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In mythology, a lunar deity is a god or goddess associated with, or symbolic of the moon. These deities can have a variety of functions and traditions depending upon the culture, but they are often related. Some form of moon worship can be found in most ancient religions.

Contents

1 Moon
Moon
in religion and mythology 2 The list

2.1 Near East 2.2 Africa 2.3 Europe 2.4 Asia 2.5 Oceania 2.6 Mesoamerica 2.7 South America 2.8 North America

3 See also 4 References

Moon
Moon
in religion and mythology[edit] The monthly cycle of the moon, in contrast to the annual cycle of the sun's path, has been implicitly linked to women's menstrual cycles by many cultures, as evident in the links between the words for menstruation and for moon in many resultant languages.[1] Many of the most well-known mythologies feature female lunar deities, such as the Greek goddesses Phoebe, Artemis, Selene, and Hecate
Hecate
as well as the Chinese goddess Chang'e. Male lunar gods are also frequent, such as Sin of the Mesopotamians, Mani of the Germanic tribes, and the Japanese god Tsukuyomi. These cultures usually featured female Sun goddesses. There are also many lunar deities that were prevalent in Greek and Egyptian civilizations. For example, Ibis and Chonsu of Thebes were both lunar deities. Thoth was also a lunar deity, but his character is considerably more complex than Ibis and Chonsu.[2] Set represented the Moon
Moon
in the Egyptian Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days of papyrus Cairo 86637.[3] The original Proto-Indo-European lunar deity appears to have been a male god.[4] Several goddesses, like Artemis
Artemis
or Hecate, did not originally have lunar aspects, and only acquired them late in antiquity, due to syncretism with Selene/Luna, the de facto Greco-Latin lunar deity. In traditions with male gods, there is little evidence of such syncretism, though the Greco-Roman Hermes
Hermes
has been equated with male Egyptian lunar gods like Thoth. In Greece proper, remnants of male moon gods are also seen with Menelaus. Also of significance is that many religions and societies are oriented chronologically by the moon, as opposed to the sun. One common example is Hinduism
Hinduism
in which the word Chandra
Chandra
means "moon" and has religious significance during many Hindu festivals (e.g. Karwa Chauth, Sankasht Chaturthi, and during the eclipses). The moon is also worshipped in witchcraft, both in its modern form, and in Medieval times (I.E. in the cult of Madonna Oriente). The moon features prominently in art and literature, and also has a purported influence in human affairs, a belief that consistently remains a feature of astrology and theology. The list[edit] Near East[edit]

God Ta'lab
Ta'lab
(Arabian mythology) God Wadd (Minaean mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Nikkal (Canaanite mythology) God Yarikh (Canaanite mythology) God Baal-hamon
Baal-hamon
(Carthaginian religion) God Napir (Elamite mythology) God Kaskuh
Kaskuh
(Hittite mythology) God Kusuh
Kusuh
(Hurrian mythology) God Sin (Mesopotamian mythology) God Aglibol
Aglibol
(Palmarene mythology) God Men (Phrygian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Selardi (Urartian mythology)

Africa[edit]

Goddess
Goddess
Ala (Igbo mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Gleti (Dahomean mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Mawu (Dahomean mythology) God Iah
Iah
(Egyptian mythology) God Khonsu
Khonsu
(Egyptian mythology) God Osiris
Osiris
(Egyptian mythology)[5] God Thoth
Thoth
(Egyptian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Neith
Neith
(Egyptian Mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Isis
Isis
(Egyptian Mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Nephthys
Nephthys
(Egyptian Mythology) God Arebati (Mbuti mythology)[citation needed] Goddess
Goddess
Arawa (Pokot mythology)[citation needed] God Kalfu (Vodun mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Yemaya
Yemaya
(Yoruba mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Jezanna (Zimbabwean mythology)[citation needed]

Europe[edit]

Goddess
Goddess
Kazza (Arturian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Ilargi (Basque mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Artume (Etruscan mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Losna (Etruscan mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Kuu (Finnish mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Achelois (Greek mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Phoebe (Greek mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Artemis
Artemis
(Greek mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Selene
Selene
(Greek mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Hecate
Hecate
(Greek mythology) God Máni
Máni
(Norse mythology) God Elatha (Irish mythology) God Meness (Latvian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Ataegina
Ataegina
(Lusitanian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Diana (Roman mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Luna (Roman mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Trivia (Roman mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Mano (Sami mythology) God Jarilo (Slavic mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Bendis
Bendis
(Thracian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Arianrhod (Welsh mythology)

Asia[edit]

Goddess
Goddess
Chup Kamui (Ainu mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Chang'e
Chang'e
(Chinese mythology) God Wu Gang
Wu Gang
(Chinese mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Su'e (Chinese mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Han Ying (Chinese mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Queen Jiang (Chinese mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Chang Xi (Chinese mythology) God Jie Lin (Chinese mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Anumati (Hindu mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Raka (Hindu mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Kuhu (Hindu mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Sinhivala (Hindu mythology) God Chandra
Chandra
or 'Indu' (Hindu mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Ratih (Indonesian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Silewe Nazarate (Indonesian mythology) God Tsukuyomi
Tsukuyomi
(Japanese mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Dae-Soon (Korean mythology)[citation needed] Goddess
Goddess
Mayari (Philippine mythology) God Libulan (Philippine mythology)[citation needed] God Bulan (Philippine mythology)[citation needed] Goddess
Goddess
Haliya (Philippine mythology) God Ay Ata (Turkic mythology)

Oceania[edit]

God Bahloo (Australian Aboriginal mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Lona (Hawaiian mythology) God Kidili (Mandjindja mythology) God Avatea
Avatea
(Polynesian mythology) God Fati (Polynesian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Hina (Polynesian mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Mahina (Polynesian mythology) God Marama (Polynesian mythology) God Ngalindi ( Yolngu
Yolngu
mythology)

Mesoamerica[edit]

Goddess
Goddess
Coyolxauhqui
Coyolxauhqui
(Aztec mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Metztli (Aztec mythology) God Tecciztecatl
Tecciztecatl
see Metztli (Aztec mythology) Goddess
Goddess
and god Awilix
Awilix
(K'iche' Maya mythology) God Ixbalanque
Ixbalanque
(Maya mythology) Maya moon goddess
Maya moon goddess
(Maya mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Ix'chel (Maya mythology)

South America[edit]

Goddess
Goddess
Huitaca (Muisca mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Chía (Muisca mythology) God Abaangui (Guarani mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Arasy (Guarani mythology) God Coniraya (Incan mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Mama Killa (Incan mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Ka-Ata-Killa (Incan mythology) Goddess
Goddess
Jaci (Tupi mythology)

North America[edit]

Goddess
Goddess
Menily (Cahuilla mythology)[citation needed] God Muuya (Hopi mythology)[citation needed] God Alignak (Inuit mythology) God Igaluk
Igaluk
(Inuit mythology) God Tarqiup Inua (Inuit mythology) God Pah (Pawnee mythology)[citation needed] Goddess
Goddess
Hanwi (Lakota mythology)[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Man in the Moon Moon
Moon
idol Moon
Moon
rabbit Nature worship Solar deity Triple Goddess The White Goddess

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lunar deities.

^ Harding, Esther M., 'Woman's Mysteries: Ancient and Modern', London: Rider, 1971, p. 24. ^ Thoth, the Hermes
Hermes
of Egypt: a study of some aspects of theological thought in ancient Egypt, page 75 ^ Jetsu, L.; Porceddu, S. (2015). "Shifting Milestones of Natural Sciences: The Ancient Egyptian Discovery of Algol's Period Confirmed". PLOS ONE. 10 (12): e.0144140 (23pp). arXiv:1601.06990 . Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1044140J. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0144140.  ^ Dexter, Miriam Robbins. Proto-Indo-European Sun Maidens and Gods of the Moon. Mankind Quarterly 25:1 & 2 (Fall/Winter, 1984), pp. 137–144. ^ S. Quirke and A.J. Spencer, The British Museum Book of Ancient Egypt. London, The British Museum Press, 1992

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