Moquegua (Spanish pronunciation: [moˈkeɣwa], founded by the
Spanish colonists as Villa de Santa Catalina de Guadalcázar del Valle
de Moquegua) is a city in southern Peru, located in the Moquegua
Region, of which it is the capital. It is also capital of Mariscal
Nieto Province and
Moquegua District. It is located 1144 kilometers
south of the capital city of Lima.
4 See also
6 External links
Plaza de Armas of Moquegua, designed by Gustave Eiffel
This region was occupied for thousands of years by successive cultures
of indigenous peoples. The
Wari culture built numerous monuments, and
developed terraced fields to support crop cultivation on hillsides
hundreds of years before the
Inca conquered them and expanded their
territory into this area. Cerro Baúl is the remains of a Wari
monumental site, on top of a hill outside of Moquegua.
Tiwanaku sites are also in the area. It was an important
colonial center for the
Tiwanaku state. The valley is the only area of
Peru to house both Wari and
Chiribaya culture flourished in the
Moquegua area and near the
Pacific island coast from about 1000 until 1360.
Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, the
Inca Emperor Mayta Cápac
organized the military expedition that extended the
Inca domains to
the shore of the Pacific. They overcame other indigenous peoples in
the 15th century; in the next century they were conquered by the
There is no definite information about the year of the city's founding
by the Spanish. Tradition holds that the colonial city was founded on
November 25, 1541, by Pedro Cansino and his wife Josefina de Bilbao.
This city is located in the mountains of the region of the same name.
It has many gardens and other tourist attractions, which make it a
popular destination in Peru.
The Plaza de Armas, is the Main Square and center of the city. It was
designed in the 19th century by the French architect, Gustave Eiffel,
who designed the
Eiffel Tower in Paris. In this main square the Jose
Carlos Mariategui Museum and the Contisuyo Museum, are located.
The Casa del Regidor Perpetuo de la Ciudad, is a house built in the
18th century. It has a front of carved stone. Operated as a house
museum, it is furnished with high quality antiques.
The district of Torata, located 24 km away from the city, has
traditional houses with mojinete roofs. The parish church has
beautiful wood carvings.
Pan-American Highway passes through the city.
Moquegua's economy is largely based on mining. Resources include
copper, silver, gold and molybdenum. Cuajone and part of Toquepala
Mine are located in the Mcal. Nieto Province. A copper smelter and
refinery to treat copper concentrates from those mines is located in
^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de
las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú:
Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las
principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report). Instituto Nacional de
Estadística e Informática. March 2012. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moquegua.
(in Spanish) Sur Noticias - Southern
Peru news website
(in Spanish) Municipalidad de
Regional capitals of Peru
Cerro de Pasco
Coordinates: 17°12′S 70°56′W / 17.200°S 70.933°W /