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YASIIN BEY (/jæˈsiːn ˈbeɪ/ ) (born DANTE TERRELL SMITH; December 11, 1973), best known by his stage name MOS DEF (/ˈmoʊs ˈdɛf/ ), is an American hip hop recording artist , actor and activist from Brooklyn
Brooklyn
, New York City
New York City
, New York . Best known for his music, Mos Def embarked on his hip hop career in 1994, alongside his siblings in the short-lived rap group Urban Thermo Dynamics (UTD), after which he appeared on albums by Da Bush Babees and De La Soul . He subsequently formed the duo Black Star , alongside fellow Brooklyn-based rapper Talib Kweli , and they released their eponymous debut album in 1998. He was featured on the roster of Rawkus Records and in 1999 released his solo debut, Black on Both Sides . His debut was followed by The New Danger (2004), True Magic (2006) and The Ecstatic (2009). The editors at About.com
About.com
listed him as the 14th greatest emcee of all time on their "50 greatest MC's of our time" list.

Prior to his career in music, Mos Def
Mos Def
first entered public life as a child actor, having played roles in television movies , sitcoms , and theater . Since the early 2000s, Mos Def
Mos Def
has been well known for his roles in films such as Something the Lord Made , Next Day Air , The Hitchhiker\'s Guide to the Galaxy , 16 Blocks , Be Kind Rewind , The Italian Job , Bamboozled and Brown Sugar , as well as for his portrayal of Brother Sam in the Showtime drama series Dexter . He is also known as the host of Def Poetry Jam , which aired on HBO
HBO
between 2002 and 2007.

Mos Def
Mos Def
has been vocal on several social and political causes, including police brutality , the idea of American exceptionalism
American exceptionalism
, and the state of African Americans
African Americans
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 2 Musical career

* 2.1 1994–1998: Beginnings with Rawkus and Black Star * 2.2 1999–2006: Solo career and various projects * 2.3 2007–2011: GOOD Music
GOOD Music
era and name change * 2.4 2012–present: Later career and retirement

* 3 Acting career

* 3.1 Beginnings as child actor * 3.2 Feature films

* 4 Social and political views * 5 Legacy * 6 Personal life * 7 Discography * 8 Filmography * 9 Nominations * 10 References * 11 External links

EARLY LIFE

Dante Terrell Smith Bey was born in Brooklyn, New York City, the son of Sheron Smith and Abdul Rahman. The eldest of 12 children and step-children, he was raised by his mother in Brooklyn, while his father lived in New Jersey.

Although his father was initially a member of the Nation of Islam
Nation of Islam
and later followed Imam Warith Deen Mohammed
Warith Deen Mohammed
, who merged into mainstream Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
from the Nation, Mos Def
Mos Def
was not exposed to Islam
Islam
until the age of 13. At 19, he took his shahada , the Muslim
Muslim
declaration of faith. He is close friends with fellow Muslim
Muslim
rappers Ali Shaheed Muhammad and Kamaal Ibn John Fareed (Q-Tip) of the rap group A Tribe Called Quest .

Mos Def
Mos Def
attended middle school at Philippa Schuyler Middle School 383 in Bushwick, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
where he picked up his love for acting. After returning from filming You Take the Kids in Los Angeles, and getting into a relationship with an older girl, Mos Def
Mos Def
dropped out of high school during sophomore year. Growing up in New York City
New York City
during the crack epidemic of the 1980s and early 1990s, he has spoken about witnessing widespread instances of gang violence, theft and poverty in society, which he largely avoided by working on plays, Off-Off-Broadway and arts programs. In a particularly traumatic childhood experience, Mos Def
Mos Def
witnessed his then five year old younger brother Ilias Bey (b. Denard Smith) get hit by a car. Bey, who later adopted the alias DCQ, was described by Smith as "my first partner in Hip Hop".

MUSICAL CAREER

See also: Black Star (rap duo)

1994–1998: BEGINNINGS WITH RAWKUS AND BLACK STAR

Mos Def
Mos Def
began his rap music career in 1994, forming the rap group UTD (or Urban Thermo Dynamics) along with younger brother DCQ and younger sister Ces. In 2004, they released the album Manifest Destiny, their first and only release to date. The album features a compilation of previously unreleased and re-released tracks recorded during the original UTD run.

In 1996, Mos Def
Mos Def
emerged as a solo artist and worked with De La Soul and Da Bush Babees , before he released his own first single, "Universal Magnetic" in 1997. Mos Def
Mos Def
in 1999

Mos Def
Mos Def
signed with Rawkus Records and formed the rap group Black Star with Talib Kweli . The duo released an album, Mos Def
Mos Def
& Talib Kweli are Black Star , in 1998. Mostly produced by Hi-Tek , the album featured the singles "Respiration " and "Definition ", which both reached in the Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.

1999–2006: SOLO CAREER AND VARIOUS PROJECTS

Mos Def
Mos Def
released his solo debut album Black on Both Sides in October 1999, also through Rawkus. The single "Ms. Fat Booty" charted, while the album reached #25 on the Billboard 200. Around this time he also contributed to the Scritti Politti
Scritti Politti
album Anomie "> Mos Def performing at Rock the Bells in New York.

In January 2002 Rawkus Records was taken over by Geffen Records , which released his second solo album The New Danger in October 2004. It included contributions by Shuggie Otis
Shuggie Otis
and Bernie Worrell , Doug Wimbish ,and Will Calhoun
Will Calhoun
as the Black Jack Johnson Band. The album reached #5 on the Billboard 200, making it the most successful for the artist to date. The single "Sex, Love ">

2007–2011: GOOD MUSIC ERA AND NAME CHANGE

On November 7, 2007, Mos Def
Mos Def
performed live in San Francisco at The Mezzanine venue. The performance was recorded for an upcoming "Live in Concert" DVD. During the event, he announced that he would be releasing a new album to be called The Ecstatic . He performed a number of new tracks; in later shows, he previewed tracks produced by Madlib
Madlib
and was rumored to be going to Kanye West
Kanye West
for new material. Producer and fellow Def Poet Al Be Back revealed he would be producing on the album as well. The album was released on June 9, 2009; but only Madlib's production had made the cut, along with tracks by Preservation, The Neptunes
The Neptunes
, Mr. Flash , Madlib's brother Oh No, a song by J. Dilla , and Georgia Anne Muldrow .

Mos Def
Mos Def
appears alongside Kanye West
Kanye West
on the track "Two Words" from The College Dropout
The College Dropout
album, the track "Drunk And Hot Girls" and the bonus track "Good Night" off West's third major album, Graduation . In 2002, he released the 12" single Fine, which was featured in the Brown Sugar Motion Picture Soundtrack.

Mos Def
Mos Def
also appears on the debut album from fellow New Yorkers Apollo Heights on a track titled, "Concern." In October, he signed a deal with Downtown Records and appeared on a remix to the song "D.A.N.C.E." by Justice. He appeared on Stephen Marley 's debut album Mind Control on the song "Hey Baby." In 2009, he worked with Somali-Canadian rapper K\'naan to produce the track "America" for K'naan's album Troubadour .

In April 2008, he appeared on the title track for a new album by The Roots entitled Rising Down . The new single, "Life In Marvelous Times", was made officially available through iTunes on November 4, 2008, and is available for stream on the Roots' website Okayplayer.

In April 2009, Mos Def
Mos Def
traveled to South Africa for the first time where he performed with The Robert Glasper Experiment at the renowned Cape Town International Jazz Festival. He treated the South African audience with an encore introduced by his own rendition of John Coltrane 's "Love Supreme", followed by a sneak preview of the track "M.D. (Doctor)".

Mos Def
Mos Def
has designed two pairs of limited edition Converse shoes. The shoes were released through Foot Locker stores on August 1, 2009 in limited amounts.

In late 2009, Mos Def
Mos Def
created his own clothing line with the "UNDRCRWN" brand called the " Mos Def
Mos Def
Cut "> on Comedy Central
Comedy Central
's Chappelle\'s Show , and has hosted the award-winning HBO
HBO
spoken word show, Def Poetry since its inception. The show's sixth season aired in 2007. He also appeared on the sitcom My Wife And Kids
My Wife And Kids
as the disabled friend of Michael Kyle ( Damon Wayans ).

Mos Def
Mos Def
won "Best Actor, Independent Movie" at the 2005 Black Reel Awards for his portrayal of Detective Sgt. Lucas in The Woodsman . For his portrayal of Vivien Thomas in HBO
HBO
's film Something the Lord Made , he was nominated for an Emmy
Emmy
and a Golden Globe
Golden Globe
, and won the Image Award . He also played a bandleader in HBO's Lackawanna Blues . He then landed the role of Ford Prefect in the 2005 movie adaptation of The Hitchhiker\'s Guide to the Galaxy . Mos Def
Mos Def
and Bruce Willis on the set of 16 Blocks, filmed on location in Chinatown, Manhattan on Pell Street

In 2006, Mos Def
Mos Def
appeared in Dave Chappelle\'s Block Party alongside Black Star partner Talib Kweli , while also contributing to the film's soundtrack. He was also featured as the banjo player in the Pixie Sketch" from Chappelle's Show: The Lost Episodes, though his appearance was edited out of the DVD. He starred in the action film 16 Blocks alongside Bruce Willis
Bruce Willis
and David Morse . He has a recurring guest role on Boondocks , starring as Gangstalicious. He is also set to be in Toussaint, a film about Haitian revolutionary Toussaint Louverture , opposite Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
and Wesley Snipes . He made a cameo appearance as himself in the movie Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby .

In 2007, Mos Def
Mos Def
narrated the PBS-broadcast documentary Prince Among Slaves .

In 2008, Mos Def
Mos Def
starred in the Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
movie Be Kind Rewind , playing a video rental store employee whose best friend is played by co-star Jack Black
Jack Black
. He also portrayed Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
in the film Cadillac Records
Cadillac Records
, for which he was nominated for a Black Reel Award and an Image Award .

In 2009, he appeared in the House episode entitled "Locked In " as a patient suffering from locked-in syndrome . His performance was well-received, with E! saying that Mos Def
Mos Def
"delivers an Emmy
Emmy
-worthy performance." He was also in the 2009 film Next Day Air .

In 2010, he appeared on the children's show Yo Gabba Gabba!
Yo Gabba Gabba!
as Super Mr. Superhero. He also appeared in A Free Man of Color , John Guare
John Guare
's play at the Vivian Beaumont Theatre .

In 2011, he began a multi-episode appearance on the sixth season of Showtime television series Dexter . He played Brother Sam, an ex-convict who has supposedly found religion despite finding himself in violent situations.

In January 2016, Mos Def
Mos Def
announced his retirement from both the music and the film industry on Kanye West's website. In March 2016 it was announced that he had been attached to star in "his last live-action film", The Disconnected, a science fiction thriller dealing with policing, identity, and the intersection of technology and humanity.

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL VIEWS

In 2000, paired with Talib Kweli , Mos Def
Mos Def
organized the Hip Hop for Respect project to speak out against police brutality. The project was created in response to the 1999 police shooting of Amadu Diallo , and sought to accumulate 41 artists to the roster, one to match each of the 41 gunshots fired on Diallo.

Mos Def
Mos Def
is well known for his left-wing political views. In 2000, Mos Def
Mos Def
performed a benefit concert for death row inmate Mumia Abu-Jamal .

In May 2005, Mos Def, Talib Kweli, R">

LEGACY

About.com
About.com
ranked him #14 on their list of the Top 50 MCs of Our Time, while The Source ranked him #23 on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time. AllMusic called him one of the most promising rappers to emerge in the late 1990s, as well as one of hip-hop's brightest hopes entering the 21st century. Mos Def
Mos Def
has influenced numerous hip hop artists throughout his career, including Lupe Fiasco , Jay Electronica , Kid Cudi
Kid Cudi
, and Saigon . Kendrick Lamar
Kendrick Lamar
has also mentioned Mos Def as a very early inspiration and someone he listened to "coming up" as a young rapper, though he denied being a part of the conscious rap movement.

PERSONAL LIFE

Mos Def
Mos Def
married Maria Yepes in 1996, and has two daughters with her: Jauhara Smith and Chandani Smith. He filed for divorce from Yepes in 2006. The former couple made headlines when Yepes took Mos Def
Mos Def
to court over failure in child-support obligations, paying $2,000 short of the monthly $10,000 he is ordered to pay. Mos Def
Mos Def
has four other children.

His mother Sheron Smith, who goes by her nickname "Umi", has played an active role managing portions of her son's career. She is also a motivational speaker, and has authored the book Shine Your Light: A Life Skills Workbook, where she details her experience as a single mother raising him.

In January 2016, Mos Def
Mos Def
was ordered to leave South Africa and not return for five years, having stayed in the country illegally on an expired tourist visa granted in May 2013. Also that month, he was charged with using an unrecognized World Passport
World Passport
and having lived illegally in South Africa since 2014. Mos Def
Mos Def
had reportedly recruited Kanye West
Kanye West
to help defend him, and posted a message on West's website announcing his retirement from show business. There is an ongoing court case in relation to immigration offences involving the artist and his family.

DISCOGRAPHY

Main articles: Mos Def discography
Mos Def discography
and List of Mos Def songs Solo albums

* Black on Both Sides (1999) * The New Danger (2004) * True Magic (2006) * The Ecstatic (2009) * Negus in Natural Person (2017)

Collaborative albums See also: Black Star discography

* Mos Def
Mos Def
& Talib Kweli are Black Star (with Talib Kweli , as Black Star ) (1998) * Manifest Destiny (with Ces and DCQ, as UTD) (2004) * Dec 99th (with Ferrari Sheppard , as Dec 99th ) (2016) * As Promised (with Mannie Fresh ) (2017)

FILMOGRAPHY

YEAR FILM ROLE NOTES

1991 The Hard Way Dead Romeos Gang Member

1997 Ghosts Townsperson

1998 Where\'s Marlowe? Wilt Crawley

2000 Freestyle: The Art of Rhyme Himself

Bamboozled Big Blak Afrika Also recorded a song for the movie's soundtrack with other members of the Mau Maus

Island of the Dead Robbie J

2001 Carmen: A Hip Hopera Lieutenant Miller

Monster\'s Ball Ryrus Cooper

2002 Showtime Lazy Boy

Civil Brand Michael Meadows

Brown Sugar Chris 'Cav' Anton Vichon

My Wife and Kids
My Wife and Kids
Tommy 1 episode: Chair Man of the Board

2003 The Italian Job Left Ear

2004 The Woodsman Detective Lucas

Something the Lord Made Vivien Thomas Nominated – Emmy
Emmy
for Outstanding Lead Actor
Actor
in a Miniseries or a Movie Nominated – Golden Globe
Golden Globe
for Best Performance by an Actor
Actor
in a Mini-Series or a Motion Picture Made for Television Nominated – Image Awards for Outstanding Actor
Actor
in a Mini-Series or Television Movie

2005 Lackawanna Blues The Bandleader

The Boondocks (2005-2008) Gangstalicious Voice over for the animated series

The Hitchhiker\'s Guide to the Galaxy Ford Prefect

2006 Dave Chappelle\'s Block Party Himself

16 Blocks Eddie Bunker

Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby Himself Cameo

Journey to the End of the Night Wemba

2007 Prince Among Slaves Narrator

2008 Be Kind Rewind Mike

Cadillac Records
Cadillac Records
Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry

2009 Next Day Air Eric

House Lee Season 5, Episode 19, "Locked In "

2010 I\'m Still Here Himself

Bouncing Cats Himself

Yo Gabba Gabba!
Yo Gabba Gabba!
Super Mr. Superhero Season 3, Episode 44, Superhero

2011 Dexter Brother Sam Season 6, recurring, (credited as "Mos" in 2 episodes, as "yasiin bey" in 3 episodes)

2013 Begin Again Saul as Yasiin Bey

2014 Life of Crime Ordell Robbie as Yasiin Bey

The Getaway Himself Season 2, Episode 7, in Morocco. as Yasiin Bey

2015 Amy Himself Credited as "yasiin bey"

NOMINATIONS

BLACK MOVIE AWARDS

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

2006 Mos Def Source Awards Nominated

BLACK REEL AWARDS

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

2004 Civil Brand Best Actor- Independent Nominated

2004 The Italian Job Best Supporting Actor
Actor
Nominated

2005 Something the Lord Made Best Actor: T.V. Movie/Cable Nominated

The Woodsman Best Indie Actor Won

2008 Cadillac Records
Cadillac Records
Best Supporting Actor Nominated

PRIMETIME EMMY AWARDS

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

2004 Something the Lord Made Outstanding Lead Actor
Actor
in a Miniseries or a Movie Nominated

GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

2005 Something the Lord Made Best Actor
Actor
– Miniseries or Television Film Nominated

GRAMMY AWARDS

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

2005 "Sex, Love -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

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Mos Def
"Universal Magnetic" (1997)". Complex UK. Retrieved 2016-10-20. * ^ Vogel, Evan (2015-10-29). "Throwback Thursday Review: Black Star Mos Def
Mos Def
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Mos Def
– Fine (2002)". WeLiveThis.com. Archived from the original on September 16, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2009. * ^ Archived March 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
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. * ^ Newman, Kathleen (2009-04-29). "K\'Naan Hopes To Break The U.S. With Help
Help
From Mos Def, Adam Levine". MTV.com. Retrieved 2011-02-20. * ^ " Mos Def
Mos Def
Live at Cape Town Jazz Fest // 125129". Wearehunted.com. Retrieved 2010-03-01. * ^ "Converse — Connectivity". Converse.com. 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2011-02-20. * ^ "UNDRCRWN ~ Footwear & Apparel". Undrcrwn.com. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-01. * ^ " Damon Dash Brings Artists Together With DD172". MTV
MTV
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Signs With Kanye West\'s G.O.O.D. Music – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved 2011-08-11. * ^ Perpetua, Matthew (7 September 2011). " Mos Def
Mos Def
to Retire the Name \'Mos Def\'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 September 2011. * ^ http://elementality.ca/from-mos-def-to-yasiin-bey-an-evolving-artist-in-an-evolving-world/ * ^ "Faces: Yasiin Bey", Yeah, I Love it! Magazine, January 31, 2012. * ^ A Rocky (Ft. Acyde, A Yams & Yasiin Bey) – Back Home, retrieved 2016-10-20 * ^ "Watch Yasiin Bey\'s Video for \'Basquiat Ghostwriter\'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016-10-20. * ^ "Yasiin Bey Revives \'Mos Def\' Moniker for \'Sensei on the Block\'". Rolling Stone
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. August 28, 2015. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved July 12, 2016. * ^ Confusion (January 19, 2016). "Yasiin Bey Takes Over KanyeWest.com, Announces Retirement From Music". Pigeons & Planes. Retrieved October 12, 2016. * ^ A B Schwartz, Danny (16 October 2016). "Yasiin Bey To Perform Last Show Ever This Week". Retrieved 16 October 2016. * ^ Powell, Tom (14 October 2016). "Rap fans \'furious\' after Mos Def concert cancelled at last minute". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2016-10-20. * ^ Fintoni, Laurent (October 15, 2016). "Yasiin Bey cancels European shows, says he is definitely retiring". FACT Magazine. Retrieved 2016-10-20. * ^ http://www.thefader.com/2016/10/14/mos-def-yasiin-bey-retirement-final-show-stream * ^ http://www.complex.com/music/2016/10/yasiin-bey-reaffirms-retirement-decision-one-last-concert * ^ http://hiphopdx.com/news/id.40865/title.yasiin-bey-f-k-a-mos-def-is-retiring-after-one-last-show * ^ Schwartz, Danny (28 November 2016). "Yasiin Bey releases Local Time," "N.A.W." and "Seaside Panic Room from Dec. 99". Hotnewhiphop . Retrieved 28 November 2016. * ^ Schwartz, Danny (5 December 2016). "Yasiin Bey announces last two albums". Hotnewhiphop . Retrieved 5 December 2016. * ^ " Mos Def
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Television Academy". Emmys.com. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ Dos Santos, Kristin (2009-03-30). "Gold Derby Nuggets". LA TIMES. Retrieved 2014-04-14. * ^ Brantley, Ben (2010-11-18). " Theater
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Joins \'Dexter\'". The Hollywood
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Reporter. Retrieved May 25, 2011. * ^ https://www.slated.com/films/64768/team/ * ^ Roberts, Roxanne; Amy Argetsinger (July 8, 2013). "Mos Def, aka Yasiin Bey, undergoes force-feeding to protest Guantanamo measures". The Reliable Source. The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 August 2013. * ^ Odiaga, L.V.R. (2000-05-23). "Mos Def, Black Thought To Perform At Mumia Benefit". MTV.com. Retrieved 2011-08-21. * ^ "Mos Def, Talib Kweli Fight For Exiled Political Activist". MTV News. Retrieved 2015-10-22. * ^ " Mos Def
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arrested outside VMAs". Mp3.com
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. 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2007-11-09 * ^ "Mos Def". 4REAL. Retrieved 2011-02-20. * ^ "4REAL Mos Def
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in Cidade de Deuas". 4real.com. Retrieved 2011-02-20. * ^ "episode 147". Real Time with Bill Maher . Season 7. Episode 6. 2009-03-27. HBO
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. * ^ "Yasiin Bey (aka Mos Def) force-fed under standard Guantánamo Bay procedure – video". The Guardian. Retrieved July 8, 2013. * ^ "Yasiin Bey force-feeding video launches campaign to support Guantanamo hunger-strikers". Reprieve. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ "The Source\'s Top 50 Lyricists Of All Time **Complete List Inside**". ThisIs50.com. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ " Mos Def
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Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. 1973-12-11. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ " Mos Def
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Similar Artists, Infuenced By, Followers". AllMusic. 1973-12-11. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ " Mos Def
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Followers". MTV. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ " Jay Electronica Similar Artists, Infuenced By, Followers". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ Amos Barshad (October 23, 2011). " Kendrick Lamar
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Makes New Friends". Retrieved May 2, 2015. * ^ Tang, Melisa (2006-06-29). " Mos Def
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Tossed Out of Court Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ "Daddy Is \'Def\' Behind". New York Post. February 15, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2014. * ^ " Mos Def
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In Court Over Child Support". UPI.com. February 15, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2014. * ^ "Scenes from a hip-hop marriage". TheStar.com. 29 June 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2014. She said there were several attempts at reconciliation, but that Mos Def, who has six children with four different women, has a demanding though not abusive demeanour that she found difficult to abide. They have not been together since October 2006, but despite a $115,000 financial settlement are not officially divorced. * ^ "Yasiin Bey Would Like You To Quit Calling Him Mos Def". The Awl. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2014. * ^ "Sheron Smith: Umi Says". All HipHop. March 29, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2014. * ^ "Rapper Mos Def
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ordered to leave South Africa in passport row". BBC News. January 16, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2016. * ^ J.J.C. (22 January 2016). "A rapper\'s plight raises the question of who has the right to issue passports". The Economist
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. Retrieved 25 January 2016. * ^ Williams, Stereo How Hip-Hop Lost Mos Def: Yasiin Bey Announces Retirement and Final Album Daily Beast. January 21, 2016 * ^ Puente, Maria (20 January 2016). " Mos Def
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held on immigration charges in South Africa, family ordered out". USA Today. Retrieved 20 January 2016. * ^ "Yasiin Bey Announces Retirement, Final Album in Heartfelt Plea for South African Government to Free Him". Vulture. 2016-01-20. Retrieved 2016-10-20. * ^ Cornelius, Jerome (March 24, 2016). "