MOON JAE-IN (
A former student activist , human rights lawyer , and chief
presidential secretary to then-President
Roh Moo-hyun , Moon once
served as leader of Minjoo Party of
* 1 Early life and education
* 2 Early career
* 3 Political career before the presidency (2012–2017)
* 3.1 Entrance to politics
* 3.2 2012 general election
* 3.3 2012 presidential campaign
* 4 2017 presidential election
* 4.1 Primary and general election
* 4.2 Campaign positions on domestic policy
* 4.2.1 National security * 4.2.2 Economic policy * 4.2.3 Transparency * 4.2.4 Social issues
* 4.3 Campaign positions on foreign policy
* 5 Presidency
* 5.1 Domestic Policy
* 5.1.1 Education * 5.1.2 Animal Rights/Adoption of "First Dog" * 5.1.3 Energy
* 5.2 Foreign Policy
* 5.2.1 International relations
* 6 Electoral history
* 7 Personal life
* 7.1 Family * 7.2 Religion * 7.3 Nickname
* 8 References * 9 External links
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
His family eventually settled in
After his discharge, he passed the
Bar Exam and was admitted to the
Judicial Research and Training Institute . He graduated second in his
class but was not admitted to become a judge or government prosecutor
due to his history of activism against the Yushin dictatorship under
HUMAN RIGHTS ATTORNEY
After becoming a lawyer, he partnered and worked with future President Roh Moo-hyun in the 1980s. Along with Roh, he took cases involving human rights and civil rights issues defending labor rights activists and students persecuted for opposing Korea's then military dictatorship. They remained friends up until Roh's suicide in 2009.
ROH MOO-HYUN ADMINISTRATION
Due to Roh's insistence, Moon became Roh's campaign manager during his presidential bid. After Roh's victory, Moon became Roh's chief presidential secretary and close aide holding various roles in a presidential administration. Moon held roles as Senior Presidential Secretary for Civil Affairs, Senior Presidential Secretary for Civil Society, Senior Presidential Secretary for Civil Affairs, and Chief Presidential Secretary (equivalent to Chief-of-Staff) from 2003-2008.
Moon was also the chairperson of the Promotion of the 2nd North-South
When prosecutors began investigating Roh's corruption charges that
led to impeachment proceedings, Moon was the legal counsel to Roh.
After Roh committed suicide , Moon was in charge of the funeral and
handling his private affairs. Moon revealed that his favorite nickname
was "Roh Moo-hyun's shadow" indicating his close relationship to the
former president and law colleague. His exposure to the public as a
poised and trustworthy aide impressed the public and many liberals in
POLITICAL CAREER BEFORE THE PRESIDENCY (2012–2017)
ENTRANCE TO POLITICS
Despite his earlier indifference, he began to get involved in
politics. He published a memoir called Moon Jae-in: The Destiny which
became a bestseller. His popularity had been rising steady against
the likely opponent in the presidential race,
Moon managed to capitalize on the conservatives' decline in popularity amid a series of corruption scandals. As one pundit said, "Moon had managed to portray himself as a moderate and rational leader who has the backing of the younger generation".
2012 GENERAL ELECTION
South Korean legislative election, 2012
In 2012, Moon entered a bid for a seat in the National Assembly in
the 20th legislative election. Moon won a seat in the Sasang District
2012 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN
On September 16, 2012, Moon received the presidential nomination for the Democratic United Party .
He ran for the 2012 presidential election as the Democratic United
Party 's candidate in a three-way race against Park Geun-hye, the
incumbent ruling party’s candidate and daughter of the late
LEADER OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
Moon was elected as the leader of New Politics Alliance for Democracy (NPAD) on February 2, 2015. Prior to his election, Moon and NPAD party leader and 2012 presidential candidate rival Ahn Cheol-soo had many public disputes over the direction of the party.
Moon's official role led Ahn Cheol-soo to quit and form the centrist People\'s Party . Ahn's departure and Moon's new tenure as party leader led to the newly renaming the liberal, NPAD Party as the new Democratic Party .
During his leadership, Moon scouted several politically prominent people, including police studies/criminology expert Pyo Chang-won , political critic Lee Chul-hee , and former president Park's secretary Cho Ung-chun to prepare for upcoming 2016 legislative elections . After his recruitment, Moon resigned his position for another scouted advisor/former Park advisor Kim Chong-in .
2017 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION
Moon was considered the frontrunner to win Korea's 2017 presidential
election , which would be the 19th term of the country's presidency,
following the Impeachment of
The general election originally had 15 announced candidates. Moon
faced four other major party nominees during the election, including
2012 presidential rival and past party colleague
Ahn Cheol-soo of the
People\'s Party and
Hong Jun-pyo of the
Liberty Korea Party
On May 10, 2017, Moon ended his campaign by winning 41.1% votes (with 13,423,800 votes) to win the plurality of votes. As Moon was elected at a special election, he did not have the 60 days of transitional period with the previous administrations, made him to inaugurate the day after the election.
CAMPAIGN POSITIONS ON DOMESTIC POLICY
Moon came out in favor of repealing Korea's national security laws,
which have been alleged by the Korean liberals to be a tool of the
historically right-wing establishment of
Moon's campaign promise in 2017 included intentions to put a 10 trillion won ($8.9 billion) fiscal stimulus to support job creation, start-ups, and small to mid-sized companies. His announced goal is to create 810,000 public sector jobs through raising taxes on the wealthy.
Moon's policy against corporate corruption, specifically in regards to Korean conglomerates in chaebols is to give "minority shareholders more power in electing board members" of the companies.
Moon also promised transparency on his presidency, moving the president residence from palatial and isolated Blue House to an existing government complex in downtown Seoul.
In a televised presidential debate, Moon said he opposes
homosexuality , in response to conservative candidate
Hong Jun-pyo 's
remarks that gay soldiers were a source of weakness in the South
Korean military . Moon's remark prompted immediate criticism during
the debate from
Sim Sang-jung , the sole presidential candidate to
support LGBT rights and a member of the leftist Justice Party . The
conservative remark also prompted outrage from gay rights activists,
considering Moon's representation as the leading liberal candidate and
former human rights lawyer. Some of Moon's supporters dismissed the
comments as a necessity to win, as
CAMPAIGN POSITIONS ON FOREIGN POLICY
Moon has favored a peaceful reunification between the two Koreas. He
was both widely criticized and widely praised for his comments stating
that his first visit if elected president would be to visit North
His 2017 presidential campaign has supported re-opening of the Kaesong Industrial Park .
Moon's relatively liberal stance in foreign policy is reflected in
his writing in a book: “I’m pro-U.S., but now
Moon Jae-in's Presidential Job Approval rating President
Donald J. Trump welcomes President
Wikinews has related news: MOON JAE-IN BECOMES PRESIDENT OF SOUTH KOREA
Moon was sworn into office immediately after official votes were counted on May 10th, replacing Acting President and Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn . There was no transition period between the election and inauguration, unlike other presidential elections due to the nature of an election following a presidential impeachment. He will serve out the typical single five-year term with his presidential term concluding in 2022 .
Moon's predecessor and daughter of
Animal Rights/Adoption Of "First Dog"
Moon had promised during his campaign to adopt a dog from an animal sanctuary. This was considered relevant to South Korean politics as the country allows for consumption of dog meat. His administration adopted Tory, a four year old black mongrel who was saved from a dog meat farm, from an animal rights group. The move was considered to send "a strong message against the trade."
Moon's administration has focused on increasing South Korea's
consumption of natural gas, away from nuclear and coal as sources of
energy. These plans include delaying construction on nuclear reactors
as well as re-opening dialogue around a natural gas pipeline that
would come from
Moon visited the
Moon opposed the full deployment of THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) systems during his presidential campaign and called for more peace talks engaging with North Korea.
As of late July, following North Korea's latest missile launch and increasingly aggressive actions, Moon asked the U.S. permission to build up its domestic defense systems and temporarily set up a full THAAD system.
ELECTION YEAR POSITION PARTY AFFILIATION VOTES PERCENTAGE OF VOTES RESULTS
18th Presidential Election 2012 President Democratic United Party 14,692,632 48.02% Lost (2nd)
19th Presidential Election
Democratic Party of Korea
Moon married Kim Jung-sook , a vocalist from the same university he attended. He and Kim both individually revealed in separate Korean talk shows that both met each other when Moon was a student activist protesting the Yushin Constitution .
Moon is currently the second Roman Catholic leader after the late former President Kim Dae-jung . His baptismal (or Christian) name is "Timothy".
Moon is nicknamed the "Dark King" (
* ^ "South Korea\'s
Wikimedia Commons has media related to MOON JAE-IN .
* (in Korean)
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF SOUTH KOREA
Preceded by Chang Je-won Member of the National Assembly from Sasang District 2012–2016 Succeeded by Chang Je-won
PARTY POLITICAL OFFICES
Preceded by Lee Byung-wan