Morris Commercial Cars
Morris Commercial Cars Limited was a British manufacturer of
commercial vehicles formed by William Morris, founder of Morris Motors
Limited, to continue the business of E G Wrigley and Company which he
purchased as of 1 January 1924.
5 External links
Morris bought the assets of
Soho, Birmingham axle manufacturer E.G.
Wrigley and Company after it was placed in liquidation late in 1923.
Up until that point a small number of commercial vehicle variants of
Morris cars were built at the Morris plant at Cowley, but with the
newly acquired plant in Foundry Lane,
Soho, Birmingham serious
In 1932 the business was moved a few miles across
Birmingham to the
former Wolseley factory in Adderley Park.
In 1936 Morris sold the company into his
Morris Motors Limited.
The use of the Morris Commercial brand name continued until 1968
when British Motor Holdings, by then the parent of Austin as well as
Morris, merged with the
Leyland Motor Corporation
Leyland Motor Corporation to form the British
Leyland Motor Corporation.
In wartime commercial vehicles in the Morris range were produced for
military use – such as the
Morris C8 and Morris Commercial also
built vehicles such as the Terrapin amphibious carrier
1953 Morris Commercial LC5
During the 1960s the light trucks and forward-control J4 light vans
produced by Austin and Morris commercial were identical.
While production of the light vans remained concentrated on the
Adderley Park site, production of the F-series and W-series
light trucks moved to Scotland with the opening in 1960 of the
Bathgate plant. The
Adderley Park plant was closed in
1971 and demolished shortly afterwards.
The light trucks in the 1960s included the FF, a forward-control
design introduced in 1958, along with the WF which was a sibling
vehicle with the driver placed behind the engine rather than on top of
it. The updated version of the FF, the FJ, appeared in 1964; it
featured a split-circuit braking system, a novelty in this class of
vehicle. The FF remained in production and the two vehicles were
offered side by side: in this class the BMC trucks were nevertheless
out-competed in terms of domestic market sales volumes by Bedford and
Ford (with their Thames). Austin/Morris commercial vehicles in the
1960s also included the Austin/Morris FG-series an unusual-looking
urban delivery truck with driver doors set at an angle at the rear
corners of the cab to permit access in confined spaces.
In 2016, China Ventures announced a proposal to resurrect the Morris
Commercial brand. It proposes an all-new electric J-Type light
commercial vehicle with a real world range of over 90 miles and a top
speed of around 90mph.
1929 Morris-Commercial International Taxicab Uncle Lima
Morris-Commercial G2SW London Taxicab 2½-litre 1938
Morris-Commercial Super-Six London Taxicab 1.7-litre 1939
A new brand of London taxicab was announced on 9 February 1929. Built
in accordance with New Scotland Yard regulations the new
Morris-Commercial International taxicab was up to date and convenient
in detail. Safety glass was fitted throughout, upholstery was real
hide, a passenger need only press a button and speak in an ordinary
voice and a microphone would communicate it to the driver. The cab's
overall dimensions were 13ft 6in, 5ft 8in and 7ft 2in high.
The 4-cylinder engine, single dry plate clutch and four-speed gearbox
were a unit like that on the standard 30cwt Morris-Commercial vehicle.
Four wheel brakes would have been better, reported The Times but the
rear brakes supplied were efficient, the steel artillery wheels
detachable. The average turning circle was 24ft 9in, wheel base and
track measured 9ft and 4ft 8in respectively.
Carrying four passengers the taxicab had "plenty of speed" and four
forward gears and was suitable for the country as well as London. The
engine's four cylinders had a bore and stroke of 80 and 125 mm giving
a displacement of 2,513 cc (153 cu in) and a tax rating
of 15.87 h.p. The engine had side valves with tappets easily reached
for adjustment, the generator and magneto being driven in tandem. The
cooling water circulated naturally. Such parts as the carburettor were
easily accessible. The speed lever worked in a visible gate with a
stop for reverse. The three-quarter floating back axle was driven by
overhead worm gear from an enclosed propellor shaft. The springs were
semi-elliptical and beneath the frame, those in front were flat and
splayed while those at the back were underhung. Shock absorbers were
provided. The chassis weighed 18 cwt 2,016 lb (914 kg).
These vehicles were succeeded by Nuffield Oxford Taxis
250 JU (1967–74)
Morris Motors Limited, Notice issued in compliance with ...
The Times, Tuesday, 13 October 1936; p. 22; Issue 47504.
^ a b c "MSS.226/MC
Morris Commercial Cars
Morris Commercial Cars Ltd. 1924–1968". A
Summary Description of the Papers of the British Motor Industry
^ a b c d e "The [BMH] group's Big 'Uns: Commercial Variety". Autocar.
127 nbr 3730: 77–78. 10 August 1967.
^ a b Motor Transport, The Times, Saturday, 9 February 1929; p. 6;
^ Motor Transport Show. The Times, Tuesday, 12 November 1929; p. 21;
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