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Moquegua
Moquegua
(Spanish pronunciation: [moˈkeɣwa], founded by the Spanish colonists as Villa de Santa Catalina de Guadalcázar del Valle de Moquegua) is a city in southern Peru, located in the Moquegua Region, of which it is the capital. It is also capital of Mariscal Nieto Province and Moquegua
Moquegua
District. It is located 1144 kilometers south of the capital city of Lima.

Contents

1 History 2 Tourism 3 Economy 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Cathedral

Plaza de Armas of Moquegua, designed by Gustave Eiffel

This region was occupied for thousands of years by successive cultures of indigenous peoples. The Wari culture
Wari culture
built numerous monuments, and developed terraced fields to support crop cultivation on hillsides hundreds of years before the Inca
Inca
conquered them and expanded their territory into this area. Cerro Baúl is the remains of a Wari monumental site, on top of a hill outside of Moquegua. Numerous Tiwanaku
Tiwanaku
sites are also in the area. It was an important colonial center for the Tiwanaku
Tiwanaku
state. The valley is the only area of Peru
Peru
to house both Wari and Tiwanaku
Tiwanaku
ruins. The Chiribaya culture
Chiribaya culture
flourished in the Moquegua
Moquegua
area and near the Pacific island coast from about 1000 until 1360. According to Inca
Inca
Garcilaso de la Vega, the Inca
Inca
Emperor Mayta Cápac organized the military expedition that extended the Inca
Inca
domains to the shore of the Pacific. They overcame other indigenous peoples in the 15th century; in the next century they were conquered by the Spanish. There is no definite information about the year of the city's founding by the Spanish. Tradition holds that the colonial city was founded on November 25, 1541, by Pedro Cansino and his wife Josefina de Bilbao. Tourism[edit] This city is located in the mountains of the region of the same name. It has many gardens and other tourist attractions, which make it a popular destination in Peru. The Plaza de Armas, is the Main Square and center of the city. It was designed in the 19th century by the French architect, Gustave Eiffel, who designed the Eiffel Tower
Eiffel Tower
in Paris. In this main square the Jose Carlos Mariategui Museum and the Contisuyo Museum, are located. The Casa del Regidor Perpetuo de la Ciudad, is a house built in the 18th century. It has a front of carved stone. Operated as a house museum, it is furnished with high quality antiques. The district of Torata, located 24 km away from the city, has traditional houses with mojinete roofs. The parish church has beautiful wood carvings. The Pan-American Highway
Pan-American Highway
passes through the city. Economy[edit] Moquegua's economy is largely based on mining. Resources include copper, silver, gold and molybdenum. Cuajone and part of Toquepala Mine are located in the Mcal. Nieto Province. A copper smelter and refinery to treat copper concentrates from those mines is located in Ilo province. See also[edit]

Ilo

References[edit]

^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú: Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. March 2012. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moquegua.

(in Spanish) Sur Noticias - Southern Peru
Peru
news website (in Spanish) Municipalidad de Moquegua
Moquegua
- Moquegua
Moquegua
Municipality

v t e

Regional capitals of Peru

Abancay Arequipa Ayacucho Cajamarca Callao Cerro de Pasco Chachapoyas Chiclayo Cusco Huacho Huancavelica Huancayo Huánuco Huaraz Ica Iquitos Moquegua Moyobamba Piura Pucallpa Puerto Maldonado Puno Tacna Trujillo Tumbes

Coordinates: 17°12′S 70°56′W / 17.200°S 70.933°W / -17.200; -70.933

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124321294 GND: 4262142-2 BNF: cb1248

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