Moro-Naba
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The Bissa's or Busanga are the first tribe to settle in the upper Volta which is today Burkina Faso. A lot have changed during the time because the Bissa's then times are farmers and hunters so leadership was less their concern till yenenga gave birth to Oudrago. The Mogho Naba (also Moro Naba, Morho Naba, Mogh-Naba or Moogo Naaba), literally head (''naba'') of the world (''moro''), is the monarch of Wogodogo (Ouagadougou), one of the
Mossi Kingdoms The Mossi Kingdoms, sometimes referred to as the Mossi Empire, were a number of different powerful kingdoms in modern-day Burkina Faso which dominated the region of the Volta River, upper Volta river for hundreds of years. The kingdoms were foun ...
located in present-day
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso (, ; ) is a landlocked country in West Africa that covers an area of around and is bordered by Mali to the northwest, Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Ivory Coast to the southwe ...

Burkina Faso
. The kingdom takes its name from its historic capital, now the Burkinabé national capital of
Ouagadougou Ouagadougou (, , ) is the Capital city, capital of Burkina Faso and the administrative, communications, cultural, and economic centre of the nation. It is also the List of cities in Burkina Faso#10 largest cities, country's largest city, with a ...
. Although the most politically powerful of the Mossi Kingdoms, there was no Mossi "empire", and the Wogodogo king did not have authority over the other kingdoms. The French colonial period and subsequent independence have reduced the power vested in the position, but the Mogho Naba retains an influential role in Burkina Faso. The position is typically
hereditary Heredity, also called inheritance or biological inheritance, is the passing on of traits Trait may refer to: * Phenotypic trait in biology, which involve genes and characteristics of organisms * Trait (computer programming), a model for st ...
, following male-only lines of descent. Originally, the position passed primarily to brothers (or even cousins), rather than to sons, but by the reign of Zombré had transitioned to its current
order of succession An order of succession or right of succession is the line of individuals entitled to hold a high office when it becomes vacated such as head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae ...
, where rule generally passes to the eldest living son of the previous ruler. Children born to sons who predecease their fathers are not eligible to inherit the title. However, a council is ultimately responsible for selecting the Mogho Naba, and the
heir apparent An heir apparent is a person who is first in an order of succession An order of succession or right of succession is the line of individuals entitled to hold a high office when it becomes vacated such as head of state A head of state ...
may be passed over if, for example, he is deemed physically unfit for the position's traditional role in war or if he would fail to uphold the dignity of the office (as in cases of
adultery Adultery (from Latin ''adulterium'') is extramarital sex that is considered objectionable on social, religious, moral, or legal grounds. Although the Human sexual activity, sexual activities that constitute adultery vary, as well as the social ...

adultery
). This council has traditionally included: the ''baloum naba'', head of the king's servants; the ''gounga naba'', leader of the infantry; the ''larale naba'', keeper of the royal tombs; the ''kamsaogo naba'', manager of the palace
eunuchs A eunuch ( ) is a man A man is an adult male Male (♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete known as sperm. A male gamete can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male cannot ...
; and the ''widi naba'', the royal
groom A bridegroom (often shortened to groom) is a man who is about to be married in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouses. It establishes rights ...
. The list of the Moro Naba of Ouagadougou, as well as the time of reign, is recited every morning at the arrival of the Moro Naba and is known by the Bend Naba and the
griot A griot (; ; : jali or jeli (in : , ''djeli'' or ''djéli'' in French spelling); : kevel or kewel / okawul;. Regional Office for Education in Africa, ''Educafrica, Numéro 11'', (ed. Unesco, Regional Office for Education in Africa, 1984), p. ...

griot
s of the court.


Rulers of Wogodogo

The
chronology Chronology (from Latin ''chronologia'', from Ancient Greek , ''chrónos'', "time"; and , ''wikt:-logia, -logia'') is the science of arranging events in their order of occurrence in time. Consider, for example, the use of a timeline or sequence ...
of the Mossi Kingdoms prior to the French occupation is unclear. Historian Yamba Tiendrebeogo reconstructed the history of Wogodogo from Mossi
oral tradition Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication Human communication, or anthroposemiotics, is the field dedicated to understanding how human Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widespread species of prima ...
that included the lengths of the reigns of historical rulers. Other scholars propose more recent dates for many pre-colonial events—setting the start of Oubri's reign around 1495 rather than 1182—and correspondingly shorter reigns for many rulers.


As Mogho Naba of Tenkodogo

The first Mossi Kingdom was centered around
Tenkodogo Tenkodogo is the capital city of Boulgou Province and the Centre-Est Region of Burkina Faso with a population of 58,600 (2019). On 29 January 2016, the king of Tenkodogo, Naba Saga, died while in Thailand for hospital care. He was the 28th king o ...
. Wogodogo, initially a
client state A client state, in international relations International relations (IR), international affairs (IA) or international studies (IS) is the scientific study of interactions between sovereign states. In a broader sense, it concerns all activ ...
of Tenkodogo, gradually grew in power until it was the dominant political power in the Mossi Kingdoms; nevertheless, the rulers of Tenkodogo prior to the formation of Wogodogo are counted as kings of Wogodogo by tradition.


As Mogho Naba of Oubritenga

The first capitol of
Oubritenga Oubritenga is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Plateau-Central Region. Its capital is Ziniaré. Departments Oubritenga is divided into 7 departments: * Absouya * Dapelogo Department, Dapélogo * Loumbila * Nagréongo * Our ...
("Oubri's land") was Guilongou, near modern-day Ziniaré, but typically moved to a village preferred by each new king upon his accession.


As Mogho Naba of Wogodogo

Naba Zombré relocated the capitol to Wogodogo (
Ouagadougou Ouagadougou (, , ) is the Capital city, capital of Burkina Faso and the administrative, communications, cultural, and economic centre of the nation. It is also the List of cities in Burkina Faso#10 largest cities, country's largest city, with a ...
). In 1958,
Moro Naba Kougri Naba Kougri (born Moussa Congo) (1914 – 8 December 1982) was, according to the traditional order, the 36th Mogho Naba of Ouagadougou, the king of the Mossi people of Burkina Faso. He was the son of the previous Mogho Naba, Sagha II. He reigned fr ...
wanted to impose a
constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy, or democratic monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises his authority in accordance with a constitution and is not alone in deciding. Constitutional monarchies differ from ...
on Upper Volta but failed in his attempt. The present Moro Naba is
Baongo II Naba Baongo II is the current Mogho Naba, the king of the Mossi people of Burkina Faso. According to oral tradition, he is the 37th king of the Mossi. References

* Benoit Beucher, Manger le pouvoir au Burkina Faso. La noblesse mossi à l ...
, son of
Naba Kougri Naba Kougri (born Moussa Congo) (1914 – 8 December 1982) was, according to the traditional order, the 36th Mogho Naba of Ouagadougou, the king of the Mossi people of Burkina Faso. He was the son of the previous Mogho Naba, Sagha II. He reigned fr ...
and Koudpoko.


Scope of power

According to Titinga Frédéric Pacéré, in tradition, he is considered all powerful with right of life and death on the inhabitants of Ouagadougou and Oubritenga. In practice, his power was subject to the custom and law of the fathers. He personifies the empire and embodies its unity, but power is really in the hands of the court of the Moro Naba, ministers who make decisions and govern the country. This complex organisation of powers is materialised every Friday during the Moro-Naba Ceremony, ceremony of the false departure of the king. The Moro Naba has no authority over the other kingdoms of
Tenkodogo Tenkodogo is the capital city of Boulgou Province and the Centre-Est Region of Burkina Faso with a population of 58,600 (2019). On 29 January 2016, the king of Tenkodogo, Naba Saga, died while in Thailand for hospital care. He was the 28th king o ...
, Fada N'Gourma, Boussouma and Ouahigouya, whose sovereigns would be, like him, descendants of Yennenga. Traditionally, the rulers of these four kingdoms and the Ouagadougou Mogho Naba avoid each other, but they happen to meet, such as happened in 1946 to consult on the reconstruction of the Upper Volta.Lassina Simporé, « La métallurgie traditionnelle du fer et la fondation du royaume de Wogdogo» dans ''Crossroads / Carrefour Sahel: Cultural and technological developments in first millennium BC/AD West Africa, Africa Magna Verlag, 2009,
p.251, note 3
'


References


Bibliography

* * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Rulers of Wogodogo Burkina Faso-related lists French West Africa, Wogodogo Lists of African rulers, Wogodogo