archive live album due to contain material recorded at the 20 "> Lemmy
Lemmy
live in Edmonton
Edmonton
, 2005

In a biography of the band, senior editor for AllMusic , Stephen Thomas Erlewine , wrote: "Motörhead's overwhelmingly loud and fast style of heavy metal was one of the most groundbreaking styles the genre had to offer in the late '70s" and though " Motörhead
Motörhead
wasn't punk rock ... they were the first metal band to harness that energy and, in the process, they created speed metal and thrash metal ." Whether they created these genres might be subject to debate, but Motörhead
Motörhead
were unquestionably influential.

Although Motörhead
Motörhead
is often considered a heavy metal band, Lemmy always described Motörhead's music as simply "rock and roll ". In 2011, he said: "We were not heavy metal. We were a rock 'n' roll band. Still are. Everyone always describes us as heavy metal even when I tell them otherwise. Why won't people listen?" In 2014, he reiterated to Der Spiegel that he did not particularly like heavy metal.

Lemmy
Lemmy
had stated that he generally felt more kinship with punk rockers than with heavy metal bands: Motörhead
Motörhead
had engagements with fellow Brits The Damned , with whom he played bass on a handful of late 1970s engagements, as well as having penned the song " R.A.M.O.N.E.S. " as a tribute to the Ramones . Motörhead, Lemmy stated, have more in common aesthetically with The Damned than Black Sabbath , and nothing whatsoever in common with Judas Priest
Judas Priest
. Lemmy said he felt little kinship with the speed metal bands Motörhead
Motörhead
have inspired:

They've just got the wrong bit. They think that being fast and loud is the whole thing and it isn't. The guitar solos are not really difficult for a guitar player, it's just playing scales. To feel a solo and bend into it it's like having a deep guitarist.

NAME AND LOGO

The name "Motörhead" is a reference to users of the drug amphetamine . The band's distinctive fanged-face logo, with its oversized boar's tusks, chains, and spikes, was created by artist Joe Petagno in 1977 for the cover of the Motörhead
Motörhead
album and has appeared in many variations on covers of ensuing albums. The fanged face has been referred to variously as "War-Pig" and "Snaggletooth". The band's name is usually printed in a lowercase form of blackletter . The umlaut character ö is possibly derived from the similar "heavy metal umlaut " in the name of their 1975 acquaintances Blue Öyster Cult . However, this umlaut does not alter the pronunciation of the band's name. When asked if Germans pronounced the band "Motuuuurhead", Lemmy answered "No, they don't. I only put it in there to look mean". Snaggletooth B Motörhead
Motörhead
on Motörhead's first album

Snaggletooth is the fanged face that serves as the symbol of Motörhead. Artist Joe Petagno drew it in 1977 for the cover of the band's debut album (with designer Phil Smee
Phil Smee
who turned it into a negative and did the lettering to complete the logo), having met Lemmy
Lemmy
while doing some work with Hawkwind. Petagno stated:

The inspiration came from just being a naturally pissed-off bastard! And Lemmy's the same way! So it was bound to be an alchemal wedding of a more "primordial nature". I did a lot of research on skull types and found a cross-breed gorilla-wolf-dog combination would work nicely with some oversized boars horns. Lemmy
Lemmy
added Helmet, chains, spit, spikes and grit.

Eddie Clarke was less sure about the imagery to begin with:

I shuddered when I saw it the first time. I thought, "Blimey, this ain't gonna go down that well", because it was just way over the top, then. But I grew to love it ... it was not scary or horrifying, it would've been, in those days, deemed bad taste.

It has remained a symbol of Motörhead
Motörhead
throughout the years, with Petagno creating many variations of Snaggletooth, or as some have called it and written it down as War-Pig, for the covers of ensuing albums. To date, only two of the original covers for Motörhead's 22 studio albums do not feature any variation of War-Pig on the cover: On Parole and Overnight Sensation (of which, On Parole was never sanctioned by the band), and was in any case reissued with a black Snaggletooth on a white background. Phil is wearing a Snaggletooth badge on the cover of Ace of Spades . The cover of "Iron Fist" depicts a metal gauntlet wearing four skull-shaped rings, one of which is Snaggletooth, while the rear of the album-sleeve shows a fully detailed 3-D metal sculpture of the symbol. Originally the Snaggletooth design included a swastika on one of the helmet's spikes. This was painted out on later re-releases of the albums on CD.

On 21 September 2007, Petagno announced that "there will be no more "HEADS" from my hand", citing irreconcilable differences between himself and the band's current management, Singerman Entertainment. Petagno stated:

It has been a long, exciting and industrious journey, full of art and intuition, difference in repetition, and creative innovation. I feel I accomplished something unique in Metal history over the last 31 years by breathing life again and again into a figment of my own imagination, an image or better an entity which has taken on a life of its own, which I actually believe goes beyond the music it was created to represent. I'm damn proud of that!

In reply, Lemmy
Lemmy
stated:

As many of you know, we have been working with Joe Petagno for 31 years. We always treated Joe fairly, and I would like to stress that at no time did my manager demand what Joe thinks he demanded — it is all a colossal misunderstanding. We have always loved his artwork, obviously, and if he now decides to stop working with us, we have no choice but to use someone else. However ... if he will not discuss this personally and try to work things out, I think it's a great tragedy. If Joe continues with us, no one would be more delighted than me. If it's goodbye, Joe, I wish you well, but I hope, even at this stage, to be reconciled and continue our association.

WRESTLING

Motörhead
Motörhead
are well known in the professional wrestling world for performing wrestler Triple H
Triple H
's entrance music, "The Game", which he has used as his entrance music since January 2001. In addition to the song playing whenever Triple H
Triple H
appears on WWE programming such as Raw or SmackDown , and at other pay-per-view wrestling events, the band have performed the song live for him at WrestleMania X-Seven and WrestleMania 21 . Their song "Rock Out" was also used as the theme song of the WWE pay-per-view Unforgiven in 2008. Motörhead
Motörhead
also provided the entrance music for Triple H's faction Evolution , entitled "Line in the Sand". "The Game" was released on both the American version of the Hammered and WWF The Music, Vol. 5
WWF The Music, Vol. 5
albums, and "Line in the Sand" was released on the WWE ThemeAddict: The Music, Vol. 6 album. Motörhead
Motörhead
have since performed a new entrance track for Triple H, entitled "King of Kings", which made its debut at WrestleMania 22 . Triple H
Triple H
has also introduced the band in concert. Lemmy
Lemmy
inspired Triple H's facial hair, and Triple H
Triple H
spoke at Lemmy's funeral.

ROCK LöUNGE BAR

Mikkey Dee
Mikkey Dee
announced the opening of a bar in the Canary Island of Tenerife
Tenerife
using Motörhead's imagery.

MEMBERS

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Motörhead band members .

Final line-up

* Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister – lead vocals , bass (1975–2015; his death) * Phil "Wizzö" Campbell – guitars , backing vocals (1984–2015) * Mikkey Dee
Mikkey Dee
– drums (1992–2015)

Previous members

* Larry Wallis – guitars, backing vocals (1975–1976) * Lucas Fox – drums (1975) * Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor – drums (1975–1984, 1987–1992; died 2015) * "Fast" Eddie Clarke – guitars, backing vocals (1976–1982) * Brian "Robbo" Robertson – guitars, backing vocals (1982–1983) * Michael "Würzel" Burston – guitars, backing vocals (1984–1995; died 2011) * Pete Gill – drums (1984–1987)

Timeline

DISCOGRAPHY

Below are the group's studio albums. For the full discography, including live albums and compilations, see Motörhead discography

* Motörhead
Motörhead
(1977) * Overkill (1979) * Bomber (1979) * Ace of Spades (1980) * Iron Fist (1982) * Another Perfect Day
Another Perfect Day
(1983) * Orgasmatron (1986) * Rock \'n\' Roll (1987) * 1916 (1991) * March ör Die (1992) * Bastards (1993) * Sacrifice (1995) * Overnight Sensation (1996) * Snake Bite Love
Snake Bite Love
(1998) * We Are Motörhead (2000) * Hammered (2002) * Inferno (2004) * Kiss of Death (2006) * Motörizer (2008) * The Wörld Is Yours (2010) * Aftershock (2013) * Bad Magic (2015)

FILMOGRAPHY

* 1987: Eat the Rich : soundtrack includes "Nothing up My Sleeve", "Built for Speed", "Orgasmatron", "Doctor Rock", "On the Road (live)", "Eat the Rich " and "Bess" – New Line Home Entertainment. Halfway through shooting, the idea of gradually replacing the members of the ballroom band with Motörhead
Motörhead
was hit upon. At first there are no Motörhead
Motörhead
personnel, then Phil Campbell appears, followed by Würzel and Phil Taylor. The scene involving Lemmy
Lemmy
riding a motorcycle is played by a female stunt double as Lemmy
Lemmy
was on tour with Motörhead in America at the time the scene had to be shot. * 2010: Lemmy
Lemmy
(49% Motherf**ker. 51% Son of a Bitch.) (rockumentary film profile of Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister ) * 2011: The Wörld Is Ours – Vol 1 – Everywhere Further Than Everyplace Else (live DVD of Motörhead's global tour including the entire performance on 9 April 2011 at Santiago de Chile's Teatro Caupolican and moments from the shows on 16 November 2010 at Manchester's O2 Apollo and on 28 February 2011 at New York City's Best Buy Theater)

NOTES

* ^ About the shortened show on 1 September 2015 at Emo's in Austin, Texas: after having played the two first songs ("Damage Case" and "Stay Clean"), Kilmister returned to the stage after he cut short the third one, "Metropolis." «You're one of the best gigs that I've ever played. And I would love to play for you. But I can't,» Kilmister said, adding that he feared collapse. «Please accept my apologies.» * ^ Shortened shows: on 27 August 2015 at The Complex in Salt Lake City , Utah; on 1 September 2015 at Emo's in Austin, Texas. * ^ Cancelled shows: on 28 August 2015 at Riot Fest in Denver
Denver
, Colorado (show drop off at the last minute due to Lemmy's breathing issues ); on 2 September 2015 at the Aztec Theatre in San Antonio, Texas; on 4 September 2015 at The Bomb Factory in Dallas, Texas; on 5 September 2015 at the House of Blues in Houston, Texas.

REFERENCE NOTES

* ^ * ^

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* ^ A B C D Anderson, Kyle " Triple H
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SOURCES

* Lemmy
Lemmy
, White Line Fever . Simon & Schuster (2002). ISBN 0-684-85868-1 . * Buckley, Peter (2003). The Rough Guide to Rock. London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-201-2 .

FURTHER READING

* Motörhead