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The Info List - Morgan Bible



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The MORGAN BIBLE (The Pierpont Morgan Library
Morgan Library
, New York , Ms M. 638), also called the CRUSADER BIBLE or MACIEJOWSKI BIBLE, is a medieval picture Bible
Bible
of 46 folios . The book consists of paintings of events from Hebrew scripture
Hebrew scripture
, set in the scenery and customs of thirteenth-century France
France
, depicted from a Christian
Christian
perspective. Scenes are surrounded by text in three scripts and five languages: Latin
Latin
, Persian , Arabic
Arabic
, Judeo-Persian , and Hebrew
Hebrew
.

Forty three folios are kept in the Pierpont Morgan Library. Two folios are kept in the Bibliothèque nationale de France
France
. A single folio is kept in the J. Paul Getty Museum
J. Paul Getty Museum
, Los Angeles.

CONTENTS

* 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Authorship * 4 Collections * 5 References * 6 External links

DESCRIPTION

The work known as the Morgan Bible, Crusader Bible, or Maciejowski Bible
Bible
is part of the Pierpont Morgan Library
Morgan Library
in, New York (Ms M. 638). It is a medieval picture Bible
Bible
of 46 folios . The book consists of paintings of events from Hebrew scripture
Hebrew scripture
, set in the scenery and customs of thirteenth-century France
France
, depicted from a Christian perspective, and surrounded by text in three scripts and five languages: Latin
Latin
, Persian , Arabic
Arabic
, Judeo-Persian , and Hebrew
Hebrew
.

HISTORY

Originally, the bible probably contained only paintings, organized in a consistent visual rhythm from page to page. Within 100 years, the book acquired marginal inscriptions in Latin
Latin
describing the scenes illustrated. Cardinal Bernard Maciejowski , Bishop of Kraków
Bishop of Kraków
, had the book given as a gift to Abbas I (Shah of Persia)
Abbas I (Shah of Persia)
in 1608. Abbas ordered inscriptions in Persian to be added, mostly translating the Latin
Latin
ones already there. Later, perhaps in the eighteenth century, inscriptions were added in Judeo-Persian .

AUTHORSHIP

This section MAY PRESENT FRINGE THEORIES , WITHOUT GIVING APPROPRIATE WEIGHT TO THE MAINSTREAM VIEW, and explaining the responses to the fringe theories. Please help improve it or discuss the issue on the talk page . (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

This book has long been thought to have been created under the direction of Louis IX of France
France
in the mid-1240s, but Allison Stones , after indications of others such as François Avril , has argued that it was most likely illuminated in the northern counties of France, ca. 1250.

COLLECTIONS

Forty-three folios are kept in the Pierpont Morgan Library. Two folios are kept in the Bibliothèque nationale de France