MOON JAE-IN (
Hangul : 문재인;
Hanja : 文在寅; Korean
pronunciation: ; born 24 January 1953) is the current President of
South Korea . Moon was elected after the impeachment of his
Park Geun-hye in the 2017 South Korean presidential
A former student activist , human rights lawyer , and chief
presidential secretary to then-President
Roh Moo-hyun , Moon once
served as leader of Minjoo Party of
Korea (2015–2016) and a member
of the 19th National Assembly (2012–2016). He was also a candidate
of the former
Democratic United Party
Democratic United Party in the 2012 presidential
election in which he lost narrowly to Park Geun-hye.
* 1 Early life and education
* 2 Early career
Human rights attorney
Roh Moo-hyun administration
* 3 Political career before the presidency (2012–2017)
* 3.1 Entrance to politics
* 3.2 2012 general election
* 3.3 2012 presidential campaign
Leader of the Democratic Party
* 4 2017 presidential election
* 4.1 Primary and general election
* 4.2 Campaign positions on domestic policy
* 4.2.1 National security
* 4.2.2 Economic policy
* 4.2.3 Transparency
* 4.2.4 Social issues
* 4.3 Campaign positions on foreign policy
* 5 Presidency
* 5.1 Domestic Policy
* 5.1.1 Education
* 5.1.2 Animal Rights/Adoption of "First Dog"
* 5.1.3 Energy
* 5.2 Foreign Policy
* 5.2.1 International relations
* 6 Electoral history
* 7 Personal life
* 7.1 Family
* 7.2 Religion
* 7.3 Nickname
* 8 References
* 9 External links
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
South Korea ,
Moon Jae-in was the first son among
five children of father Moon Yong-hyung and mother Kang Han-ok. His
parents were refugees from
South Hamgyeong Province (currently in
North Korea ) who fled their native city of
Hungnam during the Hungnam
His family eventually settled in
Busan and Moon attended Kyungnam
High School . He enrolled in
Kyunghee University where he majored in
law. He was arrested, convicted, and imprisoned and expelled from the
university after he organized a student protest against the Yushin
Constitution . Later, he was conscripted into the military and
assigned to the South Korean special forces , where he participated in
"Operation Paul Bunyan" during the
Axe murder incident .
After his discharge, he passed the
Bar Exam and was admitted to the
Judicial Research and Training Institute . He graduated second in his
class but was not admitted to become a judge or government prosecutor
due to his history of activism against the Yushin dictatorship under
Park Chung-hee 's rule as a student. Moon chose to become a lawyer
HUMAN RIGHTS ATTORNEY
After becoming a lawyer, he partnered and worked with future
Roh Moo-hyun in the 1980s. Along with Roh, he took cases
involving human rights and civil rights issues defending labor rights
activists and students persecuted for opposing Korea's then military
dictatorship. They remained friends up until Roh's suicide in 2009.
He was a member of
Minbyun and the Chairman of Human Rights at Busan
Bar, as well as a founding member of the progressive South Korean
The Hankyoreh , in 1988.
ROH MOO-HYUN ADMINISTRATION
Due to Roh's insistence, Moon became Roh's campaign manager during
his presidential bid. After Roh's victory, Moon became Roh's chief
presidential secretary and close aide holding various roles in a
presidential administration. Moon held roles as Senior Presidential
Secretary for Civil Affairs,
Senior Presidential Secretary for Civil
Senior Presidential Secretary for Civil Affairs, and Chief
Presidential Secretary (equivalent to Chief-of-Staff) from 2003-2008.
Moon was also the chairperson of the Promotion of the 2nd North-South
When prosecutors began investigating Roh's corruption charges that
led to impeachment proceedings, Moon was the legal counsel to Roh.
After Roh committed suicide , Moon was in charge of the funeral and
handling his private affairs. Moon revealed that his favorite nickname
was "Roh Moo-hyun's shadow" indicating his close relationship to the
former president and law colleague. His exposure to the public as a
poised and trustworthy aide impressed the public and many liberals in
Korea found Moon to be an attractive candidate against the
Saenuri Party candidate
Park Geun-hye .
POLITICAL CAREER BEFORE THE PRESIDENCY (2012–2017)
ENTRANCE TO POLITICS
Despite his earlier indifference, he began to get involved in
politics. He published a memoir called Moon Jae-in: The Destiny which
became a bestseller. His popularity had been rising steady against
the likely opponent in the presidential race,
Park Geun-hye . For
instance, in a February 2012 poll, Moon managed to gain parity with
Park in popularity.
Moon managed to capitalize on the conservatives' decline in
popularity amid a series of corruption scandals. As one pundit said,
"Moon had managed to portray himself as a moderate and rational leader
who has the backing of the younger generation".
2012 GENERAL ELECTION
South Korean legislative election, 2012 and South Korean
presidential election, 2012
In 2012, Moon entered a bid for a seat in the National Assembly in
the 20th legislative election. Moon won a seat in the Sasang District
Busan on 11 April 2012 as a member of the Democratic United Party
with 55% of the vote.
2012 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN
On September 16, 2012, Moon received the presidential nomination for
Democratic United Party
Democratic United Party .
He ran for the 2012 presidential election as the Democratic United
Party 's candidate in a three-way race against Park Geun-hye, the
incumbent ruling party’s candidate and daughter of the late
Park Chung-hee , as well as independent software mogul Ahn
Cheol-soo . Ahn dropped out of the race and endorsed Moon after polls
showed a most likely definitive loss for both candidates were there to
be a three-way race against Park. Moon went to lose the election.
LEADER OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
Moon Jae-in and
Leader of the then-
Saenuri Party Kim Moo-sung
(centre) at the Buddha\'s Birthday ceremony in May 2015
Moon was elected as the leader of New Politics Alliance for Democracy
(NPAD) on February 2, 2015. Prior to his election, Moon and NPAD party
leader and 2012 presidential candidate rival
Ahn Cheol-soo had many
public disputes over the direction of the party.
Moon's official role led
Ahn Cheol-soo to quit and form the centrist
People\'s Party . Ahn's departure and Moon's new tenure as party
leader led to the newly renaming the liberal, NPAD Party as the new
Democratic Party .
During his leadership, Moon scouted several politically prominent
people, including police studies/criminology expert
Pyo Chang-won ,
political critic Lee Chul-hee , and former president Park's secretary
Cho Ung-chun to prepare for upcoming 2016 legislative elections .
After his recruitment, Moon resigned his position for another scouted
advisor/former Park advisor
Kim Chong-in .
2017 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION
Moon was considered the frontrunner to win Korea's 2017 presidential
election , which would be the 19th term of the country's presidency,
following the Impeachment of
Park Geun-hye .
He won the Democratic Party 's nomination against fellow party
Ahn Hee-jung ,
Lee Jae-myung , and Choi Sung with 57% of the
The general election originally had 15 announced candidates. Moon
faced four other major party nominees during the election, including
2012 presidential rival and past party colleague
Ahn Cheol-soo of the
People\'s Party and
Hong Jun-pyo of the
Liberty Korea Party . He was
elected the 12th
President of South Korea in Korea's 19th presidential
election by a large plurality over two other major opponents,
conservative Hong Joon-pyo and centrist
Ahn Cheol-soo .
Inauguration of Moon Jae-in, May 10, 2017.
On May 10, 2017, Moon ended his campaign by winning 41.1% votes (with
13,423,800 votes) to win the plurality of votes. As Moon was elected
at a special election, he did not have the 60 days of transitional
period with the previous administrations, made him to inaugurate the
day after the election.
CAMPAIGN POSITIONS ON DOMESTIC POLICY
Moon came out in favor of repealing Korea's national security laws,
which have been alleged by the Korean liberals to be a tool of the
historically right-wing establishment of
South Korea to restrict and
oppress left-wing voices in Korean politics. He also promised to
abolish the domestic wing of NIS (National Intelligence Service ) in
order to maintain their political neutrality, transferring domestic
affairs to the police force.
Moon's campaign promise in 2017 included intentions to put a 10
trillion won ($8.9 billion) fiscal stimulus to support job creation,
start-ups, and small to mid-sized companies. His announced goal is to
create 810,000 public sector jobs through raising taxes on the
Moon's policy against corporate corruption, specifically in regards
to Korean conglomerates in chaebols is to give "minority shareholders
more power in electing board members" of the companies.
Moon also promised transparency on his presidency, moving the
president residence from palatial and isolated
Blue House to an
existing government complex in downtown Seoul.
In a televised presidential debate, Moon said he opposes
homosexuality , in response to conservative candidate
Hong Jun-pyo 's
remarks that gay soldiers were a source of weakness in the South
Korean military . Moon's remark prompted immediate criticism during
the debate from
Sim Sang-jung , the sole presidential candidate to
support LGBT rights and a member of the leftist Justice Party . The
conservative remark also prompted outrage from gay rights activists,
considering Moon's representation as the leading liberal candidate and
former human rights lawyer. Some of Moon's supporters dismissed the
comments as a necessity to win, as
South Korea tend to be conservative
in social issues. Moon later clarified his comments suggesting he
still believes there should be no discrimination based on sexual
CAMPAIGN POSITIONS ON FOREIGN POLICY
Moon has favored a peaceful reunification between the two Koreas. He
was both widely criticized and widely praised for his comments stating
that his first visit if elected president would be to visit North
Korea , a visit that would be not unlike Roh Moo-hyun's visit to the
country in 2007. Similarly, Moon's foreign policy towards North Korea
is considered to closely align with the
Sunshine Policy embraced by
former liberal presidents
Kim Dae-jung and
Roh Moo-hyun .
His 2017 presidential campaign has supported re-opening of the
Kaesong Industrial Park .
Moon's relatively liberal stance in foreign policy is reflected in
his writing in a book: “I’m pro-U.S., but now
South Korea should
adopt diplomacy in which it can discuss a U.S. request and say no to
the Americans.” He opposes a re-balance of the security alliance
with the United States, but has also stated that he would like South
Korea "to be able to take the lead on matters on the Korean
Peninsula." At the same time, Moon has stated that he considers
America as a "friend" for its role in helping
South Korea avoid
communism while helping its economic growth .
Moon Jae-in's Presidential Job Approval rating President
Donald J. Trump
Donald J. Trump welcomes President
Moon Jae-in of the Republic of
Korea on Friday, June 30, 2017, in the Rose Garden of the White House
Wikinews has related news: MOON JAE-IN BECOMES PRESIDENT OF SOUTH
Moon was sworn into office immediately after official votes were
counted on May 10th, replacing Acting President and Prime Minister
Hwang Kyo-ahn . There was no transition period between the election
and inauguration, unlike other presidential elections due to the
nature of an election following a presidential impeachment. He will
serve out the typical single five-year term with his presidential term
Moon's predecessor and daughter of
Park Chung-hee ,
Park Geun-hye ,
originally planned to mandate usage of state-issued history textbooks
in 2018. Moon reversed these plans in May 2017 in one of his first
major acts as president. Critics of Park's original plan saw this as a
way for Park to mitigate some representations of her father's
oppressive policies under a dictatorial rule, only highlighting the
positive accomplishments of the past. Park had stated she wanted to
replace the "left-leaning" books with those created from the
government that would instill greater patriotism. Although the Park
government had switched its official position on requiring the
textbooks and allowed schools to choose the state-issued version from
the backlash, Moon's action scrapped the program altogether. Schools
will continue to choose privately published, government approved
textbooks written under educational guidelines instead.
Animal Rights/Adoption Of "First Dog"
Moon had promised during his campaign to adopt a dog from an animal
sanctuary. This was considered relevant to South Korean politics as
the country allows for consumption of dog meat. His administration
adopted Tory, a four year old black mongrel who was saved from a dog
meat farm, from an animal rights group. The move was considered to
send "a strong message against the trade."
Moon's administration has focused on increasing South Korea's
consumption of natural gas, away from nuclear and coal as sources of
energy. These plans include delaying construction on nuclear reactors
as well as re-opening dialogue around a natural gas pipeline that
would come from
Russia and pass through North Korea.
Moon visited the
United States to meet with U.S. President Donald
Trump in June 2017, discussing U.S.-
Korea trade relations as well as
North Korea's missile programs. Moon revealed in a joint news
conference that President Trump accepted an invitation to visit South
Moon opposed the full deployment of THAAD (Terminal High Altitude
Area Defense) systems during his presidential campaign and called for
more peace talks engaging with North Korea.
As of late July, following North Korea's latest missile launch and
increasingly aggressive actions, Moon asked the U.S. permission to
build up its domestic defense systems and temporarily set up a full
PERCENTAGE OF VOTES
19th General Election
National Assembly Member (
Sasang District )
Democratic United Party
Democratic United Party
18th Presidential Election
Democratic United Party
Democratic United Party
19th Presidential Election
Democratic Party of Korea
Democratic Party of Korea
Kim Jung-sook , a vocalist from the same university he
attended. He and Kim both individually revealed in separate Korean
talk shows that both met each other when Moon was a student activist
Yushin Constitution .
Moon is currently the second Roman Catholic leader after the late
Kim Dae-jung . His baptismal (or Christian) name is
Moon is nicknamed the "Dark King" (
Hangul : 명왕;
Hanja : 冥王;
RR : Myeong-wang), after the character Silvers Rayleigh from the
Japanese manga series
One Piece . The nickname comes from Moon's
alleged resemblance to Rayleigh.
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Andy Jackson Feb 18, 2012
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"김정숙 여사, 문재인 대통령과 러브스토리 공개
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것” 강한 자신감".
Wikimedia Commons has media related to MOON JAE-IN .
* (in Korean)
Moon Jae-in Camp
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF SOUTH KOREA
Chang Je-won Member of the National Assembly
2012–2016 Succeeded by
PARTY POLITICAL OFFICES
Kim Han-gil LEADER OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
2015–2016 Succeeded by