MORCAR (or MORKERE) (Old English : Mōrcǣr) (died after 1087) was
the son of Ælfgār (earl of
* 1 Dispute with the Godwins * 2 Events of 1066 * 3 Demise and death * 4 Popular culture * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links
DISPUTE WITH THE GODWINS
In October 1065 Northumbrian rebels chose
Morcar as earl at
EVENTS OF 1066
On the death of
Edward the Confessor
They concurred in the election of Edgar the Ætheling , but disappointed of their hope left the city with their forces and returned to the north, believing that the Conqueror would not advance so far. Before long, however, they met William of Normandy either at Berkhamstead , or more probably at Barking, after his coronation. William accepted their submission, received from them gifts and hostages, and they were reinstated. The Conqueror carried Morcar and his brother with him into Normandy in 1067, and after his return kept them at his court.
DEMISE AND DEATH
In 1068, they withdrew from the court, reached their earldoms, and rebelled against William. They were supported by a large number both of English and Welsh; the clergy, the monks, and the poor were strongly on their side, and messages were sent to every part of the kingdom to stir up resistance. Morcar's activity may perhaps be inferred from the prominent part taken in the movement by York. It seems probable, however, that Eadgar was nominally the head of the rebellion, and that he was specially upheld by the Bernician district under Gospatric . Morcar and his brother were not inclined to risk too much; they advanced with their men to Warwick, and there made submission to the Conqueror, were pardoned, and again kept at court, the king treating them with an appearance of favour. On their defection, the rebellion came to nothing. In 1071, some mischief was made between them and the king, and William, it is said, was about to send them to prison, but they escaped secretly from the court.
After wandering about for a while, keeping to wild country, they separated, and Morcar joined the insurgents in the Isle of Ely , and remained with them until the surrender of the island. Morcar, it is said, surrendered himself on the assurance that the king would pardon him and receive him as a loyal friend. William, however, committed him to the custody of Roger de Beaumont , who kept him closely imprisoned in Normandy.
When the king was on his deathbed in 1087, he ordered that Morcar
should be released, in common with others whom he had kept in prison
in England and Normandy, on condition that they took an oath not to
disturb the peace in either land. He was not long out of prison, for
William Rufus took him to England, and on arriving at
Morcar has been portrayed by
Noel Johnson in the two-part
* Drogo de la Beuvrière , acquired many of Morcar's land holdings after the conquest
* ^ Hill, Francis (1948). Medieval Lincoln. Cambridge University Press. p. 42. Retrieved 2015-04-02. A revolt broke out in Northumbria in 1065 against Tostig. The rebels descended on York, proclaimed Tostig an outlaw, and invited Edwin's brother Morcar to be their earl.
* ^ A B C D E F G Hunt 1894 .
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Hunt, William (1894). "Morcar". In Lee, Sidney . Dictionary of National Biography . 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co.