Moscow Higher Combined Arms Command School (MVOKU) is a higher
military educational of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
3 See also
The school was formed in December 15, 1917 (O.S., December 28 N.S.),
by order of Vladimir Lenin as the 1st
Moscow revolutionary machine gun
officers school. It later became the 1st
Moscow Machine Gunners'
Officers Course and as "WPRA 1st Soviet Higher Military School
All-Russian Central Executive Committee" and from 1925 to 1935,
mounted the guard at Lenin's Mausoleum. It received the first of its 3
order medals, the Order of the Red Banner in 1938 as a result of its
Corps of Cadets and some alumni of the school who fought the Battle of
Khalkhin Gol, and the Second World War's Eastern Front it contributed
to the defense of the
Moscow Region and the city itself. In October
1941, the school was granted the honorary title "Supreme Soviet of the
RSFSR". In October 1945, 5 months after the allied victory in Europe,
it moved to Kuzminki District in Moscow, where it remains to this day.
In June 1958 the school was transformed into the
Combined Arms Command School. The school had a training period of four
years. On May 7, 1965, the school was awarded the Order of Lenin. On
February 21, 1978, the school was awarded the Order of the October
Revolution. In 1995, the 4-year training period was replaced with a
training period of 5 years. In August 2004, the university was renamed
the Higher Professional Education Institution of the Ministry of
Defense of the Russian Federation (and was retited the
Command Training School). In 2010, the school was integrated into the
Combined Arms Academy of the Russian Armed Forces. In 2017, the
Military Institute was removed from the Combined Arms Academy and was
renamed again as the
Moscow Higher Military Command School (Combined
The school's cadets are also known as the Kremlin Cadets or the
Kremlovtsy, for in January 1919 after just a year of operations, the
Red Army took over the school administration, with headquarters and
campus then at the
Moscow Kremlin. The Kremlin was its campus until it
moved in 1935 to Moscow's Lefortovo District, giving way to the
Kremlin Regiment, nowadays the President of Russia's escort and
Mikhail Frunze once told of these cadets during a
1918 visit that the 1st SMHS and its Corps of Cadets "serves as the
fighting vanguard and unfading hope of the proletariat revolution in
the Russian Republic". Alumni of the school have served with the
Soviet Army and the
Russian Ground Forces
Russian Ground Forces in many local and
international deployments. To mark its centennial year, the Order of
Zhukov was bestowed to the MHMCACS in 2017.
In honor of its 1917 establishment as the oldest officer cadet school
Russia in the modern era, it has been since 1967 the last school
and military unit to march past in military parades in Moscow's Red
Square. It also maintains its privilege granted in the 1920s to hold
graduation and commissioning parades there.
The school during a parade on Red Square
A commemorative medal celebrating 100 Years of the
Military Command School.
A photo of Marshal of the Soviet Union Dmitry Yazov when he was a
cadet in the school.
The breastplate of the MVOKU.
Military academies in Russia
^ "Московское высшее общевойсковое
командное орденов Ленина и
Краснознаменное училище :
Министерство обороны Российской
Федерации". ens.mil.ru. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
^ RXcoder. "Кремлёвские хроники". www.mkpu.ru.