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Maurice Edwin "Moon" Landrieu (born July 23, 1930) is an American politician from Louisiana
Louisiana
who served as the 56th Mayor of New Orleans from 1970 to 1978. He also is a former judge. He represented New Orleans' Twelfth Ward in the Louisiana House of Representatives
Louisiana House of Representatives
from 1960 to 1966, served on the New Orleans
New Orleans
City Council as a member at-large from 1966 to 1970 and was the United States
United States
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under U.S. President
U.S. President
Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
from 1979 to 1981. He is a member of the Democratic Party.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Landrieu as mayor 3 After city hall 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Bibliography

6 External links

Early life and career[edit] Moon Landrieu
Moon Landrieu
was born in Uptown New Orleans, the son of Loretta (née Bechtel) and Joseph G. Landrieu, the owner of a small corner grocery. Joseph's paternal great-grandparents, Geoffroy Stanislas Landrieu and Melanie LeMoine, had immigrated to New Orleans
New Orleans
from France in 1848. Maurice acquired the nickname "Moon" in his early childhood and later had his name legally changed. He went to Jesuit High School. A promising athlete, Landrieu won a baseball scholarship at Loyola University New Orleans, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in business administration in 1952 and a law degree in 1954. As an undergraduate, he was elected student body president at Loyola. After a three-year stint in the United States
United States
Army, Landrieu opened a law practice and taught accounting at Loyola. In 1954, Landrieu married Verna Satterlee, with whom he had nine children (Mary, Mark, Melanie, Michelle, Mitchell, Madeleine, Martin, Melinda, and Maurice, Jr.). In the late 1950s, Landrieu became involved in the youth wing of Mayor deLesseps Morrison's Crescent City Democratic Organization. Running on Morrison’s ticket, Moon Landrieu
Moon Landrieu
was elected by the 12th Ward of New Orleans to the Louisiana House of Representatives
Louisiana House of Representatives
in 1960 to succeed J. Marshall Brown. There he was one of the few white legislators who voted against the "hate bills" of the segregationists which the legislature passed in the effort to thwart the desegregation of public facilities and public schools. In 1962, Landrieu ran for New Orleans
New Orleans
City Council and lost, but in 1966, he was elected Councilman-at-large. In 1969, he led a successful push for a city ordinance outlawing segregation based on race or religion in public accommodations, an issue that had been addressed nationally in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. As councilman, Landrieu also voted to remove the Confederate flag
Confederate flag
from the council chambers and voted to establish a biracial human relations committee. He succeeded with both votes. Landrieu as mayor[edit] Moon Landrieu
Moon Landrieu
was elected mayor of New Orleans
New Orleans
in the election of 1970 to succeed fellow Democrat Victor Schiro. His opponent in the Democratic primary runoff was Louisiana
Louisiana
Lieutenant Governor Jimmy Fitzmorris, who was supported by most of the municipal political establishment. Running on a "progressive" platform, Landrieu won an unexpected victory by assembling a coalition comprising 90 percent of black voters and 39 percent of whites. Perennial candidate Addison Roswell Thompson, the operator of a taxicab stand and a member of the Ku Klux Klan, also ran again for mayor in the Democratic primary but polled negligible support. In the general election, Landrieu defeated Ben C. Toledano, the only Republican to have made a serious bid for mayor of New Orleans
New Orleans
in the 20th century. In that contest, Landrieu's pro-Civil Rights Movement stance was rewarded when he received an overwhelming 99 percent support from black voters. On May 3, 1970, the day before he took his oath of office as mayor, Landrieu received a death threat by telephone, but authorities quickly caught the culprit.[1] During his tenure as mayor, Landrieu oversaw desegregation of city government and public facilities as well as encouraging integration within business and professional organizations. Before Landrieu was elected, there were no high-ranking black employees or officials in City Hall; he worked actively to change this by appointing African Americans
African Americans
to top positions, including Chief Administrative Officer, the number two position in the executive branch of city government. When Landrieu took office in 1970, African Americans
African Americans
made up 19 percent of city employees; by 1978, this number had risen to 43 percent.[2] He also appointed Rev. A.L. Davis, a prominent Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Movement
leader, to fill a temporary vacancy on the City Council; Davis was the city’s first black city councilor. Landrieu also employed an African American assistant: Robert H. Tucker, Jr.[3] Landrieu obtained federal funds for the revitalization of New Orleans' poor neighborhoods, and he promoted the involvement of minority-owned businesses in the city's economic life. Like his predecessor, Landrieu presided over continued suburban-style growth in the Algiers and New Orleans East districts, with Algiers essentially built-out, having exited its greenfield development stage, by the end of his administration. New Orleans
New Orleans
East, though far from fully developed, had by that time become visibly affluent relative to the metropolitan area, with upscale, multimillion-dollar residential and commercial developments debuting alongside new office buildings and modern business parks. Landrieu was also involved in the planning and construction of the Louisiana
Louisiana
Superdome, the Piazza d'Italia, and other projects designed to improve the economy of New Orleans. He advocated the creation of the Downtown Development District to revitalize the New Orleans
New Orleans
CBD, and worked to promote the city’s growing tourism industry. His tourism-related projects included the Moon Walk, a riverfront promenade facing the French Quarter, the Louisiana
Louisiana
Superdome, as well as renovations of the French Market
French Market
and Jackson Square. Critics alleged that patronage from these development projects disproportionately aided his campaign contributors, most notably his political allies who controlled Superdome Services, Inc. By the midpoint of Vic Schiro's mayoral administration (i.e., the mid-1960s), New Orleans' historic built environment was under siege, as an accelerating number of building demolitions were approved. Unprecedented intrusions into the existing urban fabric were also being contemplated, such as the elevated Claiborne Expressway and Riverfront Expressway segments of I-10. Responding to the ongoing erosion of the city's existing built environment, Landrieu authorized the 1972 New Orleans
New Orleans
Housing and Neighborhood Preservation Study. Most of that study's recommendations were enacted by Landrieu, including the 1976 establishment of the Historic District Landmarks Commission ("HDLC"), which extended design review and demolition controls for the first time to parts of New Orleans
New Orleans
outside the French Quarter
French Quarter
.[4] In this period, Congress passed generous federal tax incentives favoring the rehabilitation of historic buildings. Combined with the founding of HDLC, New Orleans
New Orleans
had hundreds of historic tax credit-subsidized redevelopment projects in the ensuing decades, representing hundreds of millions of dollars of new investment, most notably within New Orleans' downtown and Warehouse District. Many building were updated and adapted for new uses, but historic scale and detail were retained. During 1975–1976, Landrieu served as president of the United States Conference of Mayors. Landrieu became nationally known as an advocate for American cities in Washington, D.C., and was credited with helping to convince Congress to bail out New York City
New York City
during its financial crisis in 1977. He was reelected in 1974 and served until April 1978. After leaving office, he was succeeded by Dutch Morial, the city's first black mayor. Landrieu was the last white elected mayor of New Orleans
New Orleans
until his son Mitch Landrieu
Mitch Landrieu
was elected in 2010. After city hall[edit] After leaving office in 1978, Landrieu served as Secretary of the United States
United States
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Landrieu served as Judge
Judge
of the Louisiana
Louisiana
4th Circuit Court of Appeals from 1992 until his retirement in 2000. He is the father of former U.S. Senator Mary Landrieu
Mary Landrieu
and current New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu. In 2004, Landrieu was inducted in the Louisiana
Louisiana
Political Museum and Hall of Fame in Winnfield. His daughter Mary was inducted into the organization three years later.[5] See also[edit]

Timeline of New Orleans, 1960s-1970s

References[edit]

^ "Moon Landrieu's life threatened", Minden Press-Herald, May 4, 1970, p. 1 ^ Morial retains racial mix inherited from Landrieu, The Times-Picayune, May 6, 1980. ^ Eckstein (2015), p. 136. ^ "Wholesale demolition is a discredited approach", The Times-Picayune, February 6, 2010. ^ Winnfield, La - Old L&A Depot, LA Political Museum Archived 2009-07-03 at the Wayback Machine.

Bibliography[edit]

Baker, Liva. The Second Battle of New Orleans: The Hundred Year Struggle to Integrate the Schools. Harper Collins, 1996. Eckstein, Barbara (2015). Sustaining New Orleans: Literature, Local Memory, and the Fate of a City. Routledge. ISBN 1135403325.  Hirsch, Arnold and Joseph Logsdon. Creole New Orleans: Race and Americanization. LSU Press, 1992. Perez, Dawn Watts. “Moon Landrieu: Reflections of Change.” UNO Masters Thesis, 1996.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moon Landrieu.

Oral History Interview with Moon Landrieu
Moon Landrieu
from Oral Histories of the American South Appearances on C-SPAN

Louisiana
Louisiana
House of Representatives

Preceded by J. Marshall Brown
J. Marshall Brown
(D) State Representative, New Orleans' Twelfth Ward 1960–1966 Succeeded by Eddie Sapir (D)

Political offices

Preceded by James Fitzmorris (D) & Joseph DiRosa (D) Councilmembers at Large, New Orleans Moon Landrieu
Moon Landrieu
(D) & John Petre (D) 1966–1970

Succeeded by James Moreau (D) & Joseph DiRosa (D)

Preceded by Victor Schiro (D) Mayor of New Orleans 1970–1978 Succeeded by Ernest "Dutch" Morial (D)

Preceded by Patricia Roberts Harris U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Served under: Jimmy Carter 1979-1981 Succeeded by Samuel Riley Pierce

v t e

United States
United States
Secretaries of Housing and Urban Development

Weaver Wood Romney Lynn Hills Harris Landrieu Pierce Kemp Cisneros Cuomo Martinez Jackson Preston Donovan Castro Carson

v t e

Mayors of New Orleans, Louisiana

Boré Petit Pitot Watkins Mather Trudeau Girod Dorgenois Girod Macarty Roffignac Prieur Bertus Genois Freret Prieur Bertus Freret Montegut Crossman Lewis Waterman Summers Stith Monroe Shepley Weitzel French Weitzel Deming Miller Durell Miller Hoyt Kennedy Quincy Burke Kennedy Rozier Clark Monroe Heath Conway Flanders Wiltz Leeds Pilsbury Patton Shakspeare Behan Guillotte Shakspeare Fitzpatrick Flower Capdevielle Behrman McShane Behrman O'Keefe Walmsley Pratt Earhart Cave Maestri Morrison Schiro M. E. Landrieu E. Morial Barthelemy M. Morial Nagin M. J. Landrieu Cantrell (elect)

v t e

Cabinet of President Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(1977–81)

Cabinet

Secretary of State

Cyrus R. Vance (1977–80) Edmund S. Muskie (1980–81)

Secretary of the Treasury

W. Michael Blumenthal
W. Michael Blumenthal
(1977–79) G. William Miller
G. William Miller
(1979–81)

Secretary of Defense

Harold Brown (1977–81)

Attorney General

Griffin B. Bell (1977–79) Benjamin R. Civiletti (1979–81)

Secretary of the Interior

Cecil Andrus
Cecil Andrus
(1977–81)

Secretary of Agriculture

Robert S. Bergland (1977–81)

Secretary of Commerce

Juanita M. Kreps
Juanita M. Kreps
(1977–80) Philip M. Klutznick (1980–81)

Secretary of Labor

F. Ray Marshall
Ray Marshall
(1977–81)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Joseph A. Califano Jr.
Joseph A. Califano Jr.
(1977–79) Patricia R. Harris (1979)

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Patricia R. Harris (1979–81)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Patricia R. Harris (1977–79) Moon Landrieu
Moon Landrieu
(1979–81)

Secretary of Transportation

Brock Adams
Brock Adams
(1977–79) Neil E. Goldschmidt (1979–81)

Secretary of Energy

James R. Schlesinger
James R. Schlesinger
(1977–79) Charles W. Duncan Jr. (1979–81)

Secretary of Education

Shirley M. Hufstedler (1979–81)

Cabinet-level

Vice President

Walter F. Mondale (1977–81)

White House Chief of Staff

None (1977–79) Hamilton Jordan
Hamilton Jordan
(1979–80) Jack H. Watson (1980–81)

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency

Douglas M. Costle
Douglas M. Costle
(1977–81)

Trade Representative

Robert S. Strauss
Robert S. Strauss
(1977–79) Reubin O'D. Askew (1979–81)

Ambassador to the United Nations

Andrew J. Young (1977–79) Donald F. McHenry (1979–81)

Director of the Office of Management and Budget

Thomas "Bert" Lance (1977) James T. McIntyre
James T. McIntyre
(1978–81)

Director of Central Intelligence

Stansfield M. Turner (1977–81)

Advisor to the President on National Security Affairs

Zbigniew Brzezinski
Zbigniew Brzezinski
(1977–81)

Chairperson of the Council of Economic Advisers

Charles L. Schultze (1977–81)

v t e

Presidents of the United States
United States
Conference of Mayors

Murphy Curley Walmsley Hoan La Guardia Kelly Welsh Green Lawrence Kennelly Burke Robinson Hynes Wagner Poulson R. J. Daley Dilworth Burns Celebrezze Lee Selland Tucker Blaisdell Cavanagh Barr Schrunk Maltester Tate Maier Welch Martin Alioto M. E. Landrieu Gibson Alexander McNichols Carver Hatcher Boosalis Young Fulton Padilla E. Morial Riley Berkley Holland Whitmire Isaac Flynn Althaus Abramson Ashe Rice R. M. Daley Helmke Corradini Webb Coles M. Morial Menino Garner Plusquellic O'Neill Guido Palmer Diaz Nickles Kautz Villaraigosa Nutter Smith Johnson Rawlings-Blake Cornett M. J. Landrieu

v t e

Louisiana
Louisiana
Political Museum and Hall of Fame

1993

Hale Boggs William C. C. Claiborne Jimmie Davis Pap Dean Edwin Edwards Dudley LeBlanc Earl Long Huey Long Russell B. Long

1994

A. Leonard Allen Lindy Boggs Victor Bussie Allen J. Ellender Gillis William Long

1995

Camille Gravel Sam Hanna deLesseps Story Morrison Zachary Taylor Edward Douglass White

1996

Louis Berry James Carville Mary Evelyn Parker Leander Perez Gus Weill

1997

Oscar K. Allen Murphy J. Foster J. Bennett Johnston Melinda Schwegmann David C. Treen

1998

Speedy Long John H. Overton Joe Waggonner T. Harry Williams

1999

Cat Doucet Jimmy Fitzmorris Douglas Fowler Iris Kelso Ed Renwick

2000

Jefferson Caffery William J. Jefferson Jeannette Knoll Jimmy D. Long Buddy Roemer

2001

Wiley W. Hilburn Robert F. Kennon Harry Lee Harold McSween Wade O. Martin Jr. Victor H. Schiro

2002

Jesse Bankston Kenny Bowen Harley Bozeman Nathan Burl Cain Bill Dodd Francis Grevemberg John Hainkel Henson Moore Joe Sampite Lillian Walker

2003

John Alario John Breaux Jay Chevalier Harry Connick Sr. Mike Foster Charles Fuselier Carolyn Huntoon Raymond Laborde Bob Livingston Richard Stalder Billy Tauzin

2004

Billy Boles Charles W. DeWitt Jr. Dudley A. Guglielmo Moon Landrieu Edgar G. "Sonny" Mouton Jr. Edmund Reggie Doris Lindsey Holland Rhodes Virginia Shehee Jack Wardlaw

2005

Robert W. Bates Carlos Roberto Flores Mary Flake Flores Eddie J. Jordan Jr. Curtis Joubert William Hawthorn Lynch Barbara Boggs Sigmund Francis C. Thompson

2006

Kathleen Babineaux Blanco Charlie Cook Sylvan Friedman Donald E. Hines W. Fox McKeithen Cecil J. Picard Vic Stelly

2007

Diana E. Bajoie Sally Clausen Charles deGravelles Virginia deGravelles Hunt Downer Theodore "Ted" Jones Mary Landrieu Sean O'Keefe

2008

Richard Baker Bobby Freeman Melvin "Kip" Holden James A. Joseph Donald G. Kelly John LaPlante Bob Odom Ned Randolph Joe R. Salter

2009

Al Ater Foster Campbell Chris John Walter Lee Jessel Ourso Patrick F. Taylor

2010

Rodney Alexander Randy Ewing Charlton Lyons Samuel B. Nunez Jr. William "Billy" Nungesser Risley C. Triche

2011

James H. "Jim" Brown Lucille May Grace Catherine D. Kimball J. Kelly Nix Ralph Perlman Charlie Smith

2012

Fred Baden Felix Edward Hébert E. L. Henry Jerry Huckaby Adras LaBorde Billy Montgomery

2013

Charles C. Barham Leonard J. Chabert Marty J. Chabert Norby Chabert Hyram Copeland George Dement Leonard R. "Pop" Hataway Angelo Roppolo Raymond Strother

2014

J. Marshall Brown John Bel Edwards John B. Fournet Richard P. "Dick" Guidry John S. Hunt, II Rose McConnell Long Edward "Bubby" Lyons Robert "Bob" Mann Harvey Peltier Jr.

2015

Peppi Bruneau Buddy Caldwell Juba Diez Noble Ellington John Maginnis Charles A. Marvin Scott family: Albin Provosty, Nauman Scott, and Jock Scott

2016

Boysie Bollinger Randy K. Haynie Richard Ieyoub Sam Houston Jones John Mamoulides Braxton Moody, III Kaliste Saloom Jr.

2017

Jim Beam Jimmy Dimos T. J. Jemison Maurice Mapes Dave Norris

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 33288748 LCCN: n80009492 ISNI: 0000 0000 2471 7111 SN

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