Monyash (/muhn-ee-ash/ munyash) is a village and civil parish in the
Peak District in Derbyshire, England, about 5 miles (8.0 km) west
of the market town Bakewell. It is centered on a village green about
265 metres (869 ft) above sea level at the head of Lathkill Dale
in the limestone area known as the White Peak. In the 2011
census the civil parish had a population of 314. Tourism and
farming (milk, beef and lamb) are the predominant activities of the
village. In its history the area has been an important meeting place
(about 2000 BC), a watering point for drovers’ animals at the
intersection of several trade routes, and, for over 700 years, a busy
industrial centre supporting the local lead mining industry.
2 Buildings and structures
4 See also
6 External links
People have been living in and around
Monyash since Neolithic times
(3750–1750 BC) and probably before then. The nearby impressive stone
circle and henge, Arbor Low, was likely built around 2000 BC by people
living in the village who also farmed the relatively fertile soils at
the head of Lathkill Dale.
The village can attribute its existence, and its name, to water. Lying
underneath the centre of the village is a narrow band of clay
deposited during the Ice Age. This resulted in pools of standing
water, a highly unusual feature in a limestone area. Over time meres
(ponds) were fashioned into the clay by the villagers that enabled
life before piped water. Only one remains today, called Fere Mere,
which is situated behind the Primary School.
Domesday Book of 1086 names the village as Maneis, a berewick of
Bakewell and owned by the King. The name Maneis means "many
springs or waters".
Anglo-Saxon tumulus on
Benty Grange farm, in the south of the
parish, the famous
Benty Grange helmet was discovered in 1848.
During the 14th century
Monyash prospered from the mining of lead and
with the granting of a charter for a weekly market. Indeed, over the
next few hundred years
Monyash grew into a major lead mining area with
its own Barmote Court. Besides farming, other activities included
limestone quarrying and marble polishing. As a result of all this
activity, by the middle of the 19th century,
Monyash was a busy place,
with a population of some 500 inhabitants, almost twice what it is
today, with a wide range of trades including blacksmiths, cobblers,
butchers, wheelwrights, wool merchants, joiners, dressmakers, shoe
makers, and five pubs.
Buildings and structures
St Leonard's Church, the parish church, was founded sometime between
1100 and 1192. It has a Norman piscina and sedilia. The building is
a patchwork of additions and developments. The major enlargements took
place around 1199, 1250, 1348 and 1370, followed by two major
restorations in 1886–1888 (by William Butterfield) and 1996–2006.
The church also contains a 15th-century font. Today the church is
a grade II* listed building of national importance.
John Gratton (1640–1711), who lived in
Monyash for 34 years,
encouraged the development of the non-conformist movement, and from
the late 18th century the village became a
Quaker stronghold, often
visited by the Radical
Quaker statesman, John Bright. Many of the lead
mines were in fact operated by the London Lead Company, a Quaker
firm. On his death, Gratton left his cottage and some land, the
cottage becoming the Friends’ Meeting House, the ‘Quaker
The Bulls Head
The present Methodist Chapel was built in two parts. The original
Primitive Methodist chapel was erected in 1835 and is now the church
hall. A new Primitive Methodist Chapel was joined onto it in 1888.
On the village green are the 'King' and 'Queen' trees, planted to
celebrate the Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary in 1910.
The Pinfold, a pound, is located on the edge of Monyash, on the road
towards Flagg. Stray cattle and sheep were rounded up by the Pinder
into this small walled enclosure, from which they could be retrieved,
after payment of a fee.
Today there is only one remaining pub (the Bull's Head), which dates
from the late 17th / early 18th century. There is also a cafe (The Old
Smithy Tea Rooms), and there are Public Toilets on the
of the village, nearer Lathkill Dale.
The village has a newly refurbished play area which was designed by
children from the local school.
Monyash also participates in the local custom of well dressing.
It has a school, a pub (The Bull's Head), a church, a chapel and a
Quaker Meeting House.
The prehistoric Stone Circle
Arbor Low is also just 2.8 miles from the
Derbyshire lead mining history
^ a b c
^ Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Outdoor Leisure Map No.24: The Peak
White Peak Area (2015). ISBN 9780319469422
^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for
National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
^ a b c d Johnston, Robert and Shirley Johnston, (2010), Monyash: The
Making of a
Derbyshire Village, The Horizon Press, Ashbourne,
Monyash Village in DerbyshireUK site
^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003.
ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.1379
^ British History Domesday site
^ Genuki Genealogy site
^ Kelly's Directory transcript Archived 2011-06-16 at the Wayback
Monyash Church page
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Monyash.
Photographs of Monyash
Monyash page from Kelly's Dir