HOME
The Info List - Moravian Star


--- Advertisement ---



A Moravian star
Moravian star
(German: Herrnhuter Stern) is an illuminated Advent, Christmas, or Epiphany decoration popular in Germany
Germany
and in places in America and Europe where there are Moravian congregations. The stars take their English name from the Moravian Church, originating in Moravia. In Germany, they are known as Herrnhut
Herrnhut
stars, named after the Moravian Mother Community in Saxony, Germany, where they were first commercially produced.

Contents

1 History 2 Cultural importance 3 Types of stars 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The first Moravian star
Moravian star
is known to have originated in the 1830s at the Moravian Boys' School in Niesky, Germany, most probably as a geometry lesson or project. The first mention is of a 110-point star for the 50th anniversary of the Paedagogium (classical school for boys) in Niesky. Around 1880, Peter Verbeek, an alumnus of the school, began making the stars and their instructions available for sale through his bookstore.[1][2] His son Harry went on to found the Herrnhut
Herrnhut
Star Factory, which was the main source of stars until World War I. Although heavily damaged at the end of World War II, the Star Factory resumed manufacturing them. Briefly taken over by the Communist DDR government in the 1950s, the factory was returned to the Moravian Church-owned Abraham Dürninger Company, which continues to make the stars in Herrnhut.[3] Other star-making companies and groups have sprung up since then. Some Moravian congregations have congregation members who build and sell the stars as fund raisers. Cultural importance[edit] Although the star originated in the church's schools as a geometry lesson, it was soon adopted throughout the Moravian Church
Moravian Church
as an Advent
Advent
symbol. At the time, Moravian Congregations were inhabited exclusively by Moravians and the church owned and controlled all property. Daily life was centered on their Christian
Christian
faith and there was no distinction between the secular and the sacred, even in their daily activities. Everything was considered worship. It did not take long for the stars to go from a pastime for children to an occupation for the congregation. Moravian stars continue to be a popular Advent, Christmas, and Epiphany decoration throughout the world, even in areas without a significant Moravian Church
Moravian Church
presence. The stars are often seen in Moravian nativity and putz displays as a representation of the Star of Bethlehem. It is properly displayed from the first Sunday in Advent (the fourth Sunday before Christmas) until the Festival of Epiphany (January 6). Large advent stars shine in the dome of the Frauenkirche in Dresden
Dresden
and over the altar of the Thomaskirche
Thomaskirche
where Johann Sebastian Bach is buried in Leipzig. The city of Winston-Salem, North Carolina, founded by Moravians in 1766, uses the Moravian star
Moravian star
as their official Christmas
Christmas
street decoration. In addition, a 31-foot Moravian star, one of the largest in the world, sits atop the North Tower of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center
during the Advent
Advent
and Christmas
Christmas
seasons.[4] Another star sits under Wake Forest University's Wait Chapel during the Advent
Advent
and Christmas
Christmas
seasons as well. The use of the stars during the Advent, Christmas, and Epiphany seasons is also a tradition in the West Indies, Greenland, Suriname, Labrador, Central America, South and East Africa, Ladakh in India, and in parts of Scandinavia: wherever the Moravian Church
Moravian Church
has sent missionaries. Types of stars[edit]

Augmented rhombicuboctahedron (26-points)

Augmented icosidodecahedron (32-points)

Augmented truncated icosahedron (32-points)

There are many forms of Moravian stars, but the most commonly seen and most widely available is the 26-point form, composed of eighteen square and eight triangular cone-shaped points. This shape is technically known as an augmented rhombicuboctahedron. Each face of the geometric solid in the middle, the rhombicuboctahedron, serves as the base for the pyramid augmentations or starburst points. No matter how many points a star has, a Moravian star
Moravian star
has a symmetrical shape, based on polyhedra. There are Moravian stars with 20, 26, 32, 50, 64 and 110 points that are commonly hand-made in the Moravian schools. The variety comes from the division of the bases of the points—using an octagonal face instead of a square face, etc. For example, the common 26-point Moravian star
Moravian star
becomes a 50-point star when the squares and triangles that normally make up the faces of the polyhedron become octagons and hexagons. This leaves a 4-sided trapezoidal-shaped hole in the corners of the faces which is then filled with an irregular four sided point. These 4-sided points form a "starburst" in the middle of what looks like a regular 26-point star. Froebel stars, which are paper decorations made from four folded strips of paper, are sometimes also called Moravian stars, among many other names.[5] References[edit]

A Moravian Star hangs above a Nativity scene
Nativity scene
in the sanctuary of St. Paul Roman Catholic Church (on left).

^ "The Moravian Star", retrieved 8-10-2007 Archived 2007-10-08 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "History of the Moravian Star", retrieved 8-10-2007 Archived June 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Herrnhuter Stern GmbH, retrieved on 8-10-2007 ^ "Annual Star Lighting Service", Wake Forest University
Wake Forest University
Baptist Medical Center, retrieved 12-22-2010 ^ "How To Make Stars", Nagle Design, retrieved 8-10-2007

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moravian stars.

Make a Froebel Star Make a Moravian Star

v t e

Moravian Church

Provinces

Alaska America (North) America (South) British Congo Costa Rica Czech Republic Eastern West Indies European Continental Guyana Honduras Jamaica Labrador Nicaragua South Africa Suriname Tanzania (Rukwa) Tanzania (Southern) Tanzania (South Western) Tanzania (Western) Zambia

Other work

Eastern Tanzania and Zanzibar Malawi Northern Tanzania Peru South Asia Star Mountain Rehabilitation Centre

Congregations

by Province

Educational institutions

Fulneck School Moravian Academy Moravian College
Moravian College
& Theological Seminary Ockbrook
Ockbrook
School Salem Academy Salem College

Other institutions

Unitas Fratrum Moravian Church
Moravian Church
Foundation

Settlements

Bethabara Fairfield Fulneck Herrnhaag Herrnhut Königsfeld Ockbrook Old Salem

Traditions

Christingle Daily Watchwords God's Acre Lovefeast Moravian Advent
Advent
star Music Spice Cookies (USA)

History

of the Moravian Church by Province Mission ships Moravian Indians

Moraviantown

Quakers and Moravians Act 1838 Moravian slaves

People

Bishops Missionaries Writers Other

v t e

Advent

Liturgy

Advent
Advent
Sunday Angelus Ave Maria Christmas
Christmas
Eve Ember days Gaudete Sunday Magnificat Saint Nicholas
Saint Nicholas
Day

Narratives

Fall of man Christian
Christian
messianic prophecies

Isaiah 9:6 Isaiah 53

Davidic dynasty in Bible prophecy Genealogy of Jesus John 1:1 John the Baptist Saint Joseph's dreams Tree of Jesse

Traditions

Advent
Advent
calendar Advent
Advent
candle Christingle Hanging of the greens Christmas
Christmas
markets

List

Stir-up Sunday Advent
Advent
wreath Moravian star

Songs and hymns

"Adam lay ybounden" " Advent
Advent
är mörker och kyla" Advent
Advent
song Adventstid Angelus
Angelus
ad virginem "Bereden väg för Herran" "Come, thou Redeemer of the earth" "Conditor alme siderum" "The Cherry-Tree Carol" "Come, Thou Long Expected Jesus" "Det är advent" "Es ist ein Ros entsprungen" Gabriel's Message "The Holly and the Ivy" "Hosianna, Davids son" " Jesus
Jesus
Christ the Apple Tree" "Lo! He comes with clouds descending" "Long Ago, Prophets Knew" "Macht hoch die Tür" "Maria durch ein Dornwald ging" "Der Morgenstern ist aufgedrungen" "Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland" O Antiphons "O Come, O Come, Emmanuel" "O Heiland, reiß die Himmel auf" "Of the Father's Heart Begotten" Rorate Coeli "Sei uns willkommen, Herre Christ" "Night of Silence" "There is no rose of such virtue" "Vi tänder ett ljus i advent" "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme"

Cantatas and music

Ärgre dich, o Seele, nicht, BWV 186a Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn, BWV 132 Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, BWV 147a Handel's Messiah (Part I) Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 61 Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 62 This Is the Record of John Unser lieben Frauen Traum Virga Jesse (Bruckner) Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 140 Wachet! betet! betet! wachet! BWV 70a List of Advent
Advent
Cantatas

Music publications

Carols for Choirs New English Hymnal The Oxford Book of Carols The New Oxford Book of Carols Piae Cantiones English Hymnal Hymns Ancient and Modern The Hymnal 1982

Related topics

Anglican church music Catholic music Lutheran hymns Carol service Christmastide Liturgical year

Category Commons Christianity portal Christian
Christian
music Portal

v t e

Christmas

Christmas
Christmas
Eve Children's Day Boxing Day Nochebuena Saint Nicholas
Saint Nicholas
Day St. Stephen's Day Sol Invictus Yule

In Christianity

Biblical Magi

Adoration of the Magi

Adoration of the Shepherds Advent Angel Gabriel Annunciation Annunciation
Annunciation
to the shepherds Baptism of the Lord Bethlehem Christingle Christmastide Epiphany Herod the Great Jesus Joseph Mary Massacre of the Innocents

flight into Egypt

Nativity Fast Nativity of Jesus

in art in later culture

Nativity scene Saint Nicholas Star of Bethlehem Twelfth Night

In folklore

Badalisc La Befana Belsnickel Caganer Christkind Ded Moroz Elves Father Christmas Grýla Jack Frost Joulupukki Knecht Ruprecht Korvatunturi Krampus Mikulás Miner's figure Mrs. Claus Nisse/Tomte North Pole Old Man Winter Olentzero Père Fouettard Père Noël Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer Saint Lucy Santa's reindeer Santa's workshop Sinterklaas Tió de Nadal Vertep Yule
Yule
Cat Yule
Yule
Lads Zwarte Piet

Gift-bringers

Saint Nicholas Santa Claus List of Christmas
Christmas
gift-bringers by country

Traditions

Advent
Advent
calendar Advent
Advent
candle Advent
Advent
wreath Boar's Head Feast Candle arches Cards Carols by Candlelight Cavalcade of Magi Crackers Decorations Events and celebrations Feast of the Seven Fishes Flying Santa Google Santa Tracker Hampers Las Posadas Letters Lights Lord of Misrule Markets Meals and feasts Moravian star Nine Lessons and Carols NORAD Tracks Santa Nutcrackers

dolls

Ornaments Parades

list

Piñatas Pyramids Räuchermann Seals Secret Santa Spanbaum Stamps Stockings Tree Twelve Days Wassailing Windows Yule
Yule
Goat Yule
Yule
log

By country

Australia and New Zealand Denmark Germany Hawaii Hungary Iceland Indonesia Ireland Mexico Norway Philippines Poland Romania Russia Scotland Serbia Sweden Ukraine

Music

Carols

list

Hit singles UK Hit singles US Music books

Carols for Choirs The Oxford Book of Carols The New Oxford Book of Carols Piae Cantiones

Other media

Films Poetry

"Old Santeclaus with Much Delight" "A Visit from St. Nicholas"

Television

specials Yule
Yule
Log

In modern society

Advent
Advent
Conspiracy Black Friday (partying) Black Friday (shopping) Bronner's Christmas
Christmas
Wonderland Christmas
Christmas
club Christmas
Christmas
creep Christmas
Christmas
Day (Trading) Act 2004 Christmas
Christmas
Lectures Christmas
Christmas
Mountains Christmas
Christmas
truce Controversies Cyber Monday Economics Giving Tuesday El Gordo Holiday season In July In August Leon Day NBA games NFL games Puritan New England American Civil War Post-War United States Running of the Santas SantaCon Santa's Candy Castle Small Business Saturday Super Saturday Virginia O'Hanlon White Christmas Winter festivals WWE Tribute to the Troops Xmas

Food and drink

Dinner

Joulupöytä Julebord Kūčios Réveillon Twelve-dish supper Smörgåsbord Wigilia

Sweets

bûche de Noël Cake Candy cane Cookies Fruitcake Gingerbread Kourabiedes Melomakarono Mince pie Pavlova Pecan pie Pumpkin pie Pudding Rosca de reyes Szaloncukor Turrón

Soup

Menudo

Sauce

Cranberry sauce

Beverages

Apple cider Champurrado Eggnog Mulled wine

Smoking Bishop

Ponche crema

Dumpling

Hallaca Tamale

Meat

Ham Roast goose Romeritos Turkey Stuffing

.