Bible (The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Ms M. 638),
also called the Crusader
Bible or Maciejowski Bible, is a medieval
Bible of 46 folios. The book consists of paintings of events
Hebrew scripture, set in the scenery and customs of
thirteenth-century France, depicted from a
Scenes are surrounded by text in three scripts and five languages:
Latin, Persian, Arabic, Judeo-Persian, and Hebrew.
Forty three folios are kept in the Pierpont Morgan Library. Two folios
are kept in the Bibliothèque nationale de France. A single folio is
kept in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles.
6 External links
The work known as the Morgan Bible, Crusader Bible, or Maciejowski
Bible is part of the Pierpont
Morgan Library in, New York (Ms M. 638).
It is a medieval picture
Bible of 46 folios. The book consists of
paintings of events from
Hebrew scripture, set in the scenery and
customs of thirteenth-century France, depicted from a Christian
perspective, and surrounded by text in three scripts and five
languages: Latin, Persian, Arabic, Judeo-Persian, and Hebrew.
Originally, the bible probably[weasel words] contained only
paintings, organized in a consistent visual rhythm from page to page.
Within 100 years, the book acquired marginal inscriptions in Latin
describing the scenes illustrated. Cardinal Bernard Maciejowski,
Bishop of Kraków, had the book given as a gift to Abbas I (Shah of
Persia) in 1608. Abbas ordered inscriptions in Persian to be added,
mostly translating the
Latin ones already there. Later,
perhaps[weasel words] in the eighteenth century, inscriptions
were added in Judeo-Persian.
This section may present fringe theories, without giving appropriate
weight to the mainstream view, and explaining the responses to the
fringe theories. Please help improve it or discuss the issue on the
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This book has long been thought to have been created under the
direction of Louis IX of
France in the mid-1240s, but Allison Stones,
after indications of others such as François Avril, has argued that
it was most likely illuminated in the northern counties of France, ca.
Forty-three folios are kept in the Pierpont Morgan Library. Two folios
are kept in the Bibliothèque nationale de
France (MS nouv. acq. lat.
2294). A single folio is kept in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Hourihane, Colum (ed.), Between the Picture and the Word, Princeton
Christian Art, Princeton, 2005
Cockerell, Sydney C. and John Plummer (1969), Old Testament
miniatures: a medieval picture book with 283 paintings from Creation
to the story of David (New York: G. Braziller) [contains reproductions
of all paintings in the Morgan Bible.]
Noel, William and Daniel Weiss, eds. (2002), The Book of Kings: Art,
War, and the Morgan Library’s Medieval Picture
Walters Art Museum). [catalog of recent exhibition]
Jafari Mazhab, Mohsen: Ketab Moqaddse San Looyi dar Esfahan [Saint
Bible in Isfahan]" in Ketab Mah Tarikh va Joghrafia, no 13,
Tehran: nov. 1998 [in Persian]
^ Stones, Allison (2005), "Questions of style and provenance in the
Morgan Bible", Between the Word and the Picture, Princeton
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maciejowski Bible.
"Maciejowski Bible". www.keesn.nl
A Masterpiece of Sensuous Communication: The Morgan
Bible of Louis IX
Medieval Tymes: The Maciejowski Bible
Morgan Library & Museum