The Info List - Mordechai Gur

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LT. GEN. MORDECHAI "MOTTA" GUR (Hebrew : מרדכי "מוטה" גור‎, May 6, 1930 – July 16, 1995) was an Israeli politician and the 10th Chief of Staff of the IDF . During the Six-Day War (1967), he commanded the division that penetrated the Old City of Jerusalem
and broadcast the famous words, "The Temple Mount
Temple Mount
is in our hands!" (Hebrew : הר הבית בידינו‎, Har HaBayit BeYadeinu). As Chief of Staff, he had responsibility for planning and executing Operation Entebbe
Operation Entebbe
(1976) to free Jewish hostages in Uganda
. He later entered the Knesset
and held various ministerial portfolios. He contracted terminal cancer and committed suicide at the age of 65.


* 1 Military career * 2 Civilian and political career * 3 Death * 4 Bibliography * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links


Gur was born in Jerusalem
and later joined the Palmach
(the underground armed group of the Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine ). He continued serving in a military capacity with the founding of the Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
(IDF) during the Israeli War of Independence in 1948.

In the IDF, Gur served in the Paratroopers Brigade most of his career and became one of the symbols of the "red beret" brigade. During the 1950s he was a company commander under the command of Ariel Sharon
Ariel Sharon
. He was wounded during a counter-terror raid in Khan Yunis in 1955 ( Operation Elkayam ) and received a recommendation of honor from Chief of Staff Moshe Dayan
Moshe Dayan
. In 1957 he was appointed as adjutant to the brigade commander. After serving in this position Gur went to study at the École Militaire in Paris.

After he returned he was appointed as the commander of the Golani Brigade (1961–1963) and commanded the counter-terror raid in Nukiev. He brought over the traditions and attitude of the Paratroopers, raised morale, and helped instill an espirit de corps in Golani for which the brigade is still famous. In 1965 he was appointed as the head of the operations branch in the general staff of the IDF. He later also served as a commander of the IDF commanders' school.

In 1966 Gur was appointed as the commander of the 55th Paratroopers Brigade (Reserve), which he led during the Six-Day War. Gur and his troops were part of the assault force which wrested Jerusalem
from the Jordanians , and which were the first to visit the Western Wall
Western Wall
and the Temple Mount
Temple Mount
. The pictures of paratroopers crying at the Wall and Gur's audio recording in the communication networks, "The Temple Mount is in our hands!" (Hebrew : !הר הבית בידינו‎, Har HaBayit BeYadeinu!), became one of the most touching symbols of the war both to the Israeli public and those abroad.

After the war he was promoted to Brigadier General's rank and was appointed as the IDF commander in the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
and northern Sinai Peninsula . In 1969 he was promoted to Major General and was appointed as the commander of the northern front, where Palestinian terrorists from the PLO , backed by Syria
, attacked Israel's northern settlements. Gur led several counter-attacks to reign in the terror attacks, conquering the Shebaa farms
Shebaa farms
from Syria
in order to establish a defensive position to prevent border attacks.

From August 1972 to December 1973 he served as the IDF military attache at Israel's Washington D.C., embassy. In January 1974 he was reappointed as the commander of the northern front.

Following the retirement of General David Elazar
David Elazar
due to the criticism of the Agranat Commission he was appointed in April 1974 as the 10th IDF Chief of Staff. He served in that position until 1978.



KNESSETS 10 , 11 , 12 , 13


1981–1991 Alignment

1991–1995 Labor Party


1984–1986 Minister of Health

1988–1990 Minister without Portfolio

Following his retirement from the IDF, Gur was appointed as the general manager of Kur Mechanica company. In 1981 he was elected to the Knesset
as a member of the Labor Party within the Alignment . Re-elected in 1984, he served as Minister of Health and was also a member of the Knesset's Security and Foreign Affairs Committee. Between 1986 and 1988 he served on the board of Solel Boneh , a construction company. In April 1988 he was appointed Minister without Portfolio , a position he retained following the 1988 elections until March 1990, when Labor pulled out of the coalition.

After the Labor Party won the 1992 elections , Gur was appointed Deputy Minister of Defense , responsible for preparing the Israeli economy for times of war and crisis and interacting with the Jewish settlers in West Bank
West Bank
and Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip


In 1995, Gur became seriously ill with terminal cancer. He committed suicide with a handgun on July 16, 1995 at the age of 65.

Area 21, a military base in the Sharon plain , was renamed in his honour (Camp Motta Gur).

In Modiin
a street and a school was named after Gur.


* Har HaBayit BeYadeinu (literally "The Temple Mount
Temple Mount
is in our hands") (The Battle for Jerusalem), 1974.


* List of Israel\'s Chiefs of the General Staff


* ^ A B C D Masad, Uriel (21 July 1995). " Cancer
drives Israeli deputy defense minister to end his life". Jewish Telegraphic Agency . Retrieved 27 March 2012.


* Mordechai Gur on the Knesset