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The Info List - Montmorency Cherry



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The MONTMORENCY CHERRY is a variety of sour cherry ( Prunus
Prunus
cerasus) grown in Canada
Canada
, France
France
, and the United States
United States
, particularly in Michigan
Michigan
and in Door County, Wisconsin
Door County, Wisconsin
. Montmorency cherries are part of the lighter-red Amarelle cultivar of sour cherries, rather than the darker-red Morello cultivar. Michigan
Michigan
produces over 90,000 tons of Montmorency cherries each year.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Health * 3 See also * 4 References

HISTORY

The history of the 'Montmorency' tart cherry extends back to ancient Rome
Rome
. The Romans are credited with discovering this tiny red fruit along the Black Sea in Asia Minor
Asia Minor
. After Roman legionnaires discovered the tart cherries, they carried them with them and introduced them to the rest of Roman territory. They planted cherry trees alongside Roman roads and soldiers used the fruit for food and the wood to build weapons and repair equipment.

The tree was named for Montmorency , an area of France
France
near Paris.

The tree produces large, light red fruit (although some trees produce a darker red fruit) and has been cultivated in the United States
United States
since at least the early 20th century. It is the most popular sour cherry in the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
, and is extensively used in cherry pies , as well as in jams and preserves.

'Montmorency' cherries are also marketed in dried form, and Montmorency cherry
Montmorency cherry
juice and juice concentrate are also sold.

HEALTH

Since the early 21st century, the 'Montmorency' cherry has been promoted as a healthful food, due to several purported health benefits.

Researchers have also studied the impact of 'Montmorency' cherry intake on systolic blood pressure ; they suspect that the benefits in this case are due to circulating phenolic acid .

The consumption of Montmorency cherries has also been found to improve sleep quality and duration in healthy people. It can also be beneficial to people with disturbed sleep.

SEE ALSO

* Cherry
Cherry
production in Michigan
Michigan
* Michigan
Michigan
wine

REFERENCES

* ^ Spring Is No Bowl of Cherries for Michigan
Michigan
Growers, Wall Street Journal, Matthew Dolan, June 1, 2012 * ^ "The History of the Tart Cherry". Traverse Bay Farms. * ^ "Cherry, Montmorency Prunus
Prunus
cerasus". Arbor Day Foundation. * ^ Blando F, Gerardi C, Nicoletti I (2004). "Sour Cherry
Cherry
(Prunus cerasus L) Anthocyanins as Ingredients for Functional Foods" . J. Biomed. Biotechnol. 2004 (5): 253–8. PMC 1082898  . PMID 15577186 . doi :10.1155/S1110724304404136 . * ^ Keane KM, George TW, Constantinou CL, Brown MA, Clifford T, Howatson G (2016). "Effects of Montmorency tart cherry ( Prunus
Prunus
Cerasus L.) consumption on vascular function in men with early hypertension". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 103: 1531–9. PMID 27146650 . doi :10.3945/ajcn.115.123869 . * ^ Howatson G1, Bell PG, Tallent J, Middleton B, McHugh MP, Ellis J (2012). "Effect of tart cherry juice ( Prunus
Prunus
cerasus) on melatonin levels and enhanced slee