The Info List - Montego Bay

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Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is the capital of the parish of St. James and is also Jamaica's only other officially incorporated city, referred to as The Second City or more widely known as MoBay in local lingo and sometimes Bay by the locals. The city is however the fourth largest urban area by population after Kingston, Spanish Town
Spanish Town
and Portmore, all of which form the Greater Kingston Metropolitan Area, home to over half a million people.[1] As a result, Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is the second-largest Anglophone
city in the Caribbean, after primate city, Kingston. Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is a popular tourist destination featuring duty-free shopping, a cruise line terminal and several beaches and resorts. The city is served by the Donald Sangster International Airport, the busiest airport in the Anglophone
Caribbean, which is located within the official city limits. The city is enclosed in a watershed, drained by several rivers such as the Montego River.[2]


1 History 2 Demographics 3 Religion 4 Economy 5 Institutions 6 Transport

6.1 Roads 6.2 Rail 6.3 Air 6.4 Port

7 Communications

7.1 Fixed voice and broadband 7.2 Mobile voice and broadband

8 In popular culture 9 Climate 10 Notable people 11 See also 12 References 13 External links


Montego Bay
Montego Bay
c. 1820

When Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
for the first time visited the island in 1494, he named the bay Golfo de Buen Tiempo ("Fair Weather Gulf"). The name "Montego Bay" is believed to have originated as a corruption of the Spanish word manteca ("lard"), allegedly because during the Spanish period it was the port where lard, leather and beef were exported.[citation needed] Jamaica
was a colony of Spain
from 1511 until 1655, when Oliver Cromwell's Caribbean expedition, the Western Design, drove the Spanish from the island.

The Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Civic Centre. The building was formerly a ballroom and courthouse during the height of the country's colonial period.

During the epoch of slavery, from the mid-17th century until 1834, and well into the 20th century, the town functioned primarily as a sugarcane port. The island's last major slave revolt, the Christmas Rebellion or Baptist War
Baptist War
(1831–1832) took place in the area around Montego Bay; the leader of the revolt, Samuel Sharpe, was hanged there in 1832. In 1975, Sharpe was proclaimed a national hero of Jamaica, and the main square of the town was renamed in his honor. Montego Bay's city status prior to British rule was debated, however, it had its city status revoked during Jamaica's British colonial. In 1980, it was re-proclaimed a city by act of parliament, but this has not meant that it has acquired any form of autonomy as it continues to be an integral part of the parish of St. James.[3]

Cruise ship at Montego Bay

Today, Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is known for its large regional hospital (Cornwall Regional Hospital), port facilities, second homes for numerous upper class Jamaicans from Kingston as well as North Americans and Europeans, fine restaurants, and shopping opportunities. The coastland near Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is occupied by numerous tourist resorts, most newly built, some occupying the grounds of old sugarcane plantations with some of the original buildings and mill-works still standing. The most famous is the White Witch's Rose Hall which now features a world-class golf course. The infrastructure of the city is going through a series of explosive modernizations which once completed, aims to keep Montego Bay
Montego Bay
as a top destination in the region. The Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Convention Centre, built on a large site near to the Rose Hall estate, was opened by Jamaican Prime Minister Bruce Golding
Bruce Golding
on 7 January 2011.[4] Demographics[edit] The majority of the city's population is of African descent. The city is also home to sizeable minority ethnic groups such as the East Indians and Chinese, who came to the country as indentured servants in the mid-to-late 19th century. The Chinese especially occupy important roles in the city's economy especially in retail where Downtown Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is home to many shops and supermarkets owned by Chinese immigrants. The city's East Indian population also play a key role as they operate many gift and jewelry shops in the city which are mostly geared to tourists. There is also a minority of Europeans, some descending from immigrants from Germany (the city is a 90-minute drive from German settlements such as German Town in Westmoreland) and Great Britain (who own most of the land in the city from as far back as the days of the slave trade). The city is also home to many immigrants from Hispanic countries such as Mexico, Cuba and Spain
as well as many French, Russians and Italians (who mostly own homes or beachfront properties in the area). Due to the heavy influence of Tourism and BPO, the city is also home to many Americans and Canadians, who either work in Tourism or BPO. Religion[edit] There are a wide variety of Christian churches in the city. Most are Protestant, a legacy of British colonisation of the island. The chief denominations are Church of God, Baptist, Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Seventh-day Adventist and Pentecostal. Afro-Christian syncretic religions such as the Rastafari movement
Rastafari movement
also have a significant following. The city also has a unit of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The city also has communities of Buddhists, Hindus
and Muslims. Economy[edit]

The well-known Doctor's Cave Beach

Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is pivotal to Jamaica's economy. The city holds most of the weight of the country's tourism sector. Most of the country's visitors arrive and depart from Montego Bay's Airport or Port. Many international companies have resorts in the city including Hyatt, Hilton Hotels, Holiday Inn, RIU Hotels, Royalton and Iberostar.The city is the home to the headquarters of international resort chain, Sandals. Recently, the Government of Jamaica, through the Ministry of Tourism, has begun to focus on bolstering the city's entertainment and gastronomic offerings. Though the city's airport hosts a number international chains like Auntie Annie's, Quiznos, Nathan's, Dairy Queen to name a few, the city itself does not have access to these restaurants. By virtue of this new focus, the city has become home to a newly established Hard Rock Café
Hard Rock Café
and became home to Starbucks' first Jamaican location, at Doctor's Cave Beach, in November 2017.[5][6][7] The city also serves as the Head Office for Starbucks' operations in Jamaica.

View of the Caribbean Sea from the Iberostar
Hotel and Resort

The city is also home to a thriving BPO sector. The city has call centres which cater to many Fortune 500 companies such as Delta, Amazon, Netflix
and many others. In addition, Vistaprint
established its only call centre in Montego Bay
Montego Bay
which located in the city's up and coming tech park. Most of the city's business is done in the downtown area, however, as of recent, the CBD has begun to migrate to the suburb of Fairview/Bogue which is home to the Fairview Town Centre, which is a five-minute commute from Montego Freezone, the city's dedicated area to BPO activity. The area is mostly populated with retail & banking, most notable are Scotiabank's new Fairview branch, The G-West building, FLOW's first & Flagship store in the Caribbean - redesigned by retail experts, Shikatani Lacroix, and Fontana Pharmacy's flagship store. The town centre also holds important to the city as it hosts places such as Digicel's Corporate offices for Western Jamaica
as well as many auditing, law and insurance firms. Most stores in the town centre feature modern architecture and beautiful landscaping. The town centre continues to expand at a rapid pace today and will be home to more businesses soon, some only found in Montego Bay. Institutions[edit]

National Commercial Bank's branch in Sam Sharpe Square, bordered by Union Street, St. James Street and Corner Lane.

The city hosts many financial institutions such as Scotiabank, FCIB, National Commercial Bank, Jamaica
National Commercial Bank (JN Bank) and many others. The city also has offices for many auditing firms such as KPMG
and PwC. The city is home to many health institutions such as the Cornwall Regional Hospital as well as the recently opened, Hospiten, a Spanish-owned, private hospital located in Rose Hall. Education in the city can be found from Pre-K up to Tertiary. The city has many Pre-K and Basic Schools. Beyond this, the city has many Primary and Preparatory Schools. Secondary Education is also provided in the city most notable of which are the Montego Bay
Montego Bay
High School for Girls, Mount Alvernia High School—a Roman Catholic High School for Girls which shares the same crest, motto and wears a uniform similar to that of sister school of Immaculate Conception High School in Kingston, Herbert Morrison Technical School and the oldest school in the city, Cornwall College. Tertiary Institutions in the city are namely the University of West Indies (UWI) – Western Jamaica
Campus, The University of Technology (UTECH) Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Campus and the Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Community College (MBCC). Most tertiary institutions in the city are accredited. Transport[edit] Roads[edit] The North Coast Highway runs through the city of Montego Bay, with 2 lanes in each direction within the city, terminating at the Queen's Drive and resuming at the intersection of the Alice Eldemire Drive and Barnett Street.[8] The North Coast Highway connects Montego Bay
Montego Bay
with the North-South section of Highway 2000 (called T3), which begins at Mammee Bay in Ocho Rios, St. Ann and terminates at an interchange which leads onto the Mandela Highway in St. Catherine and into the nation's capital, Kingston.[9] Another major road within the city is the B15 ( Montego Bay
Montego Bay
to Falmouth) road.[10] The city is also well served by buses, mini-busess and taxis, which operate from the Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Transport Centre.[11] The Government of Jamaica
announced that a tolled bypass to the city has been planned to be built in order to reduce traffic congestion and travel times. The bypass is to begin at Westgate and end at Ironshore. The bypass will cost around USD $200 Million.[12] Rail[edit] The now disused Montego Bay railway station
Montego Bay railway station
served the Kingston to Montego Bay
Montego Bay
main line. The railway station opened c. 1894[13] and closed in October 1992 when all passenger traffic on Jamaica's railways abruptly ceased.[14] Air[edit] Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is served by Jamaica's largest airport, the Sir Donald Sangster International Airport. The airport has the distinction of being the busiest airport in the English-speaking Caribbean, serving 3.95 million passengers in 2016.[15] The airport was the hub of Jamaica's former national airline, Air Jamaica.[16] The airline also had its Reservations, Western Jamaica Sales & Ticketing office, as well as its Vacations division in the city until its purchase by Caribbean Airlines
Caribbean Airlines
in 2011, when they moved their offices to Kingston. The site is now the headquarters for Island Routes, a company owned by the Sandals-ATL Group, which in the past was affiliated with the airline. The airport is served by several North American and European airlines, connecting the island with the United States, the United Kingdom, Europe
and South America. The southern U.S. city of Miami
can be reached within 70 minutes. The southern U.S. cities of Charlotte, Houston, Atlanta and Tampa can be reached by non-stop flights in less than three hours. Other locations like Philadelphia, New York City, Toronto, Washington D.C. and Montreal
can be reached in under four hours. The airport is also one of two airports in the Caribbean (other being Havana), that has a non-stop flight to Los Angeles, allowing passengers the ability to connect to flights to Asia, Australia
and Oceania. The airport has undergone major expansion since 2003, and has won awards including the coveted World Travel Award for being the Caribbean's Leading Airport, beating airports like Punta Cana International Airport and Grantley Adams International Airport.[17] Port[edit] There is a free port and cruise line terminal on a man-made peninsula jutting into the bay. Communications[edit] Fixed voice and broadband[edit] Fixed voice and broadband services in Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is provided by FLOW. FLOW uses a Hybrid Fibre and Coaxial network to provide IPTV, VoIP & POTS and cable broadband capable of speeds up to 100 Mbit/s. FLOW also uses a Copper network to provide POTS and ADSL
capable of speeds up to 12 Mbit/s. This copper network is currently being upgraded to VDSL2, which will allow speeds of over 50 Mbit/s over existing copper lines as well as provide a migration path for the provider to Fibre to the Home. FLOW also has a fibre-optic network in the neighbourhood of Rhyne Park which provides up to 100 Mbit/s as well. There are several other small cable companies such as Cornwall Communications, that provides cable broadband and voice over its cable network; however, they are vastly incomparable in subscriber numbers to FLOW. Mobile voice and broadband[edit] Mobile voice and broadband services in Montego Bay
Montego Bay
is dominated by both incumbents, FLOW & Digicel. Both carriers provide GSM, EDGE, 3G HSPA & HSPA+ connectivity in and around the city. Currently, FLOW offers HSPA+ of up to 21 Mbit/s on 850 MHz and 1900 MHz with speeds of up to 21 Mbit/s. FLOW also offers LTE data in Montego Bay. The company is the currently the only carrier to provide comprehensive LTE coverage within the city itself. Coverage also extends out towards to the adjoining rural areas surrounding Montego Bay
Montego Bay
such as Liliput to east and Hopewell (in the parish of Hanover) to the west. FLOW's LTE network uses LTE Band 4, commonly known as AWS.[18] Users can avail themselves of speeds of up to 150 Mbit/s down and 50 Mbit/s up. Digicel, Jamaica's larger mobile network, also offers 21 Mbit/s HSPA+; however, they also offer DC-HSDPA (commonly known as DC-HSPA+) allowing capable devices speeds of up to 42 Mbit/s on paired 850 MHz spectrum. Digicel's LTE network is also available in Montego Bay; however, it is currently only accessible in and around the Sangster International Airport
Sangster International Airport
and along the Northern Coastal Highway and out to the parish border of St. James and Trelawny. Digicel, in its commitment to provide an islandwide LTE network, has committed to offering LTE in the city for its subscribers. The network is theoretically capable of speeds up to 75 Mbit/s on 10 MHz of Band 17 spectrum. In popular culture[edit] The city was the subject of the namesake song by Bobby Bloom
Bobby Bloom
in 1970, which became a Top Ten hit in the United States for Bloom. It was covered by Jon Stevens
Jon Stevens
in 1980 and by Amazulu in 1986, becoming minor hits for both. Several scenes from the 1973 James Bond
James Bond
film Live and Let Die (in which Roger Moore
Roger Moore
appeared as Bond for the first time) were filmed around Montego Bay.[19] The 2002 song "Montego Slay" from the album O.S.T. by American hip-hop group People Under the Stairs
People Under the Stairs
is about the city.[20] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Montego Bay

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 32.8 (91) 33.3 (91.9) 34.2 (93.6) 37.8 (100) 38.9 (102) 37.8 (100) 35.6 (96.1) 36.1 (97) 36.2 (97.2) 35.0 (95) 34.7 (94.5) 32.5 (90.5) 38.9 (102)

Average high °C (°F) 27.9 (82.2) 27.9 (82.2) 28.7 (83.7) 29.4 (84.9) 30.3 (86.5) 31.1 (88) 31.3 (88.3) 31.4 (88.5) 31.1 (88) 30.4 (86.7) 29.4 (84.9) 28.4 (83.1) 29.8 (85.6)

Average low °C (°F) 22.3 (72.1) 22.1 (71.8) 22.6 (72.7) 23.2 (73.8) 24.0 (75.2) 24.5 (76.1) 24.8 (76.6) 24.8 (76.6) 24.6 (76.3) 24.4 (75.9) 24.1 (75.4) 22.9 (73.2) 23.7 (74.7)

Record low °C (°F) 13.3 (55.9) 12.8 (55) 14.7 (58.5) 15.3 (59.5) 19.2 (66.6) 19.4 (66.9) 18.3 (64.9) 19.7 (67.5) 20.0 (68) 17.2 (63) 18.3 (64.9) 16.4 (61.5) 12.8 (55)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 89 (3.5) 64 (2.52) 35 (1.38) 57 (2.24) 104 (4.09) 120 (4.72) 65 (2.56) 96 (3.78) 129 (5.08) 164 (6.46) 115 (4.53) 102 (4.02) 1,140 (44.88)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11 9 7 7 12 11 8 10 14 14 13 11 127

Average relative humidity (%) 77 76 75 74 76 78 76 77 78 79 79 78 77

Mean monthly sunshine hours 229.4 217.5 251.1 252.0 251.1 237.0 254.2 238.7 210.0 217.0 213.0 217.0 2,788

Mean daily sunshine hours 7.4 7.7 8.1 8.4 8.1 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.0 7.6

Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[21]

Notable people[edit]

Megan Domani (id), actress Ian Goodison, Jamaican footballer Donovan Ricketts, Jamaican footballer Musashi Suzuki, Japanese footballer Ruby Turner, singer and actress

See also[edit]


List of cities in the Caribbean Railway stations in Jamaica


^ Population and Housing Census 2011 Findings ^ Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Marine Park ^ Limited, Jamaica
Observer. " Montego Bay
Montego Bay
— a city making progress in some areas, but struggling in others - News".  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-06.  Jamaican Tourist Board news report. ^ Hard Rock Cafe Coming to MoBay ^ Starbucks
to Open in Jamaica, Further Expanding its Presence in the Caribbean Archived 4 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Starbucks
First Store in Jamaica
Honors Country’s Rich Heritage ^ North Coast Highway ^ "North/South Leg of Highway 2000 to be Completed Early 2016 - Jamaica
Information Service". 21 April 2015.  ^ UK Directorate of Overseas Surveys 1:50,000 map of Jamaica
sheet C, 1959. ^ "Wikimapia - Let's describe the whole world!".  ^ "US$200 Million Bypass to be Built in Montego Bay
Montego Bay
- Jamaica Information Service". 17 June 2016.  ^ Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Railway Station Archived 8 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine., Jamaica
National Heritage Trust. ^ The rise and fall of railways in Jamaica, 1845-1975 - Pg18 Journal of Transport History - March 2003 ^ "Facts & Statistics - Montego Bay
Montego Bay
Airport".  ^ "MONTEGO BAY TO BE HUB FOR AIR JAMAICA".  ^ "Sangster International Airport, Jamaica
on World Travel Awards".  ^ TeleGeography. "FLOW Jamaica
begins 4G deployment".  ^ Live and Let Die (1973) - Filming locations ^ "Montego Slay - P.U.T.S. - The Point Of The Rhyme".  ^ "Klimatafel von Montego Bay
Montego Bay
/ Jamaika" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montego Bay.

Montego Bay
Montego Bay
travel guide from Wikivoyage Aerial view Panoramio - Photos of the World

v t e

Settlements in Jamaica

For the definition of city, town, etc., see: Settlements in Jamaica.


Kingston Montego Bay


Above Rocks Albert Town Alexandria Alligator Pond Anchovy Annotto Bay Balaclava Bamboo Bath Bethel Town Black River Bluefields Bog Walk Brown's Town Buff Bay Bull Savanna Cambridge Cascade Cave Valley Chapelton Christiana Claremont Clark's Town Coleyville Croft's Hill Dalvey Darliston Discovery Bay Duncans Easington Ewarton Falmouth Frankfield Franklin Town Frome Gayle Golden Grove Gordon Town Grange Hill Green Island Guy's Hill Hayes Highgate Hope Bay Hopewell, Hanover Islington Kellits Lacovia Linstead Lionel Town Little London Lluidas Vale Lucea Lucky Hill Maggotty Malvern Manchioneal Mandeville Maroon Town Mavis Bank May Pen Moneague Moore Town Morant Bay Nain Negril Ocho Rios Old Harbour Old Harbour Bay Oracabessa Osbourne Store Petersfield Point Hill Port Antonio Port Maria Portmore (conurbation of Kingston) Porus Race Course Richmond Rio Bueno Riversdale Rocky Point Runaway Bay Saint Ann's Bay Sandy Bay Santa Cruz Savanna-la-Mar Seaford Town Seaforth Siloah Spanish Town Southfield Stonehenge Trinity Ville Ulster Spring Wakefield White House Williamsfield Yallahs


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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 151300